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R 3 I Regional Risk Reduction Initiative Technical Management Team 2 Warning Costa Rica, R 3 I Regional Risk Reduction Initiative Technical Management Team 2 Warning Costa Rica, March 2010 Anguilla National Warning System And Lessons Learned

Anguilla British Overseas Territory Population: 14, 000 (est. ) Anguilla British Overseas Territory Population: 14, 000 (est. )

Government of Anguilla • Capital The Valley • Size 35 sq. miles, 16 mi. Government of Anguilla • Capital The Valley • Size 35 sq. miles, 16 mi. long & 3 mi. wide at widest point • Location Eastern Caribbean, most northerly of the Leeward Islands • Rainfall 35 inches per year • Unique from other Caribbean Islands as the Land is individually owned • Economic Activity, Tourism DOWN 20% to below 2002 figures

1867 PR Trench The following is and example made using the tsunami travel time 1867 PR Trench The following is and example made using the tsunami travel time calculation and display software (TTT). The TTT software is used by the NOAA Pacific Tsunami Warning Center for its operations calculations. Scenario 1 a – 1867 Earthquake and Tsunami: non-point source Regional Impacts

Anguilla National Warning System • Design and implementation plan developed in 2006; • Alerting Anguilla National Warning System • Design and implementation plan developed in 2006; • Alerting Protocols drafted collectively 2007; • Piloting of RDS FM Radio Broadcast 2007; • Installation of the CAP Backbone, RDS, Radio Interrupt and GOA BAMBox 2008; • Design for Public Registration 2008…. . $$$

Requirements of ANWS Systems – Requires Policy and Protocols for Use • Requestors • Requirements of ANWS Systems – Requires Policy and Protocols for Use • Requestors • Authorisers • Activators – Thresholds of risk and associated alert levels – Requires consideration for at risk and multi languages – Requires Multi-Point and Multi-Media – Requires Weekly and Monthly Testing – Requires Buy-In from all sectors and the public – Needs to be integrated in day to day life

Warning Protocols Warning Protocols

POLICY FOR USE OF THE DISASTER ANGUILLA NATIONAL WARNING SYSTEM (ANWS) POLICY. The purpose POLICY FOR USE OF THE DISASTER ANGUILLA NATIONAL WARNING SYSTEM (ANWS) POLICY. The purpose of this policy is to establish authority for system administration, control, access, maintenance and use of Disaster Alert, Notification and Warning Systems, hereafter referred to as ANWS. The ANWS should be used to alert households and businesses of imminent or active threats to people and property in their area. In order to earn and preserve the public’s trust, confidence and support, the ANWS will only be intrusively used in emergency incidents that may affect public safety. Only those with proper training and authority to use the system will activate the ANWS. DEFINITIONS. A. ACTIVATOR. Pre-Approved personnel, per this document trained to activate the NWS. Activation will be on behalf of an approved REQUESTOR. B. Active Incident. An active incident is one currently impacting the lives, the property or the safety of the public. C. At Risk. Any person(s) or area of a community whose safety could be directly endangered by an emergency situation or incident. D. AUTHORIZER. Pre-Approved personnel, per this document, identified to give permission for an ACTIVATOR to activate the NWS on behalf of a REQUESTOR. For a list of AUTHORIZERS refer to Procedure 1 Section C or Procedure 2 Section

So What Is This CAP? • • • • • <sender>Push. Button_1_Cap. Originator 1@HICAP. So What Is This CAP? • • • • • Push. Button_1_Cap. Originator [email protected] com Hormann America, Inc. Alert. NET Model 3320 CAP-to-WARNING/ALERT Converter/Encoder 27 2007 -06 -13 T 17: 24: 33 -07: 00 Test Alert Safety Weekly Test Immediate Unknown Observed 2007 -06 -13 T 18: 54: 33 -07: 00 Cap. Originator 1 This is a weekly test This is a weekly test only pl. WARNING/ALERTe disregard In case of emergency, listen to Radio and TV for further instructions ANGUILLA ZONE 1 Geographic coordinates for polygon of area affected’ lat long

Other CAP Applications Other CAP Applications

Issues of Note/Lessons Learned • Phased approach is a good one unless funding dries Issues of Note/Lessons Learned • Phased approach is a good one unless funding dries up, need critical components funded up front; • If you have it (warning system) you must use it; • Need for full time / on call in-country support; • Bam. Box better approach to reach the public than (plain old telephone system) POTS Ringdown; • Don’t forget to budget for and fund maintenance fees ( 2 yrs/3 yrs)

Opportunities • Threat level definitions developed for most hazards and based on ITU standards Opportunities • Threat level definitions developed for most hazards and based on ITU standards of Urgency, Certainly and Severity; • Policy for Public Notification Available as template; • Integration with RDS and other tools developed available for others; • Expertise in warning systems and public notification available for capacity sharing; • Model system for integrated multilingual warning, when Phase 3 complete.

1867 PR Trench The following is and example made using the tsunami travel time 1867 PR Trench The following is and example made using the tsunami travel time calculation and display software (TTT). The TTT software is used by the NOAA Pacific Tsunami Warning Center for its operations calculations. Scenario 1 a – 1867 Earthquake and Tsunami: non-point source Regional Impacts