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S R E D N U O R The Colonial Version of Baseball By: Justin Choi 7 C 1 ID 2
INTRODUCTION Without a doubt, one of America’s favorite sports is baseball. However, baseball has taken many transformations to become the favorite American game today.
BRITISH BASEBALL Almost unquestionably, Rounders is baseball’s ancestor. It probably started out in England during “Tudor Times” (late 1400 s) and when colonists came over, they brought Rounders with them.
ROUNDERS (GENERAL) In England in the Colonies, Rounders was played as a recreation for schoolboys and schoolgirls. It wasn’t until 1744 when Rounders was mentioned as a sport alongside “base-ball” in A Little Pretty Pocket-Book by J. Newbery. The sport was then explained in detail in the 1828 publication of The Boy’s Own Book.
ROUNDER’S GENERAL (CONTINUED)
THE TEAMS Two teams play against each other. Each team consists of a minimum of 6 players and a maximum of 15 players but there may be no more than 9 players on the field at one time.
THE FIELD There are four posts (bases) but the field is in the shape of a pentagon (one open side), not a diamond, as we know it today. There is a square for the bowler (pitcher) and a square for the batsman (batter).
BATTING RULES If on deck (as it is called today) wait well behind the 4 th post in the backward area. If out, wait in the backward area away from the 1 st post. The batter has to swing if the ball is over the batting square, above knee high and below the head. Even if the batter misses or doesn’t swing, he can run to the first post (first base). The batter can run once there is contact with the bat (no foul territory), but can only run as far as the first post if the ball goes behind the batting square. You switch sides after 9 outs and you play games of 2 innings.
BATTING Take notice of the batting square, 3 rd post and batting stance
PITCHING RULES The pitcher throws from the Pitcher’s Square. He must attempt to throw the ball in the Batter’s Square, above the knees and below the head. He must throw in an underarm motion. There is “no ball” (similar to a “ball” today) if… v. There is no smooth underarm action v. Ball is above head or below knee v. The ball hits ground before reaching batter’s square v. The ball is wide or straight toward the body v. The bowler steps out of the pitcher’s square Three of these result in a “walk” to 2 nd post.
HEY! YOU OUT! There are many ways to get out. Some are very similar to those of modern day baseball. v. Ball is caught on a “pop-fly” v. You are tagged v. You are hit with the ball (pegged) v. The base you are running to is tagged before you arrive (stumped) v. You step out of the batting square before hitting/missing the ball v. Running inside the posts (unless obstructed) v. You lose contact with the post when bowler (pitcher) has possession of ball in pitcher’s square v. You obstruct (you have right of way only on the track)
SCORING (THE BEST PART) This is where the name “Rounders” come from. A “rounder” is a run (1 Point). However you can get ½ a rounder, ½ a point. v 1 rounder for reaching 4 th post except if you didn’t hit the ball (1/2 rounder) v½ Rounder if 2 nd post reached after hitting the ball or you reach 4 th post without hitting the ball. v. Penalty of ½ rounder if there is an obstruction by fielder or 2 consecutive no balls to the same batter
BASE RUNNING Many rules of base running is similar to those of today’s baseball: v. To stop at a post, you must keep contact with the post w. hand or bat v. If the bowler has the ball in his hand, you may not move on except when you are between posts – carry on to the next v. You may not have two runners a post. The first must move on if the second arrives v. You don’t have to move after every ball bowled v. You can move on for every ball bowled, even “no balls” (stealing) v. You must touch 4 th post on getting home.
BIBLIOGRAPHY v. Gregory, Paul. Baseball & Softball. v. Geng, Don Baseball. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Company, 2001 v. Sports. New York: DK Publishing Inc. , 2005 v. Jacobs, Greg. The Everything Kids’ Baseball. Avon MA: Adams Media, 2008 v. Basic Rounders Rules Dec. 19, 09