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Setting Road Safety Targets in ESCWA Countries Lina Shbeeb ESCWA Consultant Workshop for Setting Setting Road Safety Targets in ESCWA Countries Lina Shbeeb ESCWA Consultant Workshop for Setting Regional and National Road Traffic Causality Reduction Targets in the ESCWA Region 16 -17 June, 2009 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Presentation outline • Introduction • Safety conditions in ESCWA Countries • Traffic Safety Management Presentation outline • Introduction • Safety conditions in ESCWA Countries • Traffic Safety Management in some ESCWA Countries • Road Safety Target in some ESCWA Countries

Road Safety Target Ø Road safety target are generally quantitative expression that reflects national Road Safety Target Ø Road safety target are generally quantitative expression that reflects national or jurisdiction desire to achieve for improving road safety conditions over a specified time frame. Ø Road Safety Target Type ØFinal outcomes ØIntermediate Outcome ØInstitutional Output Ø Road Safety Target Setting Approaches ØTop down long term goals. ØBottom up interim targets Ø Target can be applied at regional or local level Ø EU countries agreed on 50% reduction in death by 2010

Expected year of reaching the EU target, based on the average annual reductions over Expected year of reaching the EU target, based on the average annual reductions over the

Road Safety Target Characteristics • Achievable and not symbolic • Ambitious but realistic, • Road Safety Target Characteristics • Achievable and not symbolic • Ambitious but realistic, • accompanied by well-design and funded safety program designed to realize them, • Have a stringent political supported to obtain the required level of funding and any other needed resources

Western Asia Countries: ESCWA United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Western Asia Countries: ESCWA United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

Road Fatalities per 100, 000 inhabitant in ESCWA Countries 35 29 30 25 25 Road Fatalities per 100, 000 inhabitant in ESCWA Countries 35 29 30 25 25 18 20 15 10 8 8 Yemen Iraq 10 12 13 19 21 15 5 0 Syria Bahrain Egypt Jordan Kuwait Low: Lower middle. High Lower Qatar High Saudi Arabia Oman UAE High. Upper middle. High

Vehicle Fleet Size in the Region (2007) Registered Country Vehicles population Saudi Arabia 11, Vehicle Fleet Size in the Region (2007) Registered Country Vehicles population Saudi Arabia 11, 173, 941 22, 673, 538 Kuwait 1, 251, 495 2, 596, 799 Bahrain 273, 230 689, 416 Qatar 393, 751 1, 015, 844 UAE 1, 314, 323 4, 320, 000 Lebanon 1, 081, 477 4, 000 Oman 468, 412 2, 340, 815 Jordan 841, 933 5, 723, 000 Syria 1, 390, 000 19, 172, 000 Palestine 166, 608 3, 267, 565 Egypt 3, 497, 167 69, 997, 318 Yemen 608, 339 19, 721, 643 Total 22, 460, 676 155, 517, 938 Yemen Egypt Palestine Syria Jordan Oman Lebanon UAE Qatar Bahrain Kuwait Saudi Arabia 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Vehicle/ 1000 inhabitant 493 482 396 388 304 270 200 147 73 51 50 31 144 % of Total % of total vehicles Population 49. 7% 5. 6% 1. 2% 1. 8% 5. 9% 4. 8% 2. 1% 3. 7% 6. 2% 0. 7% 15. 6% 2. 7% 100. 0% 14. 6% 1. 7% 0. 4% 0. 7% 2. 8% 2. 6% 1. 5% 3. 7% 12. 3% 2. 1% 45. 0% 12. 7% 100%

Vehicle fleet Composition In ESCWA Region: 2007 Other Van Truck coach medium bus Syria Vehicle fleet Composition In ESCWA Region: 2007 Other Van Truck coach medium bus Syria Egypt Yemen Kuwait Palestine Jordan Bahrain Lebanon Qatar 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% PC

Selected Countries Characteristics Population Country 1000 Bahrain 1, 046, 814 Egypt Area Km 2 Selected Countries Characteristics Population Country 1000 Bahrain 1, 046, 814 Egypt Area Km 2 Number of registered vehicles Road network length (km) 693 401, 595 2, 835 6, 600, 000 55, 000 (22, 875) National 905, 592 7, 816 76, 480, 000 1, 001, 450 Jordan 5, 850, 000 89, 000

Vehicle Ownership Level by Country (vehicle/1, 000 inhabitants) 450 400 383. 64 350 300 Vehicle Ownership Level by Country (vehicle/1, 000 inhabitants) 450 400 383. 64 350 300 250 200 154. 80 150 86. 30 100 50 0 Bahrain Jordan Egypt

Fatalities per 10, 000 Vehicles by Country 40 35 Qatar Syria Lebanon Jordan Bahrain Fatalities per 10, 000 Vehicles by Country 40 35 Qatar Syria Lebanon Jordan Bahrain 30 25 20 15 14. 6 13. 4 11. 6 11. 9 11. 8 10 5 2. 8 2. 6 2. 4 2. 6 2. 5 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Trend in road accident fatalities by country (20022008) 1, 200 8, 000 Bahrain Jordan Trend in road accident fatalities by country (20022008) 1, 200 8, 000 Bahrain Jordan Egypt 7, 000 1, 000 Bahran and Jordan 6, 000 800 5, 000 600 4, 000 Egypt 3, 000 400 2, 000 200 1, 000 0 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Trend in road accident injures by country (2002 -2008) 20, 000 35, 000 30, Trend in road accident injures by country (2002 -2008) 20, 000 35, 000 30, 000 16, 000 Bahran and Jordan 25, 000 12, 000 20, 000 Egypt 15, 000 8, 000 10, 000 4, 000 5, 000 0 0 2001 2002 Bahrain 2003 2004 Jordan 2005 2006 Egypt 2007

Road Fatalities in The Selected countries Ø Bahrain fatalities in 2008: Ø 47 drivers, Road Fatalities in The Selected countries Ø Bahrain fatalities in 2008: Ø 47 drivers, Ø 18 passengers Ø 26 pedestrians Ø Jordan fatalities in 2008: Ø 198 drivers, Ø 294 passengers and Ø 248 pedestrians

Accident Data System • Police is the main source of information • Police is Accident Data System • Police is the main source of information • Police is the only source of information in Bahrain and Jordan • There are three sources of information in Egypt (police, Health, Ministry of Transport) • Non-visualized data base exists in the three selected countries • There is on going projects to develop GIS based system

Road Engineering • The implementation of Road safety Audit is limited in the selected Road Engineering • The implementation of Road safety Audit is limited in the selected countries. • Bahrain started to conduct road safety audits for road projects • Road safety inspection is conducted on some roads in Jordan • Hazardous site and identification program require accident database that define those sites with high crash records, which is not always available

Driver education and licensing • Driver should receive theoretical and practical training. • Driving Driver education and licensing • Driver should receive theoretical and practical training. • Driving test consists of theoretical and practical parts. • Automated theoretical test is in place in Jordan • Driver license is renewed every 5 years in Bahrain and 10 years in Egypt and Jordan

Legislation and Enforcement • New traffic laws were issued in Jordan and Egypt in Legislation and Enforcement • New traffic laws were issued in Jordan and Egypt in 2008 • The point system is applied in Jordan • Traffic fine levels in Bahrain is low compared to other countries • Automated surveillance is applied in the selected countries and there are plan to expand its use. • Automated traffic violation issuing is recently introduced in Jordan.

Traffic safety Education and Awareness • There is no separate/ compulsory traffic safety curriculum Traffic safety Education and Awareness • There is no separate/ compulsory traffic safety curriculum in school or university. • Safety concepts are integrated within other subjects • Elective course in Bahrain high school is given. • One elective course is also given only in one university in Jordan • Traffic police plays a very important role in traffic awareness and education in all countries • Non- governmental organizations plays significant role in traffic safety education in Jordan. • Limited private sector initiatives are made in Egypt

Road Safety Management in the selected countries Bahrain Egypt Jordan Leading agency Technical committee Road Safety Management in the selected countries Bahrain Egypt Jordan Leading agency Technical committee for the implementation of national traffic Safety structure is approved National Council for Traffic Safety proposed, approved and in action Road traffic safety Strategy Developer Traffic Safety Strategy National Road Safety Executive Program , Research Center for Technological Development and Planning in Cairo Universities, Higher Council for Road safety structure is proposed, currently there is a national committee addresses traffic safety Proposed National Traffic Safety Plan Inter-Ministerial Committee Transport Research Laboratory (UK) for Ministry of Work and Housing-Kingdom of Bahrain

…Road Safety Management in the selected countries Bahrain Safety Target Egypt Jordan 30% (3% …Road Safety Management in the selected countries Bahrain Safety Target Egypt Jordan 30% (3% per year) Qualitative target to Improve road safety on roads 30% (6% per year) Number of fatalities (175) Number of fatalities (4215) Number of serious casualties (1130) Number of serious casualties Reduction in fatal accidents (159) Reduction in Serious accidents (941) Base year 2006 Year of target realization Endorsed Traffic management plan 2016 Yes from the Cabinet subjected to some changes during the implementation and pending for securing funding Starting year of 2007 Implementation Five years from the starting 2012 year Yes and distribute to all Not yet related universities to take actions

Road traffic Safety plan Implementing Committee Ministry of Health S. G Assistanc e for Road traffic Safety plan Implementing Committee Ministry of Health S. G Assistanc e for Roads Chair General Traffic Directorat e Rep. Ministry of Municipalit y Communi cation Commiss ion Road traffic Safety plan Implementing Committee Ministry of Education Insurance company sector: Ministry of Justice Ministry of Informati on Ministry of Public Works Traffic safety Strategic Unit D Director Bahrain Petroleum company: Road & Transporta tion studies Center Vehicle agency Sector:

A summary for Road Safety Management Plan • Bahrain: 129 interventions in eleven sectors A summary for Road Safety Management Plan • Bahrain: 129 interventions in eleven sectors with a total cost 13, 902, 000 BD ($US 40 million). The estimated benefits are in range of 90 -100 million BD ($US 270 -300) • Egypt: 32 interventions in six areas were proposed with an estimated cost of 1, 264, 000 LE (($US 252, 800). The benefits were not quantified. • Jordan: 24 interventions covers eight sectors were considered. No cost estimate was made nor benefits quantification

Cross-Country Intervention Themes Bahrain Egypt Jordan Road Safety Engineering Road Engineering Driver Training, Testing Cross-Country Intervention Themes Bahrain Egypt Jordan Road Safety Engineering Road Engineering Driver Training, Testing and Licensing Driver training and testing Vehicle Safety Management, Co-ordination and Funding Accident Data System Vehicle Inspection Vehicle Insurance Legislation and Enforcement Traffic Law Enforcement Road Safety Publicity Road Safety Education in Schools Emergency and Medical Care Evaluation and Research Traffic education and awareness Traffic Awareness Rescue Service Ambulance and rescue services. Studies and information

Comments on Road safety managements & targets • The selected countries mainly defined outcome Comments on Road safety managements & targets • The selected countries mainly defined outcome final target. • The proposed strategy in Egypt does not address passenger safety, although they are at highest risk in the country. • No safety indicators have been defined in any country that would help in monitoring the progress made in the implementation • Egypt adopt more qualitative target that is hard to be monitored • Cost –benefit analysis was made only in Bahrain, which gives more credibility to the plan • The cost estimate of intervention in Egypt is low.