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Science & Congress What I Learned, and Unlearned, in My Year as IFT’s Congressional Science & Congress What I Learned, and Unlearned, in My Year as IFT’s Congressional Science Fellow

Tom Zinnen Biotechnology Policy & Outreach University of Wisconsin-Madison University of Wisconsin-Extension Tom Zinnen Biotechnology Policy & Outreach University of Wisconsin-Madison University of Wisconsin-Extension

IFT & AAAS Congressional Science Fellowship Program • IFT is the Institute of Food IFT & AAAS Congressional Science Fellowship Program • IFT is the Institute of Food Technologists

IFT & AAAS Congressional Science Fellowship Program • • • IFT is the Institute IFT & AAAS Congressional Science Fellowship Program • • • IFT is the Institute of Food Technologists IFT is now in its sixth year of participation AAAS program in its 28 th year

IFT & AAAS Congressional Science Fellowship Program • • • IFT is the Institute IFT & AAAS Congressional Science Fellowship Program • • • IFT is the Institute of Food Technologists IFT is now in its sixth year of participation AAAS program in its 28 th year • • About 35 scientific societies involved Selection in spring Orientations begin at the end of August 95 fellows total: 39 in Congress, the rest in the executive branch

Benefits to IFT • Fulfilling the aspiration to be the leading voice for science Benefits to IFT • Fulfilling the aspiration to be the leading voice for science in food policy. • Building a corps of members with experience and connections within Congress and the executive branch. • Providing an opportunity for members to participate in government

Selection • • Nominations in January Reviewed in February Interviews in March or April Selection • • Nominations in January Reviewed in February Interviews in March or April Selection in May Transition in summer AVMA/Co. FARM orientation, end of Aug AAAS orientation, 2 weeks in Sept

Placement • If I’m free and have a Ph. D, why is this so Placement • If I’m free and have a Ph. D, why is this so hard? • Questions: • House or Senate • Personal or Committee • R or D • Issues or Personality

IFT’s Congressional Science Fellows • • • Joe Regenstein, Senate personal Stephanie Smith, Senate IFT’s Congressional Science Fellows • • • Joe Regenstein, Senate personal Stephanie Smith, Senate committee Mickey Parrish, Cong. Research Service Joan Rothenberg, House personal Tom Zinnen, House committee Monica Seagroves-Fanjoy

Placement • • • Timing Election year Presidential election year Status of appropriations bills Placement • • • Timing Election year Presidential election year Status of appropriations bills Staff familiarity with AAAS and experience with fellows • Space

Top Issues: • • • Biotech & food Genomics International trade US biotech & Top Issues: • • • Biotech & food Genomics International trade US biotech & food policy Sharing Science with The Public Privacy, Intellectual Property, Propriety

House versus Senate • The Senate is the Enemy • Majority Rules • A House versus Senate • The Senate is the Enemy • Majority Rules • A Working Body • 2 year terms--you’re running all the time • Dissolves & reorganizes every other year • The House is the Enemy • Minority Rights • A Deliberative Body • 6 year terms • A continuing body • Shares head of government functions with president

House Committee on Agriculture • House committees: A and B • Committee chairmanships: 6 House Committee on Agriculture • House committees: A and B • Committee chairmanships: 6 year rule • Mr Combest of Texas

House Committee on Agriculture • • House committees: A and B Committee chairmanships: 6 House Committee on Agriculture • • House committees: A and B Committee chairmanships: 6 year rule Mr Combest of Texas Mr Stenholm of Texas

House Committee on Agriculture • • • House committees: A and B Committee chairmanships: House Committee on Agriculture • • • House committees: A and B Committee chairmanships: 6 year rule Mr Combest of Texas Mr Stenholm of Texas 49 others Large committee, high turnover

Jurisdiction In Relation to other Committees • House Ag is an Authorizing Committee • Jurisdiction In Relation to other Committees • House Ag is an Authorizing Committee • It must deal with the Ag Appropriations Subcommittee • Budget, Rules, Ways & Means, Appropriations • Judiciary, Energy & Commerce, Resources, Science • Examples: Dairy Compacts, Water, Trade

Jurisdiction, 2 • USDA • FDA (food) • EPA (some aspects of pesticides) Jurisdiction, 2 • USDA • FDA (food) • EPA (some aspects of pesticides)

Constituencies • • • America’s Farmers and Ranchers America’s Ranchers and Farmers The Farmers Constituencies • • • America’s Farmers and Ranchers America’s Ranchers and Farmers The Farmers and Ranchers of America The Ranchers and Farmers of America The Growers and Producers of America’s Food and Fiber and Bio. Fuels • (The people who ship and market food)

Calendar • • • Jan 3 Jan 20 March: Budget Resolution August recess Oct Calendar • • • Jan 3 Jan 20 March: Budget Resolution August recess Oct 1, new FY Jan March Oct 1 Nov X, Election Day

Organizing the Committee • • • Protect Jurisdiction Chairmanship Membership of Committee Number of Organizing the Committee • • • Protect Jurisdiction Chairmanship Membership of Committee Number of Subcommittees Chairmen of Subcommittees

What do Congress Members Do? • Legislate: Make and Amend Statutes • Budget: Plan What do Congress Members Do? • Legislate: Make and Amend Statutes • Budget: Plan to spend money, spend it, and account for it • Constituent service • Oversight • Get re-elected

Oversight • • • Staff briefings Member briefings Hearings GAO reports NAS and other Oversight • • • Staff briefings Member briefings Hearings GAO reports NAS and other reports

Food Issues in 2000 -2001 • Star. Link, September 18, 2000 • Mad Cow Food Issues in 2000 -2001 • Star. Link, September 18, 2000 • Mad Cow Disease in Germany, Nov 2000 • Foot & Mouth Disease in UK, Feb 2001 • Other Life Science Issues • Genomics: Human, Arabidopsis, E. coli • Cloning & Human Embryonic Stem Cells

Star. Link • The Split Approval • The Blunder: Applying the Standards of Practice Star. Link • The Split Approval • The Blunder: Applying the Standards of Practice of Hybrid Corn Production but Not the Standard of Performance • 660’ isolation, 3% tolerance = hybrid corn • 660’ isolation, zero tolerance = Star. Link • Contaminant vs Adulterant • Detecting DNA suffices • Impacts on the food chain and brandnames

Foot & Mouth Disease • • • Recently in Taiwan By Accident or By Foot & Mouth Disease • • • Recently in Taiwan By Accident or By Malice: General concern about Invasive Species Specific Concern in Agroterrorism In UK, impacts on rural economy – In Agriculture – In Tourism

Mad Cow Disease in Europe • • • Words Count Reassurances that may or Mad Cow Disease in Europe • • • Words Count Reassurances that may or may not address Risks Measures by USDA Communication by USDA The Important Difference between Making Statements about Nature and Making Statements about Our Best Understanding of Nature

Words Count, Continued • EU’s new reviews of transgenic crops • “No risk to Words Count, Continued • EU’s new reviews of transgenic crops • “No risk to humans, livestock or the environment” • $4 billion is bigger than $400 million

Politics, Policy & Science • The order is the essence • Where do Members Politics, Policy & Science • The order is the essence • Where do Members get their scientific advice? • “Who ya gonna call? ”

Researching Risks of Biotech • 1% of Biotech for Risk Research • Six flavors Researching Risks of Biotech • 1% of Biotech for Risk Research • Six flavors of Biotech • All the money goes to researching risks of only one flavor • What’s a fair comparison?

The Bombings in Seattle and Clatskanie The Bombings in Seattle and Clatskanie

The Bombings in Seattle and Clatskanie • $5 million damage to U. of Washington The Bombings in Seattle and Clatskanie • $5 million damage to U. of Washington Urban Horticulture Facility in Seattle • The Impact of the Front Page Color Photo Above the Fold in the NY Times • Governmental Responses to Protect the People and the Facilities that Make Up the Research, Extension and Education System in Agriculture

Some Trends • The “S” Word for Grains and Dairy, but not for Livestock Some Trends • The “S” Word for Grains and Dairy, but not for Livestock and Fruits & Veggies. • Continued emphasis on production ag • Conservation as a way to increase farm income consistent with WTO and with the support of urban America • Inroads in a broader view of the food system

Funding for Life Sciences and for Ag & Food Science • NIH • NSF Funding for Life Sciences and for Ag & Food Science • NIH • NSF • USDA

Understanding the Powers & Limits of Science • Dealing with Uncertainty • Probing the Understanding the Powers & Limits of Science • Dealing with Uncertainty • Probing the Unknown

Would I do it again? • In a Heartbeat Would I do it again? • In a Heartbeat

Do I encourage others to try? • Absolutely--it’s a transforming experience. Do I encourage others to try? • Absolutely--it’s a transforming experience.

Thanks to • • IFT Foundation IFT Chicago Staff, esp. Mary Helen Arthur IFT Thanks to • • IFT Foundation IFT Chicago Staff, esp. Mary Helen Arthur IFT DC Staff, esp. Stephanie Smith and Fred Shank • UWEX • UWBC