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Prehistory & early history of Science Fiction SOAR – Global SF Spring 2010 D. Prehistory & early history of Science Fiction SOAR – Global SF Spring 2010 D. W. Koon

Prehistory of SF u u u Homer (ca. 850 BCE? ) Lucian of Samosata Prehistory of SF u u u Homer (ca. 850 BCE? ) Lucian of Samosata (b. 125 AD) Kepler (1634) Cyrano de Bergerac (1657) Raspé: Munchausen (1785) Munchausen by Doré: Wikipedia http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Image: Doremunchausen-illustration. jpg

Homer (850 BCE? ) u Iliad: Hephaestus (Vulcan) creates mechanical help-mates. • e. g. Homer (850 BCE? ) u Iliad: Hephaestus (Vulcan) creates mechanical help-mates. • e. g. Talos u Guardian of Crete u Made of Copper From “A history of Science Fiction: prehistory”, Dr. Agatha Taormina, NVCC-Loudoun, http: //www. nvcc. edu/home/ataormina/scifi/history/prehistory. htm. Image: Computational Vision and Robotics Laboratory, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, http: //www. ics. forth. gr/cvrl/images/image 003. jpg.

Lucian of Samosata (b. 125 A. D. ) u Icaromenippos (Journey through the air) Lucian of Samosata (b. 125 A. D. ) u Icaromenippos (Journey through the air) : using strap-on wings to reach Moon. • Interplanetary voyage • Prosthetic limbs • Cyborgs From “A history of Science Fiction: prehistory”, Dr. Agatha Taormina, NVCCLoudoun, http: //www. nvcc. edu/home/ataormina/scifi/history/prehistory. htm. Lucian Picture: Wikipedia, http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Image: Lucian_Samosata. warj. png Icarus Picture: Aviation University http: //eaa. aviationuniversity. com/multimedia/img/icarus. gif

Some French proto-SF and modern SF 1657 de. Bergerac: Comical History. . . Moon. Some French proto-SF and modern SF 1657 de. Bergerac: Comical History. . . Moon. 1752 Voltaire: Micromégas visitors from other planets. . . and many more. 1863 Jules Verne: Five weeks in a balloon. Dropoff in French SF during US Golden Age of SF. Recovery since late 1950 s, but in the image of Anglo SF? http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/French_science_fiction & http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Jules_Verne

French literature: Jules Verne (1828 -1905) u Over 50 works, from 18631905: • A French literature: Jules Verne (1828 -1905) u Over 50 works, from 18631905: • A Journey to the Centre of the Earth (1864) • From the Earth to the Moon (1865) • Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1869– 1870) • Around the World in Eighty Days (1873) u http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Jules_verne

Early SF film (& horror, adventure, fantasy, etc. ) SOAR – Global SF Spring Early SF film (& horror, adventure, fantasy, etc. ) SOAR – Global SF Spring 2010 D. W. Koon

Le voyage dans la lune (1902) u u u Georges Méliès, France (Bacon number Le voyage dans la lune (1902) u u u Georges Méliès, France (Bacon number = 4). Directed 561 films, 1896 -1914. A bullet-like rocket is fired from a cannon, lands on Moon. Adventures with the natives ensue. Revolutionary special effects. Other films include The Impossible Voyage (1904). (Journey through Alps to the Sun) http: //www. filmsite. org/posterpages/p_voya. html

Himmelskibet (“Airship” 1917) • Holger-Madsen, Denmark. • Appeared in English under a variety of Himmelskibet (“Airship” 1917) • Holger-Madsen, Denmark. • Appeared in English under a variety of names. • Earthlings visit Mars, convert to vegetarianism, pacifism from natives, spread the message back home. http: //membres. lycos. fr/starmars/himmel. html http: //www. commersen. se/sol/bok_film/film. html

Der Golem (1914, 1920) u u Paul Wegener, Germany (also plays the Golem). 60 Der Golem (1914, 1920) u u Paul Wegener, Germany (also plays the Golem). 60 min. Taken from Jewish folk legend, 16 th Century automaton created to protect the Jews of Prague. Contains the precursor to machine programming. (Emet→Meit = truth→death) One of first examples of German Expressionism in film (See Metropolis) http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Golem http: //www. ministore. at/aa. stummfilm. htm

Classics u u 1924 Aelita. Yakov Protazanov, USSR. 1926 Metropolis. Fritz Lang, Germany. http: Classics u u 1924 Aelita. Yakov Protazanov, USSR. 1926 Metropolis. Fritz Lang, Germany. http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/en/d/da/Metropolisne w. jpg u 1929 Woman in the Moon. Lang. • Origin of the 10 -9 -8 -7…

Flash Gordon v Buck Rogers u Popular US serials, typically 12 -15 episodes each. Flash Gordon v Buck Rogers u Popular US serials, typically 12 -15 episodes each. • • 1936 1938 1939 1940 Flash Gordon: Space Soldiers Flash Gordon’s Trip to Mars Buck Rogers Conquers the Universe Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe Flash: http: //www. leconcombre. com/biblio/filmographie/serials-16. html Buck: http: //www. serialexperience. com/image_gallery/Buck_Rogers. jpg

Conclusions? u u u Longer and longer films, thanks to advances in the technology. Conclusions? u u u Longer and longer films, thanks to advances in the technology. Better and better special effects, production values. Sensational genres = big box office: horror, adventure, science fiction (before it had a name), noir.

The pulp era of Science Fiction (“Scientifiction”) SOAR – Global SF Spring 2010 D. The pulp era of Science Fiction (“Scientifiction”) SOAR – Global SF Spring 2010 D. W. Koon

Pulp-era SF u u Cheap, lowbrow magazines for mass consumption. “Pulp” refers to the Pulp-era SF u u Cheap, lowbrow magazines for mass consumption. “Pulp” refers to the quality of paper used, as opposed to the “slicks”. “Pulps” published SF, detective (e. g. noir), romance, horror, Western, true crime Is this the “Golden Age” of Science Fiction? What is the “Golden Age” of Science Fiction?

The Frank Reade series: Dime store novels and penny dreadfuls u u Steam Man: The Frank Reade series: Dime store novels and penny dreadfuls u u Steam Man: the world’s first robot: Steam Man of the Prairies: 1865; Steam Man of the Plains: 1876. http: //www. bigredhair. com/steamman/

Frank Reade, continued “Steam rules!” Frank Reade’s Victorian Airships: http: //bigredhair. com/airships/ Frank Reade, continued “Steam rules!” Frank Reade’s Victorian Airships: http: //bigredhair. com/airships/

“Highbrow” SF novels of the era u Jules Verne (18281905). • SF from 1863 “Highbrow” SF novels of the era u Jules Verne (18281905). • SF from 1863 to 1904. • Wikipedia: http: //en. wikipedia. or g/wiki/Jules_Verne u Herbert George Wells (1866 -1946). • SF from 1888 -1943. • Time Magazine • http: //www. time. com /time/covers/0, 16641, 1101260920, 00. html ? internalid=AC

Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875 -1950) u u Tarzan series (1912 -1947) Barsoom or John Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875 -1950) u u Tarzan series (1912 -1947) Barsoom or John Carter of Mars series (1912 -1948) u Believed that ". . . if people were paid for writing rot such as I read in some of those magazines that I could write stories just as rotten. As a matter of fact, although I had never written a story, I knew absolutely that I could write stories just as entertaining and probably a whole lot more so than any I chanced to read in those magazines. " Erbzine: http: //www. erbzine. com/

Edgar Rice Burroughs’ A Princess of Mars (1912) erbzine. com, amazon. com Edgar Rice Burroughs’ A Princess of Mars (1912) erbzine. com, amazon. com

Hugo Gernsback (1884 -1967) u u u u 1904 Immigrates from Luxembourg 1905 Founds Hugo Gernsback (1884 -1967) u u u u 1904 Immigrates from Luxembourg 1905 Founds Electric Importing Company 1911 Writes Ralph 124 C 41+ 1926 Founds Amazing Stories 1929 Starts Wonder Tales Great Depression: Radio Craft, Short Wave Craft, Sexology 80 patents at time of death 1953 First Hugo Awards awarded for science fiction. Wikipedia. org

Ralph 124 C 41+: Hugo Gernsback (1911) Predictions: • Radar • 2 -way TV Ralph 124 C 41+: Hugo Gernsback (1911) Predictions: • Radar • 2 -way TV • Solar energy collection • Fluorescent lighting • Tape recording • Synthetic fabrics Frank R. Paul gallery: http: //www. frankwu. com/Paul 1. 5 A. html

Pulp SF classics: Amazing Stories (Gernsback, 1926) http: //www. oldsfbooks. com Pulp SF classics: Amazing Stories (Gernsback, 1926) http: //www. oldsfbooks. com

John W. Campbell, Jr. (1910 -1971) u u SF Author, Editor, Mentor Editor, 1938 John W. Campbell, Jr. (1910 -1971) u u SF Author, Editor, Mentor Editor, 1938 -1971, of Astounding Science Fiction (Analog since 1960). “Stable of writers” includes Heinlein, Asimov, Sturgeon, van Vogt, L. Ron Hubbard Memorial prizes for Best SF Novel, Best New Writer in his honor http: //www. fantascienza. com/ delos/delos 55/img/robot/ asimov/john-w-campbell. jpg

Pulp SF covers: Astounding Science Fiction http: //linesonpaper. tripod. com/zast 531. jpg, http: //linesonpaper. Pulp SF covers: Astounding Science Fiction http: //linesonpaper. tripod. com/zast 531. jpg, http: //linesonpaper. tripod. com/zast 1053. jpg

More pulp SF: Buxom babes and bug-eyed monsters http: //www. oldsfbooks. com/ More pulp SF: Buxom babes and bug-eyed monsters http: //www. oldsfbooks. com/

What is the “Golden Age” of Science Fiction? “The Golden Age of Science Fiction What is the “Golden Age” of Science Fiction? “The Golden Age of Science Fiction is thirteen. ” – Terry Carr? Damon Knight? Isaac Asimov? Harlan Ellison? James Blish? Peter Graham?

Works cited u u u The Ultimate Science Fiction Guide site, http: //www. magicdragon. Works cited u u u The Ultimate Science Fiction Guide site, http: //www. magicdragon. com/Ultimate SF/SF-Index. html. The Internet Movie Database, www. imdb. com. Wikipedia, en. wikipedia. org.

Works Cited • “A history of Science Fiction: prehistory”, Dr. Agatha Taormina, NVCC-Loudoun, http: Works Cited • “A history of Science Fiction: prehistory”, Dr. Agatha Taormina, NVCC-Loudoun, http: //www. nvcc. edu/home/ataormina/scifi/history/prehistory. htm. • Images: u Munchausen by Doré: Wikipedia http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Image: Dore-munchausenillustration. jpg u Talos: Computational Vision and Robotics Laboratory, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, http: //www. ics. forth. gr/cvrl/images/image 003. jpg. u Lucian: Wikipedia, http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Image: Lucian_Samosata. warj. png u Icarus: Icarus Picture: Aviation University http: //eaa. aviationuniversity. com/multimedia/img/icarus. g if