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RDA Implementation: What’s In It For You? Lori Robare RDA Implementation: What’s In It For You? Lori Robare

RDA : Resource Description and Access • RDA has been developed as a replacement RDA : Resource Description and Access • RDA has been developed as a replacement for AACR 2 – By the Joint Steering Committee (JSC) • International effort: U. S. , U. K. , Canada, Australia, Germany • Published in June 2010 • Tested by U. S. libraries July 2010 -March 2011 ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Gradual implementation • Library of Congress completed its implementation in March 2013 • Many Gradual implementation • Library of Congress completed its implementation in March 2013 • Many libraries are beginning to catalog in RDA • When to implement is a local decision • RDA records are compatible with AACR 2 records ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

RDA • Fundamental re-thinking of cataloging theory and practice – Yet designed to be RDA • Fundamental re-thinking of cataloging theory and practice – Yet designed to be compatible with existing records • Based on internationally established principles, models and standards • Designed with the user in mind, using terminology that makes sense • A more consistent and flexible framework for describing all types of resources ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

RDA. . . • defines individual data elements, many with controlled vocabulary lists • RDA. . . • defines individual data elements, many with controlled vocabulary lists • can (and will) be used with MARC, but is structured to work with new data formats • clearly indicates the nature of relationships -between works and their creators, etc. • will support the integration of library catalog data with data produced by other metadata communities ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) n User tasks Find • Identify • Select Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) n User tasks Find • Identify • Select • Obtain • n Entity-relationship model Entities: Group 1, 2, 3 • Relationships • Attributes • ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

FRBR Group 1, Group 2 and Relationships Work Expression Manifestation Item is owned by FRBR Group 1, Group 2 and Relationships Work Expression Manifestation Item is owned by is produced by Person Family is realized by is created by Corporate Body many Slide from Barbara Tillett ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 21

Changes you’ll see in catalog records • “Take what you see” in fields that Changes you’ll see in catalog records • “Take what you see” in fields that we transcribe: – Title, statement of responsibility, edition, publication information, etc. – Much less adjusting, abbreviating, omitting, bracketing – No longer using [sic] for errors ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

AACR 2: Title: Edition: Alt title: Bizzare [sic] tales 3 rd rev. ed. Bizarre AACR 2: Title: Edition: Alt title: Bizzare [sic] tales 3 rd rev. ed. Bizarre tales RDA: Title: Edition: Alt title: Bizzare tales Third revised edition Corrected title: Bizarre tales ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 (optional)

Less abbreviating, more words: Physical description / extent AACR 2: 86, [21] p. : Less abbreviating, more words: Physical description / extent AACR 2: 86, [21] p. : ill. , 1 folded map ; 24 cm. RDA: 86 pages, 21 unnumbered pages : illustrations, 1 folded map ; 24 cm ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Capitalization MAY differ • May match what is on the item AACR 2: Title: Capitalization MAY differ • May match what is on the item AACR 2: Title: RDA: Title: Baltic journal of art history OR Baltic journal of ART HISTORY ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

No more [et. al] • No limit on the number of people recorded in No more [et. al] • No limit on the number of people recorded in a single statement of responsibility (or on the number of access points) AACR 2: America’s radical right / Raymond Wolfinger. . . [et al. ]. RDA: America’s radical right / Raymond Wolfinger, Martin Shapiro, Fred I. Greenstein, Steven J. Rosenstone. Alternative: America’s radical right / Raymond Wolfinger [and three others]. ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Latin terms replaced • AACR 2, when you could not even guess place of Latin terms replaced • AACR 2, when you could not even guess place of publication or name of publisher: [S. l. ] : [s. n. ] • RDA: [Place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified] …but actually we will most often give a probable place, even just: [United States? ] ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

More discrete statements about publication (distribution, etc. ) • AACR 2 and the MARC More discrete statements about publication (distribution, etc. ) • AACR 2 and the MARC 260 field combine information about publication, distribution, manufacture, and copyright in one text string • RDA defines separate elements for these – And the new MARC 264 field allows separate statements in a MARC record ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

New MARC field for publication information: 264 Provides separate statements for information about publication, New MARC field for publication information: 264 Provides separate statements for information about publication, distribution, manufacture, and copyright 264 _1 [United States] : $b Harvest House Publishers, $c [2010] 264 _4 $c © 2010 ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

2 nd indicator describes the function 264 Second indicator: 0 Production 1 Publication 2 2 nd indicator describes the function 264 Second indicator: 0 Production 1 Publication 2 Distribution 3 Manufacture 4 Copyright notice date ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Catalog display making use of separate statements (Stanford University Libraries) ALA Exhibits Round Table, Catalog display making use of separate statements (Stanford University Libraries) ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

No more [General material designation] • GMD is the bracketed information in the title No more [General material designation] • GMD is the bracketed information in the title that conveys the type of material [electronic resource] [sound recording] [videorecording] • Replaced by three new elements: 336 Content type (performed music, spoken word, text, etc. ) 337 Media type (audio, microform, video, etc. ) 338 Carrier type (audio disc, online resource, videodisc, etc) ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

AACR 2 : e-book Game of thrones and philosophy [electronic resource] : logic cuts AACR 2 : e-book Game of thrones and philosophy [electronic resource] : logic cuts deeper than swords / edited by Henry Jacoby. RDA : e-book Game of thrones and philosophy : logic cuts deeper than swords / edited by Henry Jacoby. 336 $a text $2 rdacontent 337 $a computer $2 rdamedia 338 $a online resource $2 rdacarrier ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 Replace GMD

BYU’s catalog: a music CD ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 BYU’s catalog: a music CD ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

RDA Carrier Type displayed in search results (BYU) ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 RDA Carrier Type displayed in search results (BYU) ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Changes in headings/access points: highlights • Abbreviations spelled out: Lee, John, 18 th cent. Changes in headings/access points: highlights • Abbreviations spelled out: Lee, John, 18 th cent. Lee, John, 18 th century Smith, Jane, ca. 1820 -1865 Smith, Jane, approximately 1820 -1865 Tate, Ellen, fl. 1893 -1940 Tate, Ellen, active 1893 -1940 • “Department” spelled out, if it is used that way Ohio. Dept. of Commerce Ohio. Department of Commerce • Parts of the Bible. O. T. Bible. Old Testament Bible. O. T. Genesis Bible. Genesis NGIN, May 2013

Identifying people • … & corporate bodies, & families • And naming relationships Open Identifying people • … & corporate bodies, & families • And naming relationships Open Clip Art Library: russel ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

RDA authority record for a person: Labelled display, from LC’s Authorities Database ALA Exhibits RDA authority record for a person: Labelled display, from LC’s Authorities Database ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

RDA authority record for a person – with new MARC fields ALA Exhibits Round RDA authority record for a person – with new MARC fields ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Relationships in RDA • Naming relationships between: – person (or corporate body) and a Relationships in RDA • Naming relationships between: – person (or corporate body) and a resource • Jane Doe is the choreographer of this dance – between resources • ABC is a parody of XYZ – between people, corporate bodies, etc. • Samuel Clemens is the real identity of Mark Twain • …in a very structured way, that computers can understand ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

In a catalog record… • Author access points MAY be followed by terms describing In a catalog record… • Author access points MAY be followed by terms describing the role of the person or organization: – e. g. , author, editor, composer, filmmaker, performer, production company, sponsoring body ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

In a catalog record… • Access points for related works MAY have introductory terms In a catalog record… • Access points for related works MAY have introductory terms specifying the nature of the relationship – e. g. , based on …, abridgement of … , parody of …, remake of … , prequel to … ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Looking ahead: the potential • RDA data elements and vocabularies have been registered – Looking ahead: the potential • RDA data elements and vocabularies have been registered – Formally defined in an open metadata registry – Each term has a unique URI • Machines can use and interpret catalog information in a new way • Opens up our world to others who want to organize and structure information – or use our data ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

http: //metadataregistry. org/ The following slides adapted from a presentation by Diane Hillmann http: //metadataregistry. org/ The following slides adapted from a presentation by Diane Hillmann

RDA Relationships for Persons, Corporate Bodies, Families Real identity ALA Exhibits Round Table, June RDA Relationships for Persons, Corporate Bodies, Families Real identity ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Detail: Real identity URI ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 Detail: Real identity URI ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

A computer can “understand”: • Mark Twain – (link to name authority record) viaf. A computer can “understand”: • Mark Twain – (link to name authority record) viaf. org/viaf/50566653 • Has real identity – (link to “Real identity” role in the registry): metadataregistry. org/uri/schema/RDARelationships. GR 2/real. Identity (RDF) • Samuel Clemens – (link to name authority record) http: //viaf. org/viaf/53367783 ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Part of Mark Twain’s authority record in LC’s catalog Part of Mark Twain’s authority record in LC’s catalog

…which is linked to the Virtual International Authority File ALA Exhibits Round Table, June …which is linked to the Virtual International Authority File ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Which is referenced in the Wikipedia entry for Mark Twain ALA Exhibits Round Table, Which is referenced in the Wikipedia entry for Mark Twain ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

“Elevator speech” • RDA aims to provide catalog data that will help libraries define “Elevator speech” • RDA aims to provide catalog data that will help libraries define our presence on the Web – With well-defined and structured data elements – Clearly indicating relationships among works and the people responsible for them – Clearer language for our patrons – Data that is easier for computers to manipulate ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013

Thank you! Lori Robare lrobare@uoregon. edu ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013 Thank you! Lori Robare [email protected] edu ALA Exhibits Round Table, June 2013