Скачать презентацию Session 5 Access Points Access points Скачать презентацию Session 5 Access Points Access points

eed6d1cc40a951405e3a84391b6b5ff4.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 67

Session 5: Access Points • • Access points within the cataloging process What are Session 5: Access Points • • Access points within the cataloging process What are access points Names – Main and added entries Uniform titles Series tracings Title added entries How to choose the main entry When to add other access points to a record 2

Access Points • An access point is a name (person or corporate body), subject Access Points • An access point is a name (person or corporate body), subject term, title, call number, control number, etc. , under which a bibliographic record may be searched and identified. • Some of these fields are under authority control. 3

The Cataloging Process I. Descriptive Cataloging Create Unique Bibliographic Description (of Book) 8 areas The Cataloging Process I. Descriptive Cataloging Create Unique Bibliographic Description (of Book) 8 areas of description ISBD: i. elements ii. order iii. punctuation Create Bibliographic Record (card or MARC) Provide Access to Bibliographic Record (for Work) Choice of access points: i. main entry ii. added entry Form of entries Authority control 4

Catalog Card Format 973. 7 F 853 L 1987 Name Access Points Freedman, Russell. Catalog Card Format 973. 7 F 853 L 1987 Name Access Points Freedman, Russell. Lincoln : a photobiography / Russell Freedman. – New York, 1987 N. Y. : Clarion Books, c 1987. 105 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 142 -143) and index. Photographs and text trace the life of the Civil War President. The mysterious Mr. Lincoln – A backwoods boy -Law and politics -- Half slave and half free – Emancipation -- This dreadful war -- Who is dead in the White House? -- A Lincoln sampler – In Lincoln's footsteps. 1. Lincoln, Abraham, 1809 -1865. I. Alfred Whital Stem Lincolniana Collection (Library of Congress). 5

MARC Format Access Points 6 MARC Format Access Points 6

Choice of Access Points — AACR 2 Chapter 21 Deals with –what the main Choice of Access Points — AACR 2 Chapter 21 Deals with –what the main entry should be –what added entries should be made 7

The Cataloging Process Description (Creation of bibliographic record) Descriptive Cataloging Choice of entry Form The Cataloging Process Description (Creation of bibliographic record) Descriptive Cataloging Choice of entry Form of entry AACR 2 -- chap. 21 AACR 2 -- chap. 22 -26 8

Chap. 21 Summary • General rule: 21. 1 • Works of single responsibility: 21. Chap. 21 Summary • General rule: 21. 1 • Works of single responsibility: 21. 4 • Works of unknown or uncertain authorship, or by unnamed groups: 21. 5 • Works of shared responsibility: 21. 6 • Collections, and works produced under the direction of an editor: 21. 7 • Mixed responsibility : 21. 8 -21. 27 • Related works: 21. 28 • Added entries: 21. 29 -21. 30 9

Types of Access Points • Access points required by Chapter 21, if appropriate – Types of Access Points • Access points required by Chapter 21, if appropriate – name access • • • authors editors and compilers translators illustrators corporate bodies – title access – series access 10

Where to look when choosing access points • Chief source (e. g. title page) Where to look when choosing access points • Chief source (e. g. title page) • Statements prominently presented • Information within the item (e. g. , preliminaries, colophon, etc. ) 11

Concept of Main Entry • In each cataloging record one access point is chosen Concept of Main Entry • In each cataloging record one access point is chosen as the main entry heading • Main entry is assigned to the entity that is primarily responsible for the intellectual content • If primary intellectual responsibility cannot be determined, title is main entry 12

Concept of Added Entry • All other access points will be added entries, e. Concept of Added Entry • All other access points will be added entries, e. g. , – Any other entity responsible for the intellectual content – Any variant titles – Series added entries 13

Main & Added Entries • How to you choose the main entry – Examine Main & Added Entries • How to you choose the main entry – Examine the item based on AACR 2 Chap. 21. 1 • When to include added entries – Check AACR 2 Chap. 21. 29 -21. 30 for mandated entries – Add if needed by users of the catalog (cataloger’s judgment) 14

Selection of Main Entry • Basic general rule for choice of main entry, Rule Selection of Main Entry • Basic general rule for choice of main entry, Rule 21. 1 is divided into 3 parts: – 21. 1 A Works of personal authorship – 21. 1 B Entry under corporate body – 21. 1 C Entry under title 15

Rules for Choice of Main Entry • Name – Personal authorship • single personal Rules for Choice of Main Entry • Name – Personal authorship • single personal authorship • shared responsibility • mixed responsibility – Corporate body • Title 16

Personal Author Person chiefly responsible for the creation of the intellectual or artistic content Personal Author Person chiefly responsible for the creation of the intellectual or artistic content of a work 17

Single Personal Author 21. 4 A • Person who is chiefly responsible for the Single Personal Author 21. 4 A • Person who is chiefly responsible for the book’s existence: – intellectual content of a book – artistic content of a book • Main entry is under the author 18

Single Personal Author 21. 4 A JANET Paris Was Yesterday, 1925 -1939 title page Single Personal Author 21. 4 A JANET Paris Was Yesterday, 1925 -1939 title page FLANNER EDITED BY IRVING DURTMAN 100 1_ Flanner, Janet, $d 1892245 10 Paris was yesterday, 1925 -1939 / $c Janet Flanner ; edited by Irving Durtman. 19

Works of Shared Responsibility 21. 6 • Works produced by the collaboration of 2 Works of Shared Responsibility 21. 6 • Works produced by the collaboration of 2 or more persons who performed the same kind of activity – principal author indicated 21. 6 B – principal author not indicated 21. 6 C 20

Works of Shared Responsibility 21. 6 B 1 Principal author indicated Beyond ambition : Works of Shared Responsibility 21. 6 B 1 Principal author indicated Beyond ambition : how driven managers can lead better and live better by Robert E. Kaplan with Wilfred H. Drath and Joan R. Kofodimos title page 100 1_ Kaplan, Robert E. 245 10 Beyond ambition : $b how driven managers can lead better and live better / $c by Robert E. Kaplan with Wilfred H. Drath and Joan R. Kofodimos. 21

Works of Shared Responsibility 21. 6 C 1 No principal author indicated ART and Works of Shared Responsibility 21. 6 C 1 No principal author indicated ART and OUTRAGE A Correspondence about HENRY MILLER Between LAWRENCE DURRELL and ALFRED PRELES With Intermissions by HENRY MILLER title page 100 1_ Durrell, Lawrence. 245 10 Art and outrage : $b a correspondence about Henry Miller / $c between Lawrence Durrell and Alfred Preles ; with intermissions by Henry Miller. 22

LET’S TAKE A BREAK 23 LET’S TAKE A BREAK 23

Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 8 -21. 28 • Previously existing works that have Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 8 -21. 28 • Previously existing works that have been modified – adaptations, revisions, translations • New works in which different persons or bodies perform different activities – e. g. , collaborative work by a writer and an artist 24

Works of Mixed Responsibility Chap. 21 • • Adapter 21. 10 Writer with an Works of Mixed Responsibility Chap. 21 • • Adapter 21. 10 Writer with an illustrator 21. 11 A Original author of a translation 21. 14 Collaborator 21. 24 25

Main Entry- Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 10 A Adaptation GONE WITH the WIND, Main Entry- Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 10 A Adaptation GONE WITH the WIND, the screenplay by Sidney Howard 100 1_ Howard, Sidney. 245 10 Gone with the wind, the screenplay / $c by Sidney Howard ; based on the novel by Margaret Mitchell title page 26

Main Entry - Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 11 A Illustrated Gentlemen Prefer Blondes Main Entry - Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 11 A Illustrated Gentlemen Prefer Blondes the illuminating diary of a professional lady by Anita Loos 100 1_ Loos, Anita. 245 10 Gentlemen prefer blondes : $b the illuminating diary of a professional lady / $c by Anita Loos ; intimately illustrated by Ralph Barton. Intimately illustrated by Ralph Barton title page 27

Main Entry - Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 14 A Translation SEMPER LUDET A Main Entry - Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 14 A Translation SEMPER LUDET A Latin Version of A. A. Milne’s The House At Pooh Corner Translated by Brian title page Staples 100 1_ Milne, A. A. $q (Alan Alexander), $d 1882 -1956. 245 10 Winnie ille Pu semper ludet : $b a Latin version of A. A. Milne’s The house at Pooh Corner / $c translated by Brian Staples ; illustrated by Ernest H. Shepard. 28

Main Entry - Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 24 A Collaboration between artist & Main Entry - Works of Mixed Responsibility 21. 24 A Collaboration between artist & writer The Gardens of LOUISIANA Places of Work and Wonder Photographs A. J. Meek Text Suzanne Turner title page 100 1_ Meek, A. J. 245 14 The gardens of Louisiana : $b places of work and wonder / $c photographs, A. J. Meek ; text, Suzanne Turner. 29

Rules for Choice of Entry • Name – Personal authorship • single personal authorship Rules for Choice of Entry • Name – Personal authorship • single personal authorship • shared responsibility • mixed responsibility – Corporate body • Title 30

Corporate Body 21. 1 B An organization or a group of persons that is Corporate Body 21. 1 B An organization or a group of persons that is identified by a particular name and that acts, or may act, as an entity. 31

Corporate Bodies • Associations • Institutions • Business firms • Non-profit enterprises • Governments Corporate Bodies • Associations • Institutions • Business firms • Non-profit enterprises • Governments & government agencies • Projects & programs • Religious bodies • Conferences • Athletic contests • Exhibitions, expeditions, fairs & festivals • Vessels (ships & space ships) 32

Corporate Body Main Entry 21. 1 B • The corporate body is the main Corporate Body Main Entry 21. 1 B • The corporate body is the main entry when the work “emanates” from the body: – is issued by the body; or – has been caused to be issued by the body; or – originated with that body • Works dealing with the policies, procedures, operations or resources of the body, or which record or report its collective thought or activity. 33

6 Determining Categories for Corporate Body Main Entry 21. 1 B 2 • Deals 6 Determining Categories for Corporate Body Main Entry 21. 1 B 2 • Deals with the body itself • Certain legal, governmental, or religious types of works • Official pronouncements that represent the body’s position • Works of a collective nature which report on: – Conference activities, expeditions, or events • Works that result from the collective activity of a performing group as a whole • Cartographic materials which were more than publications or distributed materials 34

MUSEUM Corporate Body Main Entry 21. 4 B 2 a THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF MUSEUM Corporate Body Main Entry 21. 4 B 2 a THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 110 2_ Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N. Y. ) 245 10 Museum shapes / $c the Metropolitan Museum of Art. title page 35

Corporate Body Main Entry – Legal Work 21. 1 B 2 b THE Pennsylvania Corporate Body Main Entry – Legal Work 21. 1 B 2 b THE Pennsylvania LIBRARY 110 _ Pennsylvania. 245 14 The library code. State Library CODE Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction Pennsylvania State Library Harrisburg title page 36

Corporate Body Main Entry – Collective Thought of the Corporate Body 21. 1 B Corporate Body Main Entry – Collective Thought of the Corporate Body 21. 1 B 2 c The Child and Television Drama: The Psychological Impact Of Cumulative Viewing Formulated by the Committee on Social Issues, Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry title page 110 2_ Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry. $b Committee on Social Issues. 245 14 The child and television drama : $b the psychosocial impact of cumulative viewing / $c formulated by the Committee on Social Issues, Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry. 37

Corporate Body Main Entry – Activity of a Conference 21. 1 B 2 d Corporate Body Main Entry – Activity of a Conference 21. 1 B 2 d THE Conference on Editorial Problems title page 110 2_ Conference on Editorial Problems ǂn (25 th : ǂd 1989 : ǂc University of Toronto) 245 10 Challenges, projects, texts: Canadian editing = ǂb De fis, projets et textes dans l'e dition critique au Canada / ǂc Twentyfifth Conference on Editorial Problems = Vingt-cinquie me Congre s sur l'E dition Critique, November 17 -18 novembre 1989 ; edited by John Lennox & Janet M. Patterson re dacteurs. 38

Corporate Body Main Entry – Activity of a Performing Group 21. 4 B 2 Corporate Body Main Entry – Activity of a Performing Group 21. 4 B 2 e 110 _ Firesign Theatre. 245 14 The Firesign Theatre’s big book of plays. title page 39

Rules for Choice of Entry • Name – Personal authorship • single personal authorship Rules for Choice of Entry • Name – Personal authorship • single personal authorship • shared responsibility • mixed responsibility – Corporate body • Title 40

Title Main Entry • No known creator • 4 or more creators share equal Title Main Entry • No known creator • 4 or more creators share equal responsibility for primary intellectual content (diffuse responsibility) • Produced only under editorial direction • Emanates from a corporate body, but not one of the 6 categories in Chapter 21. 1 B 2 • Accepted as sacred scripture 41

Title Main Entry – No Known Creator 21. 5 A Supporting Microsoft Windows 95 Title Main Entry – No Known Creator 21. 5 A Supporting Microsoft Windows 95 hands-on, self-paced training for supporting Windows 95 245 00 Supporting Microsoft Windows 95 : $b hands-on, selfpaced training for supporting Windows 95. 710 2_ Microsoft Corporation title page 42

Title Main Entry – Shared Responsibility 21. 6 C 1 Unknown, diffuse personal authorship, Title Main Entry – Shared Responsibility 21. 6 C 1 Unknown, diffuse personal authorship, 4 or more Introductory Microbiology Trevor Gross Jane Faull Steve Ketteridge and Derek Springham title page 245 00 Introductory microbiology / $c Trevor Gross … [et al. ]. 700 1_ Gross, Trevor. 43

Title Main Entry – Editorial Direction 21. 30 D 1 Editor Abigail Adams Frances Title Main Entry – Editorial Direction 21. 30 D 1 Editor Abigail Adams Frances Wright Sarah Crimke Augus Bebel Jane Addams Simone de Beauvoir THE FEMINIST PAPERS From Adams to de Beauvoir edited, with a new preface , by 245 04 The feminist papers : $b from Adams to de Beauvoir / $c edited, with a new preface, by Alice S. Rossi. 700 1_ Rossi, Alice S. , $d 1922 - ALICE S. ROSSI title page 44

Title Main Entry – Corporate Body Outside Categories 21. 1 B 3 From corporate Title Main Entry – Corporate Body Outside Categories 21. 1 B 3 From corporate body not listed in 21. 1 B 2 ARTS A Space for the A Facilities Guide for Santa Cruz County 245 02 A space for the arts : $b a facilities guide for Santa Cruz County. 710 1_ Santa Cruz County (Calif. ). $b Arts Commission. Project of the Santa Cruz Arts Commission title page 45

Title Main Entry – Accepted as Sacred Scripture 21. 37 • No definable author Title Main Entry – Accepted as Sacred Scripture 21. 37 • No definable author • Issues include varying titles for different issues, editions, etc. , • Entry usually under uniform title vs. title proper 46

Questions? ? 47 Questions? ? 47

Added Entries 21. 29 -21. 30 • Access points not chosen as main entry Added Entries 21. 29 -21. 30 • Access points not chosen as main entry • Assigned to provide additional access points 48

Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 • Contains varying forms of the Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 • Contains varying forms of the title associated with the item that is different from the information in field 245 • Types of title – – – – – Portion of title Parallel title Distinctive title Other title Cover title Added title page title Caption title Running title Spine title 49

Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 40 MILLION SCHOOLBOOKS CAN’T BE WRONG: Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 40 MILLION SCHOOLBOOKS CAN’T BE WRONG: Myths in American History by Ethan Ellis title page 100 1_ Ellis, L. Ethan. 245 10 40 million schoolbooks can’t be wrong : $b myths in American history / $c by L. Ethan Ellis. 246 3_ Forty million schoolbooks can’t be wrong 50

Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 FALL FRIGHT title page 100 1_ Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 FALL FRIGHT title page 100 1_ Herman, Gail, $d 1959245 10 Fall fright / $c by Gail Herman ; illustrated by Duendes Del Sur. 246 1_ $i At head of title: $a Scooby-Doo! 246 1_ $i At head of title: $a Cartoon Network 51

Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 Portion of title BOOKNOTES Life Stories Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 Portion of title BOOKNOTES Life Stories Notable Biographers on the People Who Shaped America Brian Lamp title page 245 00 Booknotes : $b life stories : notable biographers on the people who shaped America / $c [compiled] by Brian Lamb. 246 31 Book notes 52

Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 Distinctive title 110 2_ Qantas Empire Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 Distinctive title 110 2_ Qantas Empire Airways, ltd. 245 10 Annual report / $c Qantas. 246 13 Annual report and accounts Annual Report title page 53

Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 Other title WORLD BOOK MILLENNIUM 2000 Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 Other title WORLD BOOK MILLENNIUM 2000 title page 245 04 The World Book encyclopedia. 246 14 World Book millennium 2000 54

Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 Spine title irma schechter chartbook of Added Entry – Title 21. 30 J 1 Spine title irma schechter chartbook of federal programs in aging title page 100 1 Schechter, Irma. 245 10 Chartbook of federal programs in aging / Irma Schechter. 246 18 Chartbook on aging 55

Added Entries – Names • Personal names – – – – Collaborators (up to Added Entries – Names • Personal names – – – – Collaborators (up to 3) Writers Editors and compilers Translators Illustrators Other related persons 4 or more, an added entry is made under the first named • Corporate names – Prominently named but not solely as distributor or manufacturer 56

Added Entry - Works of Shared Responsibility 21. 30 Principal author indicated Beyond ambition Added Entry - Works of Shared Responsibility 21. 30 Principal author indicated Beyond ambition : how driven managers can lead better and live better by Robert E. Kaplan with Wilfred H. Drath and Joan R. Kofodimos title page 100 1_ Kaplan, Robert E. 245 10 Beyond ambition : $b how driven managers can lead better and live better / $c by Robert E. Kaplan with Wilfred H. Drath and Joan R. Kofodimos. 700 1_ Drath, Wilfred H. 700 1_ Kofodimos, Joan R. 57

Added Entry – Related Work 21. 30 G 1 Adaptation GONE WITH the WIND, Added Entry – Related Work 21. 30 G 1 Adaptation GONE WITH the WIND, the screenplay by Sidney Howard based on the novel by Margaret Mitchell title page 100 1_ Howard, Sidney. 245 10 Gone with the wind, the screenplay / $c by Sidney Howard ; based on the novel by Margaret Mitchell. 700 1_ Mitchell, Margaret. $t Gone with the wind. 58

Added Entry - Writers 21. 30 C 1 Collaboration between artist and writer The Added Entry - Writers 21. 30 C 1 Collaboration between artist and writer The Gardens of LOUISIANA Places of Work and Wonder Photographs A. J. Meek Text Suzanne Turner title page 100 1_ Meek, A. J. 245 14 The gardens of Louisiana : $b places of work and wonder / $c photographs, A. J. Meek ; text, Suzanne Turner. 700 1_ Turner, Suzanne. 59

Added Entry - Editor 21. 30 D 1 JANET Paris Was Yesterday, 1925 -1934 Added Entry - Editor 21. 30 D 1 JANET Paris Was Yesterday, 1925 -1934 title page FLANNER EDITED BY IRVING DURTMAN 100 1_ Flanner, Janet, $d 1892245 10 Paris was yesterday, 1925 -1934 / $c Janet Flanner ; edited by Irving Durtman. 700 1_ Durtman, Irving. 60

Series • A group of items related to each other by a common title Series • A group of items related to each other by a common title • Usually related in subject or form • Each has its own title plus and a common title identifying them as part of the group Tikal report ; no. 31 University Museum monograph ; 57 Thai archaeology monograph series ; no. 1 University Museum monograph ; 111 61

Series-like phrase • Character string (words, letters, combination of letters and numbers) not considered Series-like phrase • Character string (words, letters, combination of letters and numbers) not considered to be a series Bantam books TOR book Books for professionals by professionals 62

Added Entry - Series • Follow the OCLC authority file for tracing practice – Added Entry - Series • Follow the OCLC authority file for tracing practice – – Traced series Untraced series Series traced differently Series-like phrase 63

Added Entry - Series • If the item is part of a monographic series Added Entry - Series • If the item is part of a monographic series or a multipart monograph and has a title not dependent on that of the comprehensive item, prepare an analytical entry consisting of a complete bibliographic description of the part. Give details of the comprehensive item in the series area. 13. 3 A 64

Added Entry - Series • If the series statement has some distinct meaning and Added Entry - Series • If the series statement has some distinct meaning and “if it provides a useful collocation”, then it is worth making an added entry i. e. 440 • If the series statement is more of a character string, code as 490 65

Added Entry - Series 21. 30 L 1 Series THE FEMINIST PAPERS From Adams Added Entry - Series 21. 30 L 1 Series THE FEMINIST PAPERS From Adams to de Beauvoir Feminism and You Volume 3 edited, with a new preface , by ALICE S. ROSSI title page 245 04 The feminist papers : $b from Adams to de Beauvoir / $c edited, with a new preface, by Alice S. Rossi. 440 _0 Feminism and you ; $v v. 3 700 1_ Rossi, Alice S. , $d 192266

Chap. 21 Recap 0 author 1 author 2 authors 3 authors 4 or more Chap. 21 Recap 0 author 1 author 2 authors 3 authors 4 or more authors Main entry under title Main entry under author Main entry under first author, added entry for second author Main entry under first author, added entries for second and third authors Main entry under title, added entry for first author 67

Chap. 21 Recap • Issued from a corporate body – Corporate body is the Chap. 21 Recap • Issued from a corporate body – Corporate body is the main entry if: • • • administrative nature… some legal, governmental, and religious works records the collective thought of the body reports collective activity of a conference results of the collective activity of a performing group as a whole • cartographic materials • when in doubt, don’t (Be sure to include as an added entry) 68