SCONLI 3 JNU NEW DELHI Automatic Extraction and

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SCONLI 3 JNU NEW DELHI Automatic Extraction and Incorporation of Purpose Data into Purpose. SCONLI 3 JNU NEW DELHI Automatic Extraction and Incorporation of Purpose Data into Purpose. Net P. Kiran Mayee Rajeev Sangal Soma Paul

INTRODUCTION Purpose Need for a knowledge base of objects and actions in which the INTRODUCTION Purpose Need for a knowledge base of objects and actions in which the knowledge is organized around purpose.

Purpose. Net is an intelligent knowledgebased system dealing with specialized attributes of artifacts – Purpose. Net is an intelligent knowledgebased system dealing with specialized attributes of artifacts – namely, their purpose, purpose of their types, components, accessories, as also data about their birth, processes, side-effects, maintenance and result on destruction.

Purpose. Net Purpose. Net

Building the Purpose. Net Template Designing Revision & Refinement of template Selection of Domain Building the Purpose. Net Template Designing Revision & Refinement of template Selection of Domain Information Retrieval from Web Ontology population Testing

Need for Automation Acquisition bottleneck Massive availability of text Availability of purpose cues Need for Automation Acquisition bottleneck Massive availability of text Availability of purpose cues

Purpose data required Artifact -- garage Purpose Action -- store Upon -- vehicle Purpose data required Artifact -- garage Purpose Action -- store Upon -- vehicle

Purpose Cues Word(s) Lexical entities in a particular order Classification Sentences beginning with artifact Purpose Cues Word(s) Lexical entities in a particular order Classification Sentences beginning with artifact name Sentences ending with artifact name Sentence containing artifact name Hidden Cues

Sentences commencing with artifact name Sentences commencing with artifact name

Sentences ending with artifact name We cut action trees upon with an axe. artifact Sentences ending with artifact name We cut action trees upon with an axe. artifact

Sentences containing artifact name Use the air+pump to fill the tyre. Use the <artifact> Sentences containing artifact name Use the air+pump to fill the tyre. Use the to the

Methodology for purpose data extraction Methodology for purpose data extraction

Algorithm for Purpose Data Extraction Algorithm Purp. Data. Extract(corpus) Step 1 : Read first Algorithm for Purpose Data Extraction Algorithm Purp. Data. Extract(corpus) Step 1 : Read first sentence in Corpus. Step 2 : Loop until end-of-corpus – 2 a. if contains(sentence, artifact) and match( sentence, cuetab then extract(sentence, artifact) extract(sentence, to_action) extract(sentence, to_upon) add_to_ontology(artifact, to_action, to_upon) else 2 b. goto step 3. Step 3 : Read next sentence

Data Wikipedia Wordnet – 249 files – 81, 837 descriptions Princeton sentences noun-artifact corpus Data Wikipedia Wordnet – 249 files – 81, 837 descriptions Princeton sentences noun-artifact corpus – 82, 115

Observations – summary results Observations – summary results

Purpose Data Extraction Misses Purpose Data Extraction Misses

IE Metrics for Extraction IE Metrics for Extraction

Result Break. Up per Cue Class Result Break. Up per Cue Class

Comparison with manually built Ontology Exponential High increase in speed Error Rate Comparison with manually built Ontology Exponential High increase in speed Error Rate

Issues Redundancy Primary purpose not always obtained Pronouns and brand names Correctness and consistency Issues Redundancy Primary purpose not always obtained Pronouns and brand names Correctness and consistency not guaranteed One-to-one Other mapping assumed sentence manifestations

Further Enhancements Parsed Cues input for hidden case Better artifact lookup list Multipage Cloud Further Enhancements Parsed Cues input for hidden case Better artifact lookup list Multipage Cloud lookup for consistency computing Automating other attributes of Purpose. Net

Conclusions A methodology was proposed for automated ontology population of purposenet The methodology was Conclusions A methodology was proposed for automated ontology population of purposenet The methodology was implemented on three corpora The time-taken for purposenet 'purpose' ontology population was a fraction of that by manual methods The Error rate was found to be high

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