Скачать презентацию Rečenica the sentence Definicija i podela Rečenica Скачать презентацию Rečenica the sentence Definicija i podela Rečenica

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Rečenica (the sentence) Rečenica (the sentence)

Definicija i podela Rečenica je misao izražena rečima. Podela: Proste (simple sentences) Složene (compound Definicija i podela Rečenica je misao izražena rečima. Podela: Proste (simple sentences) Složene (compound sentences)

Proste rečenice Sadrže samo jedan glagol u ličnom glagolskom obliku. Dele se na: 1. Proste rečenice Sadrže samo jedan glagol u ličnom glagolskom obliku. Dele se na: 1. izjavne (statements): He speaks English. She didn’t want to go. 2. zapovedne (commands): Speak louder! Come in!

 3. upitne (questions): Are you coming with us? Did she pass the driving 3. upitne (questions): Are you coming with us? Did she pass the driving test? 4. usklične (exclamations): What a lovely day! How awful!

 Jedna prosta rečenica obično se može podeliti na: Subjekat Predikat (glagol) Mary sings Jedna prosta rečenica obično se može podeliti na: Subjekat Predikat (glagol) Mary sings Subjekat (the subject) je živo biće, stvar ili pojam o kome se u rečenici govori. Subjekat može da bude imenica ili bilo koja druga vrsta reči koja se upotrebi kao imenica. Subjekat može da bude i grupa reči, čak i cela rečenica.

 a) imenica kao subjekat: The snow is falling. The price of oil has a) imenica kao subjekat: The snow is falling. The price of oil has increased again. b) zamenica kao subjekat: She had already left the building. It is raining. c) pridev ili particip kao subjekat: Blue suits you. Young and old are ready to fight.

 d) Infinitiv kao subjekat: To see is to believe. To live in the d) Infinitiv kao subjekat: To see is to believe. To live in the country is my ideal. e) Gerund kao subjekat: Seeing is believing. The crying stopped. f) Bilo koja vrsta reči: “And” is a linking word. Yesterday was not a good day for me.

 g) Grupa reči kao subjekat: To work day and night is very hard. g) Grupa reči kao subjekat: To work day and night is very hard. h) Cela rečenica kao subjekat: What he says is not true. i) Zamenica “it” kao subjekat: It takes three hours to get to the airport.

Struktura proste rečenice Osim strukture S + V, prosta rečenica može imati još 4 Struktura proste rečenice Osim strukture S + V, prosta rečenica može imati još 4 vrste struktura: SUBJECT VERB OBJECT I need a rest. Five people are moving the piano. Subjekat i objekat mogu biti zamenice (e. g. I) ili imeničke fraze (e. g. the piano).

SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT This piano is heavy. It was a big problem. Komplement je SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT This piano is heavy. It was a big problem. Komplement je deo rečenice – može biti pridev (e. g. heavy) ili imenička fraza (e. g. a big problem). Komplement dolazi posle glagola be, Kao i posle appear, become, get, feel, look, seem, stay, sound. Svi ovi glagoli traže dopunu – komplement.

 SUBJECT VERB ADVERBIAL It is on my foot. Their house is nearby. Adverbijal SUBJECT VERB ADVERBIAL It is on my foot. Their house is nearby. Adverbijal može da bude predloška fraza (e. g. on my foot) ili prilog (e. g. nearby). SUBJECT VERB OBJECT It s giving me headache. David bought Melanie a present. Posle glagola give ili send koristimo direktni i indirektni objekat.

Direktni i indirektni objekat Henry gave Claire some flowers. Glagol give ima dva objekta: Direktni i indirektni objekat Henry gave Claire some flowers. Glagol give ima dva objekta: Claire je indirektni objekat, osoba koja nešto dobija. Some flowers je direktni objekat, nešto se daje. Henry gave some flowers to Claire. Give ovde ima direktni objekat (OD) (some flowers) i fraza sa to, koja dolazi ispred Claire (OI).

 INDIRECT OBJECT Emma gave Rachel a CD. I'll send my cousin a postcard. INDIRECT OBJECT Emma gave Rachel a CD. I'll send my cousin a postcard. We bought all the children an ice-cream. DIRECT OBJECT PHRASE WITH TO/FOR Emma gave the CD I'll send a postcard We bought ice-creams children. to Rachel. to my cousin. for all the

 To or for? We give something to someone, and we buy something for To or for? We give something to someone, and we buy something for someone. To koristimo sa sledećim glagolima: bring, feed, give, hand, lend, offer, owe, pass, pay, post, promise, read, sell, send, show, take, teach, tell, throw, write Vicky paid the money to the cashier, ILI Vicky paid the cashier the money. We showed the photos to David, ILI We showed David the photos.

For koristimo sa sledećim glagolima: book, bring, build, buy, choose, cook, fetch, find, get, For koristimo sa sledećim glagolima: book, bring, build, buy, choose, cook, fetch, find, get, leave, make, order, pick, reserve, save They found a spare ticket for me. ILI They found me a spare ticket. I've saved a seat for you. ILI I've saved you a seat. Melanie is making a cake for David, ILI Melanie is making David a cake.

Predikat (the predicate) je deo rečenice koji govori o subjektu. Obično je glagol u Predikat (the predicate) je deo rečenice koji govori o subjektu. Obično je glagol u ličnom glagolskom obliku, može da se sastoji od jednog glagola ili glagola i njegovih dodataka. Sve glagole možemo podeliti na glagole punog značenja (complete predication) i glagole nepotpunog značenja (incomplete predication).

 Glagoli punog značenja su nosioci značenja glagolske radnje: John arrived last night. He Glagoli punog značenja su nosioci značenja glagolske radnje: John arrived last night. He writes novels. It’s raining. Glagoli nepotpunog značenja zahtevaju još neku reč da ih dopuni, a ta reč je nosilac značenja predikata. Ona se naziva imenski deo predikata ili subject complement.

U rečenici John is a doctor Is je glagol nepotpunog značenja, a doctor je U rečenici John is a doctor Is je glagol nepotpunog značenja, a doctor je komplement. Glagol nepotpunog značenja služi samo kao veza između subjekta i komplementa (imenskog dela predikata) kojim se iskazuje osobina ili stanje subjekta. Najčešći takvi glagoli su: be, appear, become, continue, feel, get, go, look, run, seem, smell, sound, taste, turn

 Imenski deo predikata može biti: a) imenica Her hand felt cold. The milk Imenski deo predikata može biti: a) imenica Her hand felt cold. The milk turned sour. The plan sounds fine to me. He seems tired.