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SCARED SMART: PRESERVING OUR TECHNOLOGICAL LEGACY David M. Keathly CSE Faculty, UNT College of SCARED SMART: PRESERVING OUR TECHNOLOGICAL LEGACY David M. Keathly CSE Faculty, UNT College of Engineering Founder and VP, Kornerstone Knowledge, Inc. Senior Staff, Convergence Technology Center

STATUS OF STEM EDUCATION AND WORKFORCE STATUS OF STEM EDUCATION AND WORKFORCE

SCIENTISTS, TECHNOLOGISTS AND ENGINEERS “Scientists study the world as it is, engineers create the SCIENTISTS, TECHNOLOGISTS AND ENGINEERS “Scientists study the world as it is, engineers create the world that has never been” Theodore Von Karman, engineer and rocket scientist

NATURE OF ENGINEERS AND TECHNOLOGISTS “No engineer looks at a television remote control without NATURE OF ENGINEERS AND TECHNOLOGISTS “No engineer looks at a television remote control without wondering what it would take to turn it into a stun gun” “If there is one trait that best defines and engineer it s the ability to concentrate on one subject to the complete exclusion of everything else in the environment. This sometimes causes engineers to be pronounced dead prematurely” - Engineering blog “Engineers like to solve problems. If there are no problems handily available, they will create their own problems” –industry cliché - Scott Adams, “Dilbert” creator The Priest, The Rabbi and the Engineer playing Golf

ENGINEERING LEGACY Imagine being part of a long line of innovators stretching back to ENGINEERING LEGACY Imagine being part of a long line of innovators stretching back to almost the beginning of time The prestigious group that build The great pyramids Roman aqueducts Panama canal Space shuttle

CURRENT ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY EMPLOYMENT Bureau of Labor reports 1, 512, 000 engineers in CURRENT ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY EMPLOYMENT Bureau of Labor reports 1, 512, 000 engineers in all categories Expected growth to 1, 671, 000 by 2016, a growth of 11% or 160, 000 new engineering positions. These are conservative as compared to other estimates, and do not reflect the replacement of retiring Baby Boomers.

ENGINEERING CRISIS The key issue is whether America’s future will be innovated, developed and ENGINEERING CRISIS The key issue is whether America’s future will be innovated, developed and built by homegrown or imported talent There are many jobs, and many existing engineers soon to retire, but there will not likely be a shortage – it is only a question of who will fill the void Only about 5% of college-bound students in the U. S. choose engineering programs

SHORTAGES? Shortages could occur in some areas where imported engineers are typically not used, SHORTAGES? Shortages could occur in some areas where imported engineers are typically not used, like aerospace and defense By 2008, an estimated one-fourth of the US aerospace workforce will be eligible to retire and nearly 1/3 rd of the civilian DOD technical staff have already reached that age. The full impact is expected around 2011 So this is a workforce drain as well as a talent, skill and brain drain.

IMPLICATIONS OF A SHORTAGE In 2005, US universities awarded 70, 000 BS degrees in IMPLICATIONS OF A SHORTAGE In 2005, US universities awarded 70, 000 BS degrees in engineering and 41, 000 MS and Ph. D’s. Over 50% of the advanced degrees were earned by citizens of other countries Meanwhile China is turning out 600, 000 engineers a year and India 350, 000 If current trends hold, A&D employers will only be able to replace about half of the 57, 000 to 68, 000 engineers expected to retire by 2010. This does not include additional engineers needed for even modest growth in the industry. The bottom line is a shortfall of 41, 000 to 87, 000 engineers in these sectors by 2010

WHY DO WE CARE? Is it bad for there to be a shortage of WHY DO WE CARE? Is it bad for there to be a shortage of engineers and other technical folk? Is it bad if non-US citizens fill the gaps? What do you think?

WHAT ARE YOUR FAVORITE TECH “TOYS”? Take a minute to do the following 1. WHAT ARE YOUR FAVORITE TECH “TOYS”? Take a minute to do the following 1. 2. List your 8 favorite or most used technical devices, tools or helpers From this list, select the 3 you just could not “live without”

THE “TOY” LIST Where were your toys designed? Manufactured? Are they periodically upgraded or THE “TOY” LIST Where were your toys designed? Manufactured? Are they periodically upgraded or improved? Could you live with the existing capability and capacity for the next 20 -30 years? What about tools like your PC? What should our national priorities be if there is a shortage of skilled technical talent? Are you willing to pay 2 -3 times as much or more to import your “necessary” technology?

YOU DO WITHOUT YOUR TOYS? YOU DO WITHOUT YOUR TOYS?

ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY VALUE CREATIVITY The perception among many high school students, counselors and ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY VALUE CREATIVITY The perception among many high school students, counselors and parents is that you must be brilliant in math and science to consider engineering Neglected is the fact that engineering is a very creative profession that requires a wide variety of backgrounds, skills and goals Brilliance is optional, but competence is needed Curiosity is important too! David and the Thanksgiving Turkey

CRITICAL THINKING OR “OUTSIDE THE BOX” THINKING 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. CRITICAL THINKING OR “OUTSIDE THE BOX” THINKING 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Do they have a 4 th of July in England? If there are 7 months that have 31 days in them and 11 months that have 30 days in them, how many months have 28 days in them? How many birthdays does the average man have? Two men play five games of checkers. Each man wins the same number of games. There are no ties. Explain this. What is pronounced like one letter, written with three letters, and belongs to all animals? A man builds a house rectangular in shape. All sides have southern exposure. A big bear walks by. What color is the bear? Why? What is the beginning of eternity, The end of time and space; The beginning of every end, And the end of every race? If you have only one match and you walked into a room where there was an oil burner, a kerosene lamp, and a wood burning stove, which one would you light first?

ANSWERS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Yes, but it is ANSWERS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Yes, but it is not a holiday All 12 One Didn’t play each other Eye White – north pole Letter ‘e’ Match Meat

COULD YOU BE AN ENGINEER/TECHNOLOGIST? Take a few moments to answer these questions 1. COULD YOU BE AN ENGINEER/TECHNOLOGIST? Take a few moments to answer these questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Are you curious about things? Do you like to solve problems? Do you understand basic math fundamentals? Does math come easy to you or do you struggle to get the concepts? Do you enjoy knowing how things work? Do you like mazes and jigsaw puzzles?

COULD YOU BE AN ENGINEER/TECHNOLOGIST? Can you recognize patterns, shapes, or objects and how COULD YOU BE AN ENGINEER/TECHNOLOGIST? Can you recognize patterns, shapes, or objects and how they relate to an overall picture? 8. Do you like computers, video games, and technology in general? 9. Can you speak and write clearly? 10. Do you have abstract reasoning skills? In other words can you take theoretical information, inferences, and/or implications to analyze things and then make decisions? 11. Do you work well with others? 12. Do you like to think up new ways to do things? 7.

EVERYONE IS WELCOME! “Diversity is to creativity as innovation is to engineering. Diversity is EVERYONE IS WELCOME! “Diversity is to creativity as innovation is to engineering. Diversity is not just a responsibility, but also a way to achieve quality and leadership” Linda Katehi, Dean of Engineering at Purdue Univ. “Women are really good at this” Sherra Kerns, VP for Innovation and Research, Olin College

WHY STUDY ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY? WHY STUDY ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY?

NO BETTER TIME TO BE AN ENGINEER “You have teenagers thinking they’re going to NO BETTER TIME TO BE AN ENGINEER “You have teenagers thinking they’re going to make millions as NBA starts when that’s not realistic for even 1% of them. Becoming a scientist or engineer is” Dean Kamen – engineer, inventor, entrepreneur and CEO Unprecedented levels of demand with more to come as the “baby boomers” retire

B. A. IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY A new program from the Computer Science and Engineering B. A. IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY A new program from the Computer Science and Engineering Department at UNT technicallypractical

THE IT EXPLOSION I think there is a world market for maybe five computers. THE IT EXPLOSION I think there is a world market for maybe five computers. Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM, 1943. This 'telephone' has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication. The device is inherently of no value to us. Western Union internal memo, 1876. 640 K ought to be enough for anybody. Bill Gates, 1981 have traveled the length and breadth of this country and talked with the best people, and I can assure you that data processing is a fad that won't last out the year. The editor in charge of business books for Prentice Hall, 1957. But what. . . is it good for? Engineer at the Advanced Computing Systems Division of IBM, 1968, commenting on the microchip. There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home. Ken Olson, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp. , 1977 23

WHY A NEW PROGRAM? Ten-year Workforce Demand to 2014 Input from Industry Projected Demand WHY A NEW PROGRAM? Ten-year Workforce Demand to 2014 Input from Industry Projected Demand HB-1 “Closing the Gap” TWD Programs % increase 1, 000 s Network systems & data communications analysis 54. 6 126 Computer software engineers, applications 48. 4 222 4. 03 Computer software engineers, systems software 43. 0 146 3. 64 Network & computer systems administrators 38. 4 107 3. 30 Database administrators 38. 2 40 3. 29 Computer systems analysts 31. 4 153 2. 77 Biomedical engineers 30. 7 3 2. 71 Environmental engineers 30. 0 15 2. 66 Personal financial advisors 25. 9 41 2. 33 Actuaries 23. 2 4 2. 11 Accountants & auditors 22. 4 264 2. 04 Financial analysts 17. 3 34 1. 61 Engineers, all 13. 4 195 1. 27 Engineering managers 13. 0 25 1. 23 Overall workforce increase 13. 0 1. 23 Architects & engineers 12. 5 315 1. 18 Electrical engineers 11. 8 18 1. 12 Computer hardware engineers 10. 1 8 0. 97 9. 7 14 0. 93 Electronic engineers, except computer Annual Rate % 24 4. 45 Source: Monthly Labor Review , November 2005

PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS 121 Hours minimum with 42 advanced hours 12 hours of science with PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS 121 Hours minimum with 42 advanced hours 12 hours of science with labs 10 hours of Mathematics 6 hours of Advanced Oral and Written Communications 39 required hours in Computer Science and IT including 9 hours of advanced technical electives 18 hours in supporting courses Revised university core This degree can also be configured to participate in the Teach North Texas program with teacher certification

UNIQUE FEATURES Two project sequences 2 semester freshman project introduces large scale development and UNIQUE FEATURES Two project sequences 2 semester freshman project introduces large scale development and modern tools first – the inside-out approach to Computer Science and IT 2 semester senior design capstone sequence takes student thru the entire product development lifecycle 9 hour CS/IT concentration 18 hour Support area permits further specialization of an interdisciplinary nature • Pre-Med • Communications • Pre-Law and Networks • Pre-MBA • Technical • Game Development Management • Criminal Justice / • Computational Life CSI Sciences • Information Security • And many others

BASIC REQUIREMENTS Engineering Core Requirements LABORATORY SCIENCES (12 Hours; Choose 3 courses with labs) BASIC REQUIREMENTS Engineering Core Requirements LABORATORY SCIENCES (12 Hours; Choose 3 courses with labs) BIOL 1710 -1730 (4 Hours) BIOL 1720 -1740 (4 Hours) CHEM 1410 -1430 or 1415 -1435 (4 Hours) PHYS 1710 -1730 (4 Hours) PHYS 2220 -2240 (4 Hours) MATHEMATICS (10 Hours) Math 1710 – Calculus I (4 hours) Math 1780 – Probability Models (3 Hours) Math 2770 – Discrete Math (3 hours) ORAL / ADVANCED WRITTEN COMMUNICATIONS (6 Hours) (Satisfies University English II & Communications Requirement) ENGL 2700 – Tech Writing (satisfies 2 nd English) ENGR 2060 - Prof. Presentations, (satisfies UNT communications) 27

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THE IT REQUIREMENTS Required Courses 1030 – Computer Science I(4 hrs)–COSC 1436 1035 – THE IT REQUIREMENTS Required Courses 1030 – Computer Science I(4 hrs)–COSC 1436 1035 – Information Systems I (3 hrs) 1045 – Information System II (3 hrs) 1040 – Computer Science II(3 hrs)–COSC 1437 2050 – Computer Science III 3 hrs)-COSC 2436 2615 – Ent. Architecture/Design (3 hrs) 3055 – IT Project Mgmt (3 hrs) 4355 – Database/Info. Int. (3 hrs) 3535 – Network/Sec. Mgmt (3 hrs) 3605 – IT Systems / Admin. (3 hrs) 4905 – Capstone I (3 hrs) 4925 – Capstone II (3 hrs) 4010 – Engineering Ethics (2 hrs) 29 CSCE CSCE CSCE CSCE

OTHER FEATURES Multi-Campus Enrollment Approximately 35 students enrolled so far including at least 2 OTHER FEATURES Multi-Campus Enrollment Approximately 35 students enrolled so far including at least 2 from the CTC Future Plans Partner with local community colleges to integrate 1000 and 2000 level courses into their curriculum as well to provide a more seamless transition Establish customized degree plans and articulation agreements with selected community colleges Forge alliances with other departments and institutions to create additional specialization opportunities. 30 Offered in Denton and Dallas New faculty member full-time in Dallas

SMOOTH TRANSITION With this new program, you can smoothly transition from the community college SMOOTH TRANSITION With this new program, you can smoothly transition from the community college Accepts up to 18 hours of technology classes, including Convergence Networking Security Web design Customer service and support Graphics design or gaming And many others!

A PHILOSOPHICAL NOTE is a coin. You can spend it any way you wish, A PHILOSOPHICAL NOTE is a coin. You can spend it any way you wish, but you can only spend it once” unknown We would like you to be able to spend it “exactly” the way you want! 32 “Life