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Описание презентации Political system of UK and KZ 16 -06 по слайдам
Political system of UK and KZ 16 -06 Kuanysheva Alma
Kazakhstan government overview • Kazakhstan has a hybrid system of government that combines aspects of both parliamentary and presidential systems. • The principle of independence and the political system were formulated in the first Constitution of Kazakhstan of January 1993, which was approved by referendum on 30 August 1995.
Kazakhstan government features • Kazakhstan has a parliamentary system with a president as head of the State. Kazakhstan last presidential election was in January 2006 for a seven-year term. Kazakhstan president serves as commander-in-chief, sets foreign policy, can initiate legislation, and appoints Kazakhstan prime minister, subject to Parliamentary approval. • Kazakhstan parliament is the supreme legislative body and consists of two chambers, the Senate (Upper House) and the Mazhilis (Lower House). The 47 members of Kazakhstan Senate are indirectly elected representatives of regional assemblies and appointees of Kazakhstan president. The Mazhilis is composed of 67 elected deputies. Kazakhstan parliament is elected for a four-year term.
• Kazakhstan prime minister is the head of the executive branch of government and is appointed by Kazakhstan president, with the approval of Kazakhstan parliament. He chairs the Cabinet, which, as of January 2006, consists of three Deputy Prime Ministers, the Ministers of the 14 State Ministries and the 5 Chairmen of the State Agencies. • The heads of the local administrations (Akims of 14 oblasts and 2 cities) are appointed by Kazakhstan president. Since December 1997, the capital of Kazakhstan has been Astana. From 1929 to 1997 the capital of Kazakhstan was the city of Almaty, founded in 1854.
Political system of UK The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. Britain does not have a written constitution. The House of Commons consists of Members of Parliament. General elections are held every five years. Ail citizens aged 18 have the right to vote. There are few political parties in Britain. The main ones are: the Conservative Party, the Labour Party. Parliament is the most important authority in Britain.
• Each political party puts up one candidate for each constituency. The one who wins the most votes is MP for that area. • The party which wins the most seats in Parliament forms the Government; its leader becomes the Prime Minister. • The functions of the House of Commons are legislation and scrutiny of government activities. The House of Commons is presided over by the Speaker. • The House of Lords is presided by the Lord Chancellor. The House of Lords has no real power. • It’s in the House of Commons that new bills are introduced and debated. • Parliament is responsible for British national policy. Local governments are responsible for organizing of education, police and many others.
Constitutional monarchy The monarch is the Head of State The current British monarch is Queen Elizabeth II. … but the Monarch has no real powers. The role of the primarily ceremonial.
Political Structure of UK • The Monarch • Is the official head of state. • The Prime Minister -is the head of government. Is the leader of the party with the majority seats in the House of Commons • Parliament • The House of Commons • (about 650 efected MPs-members of Parliament)makes laws, discusses political problems. The official Opposition. • The House of Lords • (over 1, 100 permanent, non-elected members, peers and life peers) examines and revises bills from the House og Common
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