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Selling on the Internet Selling on the Internet

Source: www. clickz. com Source: www. clickz. com

Small Businesses: Using the Internet Source: Virginia Microenterprise Network Regional Conference Small Businesses: Using the Internet Source: Virginia Microenterprise Network Regional Conference

Small Businesses Conducting e-Commerce Source: Virginia Microenterprise Network Regional Conference Small Businesses Conducting e-Commerce Source: Virginia Microenterprise Network Regional Conference

Small Business: e-Commerce Revenues $ billions Source: Virginia Microenterprise Network Regional Conference Small Business: e-Commerce Revenues $ billions Source: Virginia Microenterprise Network Regional Conference

E-Commerce Roadmap While developing an ECommerce presence, it is important to know where you E-Commerce Roadmap While developing an ECommerce presence, it is important to know where you are now as well as the appropriate destination for your business. . com Level 5 End-to-end Fulfillment n Workflow n n Level 4 Online orders, payments n Order tracking, queries n Funds transfer Integrated n Transactional Level 3 Registration n Forms n E-mail ¨ Seamless connectivity to back-end system(s) ¨ Minimize/eliminate manual input on transactions. ¨ B 2 B automated processes n Level 2 Advertising n Marketing n Information Interactive ¨ Secure transaction processing ¨ Online payment authorization ¨ Authentication and validation n Static Level 1 n n No company web site Can access other sites No Capability ¨ Web site connectivity to database Access application(s) and email accounts ¨ Web site ¨ Content development & updates ¨ Internet access through ISP ¨ Email accounts Legend n - Functions at Level ¨ - Requirements to achieve next level Adapted from: www. mepcenters. nist. gov/public/ecommerce-summit. nsf

Know why you are on the Web? ? ? Know why you are on the Web? ? ?

To make money!!! Web design is not about art, it's about making money!!! To make money!!! Web design is not about art, it's about making money!!!

The Internet Market Channel The Internet Market Channel

What people are buying on the Web. . . • Airline tickets • Hotel What people are buying on the Web. . . • Airline tickets • Hotel reservations • Computer hardware • Apparel • Consumer electronics • Car rental • Health/Beauty • Books • Music • Computer software • Jewelry • Toys/Video games • Food/Beverages • Office supplies • Flowers • Linens/Home decorations • Sporting goods • Videos • Appliances • Furniture • Tools/Hardware • Footwear • Small appliances • Garden supplies Reference: Forrester

Examples of Mississippi E-Tailers. . . Examples of Mississippi E-Tailers. . .

www. jubilations. com www. jubilations. com

www. pleasantgrovesoaps. com www. pleasantgrovesoaps. com

www. pennysanford. com www. pennysanford. com

www. dirty-hippie. com www. dirty-hippie. com

www. iceboxframes. com www. iceboxframes. com

www. mscheesestraws. com www. mscheesestraws. com

www. ebicom. net/~bbj 1 www. ebicom. net/~bbj 1

www. dixiesnow. com www. dixiesnow. com

www. spirit-song-studio. com www. spirit-song-studio. com

www. pashapillow. com www. pashapillow. com

www. deltapecan. com www. deltapecan. com

www. cjsbows. com www. cjsbows. com

Who is going to design, build, and maintain the site? ? ? In-house vs. Who is going to design, build, and maintain the site? ? ? In-house vs. Outsourcing

Outsourcing. . . Know who you are hiring!. . . and get it in Outsourcing. . . Know who you are hiring!. . . and get it in writing!!!

Building a Web Store: Options g. E-business Template Site – Yahoo Web Store g. Building a Web Store: Options g. E-business Template Site – Yahoo Web Store g. Contracting / Outsourcing – Individuals or companies g. Do it Yourself – From scratch, combination of the above

Template Site g. Advantages – Easy to use: browser based interface – All-in-one solution: Template Site g. Advantages – Easy to use: browser based interface – All-in-one solution: domain registration, website design, administration, and hosting – Relatively fast setup, do not need extensive technical knowledge – Browse before buying (can look at other sites and available templates) – May list in online categories and directories

Template Site g. Disadvantages – Limited flexibility in store design and layout – Your Template Site g. Disadvantages – Limited flexibility in store design and layout – Your store looks very much like other stores developed with the template service – Additional features, bandwidth, or support may be extra – Costs usually increase as additional items are added – Limited support (may be web only)

Contracting Websites g. Advantages – Increased complexity and customization available – Experienced individuals can Contracting Websites g. Advantages – Increased complexity and customization available – Experienced individuals can guide your online business and goals – Technical translation and increased support

Contracting Websites g. Disadvantages – May take hours or days to make changes – Contracting Websites g. Disadvantages – May take hours or days to make changes – Requires time for meetings and reviews – Contractors differ with services, support, professionalism and assistance – Pricing system may quickly escalate costs

Contracting Websites g. Considerations – Always have a contract signed by both parties with Contracting Websites g. Considerations – Always have a contract signed by both parties with complete disclosure – Contractors will often retain the code, design, features, images, or even content until payment is received – Make sure you have agreements on the length, limits, and rates or total price

Build it Yourself g. Advantages – Customization limited only by your time and financial Build it Yourself g. Advantages – Customization limited only by your time and financial resources – Unlimited and free updates (instantly) – Wealth of software and design support available on the Internet – Easy to incorporate site and business for continuity

Build it Yourself g. Disadvantages – Time investment: learning software – Time investment: designing Build it Yourself g. Disadvantages – Time investment: learning software – Time investment: designing site – Time investment: troubleshooting, updating – May require initial upfront costs (often used as business investments) – Must learn Internet marketing and search engine techniques

Building a Web Store: Costs g E-business Template Site – $40 - $200 (monthly) Building a Web Store: Costs g E-business Template Site – $40 - $200 (monthly) g Contracting / Outsourcing – $500 - $15, 000 g Build it Yourself – $0 - $3000 (depends on current situation) g Other Needs: – Domains ($15 -$35 annually) – Hosting ($15 - $200 monthly) – Secure Connection ($200 -$400 annually)

Common Mistakes. . . • Bad domain names • Somebody’s cousin built it • Common Mistakes. . . • Bad domain names • Somebody’s cousin built it • Somebody’s cousin hosts it • Only webmaster can make changes • Hokey unprofessional design • Too slow to download • Not organized properly • Stale content

Building Blocks of a Web Store • Domain name • Web site/store • Web Building Blocks of a Web Store • Domain name • Web site/store • Web server/host • Site marketing

Building Blocks of a Web Store • Domain name • Web site/store • Web Building Blocks of a Web Store • Domain name • Web site/store • Web server/host • Site marketing

Domain Names www. yourname. com g Domain Names – – – Should be your Domain Names www. yourname. com g Domain Names – – – Should be your website name (ex. acme. com = ACME, Inc. ) Shorter names are usually easier to remember Avoid hyphenated names Avoid plurals, “the”, and “my” if possible Easy to remember, type and promote Remember! You can have more than one domain for your website: amazon. com, amazonbooks. com, amazonvideos. com, amazonndvds, com, amazonkids. com

Building Blocks of a Web Store • Domain name • Web site/store • Web Building Blocks of a Web Store • Domain name • Web site/store • Web server/host • Site marketing

Building Blocks of a Web Store • Web site/store • Online product catalog • Building Blocks of a Web Store • Web site/store • Online product catalog • Shopping model/Ordering system • Merchant account/Payment processing • Customer communication system • Tracking system

Shopping Cart, SSL, & Online Payment Methods g Shopping Carts/Bags – Must be easy Shopping Cart, SSL, & Online Payment Methods g Shopping Carts/Bags – Must be easy (intuitive) to use – Support common functions (add, remove, modify, clear, save, checkout) g Secure Socket Layer (SSL) – Provides a secure transaction link – Gives buyer and sellers confidence g Online payment processing system – Standard: credit cards – Alternatives: Pay. Pal

Methods. . . g Snail Mail g Telephone g Fax g Online Methods. . . g Snail Mail g Telephone g Fax g Online

With. . . g Check g Money Order g Purchase Order g Credit Card With. . . g Check g Money Order g Purchase Order g Credit Card g Intermediary

www. paypal. com www. paypal. com

What do you need for an e-commerce site. . . • Domain name • What do you need for an e-commerce site. . . • Domain name • Web site/store • Web server/host • Site marketing

Hosting and Support g. Hosting Company - MUST HAVE! – – Easy to use Hosting and Support g. Hosting Company - MUST HAVE! – – Easy to use interface, navigation, support Telephone support number (try it out!) Reliable hosting (99. 999% uptime guaranteed) Support for the features of your website (ASP/PHP, Front. Page extensions, SSL, database support) – Clear pricing structure, quick turn-a-round

Hosting Service Criteria g Setup fee g Monthly fee g Domain name g Storage Hosting Service Criteria g Setup fee g Monthly fee g Domain name g Storage space g Website builder g Operating system g Provider History g Technical support g Site traffic report g Technical support g E-mail addresses g E-Commerce capable g Business management tools g Portfolio

http: //smallbusiness. yahoo. com/merchant http: //smallbusiness. yahoo. com/merchant

Merchant Starter $50 start-up; $39. 95/month; 1. 5% transaction fee Merchant Standard $50 start-up; Merchant Starter $50 start-up; $39. 95/month; 1. 5% transaction fee Merchant Standard $50 start-up; $99. 95/month; 1% transaction fee Merchant Professional $50 start-up; $299. 95/month; . 75% transaction fee

What do you need for an e-commerce site. . . • Domain name • What do you need for an e-commerce site. . . • Domain name • Web site/store • Web server/host • Site marketing

Reasons Why People Shop the Web. . . • Easy to place an order Reasons Why People Shop the Web. . . • Easy to place an order • Large selection of products • Cheaper prices • Faster service and delivery • Detailed and clear product information • No sales pressure • Easy payment procedure Reference: www. useit. com

Factors driving repeat visits to a Web site. . . • High quality content Factors driving repeat visits to a Web site. . . • High quality content • Ease of use • Minimal download time • Updated often Reference: Forrester Survey; 1999

The key is consumer confidence. . . g Fun and easy to navigate sites The key is consumer confidence. . . g Fun and easy to navigate sites g Pages that appear professional g Clear and accurate product information and representation g Real time answers through self help features, e-mail, and a toll-free telephone number

The key is consumer confidence. . . g Good prices and clear representation of The key is consumer confidence. . . g Good prices and clear representation of all charges g Payment options g Secure transactions g Easy to use return or exchange policy g Quick processing time and delivery g Shopper privacy

Navigation System g Always present (located on every page – possibly more than once) Navigation System g Always present (located on every page – possibly more than once) g Intuitive menu names g Interactive effects (highlighting, changing sizes, shapes, or colors) g Compatible with audience viewing level (text, images, JAVA, Flash) g Minimal searching (approximately 1 -3 “clicks” for any location on your site)

g Navigational Tools g Location g Consistency g Navigational Tools g Location g Consistency

g Where am I? g Where have I been? g Where can I go? g Where am I? g Where have I been? g Where can I go? Don’t make me think!!!

3 clicks and you’re out! 3 clicks and you’re out!

Content, Content g. Content should be: – Clear, concise and complete – Bold, italics, Content, Content g. Content should be: – Clear, concise and complete – Bold, italics, and underlines for quick searching – Descriptive and dynamic (changing to the user’s needs) – Grammatically correct

“People want to do business with people they believe to be professional. ” Reference: “People want to do business with people they believe to be professional. ” Reference: Flanders/Willis; Web Usability Specialists

Contact Us: g E-mail g Telephone number g Fax g Snail Mail Contact Us: g E-mail g Telephone number g Fax g Snail Mail

Elements to consider. . . g Bandwidth g Browser compatibility g Color palette g Elements to consider. . . g Bandwidth g Browser compatibility g Color palette g Continuity g Frames g Homepage

Elements to consider. . . g User Interface g Screen compatibility g Readability g Elements to consider. . . g User Interface g Screen compatibility g Readability g Text only default g Accessibility

Download time. . . g 1 -2 seconds g < 13 seconds g > Download time. . . g 1 -2 seconds g < 13 seconds g > 20 GONE!

Decrease download time by. . . g designing for 56 k modem g keeping Decrease download time by. . . g designing for 56 k modem g keeping page sizes <50 k g applying the KISS rule

“Remove graphic; increase traffic. It’s that simple. ” Reference: Dr. Jakob Nielsen; Web Usability “Remove graphic; increase traffic. It’s that simple. ” Reference: Dr. Jakob Nielsen; Web Usability Specialist; www. useit. com

NETSCAPE EXPLORER NETSCAPE EXPLORER

NETSCAPE EXPLORER NETSCAPE EXPLORER

Browser Testing - view your site in as many browsers as possible: g Netscape Browser Testing - view your site in as many browsers as possible: g Netscape g Explorer g AOL g Web TV g Lynx

Color Considerations. . . g Artistic g Cultural g Sales g Technical Color Considerations. . . g Artistic g Cultural g Sales g Technical

Black – United States & Europe White – China & Japan Yellow – Egypt Black – United States & Europe White – China & Japan Yellow – Egypt & Burma Purple – Thailand Blue – Iran Red – South Africa

www. nwa. com www. nwa. com

How’s this for readability? How’s this for readability?

Recommendations. . . g Good background/text contrast g Avoid patterned backgrounds g Easy to Recommendations. . . g Good background/text contrast g Avoid patterned backgrounds g Easy to read fonts g Make words count g Short paragraphs g Bulleted lists

www. cedcc. psu. edu/ritter/web-demo/elements. html www. cedcc. psu. edu/ritter/web-demo/elements. html

www. cjsbows. com www. cjsbows. com

www. cjsbows. com www. cjsbows. com

www. cjsbows. com www. cjsbows. com

www. cjsbows. com www. cjsbows. com

The Bottom Line. . . g Getting customers to come to your site, g The Bottom Line. . . g Getting customers to come to your site, g Getting customers to make a purchase once they get to your site, and g Getting customers to return to your site and purchase again, and again!

Resource Business to Consumer E-Commerce: Selling on the Internet www. msucares. com/business_assistance/homebusiness/ecommerce. html Resource Business to Consumer E-Commerce: Selling on the Internet www. msucares. com/business_assistance/homebusiness/ecommerce. html

Beth Duncan, Ph. D. Small Business Specialist Mississippi State University Extension Service bethd@ext. msstate. Beth Duncan, Ph. D. Small Business Specialist Mississippi State University Extension Service [email protected] msstate. edu

Selling on the Internet Selling on the Internet

http: //coldfusion. art. msstate. edu http: //coldfusion. art. msstate. edu

http: //www. everestgum. com http: //www. everestgum. com

http: //offeringsjewelry. com http: //offeringsjewelry. com

http: //www. chipotle. com http: //www. chipotle. com

http: //www. bernheimerhouse. com http: //www. bernheimerhouse. com

http: //www. pleasantgrovesoaps. com http: //www. pleasantgrovesoaps. com

http: //www. jubilations. com http: //www. jubilations. com

http: //www. hersheys. com http: //www. hersheys. com

http: //www. crystalls. com http: //www. crystalls. com

http: //www. shoppingbargains. com http: //www. shoppingbargains. com

http: //www. personalizedboutique. com http: //www. personalizedboutique. com

http: //www. satellitediscountstore. com http: //www. satellitediscountstore. com

http: //www. bagpipesonly. com http: //www. bagpipesonly. com

http: //www. atouchof-elegance. com http: //www. atouchof-elegance. com

http: //www. vermontteddybear. com http: //www. vermontteddybear. com