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Polar Project Status October, 2002 Robert Hoffman/Polar Project Scientist Barbara Giles/Polar Deputy Project Scientist Polar Project Status October, 2002 Robert Hoffman/Polar Project Scientist Barbara Giles/Polar Deputy Project Scientist

State of the Spacecraft • The Polar spacecraft and instruments are healthy. Only the State of the Spacecraft • The Polar spacecraft and instruments are healthy. Only the plasma wave instrument and the MICS sensor portion of CAMMICE have suffered major faults; PWI now operates only during eclipse. • Polar has initiated semi-annual attitude maneuvers to extend orbit normal operations for auroral imaging and optimize fuel usage. March 18, 2002 – half flip to ecliptic normal Fall 2002 – half flip to orbit normal Spring 2003 – full flip to orbit normal for southern winter auroral viewing Fall 2003 – half flip to ecliptic normal (permanent) • At ecliptic normal, despun platform control and auroral viewing is limited to an ~4. 5 hour segment of each 17 hour orbit. CAMMICE, CEPPAD, EFI, HYDRA, MFE, PIXIE, PWI, SEPS, TIDE, TIMAS, UVI, VIS PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 2

Status of the Science • Polar completed a prolonged observation campaign through the dayside Status of the Science • Polar completed a prolonged observation campaign through the dayside equatorial magnetopause region with unprecedented high-temporal and spatial resolution. Now conducting a similar campaign across the nightside equatorial magnetosphere. • Polar, IMAGE, Cluster, Wind and Geotail will hold a collaborative workshop on the dayside magnetopause and cusp at Yosemite in Feb. 2003. thermal plasma, accelerated by circularly polarized waves, is regularly seen in the dayside boundary layers • Polar’s auroral science progressed to studies of the conjugate aurora. Some initial findings: – Onset brightening first seen in southern hemisphere with northern hemisphere onset detected ~1 min. later – Expansive phase brighter in southern hemisphere but located ~45 min earlier in local time in the north. • A JGR special section on "Causes of the Aurora" will appear soon. More than ten "great" conjugate events have been captured including this substorm onset on 1 Nov 2001 PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 3

Mission Operation and Ground Data Processing: Then and Now <4. 172$M 4. 144$M ~7. Mission Operation and Ground Data Processing: Then and Now <4. 172$M 4. 144$M ~7. 625$M PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Polar, Wind and Geotail mission operations and ground data processing combined Pg 4

Status of the Mission Operation and Ground Data Processing Reengineering 9 re-engineering tasks were Status of the Mission Operation and Ground Data Processing Reengineering 9 re-engineering tasks were originally identified: FOT cost Reduction CHDF and SPOF cost reduction Future of Wind 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Unattended spacecraft contacts for data playbacks Cross-training of flight operations personnel Re-hosting the CMS for security and obsolescence issues Re-hosting of NRT data service Automation and re-hosting of KP processing Simplifying online distribution of LZ and ancillary data Automation of CD production Re-hosting of the project web site Streamlining NRT to include LZ processing and QL Completed, in “ring-out” phase In acceptance testing Started In planning phase, initial testing complete PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 5

Ground Data Processing: What was Lost? What was Gained? With respect to Polar, Wind Ground Data Processing: What was Lost? What was Gained? With respect to Polar, Wind and Geotail, all data services previously required from the ISTP/CDHF and ISTP/SPOF have been retained. • ISTP services no longer provided: – systematic collection of data products from associated missions – KP CD distribution (impact is to Russian and South American data repositories) – dedicated program assistance center – off-hours data processing or problem response – automated data pushing to clients – quality control services of the ISTP/CDHF – problem response and quality control services of the ISTP/SPOF • Services improved: – open ftp access to the full data set – HTR data produced in addition to KP, software easily updated – automated processing brings faster turn around of products PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 6

Who Gets the Credit: The Ground Data Processing Re-engineering team The success of the Who Gets the Credit: The Ground Data Processing Re-engineering team The success of the re-engineering effort is due to the cooperative efforts of several groups at GSFC who provided full- and part-time programming, system admin, design and management expertise. With specific tasks & consulting by: The core team: 587 Jim Byrnes 587 Chris Howard 696/583 David Berger 423 Jeff Lubelczyk 587 Ryan Boller 632 Rick Burley 587 Marlo Maddox 632 Tami Kovalick 632 Natalie Jaquith 690 Sandy Kramer contr. Jim Legg 632 Bobby Candey PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 7

Long Term Funding Profile • The PWG infrastructure held within CSOC has decreased dramatically Long Term Funding Profile • The PWG infrastructure held within CSOC has decreased dramatically over the past year. Some CSOC cost estimates for FY 03 do not reflect this decrease. • Conducting future mission operations under the current contracting mechanism does not appear to be economically feasible under the current long term funding profile. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 8

Contracting for Future Mission Services A six-month NOI to remove mission operations services from Contracting for Future Mission Services A six-month NOI to remove mission operations services from the CSOC contract was submitted. Arrangements for continued operations are being actively pursued. Option Roadblock Issues Waiver of requirement 1. Direct contract not permissible Direct contract for transfer to w/o extended competition cycle with educational or 2. ID/IQ, permission to add task to Honeywell research related MIDEX ID/IQ or start new ID/IQ location Status Preferred method: currently pursuing ID/IQ and waiver. Contract with May want waiver on 6 educational or Contractual and management layer USRA and Capital month “pull-out” research between NASA and MO team College are willing requirement location Remain with CSOC PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 1. $$$ 2. Uncertainty regarding post. CSOC 3. Operations reliability and safety 4. Changes remain costly and slow Negotiations continue with regard to cost and staffing levels Pg 9

Regarding Data Availability • ISTP required special event archiving, rather than the full data Regarding Data Availability • ISTP required special event archiving, rather than the full data set, as has become common with recent missions. Data accessibility was the responsibility of the project. • Many Polar instrument teams have adjusted their data archiving and accessibility as is possible within their IT infrastructure and funding. – Continuous HTR data from PWI, TIMAS, and TIDE. CAMMICE and CEPPAD soon. – TIDE, PWI and MFE provide interactive data processing via the web. • Additional progress can be made over the next year: – HYDRA has HTR data software, needs to convert format to CDF. – UVI, VIS and PIXIE could archive continuous HTR rather than events. – MFE should update IT infrastructure and/or PWG project should produce MFE KP. – PWG project should create and host software library for access to LZ – PWG project could encourage and/or host additional interactive data processing. • Progress depends on: – MO&DA contract mechanism that allows appropriate control over PWG re-engineering. – Small augmentations to team funding for specific data processing/accessibility tasks. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 10

Summary • The Polar spacecraft and instruments are healthy. • Science progress over the Summary • The Polar spacecraft and instruments are healthy. • Science progress over the past two years has been particularly robust. Prospects for further breakthroughs with respect to substorm and reconnection physics appears very strong. • Science funding has been relatively stable. FY 02 funding was, on average, 90% of FY 01 levels. Funding profiles for FY 03 are budgeted at FY 02 levels. • The new mission operations and ground data processing systems are operating and serving the science community well. Several important re-engineering tasks remain to be completed by the end of December 02. • Conducting future mission operations under the current contracting mechanism does not appear to be economically feasible under the current long term funding profile. • A six-month notice, effective Sept. 30, for discontinuation of CSOC services was submitted. • Arranging for an alternate contracting mechanism for mission operations remains difficult. Several avenues are being pursued. • A plan to implement additional data accessibility improvements is under development. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 11

Backup Slides Robert Hoffman/Polar Project Scientist Barbara Giles/Polar Deputy Project Scientist Backup Slides Robert Hoffman/Polar Project Scientist Barbara Giles/Polar Deputy Project Scientist

Summary: Then and Now Polar, Wind and Geotail mission operations and ground data processing Summary: Then and Now Polar, Wind and Geotail mission operations and ground data processing combined 2. 6$M ~7. 625$M PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 13

Review of the ISTP Data System (an independent entity to serve the worldwide SEC Review of the ISTP Data System (an independent entity to serve the worldwide SEC community) In addition to • data processing and distribution services for GGS (Polar, Wind, Geotail) & IMP-8, • data distribution services for SOHO and Cluster, • operations and science coordination, ISTP served as a one-stop data source by • consolidating and distributing data for 15 additional spacecraft, observatories and T&M programs • providing extensive data and media integrity and quality services. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 14

Initial Courses of Action • The ISTP project office was disbanded and reduction of Initial Courses of Action • The ISTP project office was disbanded and reduction of past ISTP activities occurred during October and November of 2001. • ISTP ground system services immediately reduced were: – Quick. Look data processing for special requests only, – key parameter CD distribution reduced from ~12, 300 to 156 per year, – no key parameter re-processing, – no key parameter software updates, – no ground based or collaborative mission data processing or ingestion, – no dedicated program assistance center, – no system software updates excepting security patches, – no test or development environment, and – no off-hours data processing or problem response – services of the ISTP SPOF and Command Management System were consolidated with the MOC and the project scientist's office. Note: Items in blue have been restored within the new PWG data processing environment PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 15

Initial Courses of Action • Contacted instrument teams regarding requirements for various operations and Initial Courses of Action • Contacted instrument teams regarding requirements for various operations and data services. • Produced prioritized requirements document for Polar, Wind and Geotail. (available at http: //tide. gsfc. nasa. gov/studies/POLAR/Polar_Ops_specs_25 Jun 02. pdf) • Conducted six feasibility studies for alternative approaches 1) the present ground system management under CSOC (2 studies) 2) SPDF at GSFC under the direction of Bob Mc. Guire 3) LASP at U Colorado under the direction of Bill Peterson 4) UC Berkeley under the direction of Bob Lin 5) the NSSTC under the direction of Dennis Gallagher PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 16

Results of Feasibility Studies The following conclusions and actions resulted from the review of Results of Feasibility Studies The following conclusions and actions resulted from the review of the studies: • More software and system re-engineering needed to be pursued than provided for by the CSOC/CDHF study and CSOC estimates for flight operations. • Eight re-engineering projects were identified to reduce the number of FTEs by three-quarters. • The re-engineering work should be performed under local control. • The UC Berkeley capabilities for hosting mission operations remain of interest. It was determined that a consolidation of all systems under the PWG Mission Operations Center (MOC) under an ID/IQ contract, as suggested by the SPDF study, offered the most cost effective solution with the least disruption to flight operations and the least risk to spacecraft health and safety. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 17

Plan for Re-engineering PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 18 Plan for Re-engineering PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 18

Re-engineering tasks with greatest short term payoff Reduction of FOT Elimination of CHDF For Re-engineering tasks with greatest short term payoff Reduction of FOT Elimination of CHDF For the future of Wind 1. Unattended spacecraft contacts for data playbacks 2. Cross-training of flight operations personnel 3. Re-hosting the CMS for security and obsolescence issues 4. Re-hosting of NRT data service 5. Automation and re-hosting of KP processing 6. Simplifying online distribution of LZ and ancillary data 7. Automation of CD production 8. Streamlining NRT to include LZ processing and QL PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 19

Cross-training of FOT Personnel Current 1 flight ops lead 6 -7 console operators After Cross-training of FOT Personnel Current 1 flight ops lead 6 -7 console operators After Flight ops lead 4 -5 console operators 2 CMS operators 1 DSN scheduler Ground System Engineer 2 spacecraft engineers 1 ground system engineer Spacecraft Engineers Instrument Engineer DSN scheduler 1 instrument engineer still to be implemented PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 20

Re-hosting the CMS for Security and Obsolescence Issues Current After Bldg. 2 Bldg. 3 Re-hosting the CMS for Security and Obsolescence Issues Current After Bldg. 2 Bldg. 3 spof 7. gsfc. nasa. gov spof 1. gsfc. nasa. gov outside firewall, receives/relays commands & verifications Decnet “push”, identified as security risk TCP/IP FORMATS secure relay across firewall CMS inside firewall, verifies command sequences, etc. , on older VMS machine Bldg. 3 inside firewall, verifies command sequences, etc. , re-hosted on new PC Bldg. 3 Notes: • Core CMS software remains the same. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 21

Unattended Spacecraft Contacts for Data Playbacks Current Proposed 6 -8 console operators, covering 24 Unattended Spacecraft Contacts for Data Playbacks Current Proposed 6 -8 console operators, covering 24 x 7, typically 4 shifts of two operators, Wind: 1 contact/3 days, Polar: 4 contacts/day, All attended contacts 4 console operators, covering 16 x 5, Wind: 1 contact/3 days, Polar: 3 -4 contacts/day, TBD number of unattended contacts Notes: • Fewer attended contacts/fewer “double” attended contacts may mean less convenient or delayed command scheduling. • Errors at DSN sites will mean result in several hours of data loss for Polar and several days of data loss for Wind. still to be implemented PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 22

New Science Data System Overview The following Polar, Wind and Geotail services provided by New Science Data System Overview The following Polar, Wind and Geotail services provided by ISTP were retained: • Near Real Time (NRT) data, open line access • Quicklook (spacecraft playback) data, online access • Level Zero data processing, online and CD distribution • Geotail Sirius data processing, online access • Key Parameter data processing, online and limited CD distribution • Ancillary data processing, online access PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 23

Automation of KP Processing Before TAE GUI interfaces on VAX to shift of operators Automation of KP Processing Before TAE GUI interfaces on VAX to shift of operators Custom software & Oracle on Dec Alpha control processing Now Automated file processing Consolidation to single machine with ready access to data Frozen software library Software library converted to collection of individual processes Extensive quality checking Limited quality checking Notes : • Routine quality checking of KP file production will reside with instrument teams. • New high time resolution and Key Parameter software routines can be readily added by the instrument teams to the software library. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 24

Simplifying Online Data Distribution Before Now Notes: • Data access by open ftp • Simplifying Online Data Distribution Before Now Notes: • Data access by open ftp • LZ data older than 2 -3 months is gzip compressed • All data is public including NRT, QL, LZ, KP, ancillary PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 25

Automation of CD Production Before Now Notes: • DVDs for Polar_all, Wind_all and Geotail_all Automation of CD Production Before Now Notes: • DVDs for Polar_all, Wind_all and Geotail_all distribution • Quality control of CD product to be performed by receiver; limited replacements possible PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 26

Streamlining NRT Processing to Include LZ and QL Before After Bldg. 23 Wind/Polar NRTWind/Polar Streamlining NRT Processing to Include LZ and QL Before After Bldg. 23 Wind/Polar NRTWind/Polar on older NRT on older micro. Vaxs older NRT on Wind/Polar micro. Vaxs NRT micro. Vaxs (on older. Bldg. 3 micro. Vaxs) Wind/Geotail QL & LZ Polar QL & LZ Bldg. 3 NRT for Wind & Polar rehosted to Dec Alpha LZ for Wind & Polar rehosted to Dec Alpha Geotail QL & LZ Unix using Lab. View & Oracle Notes: • Software port process should be transparent to instrument teams. • File types and formats would remain identical. . • Routine quality checking of LZ data files will reside with instrument teams. • Reprocessing/replacement of LZ data may be limited to 1 -2 months after receipt of files. • There will be some data loss. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 27

Schedule for Remaining Re-engineering Activities streamlining NRT to include LZ and QL CD system Schedule for Remaining Re-engineering Activities streamlining NRT to include LZ and QL CD system burning in of new PWG data system transition to new CMS cross-training of flight operations personnel unattended spacecraft contacts for data playbacks Oct Nov Dec 2002 PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Jan Feb Mar Apr 2003 Pg 28

Concerns on the Project Side With Respect to Mission Operations: • Can we find Concerns on the Project Side With Respect to Mission Operations: • Can we find a contractual environment for operations that is affordable and legal? • Can the re-engineered system collapse to an affordable Wind-only environment after Polar and Geotail end of missions. • What is the minimum data recovery percentage acceptable in light of fiscal constraints imposed on extended mission programs. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 29

Mass and energy coverage of the Polar particle instrumentation packages Polar remains the best Mass and energy coverage of the Polar particle instrumentation packages Polar remains the best instrumented spacecraft in the magnetosphere. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 30

Exploring the Sun-Earth System An alliance of solar, heliospheric and geospace missions for the Exploring the Sun-Earth System An alliance of solar, heliospheric and geospace missions for the coordinated study of Sun-Earth system dynamics. PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 31

Alliance Objectives The SEC Alliance of spacecraft will expand the scientific productivity of the Alliance Objectives The SEC Alliance of spacecraft will expand the scientific productivity of the individual missions by fostering joint scientific analyses of phenomena that originate at the sun, propagate through interplanetary space, and impact the Earth's magnetosphere and upper atmosphere. Targeted objectives include: • Understand the coronal causes of heliospheric disturbances • Determine the evolution of disturbances within the heliosphere • Understand the coupling of solar wind energy to geospace • Understand the coupling of energy from the magnetosphere into the atmosphere PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 Pg 32

Alliance Activities Sponsor analysis campaigns focused on specific science problems that bridge mission objectives. Alliance Activities Sponsor analysis campaigns focused on specific science problems that bridge mission objectives. To date: • Energy transfer across the dayside magnetopause and through the cusp • Propagation of disturbances through interplanetary space Sponsor opportunities for collaboration: • Yosemite 2002: Magnetospheric imaging workshop • Geospace Workshop - Feb 2002 • Joint SOHO-ACE workshop - Mar 2002 • Spring AGU 2002: special sessions sponsored by Alliance members • Tentative Fall 2002: Interplanetary disturbance propagation workshop • Yosemite 2003: The cusp and dayside magnetopause Joint E/PO Activities • EOS Alliance article • Web home page • Aurora poster PWG Project Status / 23 October 2002 • Flyers/pamphlets on popular SEC science topics • Updating/re-issuing popular ISTP products Pg 33

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