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Power. Point Presentation to Accompany Management, 10/e John R. Schermerhorn, Jr. Appendix: Entrepreneurship and Power. Point Presentation to Accompany Management, 10/e John R. Schermerhorn, Jr. Appendix: Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management Prepared by: Jim Lo. Presti University of Colorado, Boulder Published by: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Management 10/e - Appendix

Planning Ahead — Appendix Study Questions Ø What is entrepreneurship? Ø What is special Planning Ahead — Appendix Study Questions Ø What is entrepreneurship? Ø What is special about small businesses? Ø How does one start a new venture? Management 10/e - Appendix 2

Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Entrepreneurship l Strategic thinking and risk-taking behavior Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Entrepreneurship l Strategic thinking and risk-taking behavior that results in the creation of new opportunities for individuals and/or organizations. Ø Entrepreneurs l Risk-taking individuals who take actions to pursue opportunities and situations others may fail to recognize or may view as problems or threats. Management 10/e - Appendix 3

Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Entrepreneurs are … l l Founders of Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Entrepreneurs are … l l Founders of businesses that become large-scale enterprises. People who: Buy a local franchise outlet ¡ Open a small retail shop ¡ Operate a self-employed service business ¡ l People who introduce a new product or operational change in an existing organization. Management 10/e - Appendix 4

Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Typical characteristics of entrepreneurs: l l l Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Typical characteristics of entrepreneurs: l l l l Internal locus of control High energy level High need for achievement Tolerance for ambiguity Self-confidence Passion and action-orientation Self-reliance and desire for independence Flexibility Management 10/e - Appendix 5

Figure A. 1 Personal traits and characteristics of entrepreneurs. Management 10/e - Appendix 6 Figure A. 1 Personal traits and characteristics of entrepreneurs. Management 10/e - Appendix 6

Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Typical entrepreneurial backgrounds and experiences: l l Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Typical entrepreneurial backgrounds and experiences: l l l l Parents were entrepreneurs or self-employed. Families encouraged responsibility, initiative, and independence. Have tried more than one business venture. Have relevant personal or career experience. Become entrepreneurs between 22 and 45 years of age. Have strong interests in creative production and enterprise control. Seek independence and sense of mastery. Management 10/e - Appendix 7

Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Common myths about entrepreneurs: l Entrepreneurs are Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Common myths about entrepreneurs: l Entrepreneurs are born, not made. l Entrepreneurs are gamblers. l Money is the key to entrepreneurial success. l You have to be young to be an entrepreneur. l You must have a degree in business to be an entrepreneur. Management 10/e - Appendix 8

Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Changing face of entrepreneurship l Necessity-based entrepreneurship Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Changing face of entrepreneurship l Necessity-based entrepreneurship Driven by absolute need. ¡ Few to no employment or career options elsewhere. ¡ l Social entrepreneurship Seeks novel ways to solve social problems at home and abroad. ¡ May include job training for homeless, improving literacy among disadvantaged youth, providing start-up capital for minority-owned businesses. ¡ Management 10/e - Appendix 9

Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Reasons for women becoming entrepreneurs: l Being Study Question 1: What is entrepreneurship? Ø Reasons for women becoming entrepreneurs: l Being motivated by a new idea. l Doing for themselves what they were already doing for other employers. l Seeking a pathway to opportunity. Management 10/e - Appendix 10

Study Question 2: What is special about small businesses? Ø Small businesses … l Study Question 2: What is special about small businesses? Ø Small businesses … l l Ones with 500 or fewer employees. Independently owned and operated. Constitute 99 percent of American businesses. Are established by: Starting a new business. ¡ Buying an existing business. ¡ Buying and running a franchise. ¡ Management 10/e - Appendix 11

Study Question 2: What is special about small businesses? Ø Entrepreneurship and the Internet Study Question 2: What is special about small businesses? Ø Entrepreneurship and the Internet … l The Internet offers numerous entrepreneurial opportunities. Online buying and selling ¡ Dot-com businesses ¡ l Businesses are limited only by personal creativity. Management 10/e - Appendix 12

Study Question 2: What is special about small businesses? Ø Family businesses … l Study Question 2: What is special about small businesses? Ø Family businesses … l l Owned and financially controlled by family members. Largest percentage of businesses worldwide. Can provide an ideal business situation. Problems unique to family businesses: Family business feud ¡ Succession problem ¡ Management 10/e - Appendix 13

Study Question 2: What is special about small businesses? Ø Reasons for small business Study Question 2: What is special about small businesses? Ø Reasons for small business failures: l l l l Lack of experience Lack of expertise Lack of strategy and strategic leadership Poor financial control Growing too fast Insufficient commitment Ethical failure Management 10/e - Appendix 14

Figure A. 2 Eight reasons why many small businesses fail. Management 10/e - Appendix Figure A. 2 Eight reasons why many small businesses fail. Management 10/e - Appendix 15

Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø Important issues in Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø Important issues in new venture creation: l Does the entrepreneur have good ideas and the courage to give them a chance? l Is the entrepreneur prepared to meet and master the test of strategy and competitive advantage? l Can the entrepreneur identify a market niche that is being missed by other established firms? l Can the entrepreneur identify a new market that has not yet been discovered by existing firms? l Can the entrepreneur generate first-mover advantage by exploiting a niche or entering a market before competitors? Management 10/e - Appendix 16

Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø Life cycle of Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø Life cycle of entrepreneurial firms l l Breakthrough stage l Ø Birth stage Maturity stage Each stage poses different managerial challenges and requires different managerial competencies. Management 10/e - Appendix 17

Figure A. 3 Stages in the life cycle of an entrepreneurial firm. Management 10/e Figure A. 3 Stages in the life cycle of an entrepreneurial firm. Management 10/e - Appendix 18

Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø A business plan Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø A business plan describes the direction for a new business and the financing needed to operate it. Basic items that should be included in a business plan: l Executive summary l Industry analysis l Company description l Product and services description l Marketing strategy l Operations description l Staffing description l Financial projection l Capital needs l Milestones Management 10/e - Appendix 19

Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø Forms of legal Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø Forms of legal ownership l Sole proprietorship l Partnership ¡ General partnership ¡ Limited liability partnership l Corporation l Limited liability corporation (LLC) Management 10/e - Appendix 20

Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø Financing the new Study Question 3: How does one start a new venture? Ø Financing the new venture l Sources of outside financing ¡ ¡ l Debt financing Equity financing alternatives ¡ Venture capitalists ¡ Initial public offerings (IPO) ¡ Angel investors Management 10/e - Appendix 21

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