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S p a c e d o u t in the Digital Age The S p a c e d o u t in the Digital Age The future of Library Interiors Cecilia Kugler CK Design International (CKDI) CK Design International Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 www. ckdesign. com. au

Overview n n n n Opportunities, Importance of Good Interior Design & some measures Overview n n n n Opportunities, Importance of Good Interior Design & some measures of efficiency Present Influences and directions Lessons from the Past Design Qualities Libraries of the future Lasting Principles A Dream of the future Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Opportunities n n n Restructuring / Process re-engineering Changes in technology Building maintenance Minor Opportunities n n n Restructuring / Process re-engineering Changes in technology Building maintenance Minor Works (new carpet, furniture upgrade, etc) Major Works (relocation, new building or Extensions) Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

To review n Functional requirements n n Space – quantity, quality, distribution Operation - To review n Functional requirements n n Space – quantity, quality, distribution Operation - services, workflow Collection - flow, growth, storage and Introduce n n New services and/ or processes New technologies New public image / profile Modify client usage Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Importance of Good Interior Design n n n n Success or failure still cost Importance of Good Interior Design n n n n Success or failure still cost money Good for Business / Raises Profile, aids Marketing Space is the Machine – So get a space mechanic Meets aesthetic, efficiency, comfort and safety Creative solutions, new products /material Enhances way finding and self sufficiency Helps rationalizes visual information and variety of services / spaces Maximise resources, money, staff, materials, time, etc Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

More IT n = less Spaced Out Cyber Space – Byte size n n More IT n = less Spaced Out Cyber Space – Byte size n n n Digital information takes less room initially New services and jobs associated with IT More space for infrastructure ( access points, staff areas, network & digitizing rooms) n Shelf Space – Book size n n n More publishing At reduced rates Collections continue to grow People Space – Largest Size – Needs the Void n n n Multidimensional – Variety of services and activities Personal Group & Community Space Life long learning - increase demand for learning spaces Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Current situation - General n Parallels and Differences n n Both Public & Academic Current situation - General n Parallels and Differences n n Both Public & Academic Libraries although at reduced rates, still juggling increases in hard copy and growth in IT Academic - responding to new services and new methods of teaching an learning Public – increase in IT to provide a wider client group Areas combined with mixed business/ services Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Current Influences “entertainment to spiritual” n n n Changes in Technology Changing Business Models Current Influences “entertainment to spiritual” n n n Changes in Technology Changing Business Models and Marketing Raised consumer expectations Quality retail and hospitality interiors Need for social interaction & re-awakening of community spirit Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Bar at Tullamarine Airport -VIC Commercial influences Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Ciccone’s Piazza Bar at Tullamarine Airport -VIC Commercial influences Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Ciccone’s Piazza Combined Convenience store and Coffee Shop CK Design Int’. (CKDI) CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au Waiting Area at Tullamarine Airport -VIC

Lessons from the past n Previous Practice n n n Reactive, segmented , exclusive Lessons from the past n Previous Practice n n n Reactive, segmented , exclusive of staff & user participation Too much emphasis on Quantity rather than Quality New Process n n n Holistic – Visionary and strategic view to staged implementation Inclusive & communicative (staff and users) Qualify and quantify need Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Front Entrance Baillieu Library University of Melbourne Cecilia Kugler - Feb Melbourne, Design International Front Entrance Baillieu Library University of Melbourne Cecilia Kugler - Feb Melbourne, Design International CK Victoria 2002 www. ckdesign. com. au

Baillieu Library – Master Plan ‘ 94 n Developed in ’ 94 - fully Baillieu Library – Master Plan ‘ 94 n Developed in ’ 94 - fully documented and costed n Minimum upgrade $9 million to be implemented over 7 Stages n Emphasis - Maximum Capacity n Proposed Layout – 6 levels n n 20 yr expansion for all collection & better flow Increased Student study areas Layout Easy to navigate, large, open & light Very efficient & user friendly Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Functional Cross section Level 2 – furniture layout (CKDI) Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Functional Cross section Level 2 – furniture layout (CKDI) Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Baillieu Library n Good strategy n n n Positive Outcomes Extensive consultation in developing Baillieu Library n Good strategy n n n Positive Outcomes Extensive consultation in developing brief and encouraging ownership Master-plan documented, staged & costed to facilitate funding Stages 1 to 5 completed – same changes to implementation plan Still to be implemented – Stages 6 & 7 Re-used all exiting furniture – No budget for new Efficiency & Flexibility n n Efficient & flexible Layout – Maximum capacity Original building very flexible although not on wired grid Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Baillieu Library n Underestimated impact of IT and new services n n Lessons Requiring Baillieu Library n Underestimated impact of IT and new services n n Lessons Requiring modifications to Master plan Overlooked need for variety & identity n Sense of Personal & Group spaces Seating for various study behaviors n Loss of domestic scale - Too repetitious n Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Aerial view over South Bank from CBD – Courtesy State Library of Queensland Reference Aerial view over South Bank from CBD – Courtesy State Library of Queensland Reference Library - Levels 2 & 3 South Bank, Brisbane Cecilia Kugler - Feb CK Design International 2002 www. ckdesign. com. au

SLQ exterior Corner Stanley and Peel Streets - Main public Approach- Car park entrance SLQ exterior Corner Stanley and Peel Streets - Main public Approach- Car park entrance to the right Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Existing L 2 View of Reading room – Dec 1999 State Library of Queensland Existing L 2 View of Reading room – Dec 1999 State Library of Queensland Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 L 2 - Main entry level – view of Lift Lobby CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

State Library of Queensland ‘anti-institution’ strategy n Aim to create n n easy navigation, State Library of Queensland ‘anti-institution’ strategy n Aim to create n n easy navigation, welcoming, comfortable and warm environments Sympathetic design to existing architecture defined family of spaces within the whole Improve operations and service delivery Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Existing foyer L 2 – Main entry Foyer from Atrium. Dec 1999 Proposed Foyer Existing foyer L 2 – Main entry Foyer from Atrium. Dec 1999 Proposed Foyer Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CKDI CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Proposed-L 2 Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au Proposed-L 2 Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

State Library of Queensland n Outcomes Layout n n n Maximised views to river State Library of Queensland n Outcomes Layout n n n Maximised views to river Sympathetic to building design style, just warmer Improved traffic and collection flow Area & function definition – Sense of place Greater Variety of area types, seating and colours Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

State Library of Queensland - Lessons n Poor allocation of funds - on hold State Library of Queensland - Lessons n Poor allocation of funds - on hold for 1 yr awaiting approval n No master-plan for the whole building (Awaiting redevelopment project) n Unknown impact of new development Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Matheson Annexe Sir Louis Matheson Library Cecilia Kugler - Feb University, Design International CK Matheson Annexe Sir Louis Matheson Library Cecilia Kugler - Feb University, Design International CK Victoria Monash 2002 www. ckdesign. com. au

Matheson Annexe n Brief Aim to provide Extended opening hours offering: n n n Matheson Annexe n Brief Aim to provide Extended opening hours offering: n n n Secure Library Study Facilities Group discussion facilities Access to computers & networked databases Photocopy services & access to open reserve collection New Break-out areas New disable-toilet Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Matheson Annexe n n Open, welcoming & lively (blending with existing Interior ) Form Matheson Annexe n n Open, welcoming & lively (blending with existing Interior ) Form & Colour n n aid navigation and punctuate spaces Liven up spaces with almost no natural light. Maximimum use of resources – n n Concept capacity, staff, traffic areas, existing building features Improve workflows Flexible environment – minimum use of fixtures, Use modular furniture Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Matheson Annexe Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au Matheson Annexe Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Matheson Annexe Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au Matheson Annexe Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Combined IT and 2002 Study area Cecilia Kugler - Feb CK Design International CKDI Combined IT and 2002 Study area Cecilia Kugler - Feb CK Design International CKDI www. ckdesign. com. au

Old Reserve Desk New Reserve Desk CKDI Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design Old Reserve Desk New Reserve Desk CKDI Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Old Copier Area Matheson Annexe New Copier Area & Breakout space to the left Old Copier Area Matheson Annexe New Copier Area & Breakout space to the left Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CKDI CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Break Out Area Combined. Kugler - Feb 2002 area Cecilia Copier & Study CKDI Break Out Area Combined. Kugler - Feb 2002 area Cecilia Copier & Study CKDI CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Lower Ground CKDI Lower Ground - After Lower Ground - Before Cecilia Kugler - Lower Ground CKDI Lower Ground - After Lower Ground - Before Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Matheson Annexe n Positive n n n Outcomes Well defined functions & flowing layout Matheson Annexe n Positive n n n Outcomes Well defined functions & flowing layout Softness – Layout / shapes / tactile Variety of spaces and resources Very popular with students Negative n Problem with food carried to other areas Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Characteristics of Traditional libraries n n Rigid – Interaction minimized Inflexible infrastructure Crowded, maze Characteristics of Traditional libraries n n Rigid – Interaction minimized Inflexible infrastructure Crowded, maze like, intimidating Intellectual, quiet Browse, study, research, quiet Upgrade every 20 to 3 years n Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 N 0 otes from Aaron Cohen Associates workshop brochures CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Characteristics of Future – Innovative libraries n n n A place of change – Characteristics of Future – Innovative libraries n n n A place of change – Interactive and dynamic Excitable and adaptive Light, spacious – easy patron flow Educational, entertaining, busy Multi-sensory – Look, touch, listen, read, talk Upgrade often n Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Notes from Aaron Cohen Associates workshop brochures CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Essential Design Qualities n n Simplicity, clarity & definition Variety & Comfort with Flexibility Essential Design Qualities n n Simplicity, clarity & definition Variety & Comfort with Flexibility & Identity Hierarchy & Domestic scale Most Complex Design Issues to resolve n n Flexibility vs. Space definition / Identity Sense of personal vs. group space Character vs. Dating Styles Competing resources & needs – user/collections, staff, $$$ Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Identity & Sense of place Shanghai Library – Rare Books Reading Room (China) Cecilia Identity & Sense of place Shanghai Library – Rare Books Reading Room (China) Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Maleny Library – (QLD, Australia) CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au Boston Public Library – Bates Hall - USA

Integrated approach – eg. Signage L 2 -Children’s Area - Marine Parade Library -Singapore Integrated approach – eg. Signage L 2 -Children’s Area - Marine Parade Library -Singapore Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 [email protected] - Singapore CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Flexibility vs. Space definition Cecilia Kugler - (VIC) Baillieu Library – layout ’ 94 Flexibility vs. Space definition Cecilia Kugler - (VIC) Baillieu Library – layout ’ 94 Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au Children’s Area –Toa Payoh Community Library – Singapore (‘ 99)

Variety & Flexibility Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Massachusetts Institute CK Design (USA) – Variety & Flexibility Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Massachusetts Institute CK Design (USA) – of Technology International www. ckdesign. com. au Group learning space

Variety & Comfort CKDI The Tisch Library – Tufts University (USA) Cecilia Kugler - Variety & Comfort CKDI The Tisch Library – Tufts University (USA) Cecilia Kugler - Feb Monash University (VIC) Matheson Annexe (Library) -2002 CKDI Kingscliff Library – NSW CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au Break Out Area

Variety & Food Marine Parade Community Library Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Singapore Library@orchard-Singapore Variety & Food Marine Parade Community Library Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Singapore [email protected] CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Sense of personal vs. group space Bukit Panjang Community Library-Singapore The Tisch Library – Sense of personal vs. group space Bukit Panjang Community Library-Singapore The Tisch Library – Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Tufts University (USA) Teen Central – Courtesy of CK Design International Phoenix Public Library, www. ckdesign. com. au William P. Bruder and Bill Timmerman

Character vs. Dating Styles Maleny Library – (QLD, Australia) ( `Monash University – Caulfield Character vs. Dating Styles Maleny Library – (QLD, Australia) ( `Monash University – Caulfield Campus (VIC) Fairfield Library– Darebin City Council (VIC) Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Lasting Principles n Process n n Design n n Holistic, Inclusive & Communicative FLEXIBLE Lasting Principles n Process n n Design n n Holistic, Inclusive & Communicative FLEXIBLE - Simple / Clear definition Innovative and changing, with character Human scale and territory definition paramount Technology – Integrated sympathetically n in a way that will not destroy the core concept of a human centered environment. Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

A dream of the Future n Imagine a future Library………Think Startrek n n n A dream of the Future n Imagine a future Library………Think Startrek n n n n Plasma walls and Virtual Browsing find it Voice / touch activated retrieval and delivery Get it Your choice of medium and place – Hard Copy or digital Use It Wireless equipment … where you like Moving walls, Instant rooms, Cone of silence if needed…. . 3 D Holograms at your table to use with Study group with whom you like Eat where you like… (robots clean up) Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

A dream of the Future n Technological possibilities are Endless n Technology is only A dream of the Future n Technological possibilities are Endless n Technology is only a part of the experience n The human and social dimensions of libraries will always remain paramount in importance. Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

“The future Library does not have a specific style, but it has a quality, “The future Library does not have a specific style, but it has a quality, Richness” Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

Teen Central – Courtesy of Phoenix Public Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Library, William Teen Central – Courtesy of Phoenix Public Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 Library, William P. Bruder and Bill Timmerman CK Design International www. ckdesign. com. au

S p a c e d o u t in the Digital Age The S p a c e d o u t in the Digital Age The future of Library Interiors Cecilia Kugler CK Design International (CKDI) CK Design International Cecilia Kugler - Feb 2002 www. ckdesign. com. au