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Russian Academy of Sciences Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics International collaboration as a primary Russian Academy of Sciences Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics International collaboration as a primary way for the ISON network development Igor Molotov, Vladimir Agapov 63 rd International Astronautical Congress, Naples, Italy, October 1 -5, 2012

International Scientific Optical Network (ISON) • Open non-government scientific project having goals – to International Scientific Optical Network (ISON) • Open non-government scientific project having goals – to provide reliable scientific output on space debris, asteroids and GRB afterglows – to support the astronomical observatories of Former Soviet Union (FSU) countries and to involve amateur astronomers in scientific activities – to improve the international collaboration between FSU observatories and scientific organization in other countries • Cooperation already joins 51 telescopes in 33 observation facilities of various affiliation (Academy of Sciences, Universities, Scientific Institutions, Commercial Companies, Privates) coordinated by the Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (KIAM)

ISON International Cooperation • ISON collaborates now with institutions of 14 countries - Armenia, ISON International Cooperation • ISON collaborates now with institutions of 14 countries - Armenia, Bolivia, Georgia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Italy, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan • Negotiations are carried out with organizations of 10 countries - Argentina, China, Japan, Ireland, Kazakhstan, Korea, South Africa, Turkmenistan, Venezuela, Vietnam

UN-ISON program • ISON joins to UN Basic Space Science Initiative • Outreach seminar UN-ISON program • ISON joins to UN Basic Space Science Initiative • Outreach seminar in Vienne in June 11, 2012 during 55 th session of COPUOS

International scientific optical network International scientific optical network

Forms of collaboration with ISON • Joint observation campaigns to exchange the obtained results Forms of collaboration with ISON • Joint observation campaigns to exchange the obtained results • Providing of software, elaborated under ISON project for further coordinated activities • Installation of ISON telescopes to share the data • Modernization of non-operational obsolete telescopes • Production of telescope under grant for future joint observations • Access to ISON orbital data base • Service on conjunction analysis • Participation in UN supported ISON conferences

Joint observation campaigns to exchange the obtained results Joint observation campaigns with 1 m Joint observation campaigns to exchange the obtained results Joint observation campaigns with 1 m telescope of Zimmerwald observatory of AIUB are carried out since 2004

Providing of software, elaborated under ISON project for further coordinated activities ISON provided the Providing of software, elaborated under ISON project for further coordinated activities ISON provided the APEX software for CCD frame processing and prepares survey schedules for the team of 50 cm telescope Fabra ROA Montsec project with FOV of 4. 4 deg near Barselona in 2011.

Standard ISON telescopes that may be installed to share the data: 19. 2 -cm Standard ISON telescopes that may be installed to share the data: 19. 2 -cm (7 deg), 25 -cm (3. 5 deg), 40 -cm (1 deg. )

Installation of ISON telescopes to share the data and analysis • Russian-Italian (Rome University) Installation of ISON telescopes to share the data and analysis • Russian-Italian (Rome University) project FIRST is realized in 2009 • Russian-Mexican (University of Sinaloa) project is realized in 2012

Production of telescope under grant for future joint observations 40 -cm (2. 3 deg), Production of telescope under grant for future joint observations 40 -cm (2. 3 deg), 50 -cm (1. 8 -2. 5 deg), 65 -cm (1. 8 -2. 6), 80 -cm is in elaboration

Production of telescope under grant for future joint observations • 50 -cm telescope is Production of telescope under grant for future joint observations • 50 -cm telescope is produced under grant of Moscow Physical-Technical Institute in 2008 • 40 -cm telescope is produced under grant of Mongolian Academy of Sciences in 2012

Production of telescope under grant for future joint observations • 6 mini-observatories (4 EOP-1 Production of telescope under grant for future joint observations • 6 mini-observatories (4 EOP-1 and 2 EOP-2) and 3 separate telescopes are produced under grant of Roscosmos • First EOP-1 in Kislovodsk started regular observations in July 2012 and already discovered comet C/2012 S 1 (ISON)

Planned positions of mini-observatories and separate telescopes under Roscosmos grant Planned positions of mini-observatories and separate telescopes under Roscosmos grant

Modernization of non-operational obsolete telescopes • Modernization of 60 -cm Zeiss-600 in Tarija (Bolivia) Modernization of non-operational obsolete telescopes • Modernization of 60 -cm Zeiss-600 in Tarija (Bolivia) and Sanglok (Tajikistan), 80 -cm telescopes in Terskol and Mayaki Start of modernization of 2. 6 -m ZTA and 1 -m AZT-10 in Byurakan (Armenia)

Access to ISON orbital data base Service on conjunction analysis • ISON/KIAM is already Access to ISON orbital data base Service on conjunction analysis • ISON/KIAM is already involved in Roscosmos’s ASPOS OKP project (Automated System for Prediction and Warning on the dangerous situations in the near-Earth space) and provides conjunction analysis for Electra-L and Luch-5 A GEO satellites • It is planned that open partial database on space debris objects will be elaborated under UN-ISON collaboration

Access to ISON orbital data base Service on conjunction analysis • Negotiations are started Access to ISON orbital data base Service on conjunction analysis • Negotiations are started with National Space Centre in Ireland about arranging joint database for conjunction analysis

Participation in UN supported ISON conferences • ISON arranges the conferences and workshops on Participation in UN supported ISON conferences • ISON arranges the conferences and workshops on regular basis (6 meetings were to the date) • It is planned that next ISON meetings will be supported by UN

Latest ISON update • Adjustment of faint fragment surveys • Start of surveys of Latest ISON update • Adjustment of faint fragment surveys • Start of surveys of high-elliptical objects • New subsystem for tracking bright GEO and HEO objects and the software for automatic ephemerid observations (similar to survey schedules) is elaborated and tested • Starting the creation of new subsystem for LEO objects observations from telescopes with FOV of 12 x 10 degree

Adjustment of faint fragment survey • Installation of CCD camera with 50 -mm chip Adjustment of faint fragment survey • Installation of CCD camera with 50 -mm chip at 50 -cm ORI-50 telescope resulted in 2. 5 x 2. 5 deg FOV and provided ability to cover fields with the highest density of known fragment trajectories • Ussuriysk ORI-50 participated in discovering of about 100 non-catalogued objects during 2011

Start of surveys of high-elliptical objects • 19. 2 cm VT-78 e and 18 Start of surveys of high-elliptical objects • 19. 2 cm VT-78 e and 18 cm VT-52 c telescopes with 7 x 7 degree FOV are installed in Sanglok and Nauchny-1 • Sanglok carries out extended GEO survey (14000 measurements in 2000 tracks for 700 objects per a survey, including up to 150 HEO objects) • Nauchniy-1 – both extended GEO survey and targeted survey of HEO objects

New subsystems for LEO and HEO objects observations New subsystems for LEO and HEO objects observations