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Sharing Teaching and Learning Experiences – Brain Gain Program Ruza Ostrogonac Seserko - University Sharing Teaching and Learning Experiences – Brain Gain Program Ruza Ostrogonac Seserko - University of Western Australia Petar Santrac – The Faculty of Civil Engineering, Subotica 1

Introduction n n There is a big gap between engineering curriculum in developing countries Introduction n n There is a big gap between engineering curriculum in developing countries (DC) and less developed countries (Laces), Lack of funds and digital resources, Political instabilities in some LDCs, The conflict in former Yugoslavia has left universities in newly formed states in a very poor state. 2

n n n Old fashioned curriculum, To long studies, Enormous amount of duplication in n n n Old fashioned curriculum, To long studies, Enormous amount of duplication in teaching and administration, Poor infrastructure, Lack of funds, Unmotivated staff with extremely law salaries compared to their counterparts in DCs. 3

Support Programs n n n There a number of different support programs around the Support Programs n n n There a number of different support programs around the world, One of them is World University Service Austria (WUS), An association committed to the promotion of the human rights in education on the basis of academic freedom and university autonomy, It has consultative status with the United Nations and the UNESCO, It has set up local offices in five cities in South-Eastern Europe (SEE), Belgrade, Podgorica, Sarajevo, Banja Luka and Pristina. 4

WUS Austria Activities n n n BRAIN GAIN PROGRAM: Invite academics originating from the WUS Austria Activities n n n BRAIN GAIN PROGRAM: Invite academics originating from the region to lecture courses which are not available at the SEE universities, The COURSE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM: for the implementation of new or modified courses, e. Learning TASK FORCE PROGRAM: creation of a collaborative environment between the academic community and third parties in Serbia. 5

The aim of BRAIN GAIN PROGRAM n n n To provide international scientific exchange The aim of BRAIN GAIN PROGRAM n n n To provide international scientific exchange and cooperation, “Brain gain-effect" by linking guest lecturers to already existing networks in their home countries, Make them a driving force of knowledge transfer and quality assurance in their countries of origin. 6

Guest lecturer n n n Worked for 20 years in the Faculty of Civil Guest lecturer n n n Worked for 20 years in the Faculty of Civil Engineering in Subotica, The University of Novi Sad Serbia, Left country in 1995 and since then has been teaching at the Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics at the University of Western Australia, Was invited in 2003 to lecture the courses which are not available at the SEE universities. 7

Introduction of new unit n VISUAL COMMUNICATION • multi-disciplinary collaboration of the whole range Introduction of new unit n VISUAL COMMUNICATION • multi-disciplinary collaboration of the whole range of graphical expressions: • computer graphics, • engineering freehand sketching, • technical illustrations, • diagrams, • poster presentations, • photography, • movies, • web pages. 8

Teaching philosophy and expected outcomes n To emphasize development of professional skills rather than Teaching philosophy and expected outcomes n To emphasize development of professional skills rather than content delivery: The ability to communicate effectively in visual, written and oral way, • The ability to solve engineering problems, • The ability to work in teams, • The ability to work independently and develop life long learning skills, • n To test the possibility of delivering teaching and learning in English. 9

Learning activities n n Lecturers – to provide information, Tutorials: Freehand drawing, • Computer Learning activities n n Lecturers – to provide information, Tutorials: Freehand drawing, • Computer graphics, • n n Team project, Poster presentation of the project. 10

Acquired outcomes n n Projects were assessed and awarded, Projects were of high quality, Acquired outcomes n n Projects were assessed and awarded, Projects were of high quality, of similar standards to their counterparts in Australia, n Students responded adequately to versatile teaching and learning techniques: They showed that they can communicate effectively and efficiently in visual, oral and written forms, • They were able to work in teams as well as independently, • They showed ability and enthusiasm in using the latest technology once it is accessible to them, • n The use of English had positive outcomes. 11

Discussion n Constant lack of funds is halting progress in engineering education in SEE, Discussion n Constant lack of funds is halting progress in engineering education in SEE, In their training students are exposed only to first two steps of Bloom’s taxonomy: knowledge and understanding, Significant changes should be considered to provide active and deeper learning and provide movement towards next levels of Bloom’s taxonomy pyramid: application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation: Emphasize development of professional skills, • Link knowledge from different engineering disciplines, • Move teaching and learning process from lecturer to student and organize learning activities during the whole term, • Final exam should be only a part of versatile assessments. • 12

Conclusion n To make a change: • • Use WUS Austria and similar resources, Conclusion n To make a change: • • Use WUS Austria and similar resources, Take active role in Bologna Declaration, Provide permanent staff development training in teaching and learning centres, Encourage teaching and learning research, Use global information system, attend international conferences on engineering education and talk to academics from different parts of the world, establish contacts, cooperation, Link to international journals on engineering education and read what is available online, Visit leading universities. 13

Big thanks to WUS Austria rose@civil. uwa. edu. au, santrac@gf. su. ac. yu 14 Big thanks to WUS Austria [email protected] uwa. edu. au, [email protected] su. ac. yu 14