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1  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE1 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Power Converter Systems Graduate Course EE 8407 Bin Wu Ph. D, PEng Professor ELCE Department Ryerson University Contact Info Office: ENG 328 Tel: (416) 979 -5000 ext: 6484 Email: [email protected] ryerson. ca http: //www. ee. ryerson. ca/~bwu/ Ryerson Campus

2  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE2 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 1. Course Outline — Lecture Topics — Course Organization — Design Projects 2. High-Power Converter Topologies — Multipulse Diode and SCR Rectifiers — Multilevel Voltage Source Converters — PWM Current Source Converters 3. High-Power Converter Applications — Electric Drive Applications — Power Systems Applications Topic 1 Introduction

3  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE3 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 1. Introduction 2. High-Power Semiconductor Devices 3. Multipulse Diode Rectifiers 4. Multipulse SCR Rectifiers 5. Two-level Voltage Source Inverter 6. Multilevel Cascaded H-Bridge Converters 7. Multilevel Diode-Clamped Inverter 8. Other Multilevel Voltage Source Converters 9. Current Source Inverters 10. Current Source Rectifiers • Lecture Topics Course Outline

4  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE4 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Lecture 2 hours per week Laboratory 1 hour per week (simulation) Textbook Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’ Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 Lecture Slides Download from http: //www. ee. ryerson. ca/~bwu/courses. html • Course Organization Course Outline

5  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE5 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 1. Series-type 12 -pulse Diode Rectifier 15% 2. Space Vector Modulation Technique 30% 3. Control of Multilevel Cascaded H-Bridge Inverters 20% 4. Multilevel diode Clamped Inverters 15% 5. PWM Techniques for Current Source Converters 20% Total 100% • Design Projects Course Outline

6  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE6 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 • Multipulse Diode/SCR Rectifiers High-Power Converter Topologies

7  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE7 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 • Multilevel Voltage Source Converters High-Power Converter Topologies

8  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE8 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 • PWM Current Source Converters High-Power Converter Topologies

9  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE9 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 High-Power Converter Applications • Converter Power Rating • Electric Drive Systems: 100 MW • Wind Energy Systems: 6 MW • Power Systems FACTS: 300 MVA HVDC: 3000 MW FACTS — Flexible AC Transmission System HVDC — High Voltage DC Transmission

10  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE10 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Mining / cement Petrochemical Metals Marine Oil / gas Power generation Paper / pulp Water / waste water Source: Robicon. Variable Speed Drive Applications • Application Areas

11  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE11 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 — Application: NASA wind tunnel — Motor: Six-phase, synchronous — Load: High power fan — Speed Range: 360 — 600 rpm 1. Supply system 2. Transformer 3. Converters 4. Motor 5. Excitation system 6. Filter • 100 MW Wind Tunnel Drive Source: ABBVariable Speed Drive Applications

12  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE12 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 • Inverter type: current source • Switching device: SCR thyristor • # of devices in series: 12 One of the 4 converters used in the drive • Total # of devices: (12 x 6) x 4 = 288 • Converter efficiency: > 99% • 100 MW Wind Tunnel Drive Source: ABBVariable Speed Drive Applications

13  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE13 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Six-phase synchronous motor (100 MW, 12. 5 KV, 2. 8 KA) Source: ABB • 100 MW Wind Tunnel Drive Variable Speed Drive Applications

14  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE14 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Source: Fuji Electric • High Speed Train Variable Speed Drive Applications

15  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE15 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Source: Fuji Electric Rectifier: Single-phase three-level diode clamped Inverter: Three-phase three-level diode clamped Ratings: 1. 1 MW, 1850 V • High Speed Train Variable Speed Drive Applications

16  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE16 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Length: 1, 150 km Pipe Size: 24” and 30” Capacity: 225, 000 bpd Pump stations: 10 • Megawatt Drive for Pipeline Pumps Trans Mountain Pipeline Source: Kinder Morgan Canada Inc. Variable Speed Drive Applications

17  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE17 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Applications In Wind Energy Systems • Overview

18  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE18 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Applications In Wind Energy Systems • Wind Generator Power Rating Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory

19  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE19 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Direct driven, no gear box Completely decoupled from grid • Permanent Magnet SG Applications In Wind Energy Systems

20  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE20 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Applications In Wind Energy Systems • Examples — Multibrid M 5000 (5 MW PMSG) Converter: ALSPA VDM 7000 Source: Alstom

21  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE21 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Applications In Power/Utility Industry • FACTS — Flexible AC Transmission Systems — Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) — Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC) — Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) • Custom Power Devices — Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) — Distribution Static Synchronous Compensator (D-STATCOM) — Active Power Filter (APF) • HVDC – High Voltage DC Transmission

22  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE22 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Applications In Power/Utility Industry STATCOM: Static Synchronous Compensator DVR: Dynamic Voltage Restorer Active Filters SSTS: Solid-State Transfer Switch SSCB: Solid-State Circuit Breaker BESS: Battery Energy Storage System

23  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE23 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Source: Toshiba Electric • STATCOM Purpose: To provide reactive power for voltage regulation Applications In Power/Utility Industry

24  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE24 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 • 50 MVA STATCOM Source: Toshiba Electric. Applications In Power/Utility Industry

25  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE25 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Talega ± 100 MVA, 138 k. V STATCOM system Source: Mitsubishi Electric • Example – 100 MVA GCT STATCOMApplications In Power/Utility Industry

26  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE26 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Combines STATCOM and SSSC which are coupled via a common DC link Allows bi-directional flow of real power between the STATCOM and SSSC without external energy source Controls power flow, voltage and power factor, allowing optimal use of existing lines Series Transformer Shunt Transformer. Applications In Power/Utility Industry • UP

27  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE27 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 UPFC Equipment GTO valve hall • Example – 320 MVA 138 k. V UPFC (GTO Based) Source: AEP Inez UPFC Project. UPFC building. Shunt Transformer Series Transformer Applications In Power/Utility Industry

28  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE28 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 • Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) Source: ABBApplications In Power/Utility Industry

29  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE29 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 • Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR, 4 MVA ) Source: ABBApplications In Power/Utility Industry

30  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE30 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Main Benefits of HVDC • Long distance • Network stability • Low losses • Environmental concerns Applications In Power/Utility Industry • HV

31  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE31 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Source: ABBApplications In Power/Utility Industry • HV

32  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE32 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 • HVDC Transmission Québec — New England Main data Commissioning year: 1990 — 1992 Power rating: 2000 MW DC voltage: ± 450 k. V Length of overhead DC line: 1, 480 km Main reason for choosing HVDC: Long distance, asynchronous networks Source: ABBApplications In Power/Utility Industry

33  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE33 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 • HVDC Transmission Québec — New England Radisson Converter Station Source: ABBApplications In Power/Utility Industry

34  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE34 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Source: ABB • HVDC Project in China 4 HVDC Links Applications In Power/Utility Industry

35  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE35 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Source: ABB • HVDC Project in China 3000 MW HVDC from Three Gorges to Guangdong. Applications In Power/Utility Industry

36  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE36 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic 1 Source: ABB Overview Thyristor valve hall Length of overhead DC line: 940 km • HVDC Project in China 3000 MW HVDC from Three Gorges to Guangdong. Applications In Power/Utility Industry

37  Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley - IEEE Press, 2006 EE37 Textbook: Bin Wu, ‘High-Power Converters and AC Drives’, Wiley — IEEE Press, 2006 EE 8407 Topic