Professional Practices Lecturer Sadaf Majeed Sial Lecture 1

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Professional Practices Lecturer: Sadaf Majeed Sial Lecture: 1 st Lecture time: 3: 30 – Professional Practices Lecturer: Sadaf Majeed Sial Lecture: 1 st Lecture time: 3: 30 – 5: 00 pm Tutorial Days: Monday , Tuesday Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 1

Professional Practices • This course teaches you professional software development practices not consistently taught Professional Practices • This course teaches you professional software development practices not consistently taught anywhere else. – Deals mostly with process, very little with specs/designs/coding. – If you have the aptitude of becoming a professional software engineer you will find the course fascinating. • Otherwise I guarantee you will be bored! • Applying these practices will help you avoid – – – Missed dates Poor quality software Badly-designed features Poor user documentation Poor architecture and architectural documentation Dysfunctional professional relationships between “The Business Side” and Software Development • When software is built in a professional fashion in industry, this is how it is consistently done. Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 2

Experience • Need – Formal education in the computing sciences – Professional experience • Experience • Need – Formal education in the computing sciences – Professional experience • Build software that lots of people pay money to buy – Not just “are you paid” • Not all professionals agree on what constitute “basic professional practices” – Characteristic of an immature industry – But can agree on the problems we are trying to solve – One (informed) opinion will be presented here Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 3

Text • Required Course Text: – Professional Software Development 2007 edition by David A. Text • Required Course Text: – Professional Software Development 2007 edition by David A. Penny – An integrated approach to software by Pankage Chalotay – Professional Issues in Software Engineering, By M. F. Bott et. al – Computer Ethics Pearson Education (2001) 3 rd edition By: Deborah G. Johnson Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 4

Grades • 2 Solo Assignments – 15% each – A 1: Self-Aware Programming – Grades • 2 Solo Assignments – 15% each – A 1: Self-Aware Programming – A 2: Optimization and Testing – Late Policy: • 15% absolute penalty if handed in <= 1 week late • Not accepted after that • 1 Team Assignment – 25% – Release Planning and Team Software Construction • Exam – 40% – Closed book – Covers all lectures, tutorials, assignments, and assigned reading • Class Participation – 5% – Based on existence and quality of submitted questions and answers Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 5

Course Conduct • Come to ALL the lectures and come prepared – You should Course Conduct • Come to ALL the lectures and come prepared – You should have read the assigned textbook reading – You should have thought about it • Take notes during lectures. Ask questions to clarify material you are not 100% clear on. • Review the posted slides afterwards. • Prepare for the midterm and the examinations by re-reading the text and the lecture notes. Practice writing the tests – Previous year’s midterms and exams are posted for your review purposes Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 6

LET’S GET STARTED! Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 7 LET’S GET STARTED! Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 7

Top-10 Essential Practices source code control infrastructure reproducible builds defect/feature tracking automated regression testing Top-10 Essential Practices source code control infrastructure reproducible builds defect/feature tracking automated regression testing release planning control feature specifications refinement architectural control effort tracking process control business planning Lecture 1 BZUPAGES. COM 8

Defining the Profession • Today’s professions are composed of three interlinking parts. These include Defining the Profession • Today’s professions are composed of three interlinking parts. These include the discipline, which defines the forward and academic view of the field (the field is defined, in this case, to be inclusive of all three parts); the practice defining experiential and agreed upon practices; and the profession, that combines elements of both to provide a consistent view of the field and the expectations of the members from an external point of view. Discipline Lecture 1 Profession Introduction Practice BZUPAGES. COM 9

Discipline • The discipline is inclusive of all ideas that are grouped under the Discipline • The discipline is inclusive of all ideas that are grouped under the same field. This grouping is around generally recognized schools of thought that describe the field. The discipline is aware of how the profession is practiced but is not prescriptive to the processes, tools and standards that apply to how the profession is actually practiced. Practice • Practice is based in reflection-in-action. Practitioners have many experiences as they develop and mature as enterprise architects. Through their experiences, they apply knowledge to new, unexpected, and changing situations. Profession • Professional status is a newer aspect of a field that combines the academic rigor of a discipline and a practice, while adding the exclusionary access that was reserved for a craft. The key difference between a profession and either a craft, discipline, or practice is its customer facing view and changing situations. 10 Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM

There are certain attributes of a profession that are consistent through all of the There are certain attributes of a profession that are consistent through all of the literature . a) There is a statement of ethics on how the profession is responsible to society. b) There is a sanctioning body that has the ability to remove professional status from those who transgress professional standards. c) Each profession tests for competency. d) Professions maintain their link to the advanced knowledge within their industry. e) The people within the profession have unique expertise that cannot be found outside the profession. Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 11

Some General Provisions for Practice requirements 1. Aim and tasks of professional practice • Some General Provisions for Practice requirements 1. Aim and tasks of professional practice • Practice is constituent and integral part of the international business management studies. Aim: To strengthen theoretical knowledge acquired during courses of the study program, to form and to develop skills and abilities in accordance with requirements of stated competencies of international business manager. Tasks: 1. 2. 3. 4. Lecture 1 Practically to get acquainted with principles of international company’s management in micro and macro environment To carry out analysis of international company’s activities and their results To elaborate proposals for improvement of international company’s activities To do applied research work related to final paper. Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 12

Correlation between goals of study programme and practice • The goals of study programme Correlation between goals of study programme and practice • The goals of study programme (subjects) which will be pursued during the practice will be indicated from the taxonomy of each subject • Goals of the practice will be formulated. alongside each goal of study programme Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 13

2. Process of organization and management of practice • Practice takes place at the 2. Process of organization and management of practice • Practice takes place at the 6 th semester of studies. • During professional practice a student works in a company with a profile corresponding to the study program – international business management. • Tri-lateral agreement between the Company, the Institution, and the Student is signed before starting practice. • Student prepares plan of the practice with guidance of the practice supervisor and in accordance with Practice Programme Before starting practice. The plan is signed by company’s practice supervisor, institutional practice supervisor and students-trainee. Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 14

3. Duties 3. 1. Duties of student – trainee. • To get acquainted with 3. Duties 3. 1. Duties of student – trainee. • To get acquainted with program of professional practice and to fulfil tasks described in the program • To confirm with the company’s internal rules during practical placement period in the company • To make notes in practice diary in accordance with prepared plan of the practice • To fulfil individual tasks and instructions given by company’s practice manager • To elaborate and to defend practice report in accordance with content of practice Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 15

3. 2. Duties of institutional practice supervisor • To confirm plan of practice elaborated 3. 2. Duties of institutional practice supervisor • To confirm plan of practice elaborated by the student if it corresponds with requirements of program of professional practice • To control if student follows realisation of practice program • To provide necessary consultations • To promote and to control student’s research for development of useful proposals development for the company • To check and to sign report of professional practice Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 16

3. 3. Duties of company’s practice supervisor • To confirm plan of practice elaborated 3. 3. Duties of company’s practice supervisor • To confirm plan of practice elaborated by the student if it corresponds with requirements of program of professional practice • To provide student with appropriate working place and conditions for realization of practice program • To support student’s applied research work • To confirm professional practice report and to evaluate in written work of student – trainee during practice, to sign and to stamp it. Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 17

4. Volume, layout, defence and evaluation of practice • At the end of professional 4. Volume, layout, defence and evaluation of practice • At the end of professional practice report must be prepared and practice must be defended. Volume of report should be not less then 20 pages (without appendixes). • Practice report consists of: • Title page, • Contents, • Introduction: place, time, aim, tasks and methods of research. • Description of basic issues in accordance with detailed practice program • Conclusions and suggestions • References • Appendixes Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 18

WHAT IS PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE? • Recognizing and respecting diversity in understandings of practice. • WHAT IS PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE? • Recognizing and respecting diversity in understandings of practice. • Considering the important role played by translators and interpreters in facilitating and promoting international communication and understanding, • Seeking to ensure that a high level of professionalism is achieved and maintained in translating and interpreting, Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 19

We are establishing a framework to drive professional practice improvements There are four components We are establishing a framework to drive professional practice improvements There are four components • Professional Practice Programme (PPP) • Professional Practice Initiatives (PPI) • Communities of Interest (Cof. I) • Communities of Practice (Co. P) Lecture 1 Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 20

 • Some Review Questions related to today lecture: Marks : 1. 5 Answering • Some Review Questions related to today lecture: Marks : 1. 5 Answering Date : 15/02/2011 (Oral) 1. How we make out the Public Trust? ? 2. In profession architects 1. 2. 3. 4. Lecture 1 Which standards are accepted into the profession? List out their capabilities. How they can achieve recognition inside and outside their community? How they mature into the profession? Introduction BZUPAGES. COM 21




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