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Rome, 8 january 2008 Sistema Pubblico di Connettività QXN (Qualified e. Xchange Network) Mauro Rome, 8 january 2008 Sistema Pubblico di Connettività QXN (Qualified e. Xchange Network) Mauro Mascagna (CTO – QXN s. c. p. a. ) 1

Qualified e. Xchange Network n The QXN Consortium n Goals n The Network Infrastructure Qualified e. Xchange Network n The QXN Consortium n Goals n The Network Infrastructure n Services n Future developments Pag 2

QXN Consortium - Milestones n Setup date: July 10 th, 2006 n Founding members: QXN Consortium - Milestones n Setup date: July 10 th, 2006 n Founding members: the four major italian TLC Operators (60%) (10%) n (5%) (25%) On October 2006, QXN Consortium signed a contract with CNIPA in order to implement and run QXN infrastructure and services Pag 3

QXN Consortium – Organization • Management Board, formed by founding members representing Board the QXN Consortium – Organization • Management Board, formed by founding members representing Board the four partners of the Consortium: • 1 President (BT Italia) • 1 CEO (Fastweb) • 4 Fastweb representatives • 1 BT Italia representative • 1 Wind representative • 1 Telecom Italia representative • Technical Committee: Committee • 1 Chairman (QXN Technical Director) • 1 representative each from CNIPA, BT, Fastweb, Wind, Telecom Italia, Namex, MIX and CG-SPC Pag 4

QXN Consortium – Main goals n n n To design, implement, operate and develop QXN Consortium – Main goals n n n To design, implement, operate and develop a geographicallydistributed IP backbone infrastructure (QXN) acting as an exchange network among SPC Q-ISP’s** backbones. To provide Q-ISPs with access to QXN services (such as housing, access ports, guaranteed bandwith, centralized DNS, NTP server) To guarantee equal access conditions to QXN infrastructure and services both to Members of Consortium and to other Q-ISPs. **Q-ISP: Qualified Internet Service Provider Pag 5

QXN within SPC General Framework (1) Network : QXN Pag 6 QXN within SPC General Framework (1) Network : QXN Pag 6

QXN within SPC General Framework (2) QXN is a “corner stone” within SPC Framework QXN within SPC General Framework (2) QXN is a “corner stone” within SPC Framework due to its central role in the following issues: • SPC management • Technology and services • Security • SPC Future developments Pag 7

QXN Centrality in SPC management QXN Consortium, through the work of its bodies (Management QXN Centrality in SPC management QXN Consortium, through the work of its bodies (Management Boards, Technical Committee), acts as an aggregation point among all actors involved in SPC, that are: • CNIPA • Q-ISPs • CG-SPC • NIV This has a fundamental importance in helping CNIPA to manage a complex environment as SPC is, due to its “multi-provider” nature. is Pag 8

QXN Centrality in technology and services Q-ISPs may implement their backbones by using different QXN Centrality in technology and services Q-ISPs may implement their backbones by using different technologies, with different services and SLAs and according to technologies different evolution paths QXN “smooths” all these differences, by binding all Q-ISPs to differences comply with specific technical requirements and rules set by QXN Technical Committe. This results in creating a single SPC “virtual” network (integrating QXN and QISP’s backbones) that provides all SPC customers (the PAs) with services with high and homogeneous levels of quality, no matter what Q-ISP is. Pag 9

QXN centrality in security The QXN Points of Presence (Po. P) have been implemented QXN centrality in security The QXN Points of Presence (Po. P) have been implemented by taking specific care to security issues such as: • physical security of equipment • logical security of data and traffic flowing through QXN network, (by using Firewalls that implement policies for traffic segregation, network intrusion detection, etc. . ) this resulting in a network infrastructure capable of ensuring high security and availability levels of service. Pag 10

QXN centrality in SPC future development As a central bulding block of SPC Framework, QXN centrality in SPC future development As a central bulding block of SPC Framework, QXN is well suited to implement and provide new “centralized” services to PAs. As an example, QXN has already implemented and is currently running the Centralized SPC Domain Name System service, that ensures resolution of domain names of all hosts and services that PAs publish on SPC. Further services are currently under study by CNIPA. Pag 11

QXN Network Architecture - Main features n Two Po. P based on Cisco technology, QXN Network Architecture - Main features n Two Po. P based on Cisco technology, located at major italian NAP (Neutral Access Point) premises in Rome (NAMEX) and Milan (MIX) n High security levels (physical and logical) n Service Level Agreement (SLA) Service Avalilability = 99, 99% n One Way Delay <= 20 Ms n Packet Loss <= 0, 05% n n n One set of technical rules that every Q-ISP must follow in order to be interconnected to QXN (certification process) Service Trial completed on July 26 th, 2007, Commercial service started on July 27 th, 2007 Pag 12

QXN network architecture PA x PA y INTERNET SPC Q-ISP A BRqxn RUPA BRqxn QXN network architecture PA x PA y INTERNET SPC Q-ISP A BRqxn RUPA BRqxn PIR BRqxn NODO QXN ROMA NODO QXN MILANO SPC Q-ISP B PA n PA 1 PA 2 Pag 13

QXN network architecture n n Two nodes - Rome and Milan – interconnected by QXN network architecture n n Two nodes - Rome and Milan – interconnected by two redundant high speed transmission links (2 x 100 Mbps SDH, upgradable up to 1 Gbps), designed for high availability (equipment redundancy and physical path diversity) Each node is equipped with : n n n. 2 Cisco 7609 high-performance routers (BRqxn – Border Routers QXN) interconnected locally and to BRqxn at the remote site; SLA management system (based on Cisco IP SLA solution) in order to monitor and measure network quality parameters (One Way Delay, Packet Loss); Firewall e Intrusion Detection System, in order to protect PA’s data and traffic flowing through QXN Infrastructure for housing (rack), in order to accomodate equipment that (rack) QISPs use to interconnect their backbone to QXN nodes. These equipment must be co-located to the QXN Border Routers Pag 14

QXN Architecture – network & SLA management Sonda Sonda Pag 15 QXN Architecture – network & SLA management Sonda Sonda Pag 15

SLA monitoring system Cisco 2811 Cisco 2811 Pag 16 SLA monitoring system Cisco 2811 Cisco 2811 Pag 16

SPC DNS Architecture N. 2 clusters of server (Rome and Milan) Pag 17 SPC DNS Architecture N. 2 clusters of server (Rome and Milan) Pag 17

QXN service offering • OPA Interconnection n OPO Interconnection n SPC Centralized DNS n QXN service offering • OPA Interconnection n OPO Interconnection n SPC Centralized DNS n SPC official timing source (NTP server) n Network Operation Center (operating a 24 x 365 service for monitoring and operating QXN infrastructure and services) OPA= Offerta Per le Amministrazioni OPO= Offerta Per gli Operatori DNS= Domain Name System NTP= Network Time Protocol Pag 18

WHO are the QXN Customers ? • Current • The 4 major Italian Telco WHO are the QXN Customers ? • Current • The 4 major Italian Telco Operators (BT, TI, Wind, Fastweb) • SPC Management Center (CG-SPC) CG-SPC • Coming next • Node for PA’s Voip interconnection (NIV) NIV • Application Cooperation Centers • Future • Other Q-ISP (with national or regional scope) fulfilling requirements set by QXN Board and Techical Committe according to general certification criteria set by CNIPA • QCN : Qualified Community Networks Pag 19