Презентация classification of sounds

Скачать презентацию  classification of sounds Скачать презентацию classification of sounds

classification_of_sounds.ppt

  • Размер: 143 Кб
  • Количество слайдов: 31

Описание презентации Презентация classification of sounds по слайдам

C_ _ld  y_ _  p_ss m_ _ p_ _c_  _f str_ng,  pl_C_ _ld y_ _ p_ss m_ _ p_ _c_ _f str_ng, pl_ _s_. _ou_ _ _ou _a_ _ _e a _ie_e o_ _ _ _i_ _, _ _ea_e.

Consonant sounds Consonants are made with air stream that meets an obstruction in the mouth orConsonant sounds Consonants are made with air stream that meets an obstruction in the mouth or nasal cavities. That is why in the production of consonant sounds there is a certain degree of noise

On the articulatory level the consonants change: 1. In the degree of noise 2. In theOn the articulatory level the consonants change: 1. In the degree of noise 2. In the manner of articulation 3. In the place of articulation

The degree of noise • Noise consonants • Sonorants The degree of noise • Noise consonants • Sonorants

Noise consonants • Voiced • Weak (lenis) b d ɡ v z ð ʒ ʤ •Noise consonants • Voiced • Weak (lenis) b d ɡ v z ð ʒ ʤ • Voiceless • Strong (fortis) p t k f s θ ʧ ʃ h

sonorants m n  ŋ w l r j sonorants m n ŋ w l r j

The manner of articulation • Occlusive • Constrictive • Occlusive-constrictive (affricates) • Rolled The manner of articulation • Occlusive • Constrictive • Occlusive-constrictive (affricates) • Rolled

Occlusive noise consonants • Voiced • Weak b d  ɡ • Voiceless • Strong pOcclusive noise consonants • Voiced • Weak b d ɡ • Voiceless • Strong p t k

Occlusive sonorants m n ŋ Occlusive sonorants m n ŋ

Constrictive noise consonants (fricatives) • Voiced • Weak v  z ð  ʒ • VoicelessConstrictive noise consonants (fricatives) • Voiced • Weak v z ð ʒ • Voiceless • Strong f s θ ʃ h

Constrictive sonorants w  r l j Constrictive sonorants w r l j

Affricates  • Voiced • Weak ʤ • Voiceless • Strong ʧ Affricates • Voiced • Weak ʤ • Voiceless • Strong ʧ

The place of articulation unicentral bicentral The place of articulation unicentral bicentral

The place of articulation • Labial • Lingual • Glottal The place of articulation • Labial • Lingual • Glottal

Labial consonants  • Bilabial p  b  m  w  • Labio-dental fLabial consonants • Bilabial p b m w • Labio-dental f v

Lingual consonants • Forelingual • Mediolingual • Backlingual Lingual consonants • Forelingual • Mediolingual • Backlingual

Forelingual consonants • Apical t d s z f  ʒ  θ  ð ʤForelingual consonants • Apical t d s z f ʒ θ ð ʤ ʧ n l • Dorsal • Cacuminal r

Forelingual consonants • Interdental θ ð • Dental • Alveolar  t d s z nForelingual consonants • Interdental θ ð • Dental • Alveolar t d s z n l • Post-alveolar r • Palato-alveolar ʧ ʤ ʒ ʃ

Mediolingual consonant j Backlingual consonants k  ɡ ŋ Mediolingual consonant j Backlingual consonants k ɡ ŋ

Glottal consonant h Glottal consonant h

Vowel sounds Vowels are normally made with the air stream that meets no closure or narrowingVowel sounds Vowels are normally made with the air stream that meets no closure or narrowing in the mouth, pharyngeal or nasal cavities. That is why in the production of vowel sounds there is no noise component characteristic of consonant sounds

On the articulatory level vowels are classified according to • The stability of articulation • TheOn the articulatory level vowels are classified according to • The stability of articulation • The tongue position • The lip position • The character of the vowel end • The degree of tenseness • Length

Stability of articulation • Monophthongs • Diphthongs   eɪ aɪ  ɔɪ eə  ʊəStability of articulation • Monophthongs • Diphthongs eɪ aɪ ɔɪ eə ʊə ɪə əʊ aʊ • Diphthongoids i: u:

Tongue position • Fully front      i: e æ • Front retractedTongue position • Fully front i: e æ • Front retracted ɪ • Central ɜ : Ə ʌ • Fully back ɒ ɔ: u: • Back advanced ʊ ɑ:

Tongue position • close (high)     i: ɪ ʊ u:  • midTongue position • close (high) i: ɪ ʊ u: • mid e ɜ: ə • open (low) ʌ æ ɒ ɑ:

Tongue position Diphthongs   centring  closing eə  ʊə ɪə  əʊ aʊ Tongue position Diphthongs centring closing eə ʊə ɪə əʊ aʊ eɪ aɪ ɔɪ

Lip position  • rounded ɒ  ɔ:  ʊ  u:  • unrounded Lip position • rounded ɒ ɔ: ʊ u: • unrounded

Degree of tenseness • Lax     short vowels • Tense   Degree of tenseness • Lax short vowels • Tense long vowels

Character of the vowel end • Checked vowel + weak voiceless consonant cart • Unchecked/free vowelCharacter of the vowel end • Checked vowel + weak voiceless consonant cart • Unchecked/free vowel + strong voiced consonant vowel + Ø head

Length    Short      Long Length Short Long

Length Linguistic factors • Position of the vowel in a word  tie - tied –Length Linguistic factors • Position of the vowel in a word tie — tied – tight • Word stress forecast [‘fɔ: kɑst] to forecast [fɔ’kɑ: st] • The number of syllables in a word verse [ɜ: ] is longer than in university




  • Мы удаляем страницу по первому запросу с достаточным набором данных, указывающих на ваше авторство. Мы также можем оставить страницу, явно указав ваше авторство (страницы полезны всем пользователям рунета и не несут цели нарушения авторских прав). Если такой вариант возможен, пожалуйста, укажите об этом.