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RUSSIAN SPACE MISSIONS FOR SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL SCIENCE A. A. Petrukovich, L. M. Zelenyi Space Research RUSSIAN SPACE MISSIONS FOR SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL SCIENCE A. A. Petrukovich, L. M. Zelenyi Space Research Institute V. D. Kuznetsov IZMIRAN ILWS-2011

Ø Launched in February 2011 Geostationary meteo spacecraft ELECTRO-L Solar and magnetospheric payload: Ø Ø Launched in February 2011 Geostationary meteo spacecraft ELECTRO-L Solar and magnetospheric payload: Ø Cosmic ray Ø Energetic plasma Ø Magnetic field Ø Solar radiation smdc. sinp. msu. ru ILWS-2011

Ø Launched in July 2011 Radioastronomy mission SPECTR-R ü space VLBI ü 10 -meter Ø Launched in July 2011 Radioastronomy mission SPECTR-R ü space VLBI ü 10 -meter radio telescope ü orbit with apogee 350 000 km PLASMA-F : payload of opportunity solar wind, IMF, SCR up to 32 samples/sec ILWS-2011

PLASMA-F instruments Magnetic field instrument MMFF – Russia, Ukraine 2 DC magnetometers 2 AC PLASMA-F instruments Magnetic field instrument MMFF – Russia, Ukraine 2 DC magnetometers 2 AC magnetic sensors (10 Hz – 100 k. Hz) PI: A. Skalsky Fast solar wind monitor BMSW - Czech R. , Russia, China 6 Faraday cups with possibility of instantaneous solar wind velocity vector and density determination PI: Y. Safrankova Energetic particle instrument MEP 2 – Slovakia, Greece geometric factor ~ 1 electrons 30 -350 ke. V ions 30 - 3200 ke. V PI: K. Kudela Data management system SSNI-2 – Russia 40 GB onboard memory intelligent data handling and compression PI: L. Chesalin ILWS-2011

First SPECTR-R orbits t ILWS-2011 First SPECTR-R orbits t ILWS-2011

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Ø To be launched in November 2011 PHOBOS sample return mission PHOBOS-GRUNT Plasma payload: Ø To be launched in November 2011 PHOBOS sample return mission PHOBOS-GRUNT Plasma payload: Ø Ion and neutral spectrometry Ø Magnetometer Ø Chinese microsatellite ILWS-2011

Sample return module Phobos module microsat Main engine ILWS-2011 Sample return module Phobos module microsat Main engine ILWS-2011

Sample return module microsat ILWS-2011 Sample return module microsat ILWS-2011

Ø To be launched in fall 2011 Ionospheric micro satellite CHIBIS - M Microsat Ø To be launched in fall 2011 Ionospheric micro satellite CHIBIS - M Microsat to study atmospheric electricity and TGFs Ø X-ray / gamma detector Ø UV sensor Ø Radiowave analyzer Ø Magnetic and electric sensors Ø Photocamera Ø Data analysis system ILWS-2011 d waiting transfer to ISS in october-december 2011

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RESONANCE Ø magnetospheric Inner Space weather mission Ring current, outer radiation belt, plasmasphere Ø RESONANCE Ø magnetospheric Inner Space weather mission Ring current, outer radiation belt, plasmasphere Ø Two pairs of spacecraft Ø Magnetospheric cyclotron maser Magneto-synchronous orbit Interaction of electrons and waves Ø Auroral region acceleration Small-scale active zones, precipitation To be launched in 2014 2011: Engineering models delivery ILWS-2011

Two pairs of spacecraft Distance in pairs: varies from 1 -10 km to 100 Two pairs of spacecraft Distance in pairs: varies from 1 -10 km to 100 -1000 km Period: 8 hours Apogee: ~27000 km Inclination: 63. 4 o Co-rotation with magnetic line at L~4 -5 ILWS-2011

RESONANCE instruments Electric and magnetic sensors Wave analyzer and interferometer DC – 10 MHz RESONANCE instruments Electric and magnetic sensors Wave analyzer and interferometer DC – 10 MHz Plasma sensors Cold plasma Suprathermal plasma Energetic particles Relativistic electrons ILWS-2011

International inner magnetospheric constellation 2012 -2015 RESONANCE altitude 27000 km inclination 63 deg ERG International inner magnetospheric constellation 2012 -2015 RESONANCE altitude 27000 km inclination 63 deg ERG 4 -5 Re near-equatorial RBSP 30000 km near-equatorial + geostationary satellites, MMS, THEMIS, KUAFU-auroral Ø Ø Collaborative science topics in which synergy is possible ? Orbital conjunctions ? ILWS-2011

Interhelioprobe Solar observations from inner heliosphere Ø Ø In-situ measurements near Sun Ø To Interhelioprobe Solar observations from inner heliosphere Ø Ø In-situ measurements near Sun Ø To be launched in 2017 -2018 High-resolution observations of the solar atmosphere Out-of-ecliptic observations Ø Observations of Sun invisible side 2011: Draft design study ILWS-2011

Redesign of Interhelioprobe orbit Perihelion ~70 Rs Fast inclination change Heliospheric distances Inclination of Redesign of Interhelioprobe orbit Perihelion ~70 Rs Fast inclination change Heliospheric distances Inclination of the orbit ILWS-2011

Payload SOLAR INSTRUMENTATION Optical photometer Magnetograph Chemical Composition Analyzer EUV Imager-Spectrometer Coronograph X-ray Imager Payload SOLAR INSTRUMENTATION Optical photometer Magnetograph Chemical Composition Analyzer EUV Imager-Spectrometer Coronograph X-ray Imager Heliospheric Imager X-ray Polarimeter Gamma-Spectrometer HELIOSPHERIC INSTRUMENTATION Solar Wind Ion Analyzer Solar Wind Electron Analyzer Solar Wind Plasma Analyzer Magnetic Wave Complex Magnetometer Energetic Particle Telescope Neutron Detector Radio Spectrometer ILWS-2011 Ø Power: 120 W Ø Telemetry: 120 kb/s Ø Mass: 120 kg

Cooperation of Interhelioprobe with Solar Probe / Solar Orbiter Orbital conjunctions in and out Cooperation of Interhelioprobe with Solar Probe / Solar Orbiter Orbital conjunctions in and out of ecliptic Interhelioprobe Solar Probe+ Interhelioprobe Solar Orbiter ESA Solar Orbiter ILWS-2011

Small satellite platform MKA KARAT for scientific projects 5 spacecraft are contracted for 2010 Small satellite platform MKA KARAT for scientific projects 5 spacecraft are contracted for 2010 -2015 up to 60 kg of payload First launch in 2011 MKA-1: Zond-PP (microwave remote sensing) … … 2014 -2015 MKA-4: Strannik (magnetospheric) 2015 -2016 MKA-5: ARKA (high resolution solar corona) ILWS-2011