PRESENTATION OF PORTUGUESE WINES, “ PORTUGUESE MARKET

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PRESENTATION OF PORTUGUESE WINES,  “ PORTUGUESE MARKET WEEK” Saint Petersburg, October 19 th, 2011 PRESENTATION OF PORTUGUESE WINES, “ PORTUGUESE MARKET WEEK” Saint Petersburg, October 19 th,

PORTUGUESE MARKET WEEK Saint Petersburg, October 19 th, 2011 VASCO d’AVILLEZ,  President WINES OF LISBONPORTUGUESE MARKET WEEK Saint Petersburg, October 19 th, 2011 VASCO d’AVILLEZ, President WINES OF LISBON Rua Cândido dos Reis, 1 2560 -312 Torres Vedras, PORTUGAL v. [email protected] com

 WORLD Extra U. E France 1 º Italy 2 º Spain 3 º USA 4 WORLD Extra U. E France 1 º Italy 2 º Spain 3 º USA 4 º 1 º Argentina 5 º 2 º Germany 6 º 4 º South Africa 7 º 3 º Australia 8 º 4 º Chile 9 º 5 º Portugal 10 º 5 ºPortuguese Wine Production Source : OIV 201010 th biggest producer in the world

mha. Spain Source : OIV 2010 France. Italy. Turkey. China. USAPortugal. Argentina. Romania Chile. Vineyard mha. Spain Source : OIV 2010 France. Italy. Turkey. China. USAPortugal. Argentina. Romania Chile. Vineyard Area for Country 7º Position in world 4º in U. E. 250 mha

MARKET WEEK Moscow June 1 st 2011 VASCO d’AVILLEZ,  NOTES In 2011 the harvest allMARKET WEEK Moscow June 1 st 2011 VASCO d’AVILLEZ, NOTES In 2011 the harvest all over Portugal went down from last year’s 7. 2 Million hl to 5. 2 million hl. Average year is 5, 5 million hl

A World Of Difference A World Of Difference

About us Diversity of grapes  (more than 350!)Geography: Southwest of Europe : 900 km long,About us Diversity of grapes (more than 350!)Geography: Southwest of Europe : 900 km long, 200 km wide Climate : Atlantic North : fresh winds and humidity; Interior North : warm summers, cold winters, low precipitation; South : warm and dry in the summer; mild winters.

Portuguese Wines  Classification of Portuguese wines •  Vinho ( Table wine );  •Portuguese Wines Classification of Portuguese wines • Vinho ( Table wine ); • Indicação Geográfica ( 14 different IGPs ) • VQPRD: D. O. C. ( 31 different DOCs )

Portuguese Wines  Classification of Portuguese wines •  Vinho ( Table wine );  •Portuguese Wines Classification of Portuguese wines • Vinho ( Table wine ); • Indicação Geográfica ( 14 different IGPs ) • VQPRD: D. O. C. ( 31 different DOCs )

MARKET WEEK Moscow June 1 st 2011 VASCO d’AVILLEZ,  NOTES In 2011, there were changesMARKET WEEK Moscow June 1 st 2011 VASCO d’AVILLEZ, NOTES In 2011, there were changes on the Demarcated areas. Notice the diference on the Beiras Region: • One new DOC: Lafões • Four new regional wines: Terras da Beira; Terras do Dão; Beira Atlantico & Terras de Cister

Ancestral origin of Portuguese Grape Varieties French Romans  Carthagenean Arabs Greeks Phoenicians. Tartessians Ancestral origin of Portuguese Grape Varieties French Romans Carthagenean Arabs Greeks Phoenicians. Tartessians

Portuguese Wine Regions and Contemporary Winemaking A bit of history…. 2000 BC – Tartessians. X cent.Portuguese Wine Regions and Contemporary Winemaking A bit of history…. 2000 BC – Tartessians. X cent. BC – Phoenicians. VII cent. BC – Greeks. VI cent. BC – Celtics. 15 years BC — Romans New grapes Viticultural practices Winemaking techniques . 2000 BC – Tartessians; . X cent. BC – Phoenicians; . VII cent. BC – Greeks; . VI cent BC – Celtics; . 200 years BC – Romans: • New grapes; • Viticultural practices; • Winemaking techniques. A bit of history… Clay amphorae Open stone treading tanks “Lagares”

MARKET WEEK Moscow June 1 st 2011 VASCO d’AVILLEZ,  NOTES Since Catherine the Great, 1726,MARKET WEEK Moscow June 1 st 2011 VASCO d’AVILLEZ, NOTES Since Catherine the Great, 1726, Portugal sends wine to Russia, with great success: Moscatel de Setúbal; Vinho do Pico from Açores Islands. Later, after her time, Port Wine arrived also.

Indigenous White Grape Varieties ( some examples )  Encruzado Arinto  Alvarinho  Fernão PiresIndigenous White Grape Varieties ( some examples ) Encruzado Arinto Alvarinho Fernão Pires • Vinho. Verde ( Monção Melgaço); low-yield grape; • dry, crisp, aromatic wines; • notes of peach, citrus fruits, apple, and often with mineral character. • The most planted white variety in Portugal (Palmela, Tejo, Sado, Setúbal, Bairrada …); • very versatile grape • crisp, aromatic whites, sparklings, but also sweet dessert wines. • Pedernã in Vinho Verde; • balanced acidity; • hints of lemon and pineapple; • with aging potential. • Widely planted in Dão region; • floral and mineral aromas; • usually fermented in oak for more complexity.

Indigenous Red Grape Varieties ( some examples )  Baga Trincadeira   Aragonês  TourigaIndigenous Red Grape Varieties ( some examples ) Baga Trincadeira Aragonês Touriga Nacional • Low yield; • high concentration of sweetness, aromas, tannins and color; • with aromas of dark berry fruits, notes of pine, eucalyptus and rockrose. • Tinta Amarela in Douro and Dão; • wines with considerable power and balanced tannins; • notes of blackberry, plum, chocolate, pepper and herbs on the nose. • Popular in Bairrada; • produces full-bodied, tannic and complex wines; • notes of blackcurrants, blackberries, pepper, herbs and smoke on the nose; • good aging potential. Castelão • = Tinta Roriz, or Tempranillo; • produces fruity, dark and aromatic wines. • Widely planted; • notes of raspberry and red currant ; • smooth and easy to drink wines.

Portuguese Wine Regions and Contemporary Winemaking Portuguese Wine Regions and Contemporary Winemaking

VINHO VERDE Region - rolling hills and montains; -  small parcels  (below 0. 8VINHO VERDE Region — rolling hills and montains; — small parcels (below 0. 8 ha) — very green landscape (Vinho “Verde“); — Average 34, 000 ha planted. Climate — influence from the Atlantic; — frequent rain falls. Soil — granitic soil, occasionaly schist.

Traditional vs. modern training systems  Main Varieties :  Alvarinho, Trajadura, Loureiro, Vinhão Wines :Traditional vs. modern training systems Main Varieties : Alvarinho, Trajadura, Loureiro, Vinhão Wines : • light, crisp and very slightly petillant; • With aromas of apples, limes and flowers. VINHO VER

LISBOA (ESTREMADURA) Climate  - Atlantic, fresh - High precipitation - Cold winds and fog. RegionLISBOA (ESTREMADURA) Climate — Atlantic, fresh — High precipitation — Cold winds and fog. Region — Northwest of Lisbon. Steep coast, in the inner land with rolling hills; — Very green and pretty landscape, few areas with trees Soil In the coast: sandy; In land: clay

LISBOA (ESTREMADURA) Main varieries  - Arinto, Bastardo, Trincadeira. Wines  - Fresh and crisp whitesLISBOA (ESTREMADURA) Main varieries — Arinto, Bastardo, Trincadeira. Wines — Fresh and crisp whites (Arinto); — fruity reds with good value.

Producer: DFJ Wine: Grand’Arte(White) Year: 2010 Grape. Variety: Alvarinho. LISBOA Producer: DFJ Wine: Grand’Arte(White) Year: 2010 Grape. Variety: Alvarinho. LISBO

TEJO (RIBATEJO) Region - flat land, situated around the last part of the river Tagus, beforeTEJO (RIBATEJO) Region — flat land, situated around the last part of the river Tagus, before the sea; — traditionally, large wineries — transition area from north to south. Climate Mild, regular precipitation. Soil — fertile and aluvial land / and sandy soils in the river bank areas

TEJO (RIBATEJO) Main varieties Fernão Pires, Castelão and Trincadeira. Wines  - Balanced wines with fruityTEJO (RIBATEJO) Main varieties Fernão Pires, Castelão and Trincadeira. Wines — Balanced wines with fruity aromas; — Good value for money.

Producer: Messias Wine: Quintado. Valdoeiro. Reserva (White) Year: 2010 Grapevarieties: Chardonnay&Bical. BAIRRADA  Producer: Messias Wine: Quintado. Valdoeiro. Reserva (White) Year: 2010 Grapevarieties: Chardonnay&Bical. BAIRR

BAIRRADA / DÃO / BEIRA INTERIOR Region  - Rolling hills and small holdings;  -BAIRRADA / DÃO / BEIRA INTERIOR Region — Rolling hills and small holdings; — forest (pine trees and eucalyptus); — In other areas, empty and wild landscapes; — average property, bellow 0. 8 ha Climate — warm in the summer, long and cool Autumns and Winters; — high precipitation. Soil Granite, slate, schist, lime and clay.

BAIRRADA / DÃO / BEIRA INTERIOR  Main Varieties - Touriga Nacional; - Jaen; - Alfrocheiro;BAIRRADA / DÃO / BEIRA INTERIOR Main Varieties — Touriga Nacional; — Jaen; — Alfrocheiro; — Baga; — Fernão Pires. Wines — Fruity; — earthy and vegetal edge; — ageing potential.

Producer: Aliança Wine: Dão. Reserva(Red) Year: 2008 Grapevarieties: Tinta. Roriz, Jaen&Touriga. Nacional. DÃO Producer: Aliança Wine: Dão. Reserva(Red) Year: 2008 Grapevarieties: Tinta. Roriz, Jaen&Touriga. Nacional. DÃO

ALENTEJO Region - vast and rural area of flat plains with occasional low hills; - largeALENTEJO Region — vast and rural area of flat plains with occasional low hills; — large sized properties; — other traditional cultures: cereals, cork and olives. Climate — Warm and dry. Soil — Rich clay soil, with granite and schist.

ALENTEJO Varieties Roupeiro, Antão Vaz,   Aragonês, Trincadeira. Wine  - Reds are full-bodied, fruityALENTEJO Varieties Roupeiro, Antão Vaz, Aragonês, Trincadeira. Wine — Reds are full-bodied, fruity and have good ageing potential.

Producer: Adega. Coop. Borba Wine: Thecorklabel(Red) Year: 2008 Grapevarieties: Alicante. Bouschet, Aragonês, Trincadeira&Castelão. ALENTEJO Producer: Adega. Coop. Borba Wine: Thecorklabel(Red) Year: 2008 Grapevarieties: Alicante. Bouschet, Aragonês, Trincadeira&Castelão. ALENTEJO

ALGARVE Region  - Vast and rural area (inland) of flat plains with occasional low hills;ALGARVE Region — Vast and rural area (inland) of flat plains with occasional low hills; — medium size properties; — other traditional cultures: orange, almonds. Climate — Atlantic coast: hot and dry — Rest of Algarve: cooler. Soil : — Rocky soils; — made of red or yellow sandstone.

ALGARVE Main varieties Negra Mole, Castelão Roupeiro, Bual branco, Manteudo. Wines  - soft reds ALGARVE Main varieties Negra Mole, Castelão Roupeiro, Bual branco, Manteudo. Wines — soft reds

AÇORES (Azores) Region  - The cultivation of  vine goes back to the time ofAÇORES (Azores) Region — The cultivation of vine goes back to the time of the settlement of the Azorean islands. Wines of exceptional quality obtained mostly from the Verdelho; — average of planted vine/island: Graciosa — 14 ha; Biscoitos – 14 ha; Pico — 100 ha. Climate — Maritime — mild temperatures with small thermal amplitude, high pluviosity and humidity. Soils Graciosa : normal, not very thick soils of good earth over volcanic rocks. Biscoitos and Pico : non humid lithoids and stone like soils over consolidated basalt or similar rocks, usually corresponding to recent lava flows.

AÇORES  Main varieties Whites:  Verdelho, Arinto, Fernão Pires, Generosa, Boal. Reds:  Merlot, Syrah,AÇORES Main varieties Whites: Verdelho, Arinto, Fernão Pires, Generosa, Boal. Reds: Merlot, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Saborinho, Agronómica. Wines Graciosa : light, fresh, dry and quite fruity. Biscoitos and Pico : Cordial and also Dry wines of complex spicy bouquet, with full body and good structure. Biscoitos Pico Graciosa

PENINSULA DE SETÚBAL  Region  The region is flanked by the Tagus estuary, Atlantic OceanPENINSULA DE SETÚBAL Region The region is flanked by the Tagus estuary, Atlantic Ocean and the Sado River. Protected from the sea by the Arrábida range of mountains. Climate — Atlantic climate with regular rainfalls; — Warm summers, mild winter. Soil Sandy soil and stony chalk.

PENINSULA DE SETÚBAL  Main varieties Moscatel de Setúbal, Castelão, Fernão Pires. Wines - Early maturingPENINSULA DE SETÚBAL Main varieties Moscatel de Setúbal, Castelão, Fernão Pires. Wines — Early maturing red wines with notes of red currants and raspberries. Wine with ageing potential. — Moscatel de Setúbal – fortified wine with long ageing time in barrel and with nutty, raisiny and honeyed aromas.

Producer: JoséMariada. Fonseca Wine: Moscatelde. Setubal. Alambre Year: 2007 Grape. Variety: Moscatel. PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL Producer: JoséMariada. Fonseca Wine: Moscatelde. Setubal. Alambre Year: 2007 Grape. Variety: Moscatel. PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL

MADEIRA  Region Characterised by the steep orography of the terrain. The particular conditions of theMADEIRA Region Characterised by the steep orography of the terrain. The particular conditions of the soil (of volcanic origin), the proximity of the sea, the climatic conditions and the one-of-a kind production process give the wine its unique and singular characteristics Soils Basaltic (volcanic origin), in general, they have a clay texture. Climate — Characterised by its microclimates, has hot and humid summers and mild winters.

MADEIRA  Wines: Fortyfied:  Sweetness balanced by a good dose of acidity, full body, withMADEIRA Wines: Fortyfied: Sweetness balanced by a good dose of acidity, full body, with good structure, notes of dried fruits. Regional and DOC : Medium body reds and fruity whites. Reds age for 3 to 5 years and whites are for immediate consumption. Main varieties Sercial, Verdelho, Boal, Malvasia and Tinta Negra.

Region Vineyards planted on stone-walled terraces on the hills and on the banks of the riverRegion Vineyards planted on stone-walled terraces on the hills and on the banks of the river Douro and its tributaries. DOURO / PORTO 3 Sub-regions Baixo-corgo, Cima Corgo and Douro Superior — one of the wildest landscapes in the world — av. 40, 500 ha of planted vine — average property size – 1. 2 ha Climate — Very hot in the summer; — cold in the winter; — low precipitation. Soil — Schist; rocky soils; — low yields

Wines  - Dark colours, inky, opaque, ripe black berried;  - with notes of rockrose.Wines — Dark colours, inky, opaque, ripe black berried; — with notes of rockrose. Main varieties Touriga Franca, Tinta Roriz (Aragonês), Tinta Barroca Touriga Nacional, Tinta Amarela. . . Over 100 Grapes!DOURO / PORTO

Producer: Vallegre Wine: LBV(Late. Bottled. Vintage) Year: 2005 Grape. Varieties: Touriga. Nacional, Touriga. Franca, Tinta. Roriz,Producer: Vallegre Wine: LBV(Late. Bottled. Vintage) Year: 2005 Grape. Varieties: Touriga. Nacional, Touriga. Franca, Tinta. Roriz, Tinto. Cão&Tinta Barroca. PORTO

PRESENTATION OF PORTUGUESE WINES,  “ PORTUGUESE MARKET WEEK” Saint Petersburg, October 19 th, 2011 PRESENTATION OF PORTUGUESE WINES, “ PORTUGUESE MARKET WEEK” Saint Petersburg, October 19 th,