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Progressive and the Gilded Age Chapter 20 -21 Progressive and the Gilded Age Chapter 20 -21

I. Progressives 1. 2. 3. 4. Society’s ills needed to be cured Progressives Rational I. Progressives 1. 2. 3. 4. Society’s ills needed to be cured Progressives Rational planning; social engineering Middle Class

Progressives (cont’d) 5. Beliefs 1. 2. 3. 4. Anger over Industrialization Reject Social Darwinism Progressives (cont’d) 5. Beliefs 1. 2. 3. 4. Anger over Industrialization Reject Social Darwinism Citizens get involved in reform Persuasion; force

II. Reasons for Change 1. Science 2. Evangelical Protestantism 1. Both sought behavior control II. Reasons for Change 1. Science 2. Evangelical Protestantism 1. Both sought behavior control 3. Journalism 1. Muckraking 2. Ida Tarbell

4. Joseph Pulitzer 5. Jacob Riis 6. Upton Sinclair 7. William Randolph Hearst 1. 4. Joseph Pulitzer 5. Jacob Riis 6. Upton Sinclair 7. William Randolph Hearst 1. Creates sections 2. War with Pulitzer 8. Exposed bad side of American life; helped Progressive Movement

III. Social Gospel 1. 2. 3. 4. Kingdom of God social justice Josephine Lowell III. Social Gospel 1. 2. 3. 4. Kingdom of God social justice Josephine Lowell Jane Addams Settle House Movement 1. Hull House 2. Culture/refinement to the poor

Social Gospel (cont’d) 5. Social Uplift Social Reform 6. Focus on 1. Education 2. Social Gospel (cont’d) 5. Social Uplift Social Reform 6. Focus on 1. Education 2. Health 3. Work 7. Other middle-class--educated—bored women Settlement Houses 8. Women become the influence of the Progressive Movement

Social Gospel (cont’d) 9. Public Education 10. Poor kids/immigrants 11. Assimilate middle-class values Social Gospel (cont’d) 9. Public Education 10. Poor kids/immigrants 11. Assimilate middle-class values

IV. Other Reforms 1. City Beautification 1. Parks 2. Playgrounds 3. Nature, etc… 2. IV. Other Reforms 1. City Beautification 1. Parks 2. Playgrounds 3. Nature, etc… 2. Garbage collection/street lights

Other Reforms (cont’d) 3. Prostitution-another “social evil” 4. “White slave trade”? 5. Progressives: immigration Other Reforms (cont’d) 3. Prostitution-another “social evil” 4. “White slave trade”? 5. Progressives: immigration and prostitution 6. “White Slave Trade”—only reason women sold their body

Other Reforms (cont’d) 7. Why women sold themselves? 1. Poverty 2. Desperation 3. Ignorance Other Reforms (cont’d) 7. Why women sold themselves? 1. Poverty 2. Desperation 3. Ignorance 8. Progressives pray/protest brothels

Other Reforms (cont’d) 9. Mann Act, 1910. 1. Banned interstate Transport of females For Other Reforms (cont’d) 9. Mann Act, 1910. 1. Banned interstate Transport of females For “immoral purposes”

V. Temperance 1. Public temperance prohibition 2. Women’s Christian Temperance Movement (WCTM) 3. 1873 V. Temperance 1. Public temperance prohibition 2. Women’s Christian Temperance Movement (WCTM) 3. 1873 -Chicago 4. Frances Willard-Head 5. Stop: consumption, Production, sale of alcohol

Temperance 6. State to prohibit 7. Improving society Progress Temperance 6. State to prohibit 7. Improving society Progress

Temperance 8. Anti-Saloon League 9. Alcohol Consumption Increases! Temperance 8. Anti-Saloon League 9. Alcohol Consumption Increases!

10. 18 th Amendment 11. Production/Sale/ transportation of alcohol 10. 18 th Amendment 11. Production/Sale/ transportation of alcohol

VI. Women’s Suffrage 1. 2. 3. 4. 15 th Amendment omits women 1869 -WY; VI. Women’s Suffrage 1. 2. 3. 4. 15 th Amendment omits women 1869 -WY; 1 st to enfranchise women 1890 -WY becomes state during Pr. M. 1869 -AWSA: American Women’s Suffrage Association 5. NWSA: National Women’s Suffrage Association

Women’s Suffrage (cont’d) 6. “Revolution”-(failed after 2 yrs. ) 7. Nov. 1, 1872 Susan Women’s Suffrage (cont’d) 6. “Revolution”-(failed after 2 yrs. ) 7. Nov. 1, 1872 Susan B. Anthony 8. S. B. Anthony allies with WCTU VOTE 9. 1890 -NWSA & AWSA merge-NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION

Women’s Suffrage (cont’d) 10. Elizabeth Cady Stanton 1 st president 11. 1890 -college attendance; Women’s Suffrage (cont’d) 10. Elizabeth Cady Stanton 1 st president 11. 1890 -college attendance; nurses; doctors, scientists 12. Anti-suffragists 1. Harms sex roles 2. Not progress 13. 1890 -19 states allow some voting… 14. Must wait 18 more years…

VII. Segregation 1. Lynching 2. Kept blacks socially/politically inferior 1. Poll taxes 2. Intimidation VII. Segregation 1. Lynching 2. Kept blacks socially/politically inferior 1. Poll taxes 2. Intimidation 3. Literacy tests 3. Jim Crow laws—segregation laws

Segregation (cont’d) 4. Plessy v. Ferguson-1896 1. “Separate but Equal” 5. Southerners believed blacks Segregation (cont’d) 4. Plessy v. Ferguson-1896 1. “Separate but Equal” 5. Southerners believed blacks ignorant 6. Race hatred becomes accepted 7. Ida Wells 1. Exposed lynchings 2. Premeditated & planned—not spontaneous

VIII. Booker T. Washington 1. Accept segregation, if EQUAL 2. Don’t challenge segregation until VIII. Booker T. Washington 1. Accept segregation, if EQUAL 2. Don’t challenge segregation until blacks became educated, powerful, self-improved 3. Passive approached 4. Thrift, hardwork, economic progress, need skills and education 5. Tuskegee Institute, 1881 6. Temp. adhere to segregation; whites believed he represented all blacks

IX. WEB Du. Bois 1. 1 st black to graduate from Harvard 2. Led IX. WEB Du. Bois 1. 1 st black to graduate from Harvard 2. Led Niagara Falls Movement 1. “Anti-Bookerites” 2. Uncompromising demand for civil/political equality 3. 1909 -helps establish bi-racial NAACP 4. Remove legal, racial, economic barriers to equality.