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POSSESSION A Romance POSSESSION A Romance

CHAPTER I SETTING PLACE: London Library TIME: one day in September 1986 at 11. CHAPTER I SETTING PLACE: London Library TIME: one day in September 1986 at 11. 15 CHARACTERS: Roland Mitchell and James Blackadder QUOTATION: the chapter starts with an epigraphic quotation; Randolph Henry Ash from The Garden of Proserpina, 1861; in the chapter they are also quoted Ash’s letters which Roland stole. FUNCTION: to introduce storyline Roland is reading Vico’s Principi di Scienza Nuova and he finds two drafts of a letter which R. H. Ash sent to an unknown lady. Roland takes the drafts without telling to his boss.

CHAPTER II SETTING PLACE: Roland’s House TIME: during the evening CHARACTERS: Roland Val QUOTATION: CHAPTER II SETTING PLACE: Roland’s House TIME: during the evening CHARACTERS: Roland Val QUOTATION: the quotation refers to Ragnarök, a poem in twelve books written by Ash. FUNCTION: to describe Roland, his house and the relationship between Roland Val.

CHAPTER III The chapter begins with a quotation from Ash ‘s work and continues CHAPTER III The chapter begins with a quotation from Ash ‘s work and continues with narration, a comment written by Roland a letter of Ash and narration again. PLACE : Bloomsbury ‘s library TIME: June 4 SETTING 1 CHARACTER: Roland SETTING 2 PLACE: Crabb’s breakfast TIME: Morning CHARACTERS: Ash, Christabel , Miss La. Motte and Miss Glover SETTING 3 CHARACTERS: PLACE: British Museum Blackadder, Fergus, Paola and Cropper FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER the function is to introduce the relationships between characters and the possible connection between Ash and Christabell La Motte.

CHAPTER IV The chapter is made up by a quotation of Christabel, narration, pages CHAPTER IV The chapter is made up by a quotation of Christabel, narration, pages from Blanche’s Journal of our home –self and narration again. SETTING 1 PLACE: Womens’ Centre CHARACTERS: Roland Moud SETTING 2 PLACE: Lincoln university CHARACTERS: Roland Moud TIME: Breakfast SETTING 3 CHARACTERS: Miss Glover, Miss La. Motte, Mr Robinson SETTING 4 PLACE: Moud’ s house TIME: Night CHARACTERS: Roland Moud FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER the function is to introduce a new character, Maud, creating more suspense with Blanche's journal and tell about the progress of Roland’s research

CHAPTER V The chapter is made up by a quotation of Ash , narration, CHAPTER V The chapter is made up by a quotation of Ash , narration, letters written by Ash and Christabell and narration again. SETTING 1 PLACE: Seal Court ( Christabel’s grave) TIME: Morning CHARACTERS: Moud and Roland SETTING 2 PLACE: Bailey’s house CHARACTERS: Moud , Roland, George and Joan SETTING 3 PLACE: Christabel ‘s bedroom TIME: night CHARACTERS: Moud, Roland , Ash and Christabel. FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to create suspense and curiosity around the presumed relationship between Ash and Christabel with the discovery of their corrispondence.

CHAPTER VI The chapter is made up by narration, a letter written by R. CHAPTER VI The chapter is made up by narration, a letter written by R. H. Ash (only letter written to a child by him), narration again, autobiographical sketches by Mortimer Cropper and narration again. SETTING 1 PLACE: Mrs Wapshott's bathroom (outskirts of Preston) TIME: 3 o'clock a. m. CHARACTERS: Mortimer Cropper, Mrs Wapshott SETTING 2 PLACE: Everblest House, Tresure Cabinet(New Mexico) TIME: His early life (Autobiographical sketches) CHARACTERS: Cropper, Priscilla Cropper SETTING 3 PLACE: Barret's Hotel (Piccadilly) CHARACTER: Cropper

CHAPTER VI SETTING 4 PLACE: CHAPTER VI SETTING 4 PLACE: "Cavern which shelters the source of the Sorgue" TIME: a June day in 1848 (Extract from "The Great Ventriloquist") CHARACTERS: the poet and his new bride FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to introduce a new character: Mortimer Cropper. The writer describes his physical aspect, his personality, his thoughts and his way of acting. His autobiographical sketches are an important element for the reader to better understand his personality. Thanks to the letter written by Ash the reader can also understand a farther feature of his personality.

CHAPTER VII The chapter is organized into narration, pages from Ellen Ash's diary and CHAPTER VII The chapter is organized into narration, pages from Ellen Ash's diary and narration again. SETTING 1 PLACE: "Ash factory" TIME: morning CHARACTERS: Beatrice Nest, professor Bengtsson (he ruled the English Department of Prince Albert College), Roland Michell SETTING 2 PLACE: Putney basement CHARACTERS: Roland, Val, Euan Mac. Intyre FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to introduce two new characters, Beatrice Nest and Euan Mac. Intyre. Both will play an important role in the story. Moreover further information about Ash's wife is provided thanks to some pages from her diary.

CHAPTER VIII The chapter is made up by narration and letters. SETTING 1 PLACE: CHAPTER VIII The chapter is made up by narration and letters. SETTING 1 PLACE: Bailey's library TIME: before breakfast was over CHARACTERS: Roland, Maud, Joan Bailey SETTING 2 PLACE: Bailey's library TIME: Supper's time CHARACTERS: Roland, Maud, Joan Bailey SETTING 3 PLACE: Maud's flat TIME: night CHARACTER: Maud

CHAPTER VIII SETTING 4 PLACE: Seal Court TIME: the next day (breakfast, afternoon, supper's CHAPTER VIII SETTING 4 PLACE: Seal Court TIME: the next day (breakfast, afternoon, supper's time) CHARACTERS: Maud, Roland, the Baileys FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to involve the reader in the progress of the research and to show him/her the new discoveries and hypothesis about the mistery.

CHAPTER IX This chapter is made up by a story, the title of which CHAPTER IX This chapter is made up by a story, the title of which is The Threshold, written by Christabel La. Motte. SETTING PLACE: a heath TIME: one day CHARACTERS: the old woman, the Child, three beautiful ladies FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to help the reader create an idea of Christabel's style of writing.

CHAPTER X Chapter X is a very long chapter because it deals with the CHAPTER X Chapter X is a very long chapter because it deals with the letters written between Ash and La. Motte; as a matter of fact the title of the chapter is The Correspondence. CHARACTERS: Christabel La. Motte and R. Ash FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER makes clearer the situation to the reader: he can follow the development of the relationship between the two Victorian poets as well as make his own conjectures. The letters reveal important elements for the progress of the plot.

CHAPTER XI Chapter XI consists of Ash’s Swammerdam was a Dutch expert in natural CHAPTER XI Chapter XI consists of Ash’s Swammerdam was a Dutch expert in natural history. He dedicated his activity mainly to the study of insects’ anatomy and biology. Thanks to the letters of the previous chapter, the reader knows that it was written by Ash

CHAPTER XII Chapter XII starts with a quotation from a Christabel's work and after CHAPTER XII Chapter XII starts with a quotation from a Christabel's work and after that starts the narration. Going on reading the reader comes across two letters written by Ash to his wife Ellen. Before and after some pages taken from Ellen's diary there is narration; after that there is a letter written by Blanche Glover to Ash and again narration until the end of the chapter. SETTING 1 - NARRATION PLACE: the house called Bethany, in Richmond, and a bar near the church TIME: a sunny day in April CHARACTERS: Maud, Roland In this part of narration there is a flashback in which the reader comes to know a piece of information about what Roland Maud did in January. SETTING 2 - LETTERS 1. PLACE: Robin Hood's bay 2. TIME: 15 th June

CHAPTER XII SETTING 3 - NARRATION PLACE: The bar near the church in Richmond CHAPTER XII SETTING 3 - NARRATION PLACE: The bar near the church in Richmond TIME: a sunny day in April CHARACTERS: Maud, Roland SETTING 4 - NARRATION (conversation between Val and Maud - argument between Roland Val) PLACE: Roland's flat CHARACTERS: Maud, Roland Val SETTING 5 - NARRATION PLACE: British Library TIME: the day after the conversation between Val and Maud CHARACTERS: Maud, Beatrice Nest

CHAPTER XII SETTING 6 - ELLEN'S DIARY PLACE: her house TIME: 4 th June CHAPTER XII SETTING 6 - ELLEN'S DIARY PLACE: her house TIME: 4 th June 1859 6 th June 7 th June 9 th June 10 th June 12 th June July CHARACTERS: The speaking voice is Ellen and in the pages of her diary she tells the reader about other characters like her husband, Patience, the Master, Bertha, Herbert Baulk.

CHAPTER XII SETTING 7 - NARRATION PLACE: British Library TIME: the day after the CHAPTER XII SETTING 7 - NARRATION PLACE: British Library TIME: the day after the conversation between Val and Maud CHARACTERS: Maud, Beatrice Nest SETTING 8 - NARRATION PLACE: Blackadder's office TIME: After the conversation with Beatrice CHARACTERS: Maud, Fergus Wolff

CHAPTER XII SETTING 9 - NARRATION PLACE: Oodles, the vegetarian restaurant at the end CHAPTER XII SETTING 9 - NARRATION PLACE: Oodles, the vegetarian restaurant at the end of Museum Street TIME: two days later CHARACTERS: Roland, Maud FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER The chapter has the function of explaining a part of the mistery of the book, but, at the same time, it keeps the attention of the reader alert and creates suspance.

CHAPTER XIII The chapter begins with a quotation from Ash ‘s work and continues CHAPTER XIII The chapter begins with a quotation from Ash ‘s work and continues with narration, Ash’s letter to Ellen and narration again. SETTING 1 PLACE: The Cliff (Scarborough) TIME: Dinner Characters: Roland Moud SETTING 2 PLACE: Flamborough TIME: Morning Characters: Roland Moud SETTING 3 PLACE: Port of Whitby Characters: Roland Moud

SETTING 4 PLACE: Jewelry store Characters: Roland Moud FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER The function SETTING 4 PLACE: Jewelry store Characters: Roland Moud FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER The function of the chapter is to make the reader aware about what Roland Maud want to do and about the relation between Moud and Christabel

CHAPTER XIV The chapter begins with a quotation from Ash ‘s work and continues CHAPTER XIV The chapter begins with a quotation from Ash ‘s work and continues with Ash’s letter to Ellen and narration again. . SETTING 1 PLACE: Boggle Hole. CHARACTERS: Roland Moud FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER To make a parallelism between what Christabel and Ash had done and what Maud and Roland do.

CHAPTER XV The chapter is made up by a quotation of Ash and narration. CHAPTER XV The chapter is made up by a quotation of Ash and narration. SETTING 1 PLACE: Railway carriege TIME: Morning CHARACTERS: Ash and Christabel SETTING 2 PLACE: The Cliff (dining- room) TIME: Afternoon CHARACTERS: Ash and Christabel SETTING 3 PLACE: the cliff ( bedroom) TIME: Night CHARACTERS: Ash and Christabel FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to inform the reader about the development of the relationship between Christabel and Ash.

CHAPTER XVI the chapter is made up by Christabel ‘s work : the Fairy CHAPTER XVI the chapter is made up by Christabel ‘s work : the Fairy Melusine. CHARACTERS: Fairy Melusine is described with suspance and terror, everybody is afraid of her and she is half snake and half human and the cavalier , the narrator describes initially his behaviours subsequently the reader come to know his name: Raimondino and how he does in front of a misterious woman , he is abducted by her : she is the Fairy Melusina. FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to introduce a Christabel’s poem to put her personality into a better focus through her writings

CHAPTER XVII The chapter is made up by a comment of Blackadder and narration CHAPTER XVII The chapter is made up by a comment of Blackadder and narration SETTING 1 PLACE: Blackadder’s study CHARACTERS: Blackadder and Paola SETTING 2 PLACE: Val’s house CHARACTERS: Val and Fergus SETTING 3 PLACE: L’Escargot TIME: About 12 o’clock Characters: Cropper and Hildebrand Ash

SETTING 4 PLACE: street of Soho CHARACTERS: Fergus and Cropper THE FUNCTION OF THE SETTING 4 PLACE: street of Soho CHARACTERS: Fergus and Cropper THE FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to make the point of the situation and to inform the reader about Cropper’s and Fergus’s intentions.

CHAPTER XVIII The chapter begins with a quotation from Christabel’ s work , continues CHAPTER XVIII The chapter begins with a quotation from Christabel’ s work , continues with narration, a letter of Blanche and narration again. SETTING 1 PLACE: Women's study resources centre CHARACTERS: Moud, Roland Leonora SETTING 2 PLACE: Moud’s house TIME: Night CHARACTERS: Moud and Leonora SETTING 3 PLACE: Shop of Lincoln TIME: Morning CHARACTERS: Moud and Leonora

CHAPTER XIX The chapter starts with a quotation from The City of Is by CHAPTER XIX The chapter starts with a quotation from The City of Is by La. Motte, then follows the narration, after that Sabines’ diary and finally a page of scraps of poetry. SETTING 1 - NARRATION PLACE: cabin on the Prince of Brittany TIME: night CHARACTERS: Roland Maud SETTING 2 - NARRATION PLACE: Nantes TIME: breakfast time CHARACTERS: Roland, Maud, Ariane Le Minier SETTING 3 - NARRATION PLACE: Finistere TIME: the following day CHARACTERS: Roland, Maud, Ariane Le Minier

SETTING 4 PLACE: Sir George’s house CHARACTERS: Moud, Leonora and Sir George THE FUNCTION SETTING 4 PLACE: Sir George’s house CHARACTERS: Moud, Leonora and Sir George THE FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to provide information and possible reason for Blanche’s suicide.

CHAPTER XX The chapter is introduced by a La. Motte’s work, then starts the CHAPTER XX The chapter is introduced by a La. Motte’s work, then starts the narration, after that there is a letter, narration, a quotation from The Great Ventriloquist, narration again, a quotation from The Shadowy Portal and finally narration again. SETTING 1 - NARRATION PLACE: City church CHARACTER: Cropper SETTING 2 - LETTER written by Christabel La. Motte to Mrs Cropper CHARACTERS: Christabel, Mrs Leer SETTING 3 - The Great Ventriloquist CHARACTERS: Ash, Mrs Lees PLACE: spiritual seance

CHAPTER XXI • Quotation from ASH’s Mummy Possest CHAPTER XXI • Quotation from ASH’s Mummy Possest

CHAPTER XXII • SETTING PLACE: the characters are at the horse races in Newmarket CHAPTER XXII • SETTING PLACE: the characters are at the horse races in Newmarket • TIME: we can suppose that the scene takes place in the late • • afternoon or evening because the characters speak about dinner that they have to eat. CHARACTERS: Val and her new boyfriend Euan Mac. Intyre who is a member of a syndicate; Toby Byng is introduced to Val by Euan, Toby is one of the partners.

CHAPTER XXIII • SETTING • CHARACTERS: Maud; Roland; R. H. Ash; Christabel La. Motte; CHAPTER XXIII • SETTING • CHARACTERS: Maud; Roland; R. H. Ash; Christabel La. Motte; Leonora; J. • Blackadder; M. Cropper. • • PLACE: Baie des Trépassés in Brittany (France) ; Nantes FUNCTION: in the first part of the chapter it is showed the relationship between Maud and Roland which is growing. They are discussing about the future of Christabel’s child. The second part of the chapter sees other three characters Leonora, Blackadder and Cropper that are also in the hotel.

CHAPTER XXIV • SETTING PLACE: they are in Lincoln • TIME: October • CHARACTERS: CHAPTER XXIV • SETTING PLACE: they are in Lincoln • TIME: October • CHARACTERS: Maud; Val and her boyfriend Euan; Roland • QUOTATION: at the beginning of the chapter it is mentioned a passage of Freud. • FUNCTION: the reader comes to know that the letters belong to Maud.

CHAPTER XXV • SETTING • TIME: November 25 th 1889 • CHARACTERS: Ellen (Ash’ CHAPTER XXV • SETTING • TIME: November 25 th 1889 • CHARACTERS: Ellen (Ash’ wife), Christabel La. Motte, R. H. Ash, Blanche • QUOTATIONS: it is quoted Ellen Ash’s Journal which dates back November 25 th • 1889. There is also another quotation which belongs to M. Cropper, The Great • Ventriloquist. Finally there is also a letter written by Christabel La. Motte which is • addressed to Ash. • PLACE: Ash’s house FUNCTION: the reader can understand the relationship between Ash and his wife and later he/she can also understand Ellen’s reactions.

CHAPTER XXVI CHARACTER: Roland • QUOTATIONS: an extract taken from Ash’s The Garden of CHAPTER XXVI CHARACTER: Roland • QUOTATIONS: an extract taken from Ash’s The Garden of Proserpina • FUNCTION • the chapter explains what happens to Roland. He gets job offers from the University of Hong Kong, the University of Amsterdam and the University of Barcelona. He also gets a letter from his boss, Blackhadder. •

CHAPTER XXVII • • • SETTING PLACE: Beatrice Nest’s house CHARACTERS: Cropper; Roland; Maud; CHAPTER XXVII • • • SETTING PLACE: Beatrice Nest’s house CHARACTERS: Cropper; Roland; Maud; Leonora; Blackadder; Nest; Val; Euan and Beatrice. QUOTATIONS: also chapter twenty-seven starts with a quotation which is taken from Ash’ poem. FUNCTION the chapter makes clear who the letters belong to

CHAPTER XXVIII • SETTING • TIME: October 15 th , 1 a. m. • CHAPTER XXVIII • SETTING • TIME: October 15 th , 1 a. m. • CHARACTERS: Roland Michell; Maud Bailey; Beatrice Nest; James Blacjadder; • Leonora Stern; Mortimer Cropper; Hildebrand Ash. • QUOTATION: Letter of Christabel La. Motte addressed to Ash. • PLACE: Hodershall FUNCTION: let the reader know how the story and the relationship between Ash and La. Motte finished.

SETTING 4 - SABINE’S DIARY PLACE: begun at the Manoir de Kernemet TIME: 13 SETTING 4 - SABINE’S DIARY PLACE: begun at the Manoir de Kernemet TIME: 13 th October 1859, 14 th October, Sunday, Friday, Tuersday, Saturday, Friday, 28 th October, Friday, 1 st November (+ late at night), 2 nd November, Christmas’s night 1859, 31 December, late January, February, April, Tuersday, 30 th April, 1 st May, 8 th May , 9 th May, 10 th May. CHARACTERS: Sabine, Christabel, Sabine’s father, Gode GODE’S STORY CHARACTERS: a sailor, the miller’s daughter, the smith’s daughter (Jeanne) FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER The function of the chapter is to show the reader what happened to Christabel La. Motte when she was pregnant and after she had the baby, from the point of view of Sabine, her cousin.

SETTING 4 - NARRATION PLACE: London Library CHARACTER: Cropper SETTING 5 - NARRATION CHARACTERS: SETTING 4 - NARRATION PLACE: London Library CHARACTER: Cropper SETTING 5 - NARRATION CHARACTERS: Blackadder SETTING 6 - The Shadowy Portal PLACE: spiritual seance, Miss Judge’s house CHARACTERS: Mrs Lees, Miss Judge, Ash, Miss Neve, Miss La. Motte, Mrs Furry SETTING 7 - NARRATION PLACE: “Events in Dept” CHARACTERS: Blackadder, Leonora Stern, Shushila Patel FUNCTION OF THE CHAPTER to make some points clear, thanks to the reading of quotations from The Great Ventriloquist and from The Shadowy Portal.

POSTSCRIPT 1868 • SETTING • TIME: on a hot May day • CHARACTERS: R. POSTSCRIPT 1868 • SETTING • TIME: on a hot May day • CHARACTERS: R. H. Ash and May (Maia Thomasine Bailey) • There is a dialog between the two people. • PLACE: in a meadow FUNCTION: the reader comes to know how Ash met his daughter and their short conversation.