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Preschool Expansion in New Jersey NJASBO Ellen Wolock NJ Department of Education April 18, Preschool Expansion in New Jersey NJASBO Ellen Wolock NJ Department of Education April 18, 2008 New Jersey Department of Education Division of Early Childhood Education David Joye

The plan for the day Why expand preschool programs? Preschool programs in the Abbott The plan for the day Why expand preschool programs? Preschool programs in the Abbott districts How are the Abbotts doing? NJ Preschool Expansion (SFRA of 2008) District Plans and Budgets Questions

Why expand preschool in NJ? “Intensive preschool and full-day kindergarten enrichment programs are necessary Why expand preschool in NJ? “Intensive preschool and full-day kindergarten enrichment programs are necessary to reverse the educational disadvantages these children start out with. ” Abbott v. Burke, 1998

The Abbott Preschool Program The Abbott Preschool Program

Components of the Abbott Program A certified teacher and an assistant for each class; Components of the Abbott Program A certified teacher and an assistant for each class; Maximum class size of 15 students; Developmentally appropriate curriculum; Adequate facilities; Coaches for teachers;

Components of the Abbott Program Transportation, health and other related services as needed; Support Components of the Abbott Program Transportation, health and other related services as needed; Support for preschool children with potential developmental and learning difficulties; and Work with public school, Head Start and private childcare programs (with leadership by school districts)

Abbott Preschool Program in the beginning Low enrollment-19, 000 out of estimated 54, 000 Abbott Preschool Program in the beginning Low enrollment-19, 000 out of estimated 54, 000 Few certified teachers Few teachers with bachelor’s degrees Piecemeal curricula Low quality, as measured by the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale

How are the Abbotts Doing? How are the Abbotts Doing?

Enrollment (includes preschool children with special needs) Enrollment (includes preschool children with special needs)

Percentage Universe Served: The Court set a marker of 90% 74% of the 3 Percentage Universe Served: The Court set a marker of 90% 74% of the 3 -year-old children in the Abbott districts 87% of the 4 -year-old children in the Abbott districts

Teacher Qualifications All teachers have a bachelor’s degree (BA) and appropriate certification. As of Teacher Qualifications All teachers have a bachelor’s degree (BA) and appropriate certification. As of December 1 of this year, the Praxis for the Preschool Through Third Grade Certificate was required. Looking at requiring a Child Development Associate credential for teacher assistants.

Classroom Quality The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (Harms, Clifford and Cryer) 1= Inadequate Classroom Quality The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (Harms, Clifford and Cryer) 1= Inadequate 3= Minimal 5= Good 7= Excellent

Classroom Quality The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (Harms, Clifford and Cryer) In 2000, Classroom Quality The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (Harms, Clifford and Cryer) In 2000, the average for Abbott preschools was 3. 86 In 2007, the average for Abbott preschools was 5. 03

How are the children doing? Children who attended the program performed statistically significantly better How are the children doing? Children who attended the program performed statistically significantly better on language and math measures than those who did not. At the end of kindergarten these differences were still observed (the 1 st grade data is nearly ready). Children who attended preschool for two years perform nearly double that of children who do not attend preschool on measures of language and 70% better on math measures.

NJ Preschool Expansion NJ Preschool Expansion

Preschool Expansion School Funding Reform Act of 2008 ◦ Major changes to school funding. Preschool Expansion School Funding Reform Act of 2008 ◦ Major changes to school funding. ◦ Expansion of high-quality preschool to at-risk three- and four-year olds in districts throughout the state. ◦ Preschool Education Aid Based on projected enrollment and per pupil amount. Adjusted for enrollment in the subsequent year. ◦ Appropriate in a special revenue fund for expenditure (restricted).

Preschool Expansion All at-risk 3 - and 4 -year-olds to attend Abbott-quality preschool programs. Preschool Expansion All at-risk 3 - and 4 -year-olds to attend Abbott-quality preschool programs. Universal preschool for 3 - or 4 -year-olds in Targeted preschool in all other districts for “A” and “B” districts and “CD” districts with an at-risk concentration of at least 40%. all at-risk three- and four-year-olds.

Preschool Expansion Universe calculations: ◦ Universal districts = 1 st grade times two ◦ Preschool Expansion Universe calculations: ◦ Universal districts = 1 st grade times two ◦ Targeted districts = 1 st grade times two times % of free and reduced (k-12)

Goal Fully implemented over 6 years: ◦ 30, 000 more children, bringing preschool enrollment Goal Fully implemented over 6 years: ◦ 30, 000 more children, bringing preschool enrollment to 70, 000 children. ◦ Funding increases to $330 million, bringing total preschool funding for $850 million. ◦ Reach at least 90% of the eligible population in all districts within six years.

Abbott-quality Program Small class sizes, Certified classroom teachers and teacher assistants, Coaching & Mentoring: Abbott-quality Program Small class sizes, Certified classroom teachers and teacher assistants, Coaching & Mentoring: Master teachers, Comprehensive preschool curriculum, Social Services: Social workers, outreach programs, etc.

Abbott-quality Program Mixed delivery system ◦ In-district ◦ Providers ◦ Head Start Send-receive, tuition, Abbott-quality Program Mixed delivery system ◦ In-district ◦ Providers ◦ Head Start Send-receive, tuition, special education

 Per pupil amounts: Costs ◦ Detailed line item budget data ◦ Adjustments for Per pupil amounts: Costs ◦ Detailed line item budget data ◦ Adjustments for geographic cost differences ◦ Costs for district-wide administration of these programs is included in the per pupil amounts

Costs Three statewide costs: ◦ Provider-based programs: $12, 934, ◦ In-district programs: $11, 506, Costs Three statewide costs: ◦ Provider-based programs: $12, 934, ◦ In-district programs: $11, 506, ◦ Head Start programs: $7, 146

Preschool Expansion 2008 -2009 is a planning year for almost all districts. Districts must Preschool Expansion 2008 -2009 is a planning year for almost all districts. Districts must submit a five year plan for implementation of full day preschool for all eligible 3 - and 4 -year-olds. Annual updates of the plan.

District Preschool Status 2008 -2009 Abbott budgets approved. Will not receive less $ in District Preschool Status 2008 -2009 Abbott budgets approved. Will not receive less $ in the future. ECPAs not receiving preschool expansion aid will receive at least the same preschool aid as 07 -08 per pupil Districts receiving ELLI aid in 07 -08 will receive the same preschool aid in 08 -09 that the district received in 07 -08.

District Preschool Status 2008 -2009 State aid notices went out with these figures pre-filled. District Preschool Status 2008 -2009 State aid notices went out with these figures pre-filled. Planning year for districts receiving no preschool aid in 07 -08.

ECPA District Expansion The School Funding Reform Act of 2008 allows Early Childhood Program ECPA District Expansion The School Funding Reform Act of 2008 allows Early Childhood Program Aid (ECPA) districts who feel that they are ready to expand in 2008 -2009 to apply for approval from the Commissioner.

ECPA 2008 -2009 District Expansion ECPA districts wishing to expand must: Offer full day/full ECPA 2008 -2009 District Expansion ECPA districts wishing to expand must: Offer full day/full school year program, Have teachers with at least a BA and CE, and be working toward P -3 certification, Serve at least 20% of the eligible universe of 3 - and 4 -year-olds, and at least 20% of those children must be 3 -year-olds, Have 15 children in a class, with one teacher and one teacher assistant Meet the Abbott preschool quality standards as outlined in New Jersey Administrative Code 6 A: 10 A

ECPA Districts Planning to Expand Plan and budget documents are being distributed, and will ECPA Districts Planning to Expand Plan and budget documents are being distributed, and will be due to the Division of Early Childhood Education and copied to the County Offices on May 15, 2008

District Plans and Budgets District Plans and Budgets

The Five Year Plan & Budget During late Fall 2008 and early Winter 2009, The Five Year Plan & Budget During late Fall 2008 and early Winter 2009, plans will be accepted The plan will be for 5 years, and annually updated

First Five Steps 1. Estimate your universe First Five Steps 1. Estimate your universe

2. Get to know the following documents: New Jersey Administrative Code 6 A: 10 2. Get to know the following documents: New Jersey Administrative Code 6 A: 10 A http: //www. nj. gov/education/ece/code/ Abbott Preschool Program Implementation Guidelines http: //www. nj. gov/education/ece/dap/imp_guidelines. pdf New Jersey Preschool Teaching and Learning Expectations http: //www. nj. gov/education/ece/code/expectations/

3. Consider your preschool resources: Identify staff members with the appropriate preschool experience to 3. Consider your preschool resources: Identify staff members with the appropriate preschool experience to begin the planning process Visit schools, private provider and Head Start sites to determine where preschool children can be served

4. Get to know the preschool curricula: High/Scope Creative Curriculum Curiosity Corner Tools of 4. Get to know the preschool curricula: High/Scope Creative Curriculum Curiosity Corner Tools of the Mind Bank Street

5. Start designing the preschool plan Administrative oversight and staffing Recruitment and Outreach Intervention 5. Start designing the preschool plan Administrative oversight and staffing Recruitment and Outreach Intervention and Support Services Health and Nutrition Services Family Involvement Curriculum and Assessment Transition Facilities Program Evaluation Community Collaboration Fiscal Oversight Budget

What We’re Doing to Help Statewide Preschool Needs Assessment Curriculum Showcase Overviews of Administrative What We’re Doing to Help Statewide Preschool Needs Assessment Curriculum Showcase Overviews of Administrative Code and preschool implementation guidance TA sessions on completing plans Web site updates, Q & A

Questions? Our website: www. nj. gov/education/ece Dave Joye david. joye@doe. state. nj. us Ellen Questions? Our website: www. nj. gov/education/ece Dave Joye david. [email protected] state. nj. us Ellen Wolock ellen. [email protected] state. nj. us Karen Nemeth karen. [email protected] state. nj. us