Policy Uses of Statistics produced by the National

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Policy Uses of Statistics produced by the National Statistical Coordination Board by Ms. Lina Policy Uses of Statistics produced by the National Statistical Coordination Board by Ms. Lina V, Castro, Mr. Candido J. Astrologo , Jr. Assistant Secretary General and Director IV EVALUATION THEORY, APPROACHES AND PRACTICES IN THE PHILIPPINES 1 st M&E Network Forum 07 November 2011 1 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

Outline I. The National Statistical Coordination Board II. The System of Designated Statistics III. Outline I. The National Statistical Coordination Board II. The System of Designated Statistics III. General Uses of Statistics IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB V. Challenges/Concluding Remarks 2 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

I. The National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) • Created through the virtue of Executive I. The National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) • Created through the virtue of Executive Order No. 121 dated January 30, 1987 • Serves as the highest policy making and coordinating body on statistical matters in the country • NSCB Technical Staff serves as the secretariat to the NSCB Executive Board Goal To promote the independence, objectivity, integrity, responsiveness, and relevance of the Philippine Statistical System (PSS). 3 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

The Philippine Statistical System Framework of Coordination Legislative Office Data Users Executive Office Policy-making/ The Philippine Statistical System Framework of Coordination Legislative Office Data Users Executive Office Policy-making/ Coordinating Agency Training, Education and Research Institutions Data Producers Data Suppliers/ Respondents 4 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

I. The National Statistical Coordination Board Functions of the NSCB • Promote and maintain I. The National Statistical Coordination Board Functions of the NSCB • Promote and maintain an efficient statistical system in the government • Formulate policies on all matters relating to government statistical operations • Recommend executive and legislative measures to enhance the development and efficiency of the system, including the internal structure of statistical agencies • Establish appropriate mechanism for statistical coordination at the regional, provincial and city levels • Approve the Philippine Statistical Development Program (PSDP) 5 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

I. The National Statistical Coordination Board Functions of the NSCB • Allocate statistical responsibilities I. The National Statistical Coordination Board Functions of the NSCB • Allocate statistical responsibilities among government agencies by designating the statistics to be collected by them, including their periodicity and content • Review budgetary proposals involving statistical operations and submit an integrated budget for the Philippine Statistical System (PSS) to the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) • Review and clear, prior to release, all funds for statistical operations • Develop, prescribe and maintain appropriate framework for the improvement of statistical coordination; and • Prescribe uniform standards and classification systems in government statistics. 6 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

I. The National Statistical Coordination Board Major statistics produced by the NSCB * • I. The National Statistical Coordination Board Major statistics produced by the NSCB * • National Accounts of the Philippines • Gross Regional Domestic Product and Gross Regional Domestic Expenditures • Input-Output Tables • Satellite Accounts on Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources • Poverty statistics • Basic sectors • Small area poverty estimates • Foreign Direct Investments • Leading Economic Indicators • Economic Indices * As mandated and based on System of Designated Statistics 7 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

II. The System of Designated Statistics a mechanism that identifies and generates the most II. The System of Designated Statistics a mechanism that identifies and generates the most critical and essential statistics required for social and economic planning/analysis based on approved criteria Executive Order No. 352, Series of 1996 Designation of Statistical Activities That Will Generate Critical Data for Decision-Making of the Government and the Private Sector • approved the activities and statistics that had been designated by the NSCB for adoption by the government 8 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

II. The System of Designated Statistics (SDS) • designated statistics/statistical activities enjoy higher priority II. The System of Designated Statistics (SDS) • designated statistics/statistical activities enjoy higher priority over other statistical activities in terms of resource allocation determined by the Department of Budget and Management • Statistics and indicators generated by the system shall be adopted by the government as the official data and information for development planning, policy analysis and monitoring • The system is a dynamic and evolving process that allows addition and deletion of statistics/statistical activities 9 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

II. The System of Designated Statistics Coverage • covers both the statistical activities and II. The System of Designated Statistics Coverage • covers both the statistical activities and the statistics generated from them. • censuses and statistical surveys • derived statistics • administrative data system • defines the following: • agency responsible • frequency of data collection • schedule of data dissemination • geographic disaggregation of data • 57 designated statistical activities/statistics of 20 government agencies 10 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

III. General Uses of Statistics Official statistics are a “tool used in decision making III. General Uses of Statistics Official statistics are a “tool used in decision making inside and outside… government. For that tool to be effective, it must be designed to meet the needs of users. If a charity uses official figures about local areas to target its resources, it is doing more than managing its own business. It is contributing to the well being of society…” UN Statistical Commission, The use made of official statistics, March 2007 11 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

III. General Uses of Statistics Generic classes of uses • Informing the general public’s III. General Uses of Statistics Generic classes of uses • Informing the general public’s choices • Government decision making about policies and associated decisions about related programs and projects • Resource allocation • Informing private sector commercial choices • Informing public marketing campaigns • Facilitating academic research In relation to government policy • Policy making – considering the rationale for intervention, framing objectives and appraising the options • Policy monitoring – reviewing outcomes, evaluating the policy intervention and refining it as appropriate 12 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB How do we document the IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB How do we document the policy uses? • News/Media clippings • Letters of request for data • Directly asked the user when he/she requests for the data 13 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 1. National Accounts 1. 1 IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 1. National Accounts 1. 1 Monitor the behavior of the economy National accounts aggregates, such as GDP and GDP per head of population, are widely used by analysts, politicians, the press, the business community and the public at large as summary or macro indicators of economic activity. Movements of such aggregates, and their associated price and volume measures, are used to evaluate the overall performance of the economy and hence to judge the relative success or failure of economic policies pursued by government. 14 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 1. National Accounts 1. 2 IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 1. National Accounts 1. 2 Macroeconomic analysis • to investigate the causal mechanisms at work within an economy • in formulating macroeconomic models. Economic policy in the short term is formulated on the basis of an assessment of the recent behavior and current state of the economy and a view, or precise forecast, about likely future developments. These short-term forecasts are typically made using econometric models that utilize national accounts variables. 15 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 1. National Accounts 1. 3 IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 1. National Accounts 1. 3 International comparisons • used for international comparisons of major aggregates, such as GDP or GDP per head • used for comparisons of structural statistics, such as ratios of investment, taxes or government expenditures to GDP. 16 1. 4 Statistical Policies • National accounts serve as a framework for statistical systems and as a point of reference in establishing standards for related statistics. lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 2. Poverty Statistics 2. 1 IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 2. Poverty Statistics 2. 1 Targeting beneficiaries of Programs/Projects DSWD – used the small area estimates of poverty: • for their Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program to identify the poorest municipalities from the 20 poorest provinces • estimates as basis for prioritizing target households for the National Household Targeting System or Poverty Reduction (NHTSPR), as well as, in their conditional cash transfer program 17 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 2. Poverty Statistics 2. 1 IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 2. Poverty Statistics 2. 1 Targeting beneficiaries of Programs/Projects NNC and DSWD – used the small area estimates of poverty to identify priority households for the “Pamaskong Handog” of GMA in December 2007 DOLE, DOH, and the PRC Board of Nursing – in the design and/or implementation of their collaborative training/deployment Project called Nurses Assigned in Rural Services (NARS) which aims to mobilize unemployed registered nurses to the 1, 000 poorest municipalities in the country to improve the delivery of health care services 18 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 2. Poverty Statistics 2. 2 IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 2. Poverty Statistics 2. 2 Policy Formulation and Planning DA – used the small area poverty estimates as one criterion in the identification of the Cordillera Highland Agricultural Resources Management Project Compostela Valley Provincial Government – in the revision of their Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan NEDA XII –for their study on the socio-economic reconstruction and development of conflict affected areas in Mindanao as well as in the revision of the MTRDP of Region XII 19 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 2. Poverty Statistics 2. 3 IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 2. Poverty Statistics 2. 3 Poverty Monitoring Local government units of Regions I, IV and VIII – in monitoring the attainment of the MDGs at the local level as basis in setting the MDG targets (Goal 1) as well as in the preparation of their MDG action plans Region VIII NEDA / RDC – in the assessment of interventions being provided to the poorest municipalities in Eastern Visayas and for future targeting purposes of the different local government agencies NNC Region VIII – in assessing the nutritional situation of municipalities in the region in October 2007 20 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product 3. 1 General Uses • as inputs in the formulation of annual regional development plans and in the preparation of annual socio-economic development reports • as basis in the identification of sectors/industries in terms of investment promotion and support services • in the monitoring of the performance of the regional economy and its sectors/subsectors • in analyzing trends/forecasting for planning purposes 21 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product Region I • Regional Tripartite Wage and Productivity Board – for estimating minimum wage (i. e. , used as one of the variables of a model which determines whethere is a need for the region to increase its minimum wage ) • TESDA – as basis in the allocation of funds to TESDA regional offices, i. e. , regions with higher GRDP are allocated lower funds • DOLE Regional Office 1 – as inputs in identifying the region's demand for labor for the DOLE's Project “Jobs Fit” 22 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product Region VI • DA – used in setting targets for corn production for the next 5 years. Target setting priorities are in terms of expansion in area planted and number of cooperators. Region VIII • DA – planning and target-setting of the agriculture sector • BIR – target-setting in tax collections • Unimaster Conglomerate (NGO) – GVA in construction is used in the preparation of business proposals on housing 23 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product Region IX • DOLE – inputs to the regional consultation on the Project Jobs Fit: The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) 2020 Vision held on August 19, 2009 in Zamboanga City. Region X • DTI – used in the researches on SMEs of the National Economic Research and Business Assistance Center 24 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product Region XI • Mindanao Economic Development Council – inputs in plan formulation, rationalization of assistance in Mindanao, policy advocacy, and program and projects coordination. • Davao City Chamber of Commerce and Industry – basis in formulating development strategies to attract more investments in Davao region • Alternate Forum for Research in Mindanao (AFRIM) - for research purposes, particularly in the economic performance of the regions in Mindanao 25 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 3. Gross Regional Domestic Product Region XII • RDC XII - Basis in the review and endorsement of budget proposals of NIA and DA • Notre Dame University Research Center – used in the research study “Market Survey Analysis in Conflict Affected Areas in Mindanao” • JICA and Bangsamoro Development Agency – inputs in the formulation of Socio-Economic Development Plan for Conflict Affected Areas in Mindanao 26 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 4. Philippine Statistical Development Program/System IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 4. Philippine Statistical Development Program/System of Designated Statistics • Basis of priority activities to be conducted by the agencies in the PSS and basis for the provision of budget for statistical activities of agencies 5. Statistical Policies • Provide directions and guidance to the agencies in the PSS in data production and data dissemination 6. Official Concepts and Definitions Used for Statistical Purposes • Used in censuses, surveys, administrative records, and in the indicators being generated for consistency and for comparability with various data sources 27 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 7. Statistical Survey Review and IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 7. Statistical Survey Review and Clearance System • Used to determine if there are duplicating efforts in data generation in the government • Used to identify the data requirements of the agencies for consideration in the censuses and surveys • Basis in the formulation of standard costs for surveys 8. Classification Systems General use: • Used in censuses, surveys, administrative records, and derived statistics to have uniformity and comparability of statistics generated at the local, national and international levels 28 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 9. Classification Systems Specific uses: IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 9. Classification Systems Specific uses: • Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) used in establishment surveys, System of National Accounts, and in the Input-Output Table • Philippine Statistical Commodity Classification (PSCC) – used in the generation of trade statistics and in trade negotiations, used by banks and exporters • Philippine Central Product Classification – used in the Input-Output Table • Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) – used in the Census of Population and Housing, and in household and establishment surveys 29 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 10. Classification Systems Specific uses: IV. Policy Uses of Statistics Produced by the NSCB 10. Classification Systems Specific uses: • Philippine Standard Classification of Education (PSCED) –Department of Education and the Commission on Higher Education, academe, Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), and in the labor exchange programs • Philippine Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (PCOICOP) – used in the Family Income and Expenditure Survey and Commodity Outlet Survey for the classification of goods and services, basket of goods and services for the Consumer Price Index • Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) - used in censuses and surveys, establishment of precincts/voting centers, development of geographic information systems, updating of maps; for the granting of the internal revenue allocation 30 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

V. Challenges */Concluding Remarks 1. Increased demand for statistics and increasing number of stakeholders V. Challenges */Concluding Remarks 1. Increased demand for statistics and increasing number of stakeholders 2. New indicators beyond GDP, emerging global concerns 3. More disaggregation (e. g. gender, ethnicity, PWDs, etc. ) 4. Improved coverage (sub-regional and local statistics) 5. Better at conveying message of statistics 6. Need to improve data support/inputs, e. g. from administrative-based reports 7. Need to increase awareness of both users and providers of data their appreciation of statistics produced and their cooperation in supplying “accurate” information 31 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

V. Challenges */Concluding Remarks 8. Issues on more frequent and timely data 9. Need V. Challenges */Concluding Remarks 8. Issues on more frequent and timely data 9. Need to enhance resources of the NSCB and PSS 10. Increased support of development partners to statistical programs/activities, specifically Philippine Statistical Development Program (PSDP) 2011 -2017 11. Building better linkages between policy and statistics * Covering not only the NSCB but the 32 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum PSS NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

V. Final Note: Critical Aspects of Official Statistics are: Integrity and relevance ………… And V. Final Note: Critical Aspects of Official Statistics are: Integrity and relevance ………… And better still ……… Higher relevance ………… In other words…. . More and more policy uses of statistics produced. And, NSCB is committed to deliver quality statistics in support of evidence-based policy-making, program implementation and monitoring. 33 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD

Thank You! URL: http: //www. nscb. gov. ph e-mail: info@nscb. gov. ph 34 lvc/cja/1 Thank You! URL: http: //www. nscb. gov. ph e-mail: [email protected] gov. ph 34 lvc/cja/1 st M&E Network Forum NATIONAL STATISTICAL COORDINATION BOARD




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