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RECYCLING ELECTRONICS Bramara Godasi Aspects of Environmental Health Walden University RECYCLING ELECTRONICS Bramara Godasi Aspects of Environmental Health Walden University

Introduction • Electronic Waste in Unites States • Recycling Electronic Waste • Options available Introduction • Electronic Waste in Unites States • Recycling Electronic Waste • Options available for Seaford Residents

Electronic Waste • Electronic waste includes televisions, computers, fax machines, keyboards, cell phones etc. Electronic Waste • Electronic waste includes televisions, computers, fax machines, keyboards, cell phones etc. • In 2011 electronic waste constituted 3. 41 million tons. Frequent Questions | e. Cycling | US EPA. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/faq. htm#howmuch

Electronics In Our Houses Electronics In Our Houses

Electronics Sale • Electronics Sales increased from 169. 8 billion dollars to 202. 8 Electronics Sale • Electronics Sales increased from 169. 8 billion dollars to 202. 8 billion dollars between 2009 to 2013 • Majority of e-waste can be recycled to recover parts. Industry Sales Data - CEA. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 12, 2014, from https: //www. ce. org/Research/Products-Services/Industry-Sales Data. aspx Frequent Questions | e. Cycling | US EPA. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/faq. htm#howmuch

Electronic Waste • Currently e-waste compromise only 2 percent of municipal waste. • In Electronic Waste • Currently e-waste compromise only 2 percent of municipal waste. • In the year 2010 40% of computers, 10 % of keyboards, 17% of television and 11% of mobile devices are collected for recycling. Retrieved April 16, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/osw/conserve/materials/ecycling/docs/summarybaselinereport 2011. pdf

Harmful Chemicals in Gadgets • Electronics contain heavy metals like Nickle, Cadimium, mercury etc. Harmful Chemicals in Gadgets • Electronics contain heavy metals like Nickle, Cadimium, mercury etc. • So far there is no evidence that electronics dumped in landfill are injurious to human health Frequent Questions | e. Cycling | US EPA. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/faq. htm#howmuch

Putative Health Risks • Possible changes in thyroid function • Decrease lung function • Putative Health Risks • Possible changes in thyroid function • Decrease lung function • Possible increase in spontaneous abortions, stillbirths and premature births Grant et al, K. (2013). Health consequences of exposure to e-waste: a systematic review. The Lancet Global Health, 1(6), 350 -361

Why Recycling is Important? • Reduce greenhouse emissions, recover precious metals and save energy Why Recycling is Important? • Reduce greenhouse emissions, recover precious metals and save energy • Recycling a million laptops saves electricity to power 3, 657 homes/year. • One metric ton of circuit boards can contain 40 to 800 times the amount of gold and 30 to 40 times the amount of copper mined from one metric ton of ore in the US Frequent Questions | e. Cycling | US EPA. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/faq. htm#howmuch

. • Cathode ray tube TVs constitute 50% of the ewsate. • Mobile phones . • Cathode ray tube TVs constitute 50% of the ewsate. • Mobile phones constitute less than 1% of electronic waste Retrieved April 11, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/osw/conserve/materials/ecycling/docs/summarybaselinereport 2011. pdf

What Can We do! • Donating electronics Donate to schools, low income families and What Can We do! • Donating electronics Donate to schools, low income families and non profit organizations • Tax incentives Computer Donation - Tax Deduction - Donate Laptop. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http: //www. computerswithcauses. org/computer- donation-irstaxrules. htm e. Cycling Basic Information | US EPA. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/basic. htm

Donating Computers! • National Christina Foundation • World Computer Exchange – Giving to developing Donating Computers! • National Christina Foundation • World Computer Exchange – Giving to developing countries About the Cristina Foundation - National Cristina Foundation. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http: //www. cristina. org/aboutus. html World Computer Exchange | Technnology + Education = Potential. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http: //www. worldcomputerexchange. org/

Recycle When You Can’t Donate • If not possible to donate then recycle • Recycle When You Can’t Donate • If not possible to donate then recycle • Jones Crossroads Landfill in Georgetown • Milford Transfer Station in Milford E-cycling Central: Results. (n. d. ). Retrieved March 15, 2014, from http: //www. ecyclingcentral. com/recycler/index. php? state=DE

Steps of Recycling • Demanufacturing • Shredding Le. Blanc, R. (n. d. ). E-Waste Steps of Recycling • Demanufacturing • Shredding Le. Blanc, R. (n. d. ). E-Waste and Electronics Recycling Hierarchy. Retrieved April 29, 2014, from http: //recycling. about. com/od/e- scrap/tp/The-Electronics-Recycling-Hierarchy. htm

Things to Remember! • Protect your data • Find out if the recycler can Things to Remember! • Protect your data • Find out if the recycler can do it!! • Call ahead

Go Green!!! • Electronics made with recycled material, less toxic or consume less energy Go Green!!! • Electronics made with recycled material, less toxic or consume less energy • EPEAT – To identify eco friendly devices Participants - EPEAT. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http: //www. epeat. net/participants/

Corporate Help • Hp accepts all products • Apple trade ins • Retailer like Corporate Help • Hp accepts all products • Apple trade ins • Retailer like Best Buy and Target Manufacturer Takeback Programs in the U. S. – Electronics Take. Back Coalition. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 18, 2014, from http: //www. electronicstakeback. com/how-to-recycle-electronics/manufacturer-takeback-programs/

Recycling Laws • 25 states passed recycling laws • Require manufacturers to provide recycling Recycling Laws • 25 states passed recycling laws • Require manufacturers to provide recycling • Banning certain electronic waste in municipal waste NCER. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 16, 2014, from http: //www. electronicsrecycling. org/public/Content. Page. aspx? pageid=14

Recycling Statisitcs • 850, 000 tons of e waste in 2011 • 25 % Recycling Statisitcs • 850, 000 tons of e waste in 2011 • 25 % of the electronic waste was recycled. • The recycling is highest for computers and lowest for keyboards. Retrieved April 18, 2013, from http: //www. electronicstakeback. com/wp- content/uploads/Facts_and_Figures_on_EWaste_and_Recycling. pdf

E-waste Dumping • Most ends up in developing countries • Elevated blood lead levels, E-waste Dumping • Most ends up in developing countries • Elevated blood lead levels, chromium levels in Guiyu, China • Elevated hair mercury levels Huo, X. , Peng, L. , Xu, X. , Zheng, L. , Qiu, B. , Qi, Z. , . . . Piao, Z. (2007). Elevated Blood Lead Levels of Children in Guiyu, an Electronic Waste Recycling Town in China. Environmental Health Perspectives, 115(7), 1113 -117. doi: 10. 1289/ehp. 9697 Ni, W. (2014). Hair mercury concentrations and associated factors in an electronic waste recycling area, Guiyu, China. Environmental Research, 128, 84 -91. Xu , X. etal, (2013). Chromium exposure among children from an electronic waste recycling town of China. Environmental Science and Pollution research journal

RERA • Responsible Electronics Recycling Act • Introduced in 2011 • Basel Action Network RERA • Responsible Electronics Recycling Act • Introduced in 2011 • Basel Action Network Responsible Electronics Recycling Act | Turtle Wings. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 19, 2014, from http: //turtlewings. com/blog/responsible-electronics-recycling-act-2 Basel Action Network (BAN) : About. (n. d. ). Retrieved May 1, 2014, from http: //www. ban. org/about/

Conclusion • E-waste is on raise • Recyling e-waste reduces green house emissions • Conclusion • E-waste is on raise • Recyling e-waste reduces green house emissions • Donate or recycle or buy green products

References • Frequent Questions | e. Cycling | US EPA. (n. d. ). Retrieved References • Frequent Questions | e. Cycling | US EPA. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/faq. htm#howmuch • Industry Sales Data - CEA. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 12, 2014, from https: //www. ce. org/Research/Products- Services/Industry-Sales- Data. aspx • Retrieved April 16, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/osw/conserve/materials/ecycling/docs/summarybaselinereport 2011. pdf • Grant et al, K. (2013). Health consequences of exposure to e-waste: a systematic review. The Lancet Global Health, 1(6), 350 -361 • e. Cycling Basic Information | US EPA. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http: //www. epa. gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/basic. htm • Le. Blanc, R. (n. d. ). E-Waste and Electronics Recycling Hierarchy. Retrieved April 29, 2014, from http: //recycling. about. com/od/e-scrap/tp/The-Electronics-Recycling-Hierarchy. htm

References • Participants - EPEAT. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http: References • Participants - EPEAT. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http: //www. epeat. net/participants/ • Manufacturer Takeback Programs in the U. S. – Electronics Take. Back Coalition. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 18, 2014, from http: //www. electronicstakeback. com/how-to-recycle electronics/manufacturer- takeback-programs/ • NCER. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 16, 2014, from http: //www. electronicsrecycling. org/public/Content. Page. aspx? pageid=14 • Responsible Electronics Recycling Act | Turtle Wings. (n. d. ). Retrieved April 19, 2014, from http: //turtlewings. com/blog/responsible-electronics-recycling-act-2 • Basel Action Network (BAN) : About. (n. d. ). Retrieved May 1, 2014, from http: //www. ban. org/about/

Further Reading • http: //recycling. about. com/od/e-scrap/tp/The. Electronics-Recycling-Hierarchy. htm • http: //www. epa. gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecy Further Reading • http: //recycling. about. com/od/e-scrap/tp/The. Electronics-Recycling-Hierarchy. htm • http: //www. epa. gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecy cling/index. htm • http: //www. ecyclingcentral. com/ • http: //www. ban. org/