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Soccer Today and Tomorrow Terry Michler www. cbcdutchtouch. com Where are we - Where are we going ?
Outline Soccer Today Kidz 2 day Coaches / Coaching Soccer Tomorrow How To Get There How to blend all the info and then, what’s the message ?
Soccer Today Analysis of the 2008 European Championships Current Trends in the Game Where Goals Are Scored From How Goals Are Scored Counter Attack Systems / Alignment / Wing Play Returns Major Influence of the Manager Foreign Invaders
Trends Tactical Flexibility Middle to Front Attacks Lone Striker Progressive Possession Late Goals Long Diagonals Technical Qualities (high speed of play) Wrong-footed ‘Wingers’ (strong foot on opposite side) Individual Influence Fast Combination Play – short and long passes Counter Attacks 76 % of Win When Scoring First Goal (cite CBC stat)
On The Decrease Space and Time Aerial Play Man to Man Marking Set Play Goals Long Range Goals Offside Advanced Pressing
Where Goals Are Scored From 1. 44 % through incisive play -combination play -- quick, penetrating passes 2. 33 % from inside the 6 yd box 3. 23 % set plays
Goals -- Goals 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Crosses from wing ……………… (25) Set plays …………… (16) Wall pass / 3 man combination play … (14) Through pass or over the defense …… (10) Diagonal pass into penalty box ……… (4) Long range shot / rebound shot ……. . . (3) Cut-backs from the end-line …………. . (2) Dribble and close range shot ………… (1)
Counter attack Speed of Reaction Forward Fast Supporting Players Explosive Running Quick Ball Speed Few Ball Touches Finish
Advantages of Counter Attack Most attacking teams, after an attack breaks down, tend to be: Slow Reacting Disorganized – outnumbered Few Players left to Defend Large Spaces
Counter The Counter Re-form fast Press Screen Reduce Risks Tactical Fouls Defend Deep Force Opponent to Play Back (1 st defender concept)
Systems / Alignments 4 -4 -2 still mostly prevalent 4 -5 -1 next favored system, most used defensively 4 -1 -3 -2 ……. 4 -4 -1 -1 4 -1 -4 -1. …… 4 -2 -3 -1 …. 4 -3 -1 -2. . 4 -3 -2 -1 4 -3 -3 3 -5 -2 3 -4 -3 ……. 3 -4 -1 -2
Major Influence of the Manager Team Selection Preparation Management Strategy Tactical Changes Substitutions Communication
Foreign Invaders 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 10 years ago the EPL was 71 % English players, today it is 38 % MLS is 70 % North American (US and Canada) with 48 different nationalities -- average of 9/team 61 nationalities make up the EPL today with Europe and West Africa leading the pack …(Liverpool-Everton) The top 4 teams in the EPL have 33 nationalities With that come different cultures ---American culture – recreational, hobby – white, suburban Non-American culture – passion, soccer education
Foreign Invaders - 2 1. 2. 3. 4. The English Academies are struggling to produce players for the EPL Rafa Benitez of Liverpool evaluated their Academy pool and realized the best player was not good enough for his team, nor any of the better EPL team Academies are now recruiting young players from out of the country to learn their system/style of play Ajax Youth system has 50% non-whites in their 14 teams of 214 players
Kidz 2 day Introductory Statements 4 Generations in Society Today Generational Lens Approach Why ? …. Whatever ! …. So What ! Helicopter Parents
New Age Mentality The Coaching Paradigm we’ve been using is past its “expiration date” -- be open to change, explore ! Generation Gap is different (Difficulty dealing with competition and adversity) Players are ill equipped PSYCHOLOGICALLY (crisis phone call)
Coach to Player The player needs to feel appreciated ……… the importance of communication and the value of roles Making adjustments will increase the player’s motivation and increase the level of competition within programs Managing Players’ Expectations vs. Coaching Expectations Speaking Openly and Honestly without Crushing Hope
4 Generations In Society Veterans Baby Boomers Generation X Millennial Generation Y (1922 -1945) (1946 -1965) (1965 -1980) (1981 -2000
Generation Y (1981 - 2000 Theme: Immediacy A Generation of Thumbs Generation Next Characteristics: Challenge Authority Casualness with authority (i. e. using parents’ first names, The Flip Flop Incident) Everyone is Special and Unique Serve your community Over Scheduled
Generation Y - 2 Events that shaped the Generation: School Shootings (i. e. Columbine, Virginia Tech, NIU) Terrorism (i. e. September 11, London bombings, ) Marketing Flourishing Internet Fuzzy Logic (“I did not inhale” to “I did not have sexual relations with that woman. ”) Keeping it Real Globalism Social Networking (i. e. Facebook, My Space, etc. ) Technology- The ability to connect 24/7 (i. e. Cell phones, text messaging, IMing, You Tube, etc. ) Reality TV Helicopter Parent
Team Building Approach Purpose Identity Performance Meaning
Coaches / Coaching Soccer Learning Process Player Centered Learning Model Relationships Generation Gap(s) Expiration Date New Age Mentality Cooperation vs Confrontation
The Soccer Learning Process 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 10 -12 years to develop an established soccer player Thousands of touches per training session Demands of the game are changing faster than ever The Journey of development takes time, patience, great understanding, and a plan Basic fundamentals remain the essence of the game Players must be flexible in playing roles and adaptable to the constant changes Speed of execution is the key factor
Learning Model Coaching is a TASK of RELATIONSHIPS Movement from a Coach Centered Approach to a Player Centered Approach Biggest impact is in our communication with our players
Dutch Vision ‘The art of asking questions’ It will develop 'clever' & creative players ! What kind of questions? Open questions, starting with: what, when, where, who, which ? Better not: why?
Asking ? ? Asking the right questions will teach the players to make the right choice of the soccer actions themselves It will motivate them to take responsibility of their own soccer performance Asking the right questions will improve the players' perception of the complex soccer situations It will enlarge their awareness of the possible soccer solutions
Effectivity We remember: 10% of what we hear 35% of what we see 55% of what we hear and see 70% of what we say ourselves 90% of what we say and do ourselves
7 Relationships in Coaching Player Coach Self Coach Team Parents Player and Parent System
Coaching is a Task of Relationships 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Self – coaching philosophy, open to change Player – communicate, motivate, manage Team -- team building, cohesion Parents -- clear communication – expectations Player and parent – dealing with stress System - dysfunction of the system Opposing coach - win at all cost mentality
Club Dysfunction “If you build it, they may come… …But, then the might leave to another club for more playing time. ” Hard Work = Low Ability ……. Common perception among kidz 2 day Me! …… Must be worked into WE !!!
Veterans (1922 -1945) Theme Patriotism and Faith (especially in government) The Silent Generation The Greatest Generation Events that shaped the Generation: WWII (1 -0) Pearl Harbor Korean War (2 -0) Beginnings of the Cold War Great Depression Moving Pictures Big Band music Industrial Revolution “Rosie the Riveter” leading into the Halcyon Housewives
Veterans - 2 Characteristics: Loyalty Show Respect Strong Work Ethic Patriotism Be Heroic Sacrifice Consider the Greater Good ahead of your own needs Recognition
Baby Boomers (1946 -1965) Theme: Anything is Possible The “Me” Generation The Sandwich Generation Events that shaped the Generation: Vietnam (0 -1) Civil Rights Movement JFK assassination Watergate Feminist Movement Walk on the Moon Revolution (e. g. Sex, Drugs, Rock-n-Roll) Beetles Protests (e. g. Anti-War, Anti-misogyny, Anti-Establishment) Television: (i. e. “The World in Your Living Room” or The Beginnings of Technological Immediacy. ) Birth Control Pill?
Baby Boomers Characteristics: Motivations: Optimism Driven (80 hr work week) Feminism Love/Hate View of Authority Don’t Trust Anybody Over 30 Value in Team Approach Putting them in opportunities to Succeed Make them feel Worthy Change the World Live to Work If it feels good, do it
Generation X (1965 -1980) Theme: Events that shaped the Generation: “Latch Key” Kids “Slacker Generation” Characteristics: Autonomy Trust is earned not given Flexibility Work/Life Balance Less Company Loyalty (i. e. how does this work for me? ) Cold War (1 -0) Gulf War or Desert Storm (2 -0) Fall of the Berlin Wall AIDS The Nuclear Family vs. Divorce Rates Brady Bunch, Family Ties, Cosby Show Video Killed the Radio Star (or would Journey really been as popular if we could have seen Steve Perry first? ) MTV (when it still played videos) Beginning of the Internet (“Thanks Al Gore”) Email Just Do it
Soccer Tomorrow Soccer 2020 – Dick Bate, English FA The Game is Changing Faster Than Ever Before Forward Thinking Systems / Style of Play The Individual Player The Team Must Play in 4 Ways Culture, Art and Science
System 4 -5 -1 4 -6 -0 Tactical Flexibility Start game in 1 system. Change during the game Finish with yet another depends on many variables – score, time, field conditions, injuries, subs, cards, referee ----
Individual Player 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Must be highly skilled to play a faster game in less space, with less time on the ball – High level of passing and receiving skills – High ball speed passing over short, medium and long distances, on the ground and in the air. Tactical flexibility to play as the game unfolds – Players must be able to think, play, have insight spontaneously, must be creative ! Higher number of different nationalities playing everywhere, changing the game
Spain – Combination Play
Germany vs Spain
Spain vs Germay
Play in 4 Ways Open field Combination play, end to end action Packed Defense (deep) Patient, probing, penetrating, finish Pressing (high up field) Quick play, change point of attack, penetrate Restarts Precision, movement, delivery, timing, finish
Culture – Art – Science 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The increasing number of foreign players brings new cultural experiences – Understand the differences between people from different backgrounds there are 53 countries and 208 Federations in FIFA on 6 continents Sports are the 2 nd fastest growing industry in the word West Africa is 2 nd only to Europe with players in the EPL
Culture – Art – Science 1. 2. 3. 4. Balance the blending of different backgrounds into a cohesive team Identify common denominators that everyone can agree with The expertise of the coach in the area of manmanagement, team selection, tactical adjustments and inter-personal relationships The bigger the challenge the greater the control of diversity -- more centered approach
Culture – Art – Science 1. 2. 3. The role of science in sports is becoming very important in identifying essential qualities and characteristics. There is significant software to collect necessary information and to assess collected data Match analysis, Player analysis, recruitment, scouting, sports science, medical, distance covered, types of actions performed (shots, goals, passes, tackles, sprints )…… nearly everything you would want to track can be tracked
How To Get There Chelsea Performance Model French, Spanish, German Models Structure Environment Standards Bolton Story
Chelsea Model for Performance Building Blocks Management Team Playing Staff Team Environment
Create A Winning Environment 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. “ Train them so well they can leave ……… treat them so well they don’t want to leave “ Create and share a winning environment Identify and deliver basics of your beliefs and values Train people to deal with change Establish and affirm team principles Attend to the last detail Identify your inspirational leaders Pick the right players - 98% of recruitment time …. .
Mentality of a Winning Player 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. A winning mentality Win ugly Live with change High personal standards “no finish line” mentality Individual skills within team mentality Execute a clear game plan Ability, Attitude, Ambition
Challenges 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Develop and sustain a winning environment that can survive change Managing talented individuals within a team dynamic Constant game demands Stay ahead of the game / Profile the next level Continue to refine and develop the environment around the team Be open to learn from other sports Develop a Grassroots program for the underserved Inclusive, not exclusive
French Model of Elite Development 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Identify the elite young players early and train them accordingly Establish training centers with highly qualified trainers who follow prescribed philosophy Have the best play with and against the best at the highest levels possible Qualified coaches who must regularly stay current with latest developments Highly organized coaching education program
French Model - 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Champions -- World Cup ‘ 98 and Euro Cup 2000 Balance of traditional values and modern values Integration of multi-cultural ethnic groups Results of a highly organized youth system Recognized as a model for the future of soccer education and organization throughout the world The world-wide example for the production of young players through a hierarchical approach to player development and coaching education
French Model of Elite Development 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Organization of coaching is top priority Coaching education through different level courses Hierarchical pyramid of development from Grassroots to International In order to select elite players (at age 12), there must be a massive input at the Grassroots level Establishment of regional training centers for the elite 13 -15 year olds for 3 years of training 95% go on to the Club level training at age 16 Marcello Lippi: “ French player – good education, good attitude, very professional, very focused and tactically fully aware – he knows all the systems”
Spanish Model 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Champions of Euro 2008 with a young team of athletic, highly skilled players who came through the ranks winning European Championships in the U 16, U 17, U 18 and U 20 categories. Spain has a stable coaching philosophy Long-standing youth soccer philosophy Emphasis is on development, experience, education – rather than winning Style of play has not changed Emphasis on technique, ball circulation at high speed with combination play and attacking moves
Spain – Euro 2008 Champions Spain led everyone in the following categories: Passes Successful Passes Forward Passes Medium Passes Shots on Goal
German Model 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Following their debacle in Euro 2000, they set up a Commission to look into their failed system. Complete overhaul after meticulous planning and data gathering Asked many questions and got answers What were the best teams doing ? What were the latest trends in the game ? How could they implement into their soccer culture the necessary changes ?
Inclusive not Exclusive 1. 2. 3. 4. Re-structure the system Need for a new Model 4 Levels of Participation: Grassroots …… Experience the game Recreational …. Fun Competitive …. . Ambition Elite …………. . Talent, Performance
Thoughts to Consider 1. 2. 3. How will you train the 6 -8 -10 year olds today to compete in the changing game 10 years from now? Considering the influx of foreign born players: How will including young local foreign born players impact your team and club ? How will it impact competition within the team ? How much might it raise the level of play within your club ?
Closing Comments Gerard Houllier, FFF: “ If you don’t question and try to upgrade your methods you will be left behind … you have to be adventurous … that’s how you progress. Dick Bate, English FA: “ Never before in the history of the game have so many innovations, changes and shifts occurred in such a short time.
Closing Comments - 2 Dick Bate, con’t: Preparing young players and teams for the future is the role of the coach, who works largely from a present-day curriculum which is rapidly being overtaken by the game’s forward moving technical and tactical agenda. Where will the game be in 10 years time and what will the effective coach need in order to produce competitive players in the future?
Closing Comments - 3 With the game becoming a “ world game”, we must include, blend, balance, and compete with the everincreasing influx of foreign players in our own backyard. We must also be aware of the background and passion that these players bring to our soccer culture and how it will challenge the balance of ‘old school’ and ‘new school’ thinking. If you stand still, you fall behind !!
Final Thought 1. Identify / Develop the ‘elite’ player 2. Expand the potential pool of players
The Bolton Story How do you celebrate when you REALLY win something ? Setting standards : Based on team makeup, coach’s philosophy, strength of opponent (competition), expectations 1. 2. 3. 4.
Soccer Education Resource www. cbcdutchtouch. com