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Planning and Deployment of UN Field Operations: The Integrated Mission Planning Process (IMPP) - Planning and Deployment of UN Field Operations: The Integrated Mission Planning Process (IMPP) - Updated Interactive Guide - ZIF Berlin, October 2011 UN Photo, Monuc UN Photo/Marc Garten UN Photo

Introduction This presentation covers the planning of UN field operations both at headquarters and Introduction This presentation covers the planning of UN field operations both at headquarters and in the field. It draws on the approved guidelines for the Integrated Mission Planning Process (IMPP) and principles for UN peacekeeping operations. The IMPP has been created to include all relevant UN bodies both at HQ and at field level as well as external actors in the planning of UN field operations. While the IMPP guidelines apply, in principle, to all UN field missions, this presentation focuses mainly on DPKO-led peacekeeping operations. Planning a UN field operation is a dynamic and non-linear process which depends on many different factors, such as the urgency of deployment and the size, scope, and aim of the mission as determined by the Security Council. Therefore, please note that the planning process presented hereafter is simplified. Certain steps which appear to be sequential may actually occur simultaneously or in a different order, while others may be left out on a case-by-case basis. Notwithstanding, every mission rests on certain indispensable key documents, such as Reports of the Secretary-General, a Mission Concept, a Results-based Budget (RBB), a Security Council Resolution containing the mission’s mandate, and a field-based Integrated Strategic Framework (ISF). UN Photo/Martine Perret UN Photo/Logan. Isaac UN Photo/John Abassi How to use this presentation UN Photo/John Isaac With each mouse click the process evolves gradually, providing information on every step of the planning process. A functional distinction is made decision-making bodies between (dark blue) and administrative bodies (light blue). For further information on the UN bodies involved, click on the boxes marked with an . Integrated hyperlinks will lead you to relevant UN websites. By clicking on the buttons located at the bottom of each slide you can jump forward or backward between different phases of the planning process. Bastian Richter, ZIF Click to continue…

Table of Contents I. Information – The Integrated Mission Planning Process II. Overview – Table of Contents I. Information – The Integrated Mission Planning Process II. Overview – Key actors involved in setting up a UN operation III. Stage 1 – Strategic Planning IV. Stage 2 – Operational Planning V. Stage 3 – Deployment Phase VI. Stage 4 – Field-based Planning VII. Map of Current DPKO-led Field Operations

Information INTEGRATED MISSION PLANNING PROCESS (IMPP) Amid a growing complexity of multi-dimensional peace operations Information INTEGRATED MISSION PLANNING PROCESS (IMPP) Amid a growing complexity of multi-dimensional peace operations today, the UN has developed an Integrated Mission Planning Process (IMPP). The original IMPP guidelines endorsed by the Secretary-General in 2006 explain the purpose of the IMPP as follows: “The IMPP does not aim to take over all other planning processes. It aims to ensure that the right people are at the table, that the right issues are being considered, and that the appropriate authorities and accountabilities are in place […]. ” (2006 IMPP Guidelines p. 3) The IMPP thus represents an overarching coordination and planning regime which seeks to comprise all relevant actors, such as UN offices, agencies and funds (OCHA, UNDP, UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, OHCHR, etc. ) at Headquarters and Country Team level as well as the World Bank and the IMF, if appropriate. An Integrated Mission can be understood as a UN System-wide response to a crisis. In a 2008 decision, the Secretary-General’s Policy Committee reaffirmed integration as “the guiding principle for all conflict and post-conflict situations where the UN has a Country Team and a multi-dimensional peacekeeping operation or political mission/office, whether or not those presences are structurally integrated. ” As a key component of the IMPP, an Integrated Mission Task Force (IMTF) or Integrated Task Force (ITF) is established as the formal headquarters-based planning body for a UN operation. In addition, field-based coordination structures such as a Strategic Policy Group and an Integrated Strategy and Planning Team or a Joint Planning Unit are created as bodies in charge of strategic planning in the integrated mission setting. Background of the Integrated Missions Concept and the IMPP A lack of coherence among field activities in the humanitarian relief, development, political and security spheres had been acknowledged in a number of evaluation reports and studies on UN peacekeeping operations over the last 15 years, notably the 2000 “Brahimi Report. ” As a consequence, a series of high-level panels and working groups worked out different coordination models which culminated in the Integrated Missions Concept in 2004/2005. In order for the UN to implement this concept and to enable its different entities in the field to “deliver as one”, the IMPP was developed (mainly) in 2006 and 2007 and is being implemented since 2008. Click to return…

Overview – Key actors involved in setting up a UN operation Conflict Party GA Overview – Key actors involved in setting up a UN operation Conflict Party GA 5 th Committee ACABQ Authorizes operational budget of a mission Finally, the involvement of the mainwilling to Member states parties to the conflict is often essential in the and/or contribute troops political process preceding and operation police to a UN accompanying the deployment a UN peacekeeping operation. Click to continue… Budgetary oversight by the General Assembly Click to continue… SECURITY COUNCIL Reports and gives recommendations Troop Contributing Countries (TCC) Police Contributing Countries (PCC) UN Agencies, Programmes and Funds SG requests as well as the UNCT and TCCs & PCCs NGOs to contribute Click to continue… NGOs UN Agencies and Funds Tasks planning, (UNDP, UNHCR, WFP…) authorizes UN operations Central decision-making UN Secretariat departments and offices Secretary-General body involved in planning and/or UN Country Team Click of a multi-dimensional implementation to continue… UN operation Agencies, Funds and Click to coordinate Programmescontinue… with the Secretariat to ensure coherence Other UN Entities & Offices (PBSO, DOCO, OHCHR, UNDG, ECHA)

Start of the Integrated Mission Planning Process at Headquarters Level… Start of the Integrated Mission Planning Process at Headquarters Level…

Secretary-General The Secretary-General (supported by his Secretariat) plays a critical role in helping the Secretary-General The Secretary-General (supported by his Secretariat) plays a critical role in helping the Security Council determine whether a UN peacekeeping operation is the most appropriate course of action. The SG may initiate assessments of a crisis situation and a possible UN involvement without prior consultation with the Security Council. Stage 1 Strategic Planning SECURITY COUNCIL It is the prerogative of the Security Council to determine when and where a United Nations field operation should be deployed. Table of Contents

In case of a crisis, the Secretary-General may task his Secretariat to develop a In case of a crisis, the Secretary-General may task his Secretariat to develop a Strategic Assessment of the situation. Secretary-General UN The aim of the Strategic Assessment is to outline possible objectives of a potential mission as well as alternative options and strategies for UN involvement. The Secretary-General (supported by his Secretariat) plays a critical role in helping the Security Council determine whether a UN peacekeeping operation is the most Secretariat appropriate course of action. Strategic The SG may initiate assessments of a crisis situation and a possible UN involvement without prior consultation with the Security Council. The Strategic Assessment should be undertaken by a DPKO-led Integrated Mission Task Force (IMTF) or DPA-led Integrated Task Force (ITF), depending on the country situation to be assessed. SECURITY COUNCIL Assessment Stage 1 Strategic Planning Strategic Assessment Table of Contents

The Integrated Mission Task Force (IMTF) or Integrated Task Force (ITF) consists of representatives The Integrated Mission Task Force (IMTF) or Integrated Task Force (ITF) consists of representatives of all relevant UN entities at headquarters level as well as of the UN Country Team and, possibly, World Bank and IMF. It is chaired by a senior representative from the lead department. The IMTF/ITF is the formal headquarters-based planning and coordinating body at strategic level. It is UN Secretariat responsible for implementing the Integrated Mission Planning Process (IMPP) for the specific country and Other UN Offices mission. (PBSO, DOCO, OHCHR) The aim of the Strategic Assessment is to outline possible objectives of a potential mission as well as alternative options and strategies for UN involvement. The Strategic Assessment is carried out by the ITF/IMTF which also writes its Terms of Reference, is responsible for potentially deploying an assessment team, and Team UN Country ensures follow-up to the UN Field assessment mission. Presence Strategic IMTF/ITF Assessment ITFs/MTFs may also consider inviting external actors such as the host government(s), NGOs, external experts & academics, NGOs and civil society organizations, and TCCs/PCCs for consultations. External Actors The Strategic Assessment should be undertaken by a DPKO-led Integrated Mission Task Force (IMTF) or DPA-led Integrated Task Force (ITF), depending on the country situation to be assessed. Stage 1 Strategic Planning Strategic Assessment World Bank and IMF UN Agencies and Funds Member states supportive of (UNDP, UNHCR, WFP…) a possible UN operation may Member States assist the Secretariat, e. g. by providing field information. Table of Contents

SECURITY COUNCIL Planning If a Peacekeeping Operation is deemed a suitable option for UN SECURITY COUNCIL Planning If a Peacekeeping Operation is deemed a suitable option for UN engagement, DPKO will be designated as the lead for operational planning. Directive Secretary-General The SG may also seek consultations with the Security However, the Secretary. Council on the General might also possible options of conclude, for example, UN involvement. The that a DPA-led Special UNSC may at this Political Mission would point already issue a be more appropriate. formal statement or pass a resolution. Based on the planning assumptions set out in the Strategic Assessment, the Secretary-General decides on The IMFT/ITF presents the strategic objectives and Strategic Assessment to the form of UN involvement. The Secretary-General and his Strategic Assessment may or Policy Committee. may not lead to the fielding of a multi-dimensional peace operation. The Strategic Assessment is Note: According to the IMPP Guidelines, the Secretary carried out by the ITF/IMTF Strategic General, in consultation with the IMTF/ITF, issues which also writes its Terms of a Planning Directive as the basis for operational From this point, this presentation Reference, is responsible for planning, setting out the strategic objectives, the potentially deploying an focuses on DPKO-led Peacekeeping Assessment proposed form and scope of a field operation. In assessment team, and Operations. However, many planning practice, however, a decision by the Policy ensures follow-up to the steps for DPA-led Special Political assessment mission. Committee often replaces such a Planning Missions are similar. Member states supportive of Directive. a possible UN operation may assist the Secretariat, e. g. by Member States providing field information. DPKO Stage 1 Strategic Planning DPA IMTF/ITF Strategic Assessment Table of Contents

Other UN Offices (PBSO, DOCO, OHCHR) Based on the SG’s Planning Directive on the Other UN Offices (PBSO, DOCO, OHCHR) Based on the SG’s Planning Directive on the establishment UN Agencies and Funds UN Country DPA Planning Team DSS OCHA (UNDP, UNHCR, WFP…) of a peacekeeping mission, DPKO (as lead department) and DFS commence planning in consultation with the Directive Integrated Mission Task Force. IMTF DPKO DFS TAM Stage 2 Operational Planning Report The Under-Secretary-General of DPKO issues a a related operational The TAM Report is collated by planning directive which includes a the lead department based on TAM situation analysis, planning the respective inputs of IMTF assumptions, strategic objectives, a members. The TAM’s findings risk assessment, functions and provide the basis for further Following an initial risk and threat assessment by responsibilities of the IMTF. planning and for a Report of the Department of Safety and Security (DSS) and the Secretary-General to the DPKO’s Office of Military Affairs (OMA), the IMTF Security Council. members deploy on a DPKO-led joint Technical Based on the TAM’s findings, Assessment Mission (TAM) to evaluate the DPKO and DFS commence situation in the field. work on draft Concepts of Operation (CONOPS) for each prospective component of the mission (military, police, justice & corrections, logistical support). Technical Assessment Mission (TAM) Table of Contents

simultaneous planning steps Within DPKO The preliminary planning results are forwarded to the USG simultaneous planning steps Within DPKO The preliminary planning results are forwarded to the USG for approval. USG Policy, Evaluation & Training Division DPKO Office of Operations The regional division in charge commences work on an overall Mission Concept in consultation with the IMTF. Initiation of recruitment planning for mission leadership & civilian staff (jointly with Department of Field Support). As the coordinating office for operational planning, the OO leads consultations with key partners through the IMTF. Office of Military Affairs Development of an Operational Estimate as At this point, several the basis for a draft miliconcurrent planning steps are tary CONOPS, incl. a risks initiated in DPKO and DFS. & threats assessment and possible courses of action. Meanwhile, informal talks with potential Troop Contributing Countries (TCCs) to estimate potential force availability. The Operational Estimate is refined, based on likely availability of troops and logistics and on a thorough options analysis. DFS Office of Rule of Law & Drawing on lessons Security Institutions learned from other missions, the Policy Planning, Evaluation and Commencement of Training Division planning of the police and contributes to the planning Rule of Law components process. in the future operation. Stage 2 Operational Planning Development of Concepts of Operations (CONOPS) Close cooperation with partners in planning Ro. L projects (e. g. DDR and SSR programs) in the country, such as UNDP, DPA, UNICEF, etc. Meanwhile, informal talks with potential Police Contributing Countries (PCCs). Table of Contents

simultaneous planning steps Within DPKO The preliminary planning results are forwarded to the USG simultaneous planning steps Within DPKO The preliminary planning results are forwarded to the USG for approval. DPKO USG Policy, Evaluation & Training Division CONOPS Office of Operations IMTF Office of Military Affairs The combined Concepts of Office of Rule of Law & Operations as well as cost Security Institutions estimates and other preliminary planning results are presented to the IMTF. Stage 2 Operational Planning Development of Concepts of Operations (CONOPS) Within DFS begins to develop cost estimates as the basis for a Results. Based Budget (RBB) for the mission in cooperation with DPKO. Field Budget and Finance Division DFS Initiation of logistics and transport planning. Logistics Support Division Recruitment of mission leadership (SRSG, Force Commander, Police Commissioner, etc) is initiated, together with DPKO through the joint Senior Leadership Appointments Section. Field Personnel Division Table of Contents

DPKO Stage 2 CONOPS Operational Planning IMTF Based on DFS’s cost estimates, the IMTF DPKO Stage 2 CONOPS Operational Planning IMTF Based on DFS’s cost estimates, the IMTF issues a request for a pre-mandate Commitment Authority (CA) for essential start-up funding through the Peacekeeping Reserve Fund. CA DFS ACABQ To activate a CA, the written consent of the Security Council President is required. The request is reviewed by the Controller and then forwarded to ACABQ. Commitments may usually not exceed $50 million per decision of the Security Council. A CA allows for the financing of essential pre-mandate tasks necessary to set up the mission, such as § Fielding of Technical Assessment Missions (TAMs); § The recruitment of core personnel and the deployment of an advance team; § The establishment of a mission HQ; § The initiation of procurement with a long lead time, and shipments and airlifts of strategic deployment stocks (SDS). Pre-Mandate Commitment Authority (CA) Table of Contents

DPKO Secretary-General DPKO’s Office of Operations prepares a report to be The SG Report DPKO Secretary-General DPKO’s Office of Operations prepares a report to be The SG Report is usually presented by the SG to the by the USG of the DPKO. Based on Security Council. It consults the report’s recommendations, the closely with the IMTF and takes Security Council discusses the collective views of its members available options for a UN mission. into consideration. SG Report This Report of the Secretary. General builds on the findings of the Technical Assessment Mission (TAM) and on the different draft CONOPS, and usually presents an analysis of strategic options. SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION GA 5 th Committee ACABQ Stage 2 Operational Planning Mandate Preparation The Security Council passes a resolution which authorizes the operation’s deployment and determines its size and mandate. The budget and resources of the mission are then subject to approval by the 5 th Committee of the General Assembly. Table of Contents

RESOLUTION After the mission is mandated and a Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) RESOLUTION After the mission is mandated and a Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) is selected, IMTF under the leadership of the lead department may produce a directive of the Secretary. General to the SRSG, providing political and operational strategic guidance. At this point, the overall lead begins to shift over to the SRSG as the Head of Mission. The SRSG is the most senior UN official in the host country. In an integrated mission, he/she is supported by a “triple-hatted” Deputy SRSG/ Resident Coordinator/ Humanitarian Coordinator (DSRSG/RC/HC). Based on the provisions set forth in the Security Council Resolution and the budgetary guidelines given by the GA 5 th Committee and ACABQ… Deployment Phase DPKO IMTF CONOPS Mission Concept SG’s Directive SRSG Stage 3 …DPKO revises the component Concepts of Operations, In the process, DPKO closely consults with the IMTF. The SRSG and his field team are in the lead to work out the overall Mission Concept, in close coordination and collaboration with IMTF members and the Security Council. Mission Concept Table of Contents

simultaneous planning steps Administrative and logistics planning in DFS Field Budget and Finance Division simultaneous planning steps Administrative and logistics planning in DFS Field Budget and Finance Division Logistics Support Division Based on instructions by the Controller, the mission’s Resultsbased Budget (RBB) is refined and forwarded to the Controller for review before being presented Meanwhile, several final to ACABQ/5 th Committee planning steps are for final approval. again conducted concurrently at UN HQ. Deployment preparations, e. g. contracting transport, transferring mission assets, final movement planning, organizing logistics and supply on the ground. IMTF DFS Field Personnel Division The IMTF is consulted on Recruitment of staff and budget, structure and transfer to the mission. staffing of the mission to avoid duplications with existing programmes and to ensure that complementary funding and staff are available in the UN Country Team. Stage 3 Deployment Phase Deployment Preparation Operational planning in DPKO Office of Military Affairs Rules of Engagement (Ro. E) and further guidelines are drafted. Force generation: visits to Troop Contributing Countries (TCCs), negotiating Memoranda of Understanding (Mo. U); movement planning. DPKO Office of Rule of Law & Security Institutions Force generation: visits to Police Contributing Countries (PCCs), Mo. U negotiations; movement planning. Ensures a coordinated approach with UNDP and other actors engaged in security sector matters. Office of Operations The OO coordinates and leads the final deployment preparations and ensures compliance with political guidelines. Table of Contents

Office of Legal Affairs These documents serve as the legal basis for the mission’s Office of Legal Affairs These documents serve as the legal basis for the mission’s As a final step, a SOFA relations with the host nation, Status of Forces SOMA the SOFA covering the military Agreement (SOFA) component and the SOMA the and a Status of police/civilian component. Mission Agreement SOFA and SOMA are Deployment of the Peacekeeping Operation: (SOMA) are prepared negotiated and signed by the UN Office of Host Country UN and the host nation. Legal Affairs. § once deployed, the authority in the field lies with the SRSG and his/her senior leadership SOFA and SOMA are compreteam; hensive documents dealing with § the SRSG reports to the SG through the USG of the lead department; all aspects concerning the § UN Headquarters provides political and strategic guidance and operational support. mission, such as the freedom of movement of its members, Note: jurisdiction over the mission’s personnel, the provision of water, electricity and other It should be noted that an SRSG-led mission utilities, etc. represents only one strand in the UN’s multi. In practice, agreeing on the dimensional response to a crisis. Parallel to the SOFA and the SOMA is one of planning and deployment of a field mission, further the most critical and sometimes humanitarian and development interventions are contentious issues between the usually planned and executed. UN and the host nation. Stage 3 Deployment Phase Table of Contents

Integrated Mission Planning at Field Level… Integrated Mission Planning at Field Level…

Once a mission becomes fully operational, integrated planning efforts shift to the field… SRSG Once a mission becomes fully operational, integrated planning efforts shift to the field… SRSG (DSRSG) RC/HC Field Mission UN Country Team Thematic Working Groups Each UN field presence should have standing coordination bodies that Strategic bring together Mission Policy Group and UNCT. At principals’ level, strategic direction is provided by a Strategic Policy Group chaired by the SRSG and usually comprising DSRSGRC/HC and heads of key mission components and UN agencies. Stage 4 Field-based Planning The Strategic Policy Group is complemented Depending on the by a planning body at Integrated Strategy size of the UN field technical level which And Planning Team/ presence, the SPG may also serve as a Joint Planning Unit may be aided by shared analytical standing or ad hoc capacity, though this thematic working UN field presences …though this is not a requirement. Instead, a function may also be groups. may opt for a ‘looser’ Joint Planning Unit or another format covered by a standmay also be established, comprising planning alone body. structurally integrated Strategy and Planning officers from the mission and the country team. Team… Table of Contents

In order to bring together the Mission and the UNCT’s combined mandates and resources In order to bring together the Mission and the UNCT’s combined mandates and resources under an overarching strategy for the UN’s role in peace consolidation and to ensure system-wide coherence, the Strategic Policy Group tasks the ISPT or JPU to produce an Integrated Strategic Framework (ISF) in continued dialogue with the IMTF at headquarters. Though the ISF is a UNinternal document, national stakeholders and non-UN partners are usually consulted throughout the ISF process. Stage 4 Field-based Planning ISF Strategic Policy Group Host Country An ISF builds on possibly already An ISF is the key vehicle for UN existing planning frameworks partners in the field to agree on Following endorsement NGOs (RBB, UNDAF, CAP). It contains 1. A shared vision of the UN’s by the SPG, the SRSG • An updated conflict analysis; strategic objectives; and the RC/HC present • A vision statement; 2. A set of agreed results, the document for • Strategic objectives and intended Integrated Strategy timelines, and discussion and results, timelines, responsibilities; And Planning Team/ responsibilities for the endorsement at the HQ • coordination and implementation Joint Planning Unit delivery of tasks critical to based IMTF/ITF. The USG arrangements; consolidating peace; of the lead • And provisions on monitoring and 3. And mechanisms for department also signs off reporting. monitoring and evaluation. on the ISF. Integrated Strategic Framework (ISF) IMTF The agreed timeframe for an ISF varies based on the situation in the host country. Table of Contents

Current DPKO-led Field Operations (as of October 2011) UNFICYP 1964 - UNAMA* 2002 - Current DPKO-led Field Operations (as of October 2011) UNFICYP 1964 - UNAMA* 2002 - UNMIK 1999 - UNMOGIP 1949 - UNIFIL 1978 UNDOF 1974 UNTSO 1948 - MINUSTAH 2004 - UNMIT 2006 - MINURSO 1991 - UNAMID 2007 UNMIL 2003 UNOCI 2004 - UNISFA 2011 The number indicates the year of authorization by the Security Council. Clicking on the tag will lead you to the mission’s website. * special political mission, directed and supported by DPKO UNMISS 2011 MONUSCO 2010 -

Ludwigkirchplatz 3 -4 10719 Berlin Germany Phone ++49 (0)30 – 520 05 65 – Ludwigkirchplatz 3 -4 10719 Berlin Germany Phone ++49 (0)30 – 520 05 65 – 0 Fax ++49 (0)30 – 520 05 65 – 90 www. zif-berlin. org [email protected] org

Information SECURITY COUNCIL It is the prerogative of the Security Council to determine when Information SECURITY COUNCIL It is the prerogative of the Security Council to determine when and where a UN peacekeeping operation should be deployed in order to restore and safeguard the peace (UN Charter art. 24(1), art. 39). The decision to deploy a UN peacekeeping operation requires a minimum of nine votes from the Security Council’s fifteen members, including the votes of the five permanent members (art. 27). However, the full backing of a mission by all Security Council members is strongly desired. When considering to establish a UN operation, the Security Council usually takes into account, among others, the following factors: UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe § Whether a situation exists the continuation of which is likely to constitute a threat to international peace and security; § Whether a cease-fire exists and whether the parties have committed themselves to a peace process intended to reach a political settlement (a “peace to keep”); § Whether a precise mandate for a UN operation can be formulated; and § Whether the safety and security of UN personnel can be reasonably ensured, including in particular whether reasonable guarantees can be obtained from the principal parties or factions regarding the safety and security of UN personnel. Security Council website Click to return…

Information GENERAL ASSEMBLY (GA) 5 th Committee § Responsible for administration and budgetary matters; Information GENERAL ASSEMBLY (GA) 5 th Committee § Responsible for administration and budgetary matters; § Based on the 5 th Committee’s reports, the GA considers and approves the UN’s budget and financial and budgetary arrangements with UN agencies; § Each May, the 5 th Committee holds a resumed session to deal with administrative aspects of UN peacekeeping and approves the annual peacekeeping budget; § It also considers urgent matters relating to the financing of a peacekeeping mission authorized by the Security Council at any of its sessions. UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras General Assembly in session 5 th Committee website Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions (ACABQ) § Consists of 16 members appointed by the General Assembly; § Examines and reports on the budget submitted by the Secretary-General to the GA; § Advises the GA on any administrative and budgetary matters referred to it. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe ACABQ website ACABQ in session Click to return…

Information Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) Established 1992, currently led by Under-Secretary-General Hervé Ladsous Information Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) Established 1992, currently led by Under-Secretary-General Hervé Ladsous Mandate: § Planning, managing and deploying UN peacekeeping operations; § Providing political & executive direction to UN peacekeeping operations on behalf of the SG; § Close cooperation with the Department of Field Support; § Support of other peace and security operations that are predominantly civilian (political missions). DPKO website Organizational chart Office of the Under. Secretary-General UN Photo USG Ladsous Integrated & shared capacities DPKO - DFS Office of the Chief of Staff Executive Office Situation Centre Office of Operations Office of Military Affairs Africa I Division Current Military Operations Service Africa II Division Military Planning Service Europe & Latin America Division Asia & Middle East Division Force Generation Service Office of Rule of Law & Security Institutions Security Sector Reform (SSR) Unit Police Division Criminal Law & Judicial Advisory Service DDR Section Mine Action Service Public Affairs Section Peacekeeping Information Management Unit Focal Point for Security Senior Leadership Appointments Section Audit Response & Boards of Inquiry Section Conduct & Discipline Unit Policy, Evaluation and Training Division Peacekeeping Best Practices Section Integrated Training Service Click to return…

Information Department of Political Affairs (DPA) Established 1992 as the UN focal point for Information Department of Political Affairs (DPA) Established 1992 as the UN focal point for conflict prevention, peacemaking, and peace building, led by Under-Secretary-General B. Lynn Pascoe. Mandate: § Monitoring and assessing global political developments; § Advising the UN Secretary-General on actions to advance the cause of peace; § Providing support and guidance to UN peace envoys and political missions in the field; § Serving Member States through electoral assistance and through the support of DPA staff to the work of the Security Council and other UN bodies. DPA website Electoral Assistance Division Assistant Secretary. General Africa I Division Security Council Secretariat Branch Assistant Secretary. General Policy and Mediation Division Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force Asia and the Pacific Division Europe Division Security Council Affairs Division Security Council Subsidiary Organs Branch Executive Office Americas Division Africa II Division USG Pascoe Organizational chart Under. Secretary-General Office of the Under. Secretary-General UN Photo Division for Palestinian Rights Security Council Practices & Charter Research Branch Middle East & West Asia Division Decolonization Unit Click to return…

Information Department of Field Support (DFS) Established 2007, led by Under-Secretary-General Susana Malcorra Mandate: Information Department of Field Support (DFS) Established 2007, led by Under-Secretary-General Susana Malcorra Mandate: Support UN field operations in the areas of: § Personnel (recruitment of high quality leadership and field staff; overseeing standards of conduct); § Logistics (ensuring appropriate resources incl. materiel, direction, guidance and oversight); § Communications & IT (ensuring reliable, responsive and continuous voice, data and video services); § Budget and finance (providing financial support services and ensuring appropriate funding. UN Photo/WFP USG Malcorra Integrated & shared capacities DPKO - DFS Organizational chart Office of the Under. Secretary-General Office of the Chief of Staff Executive Office Situation Centre Public Affairs Section Office of the Assistant. Secretary-General Peacekeeping Information Management Unit Field Procurement & Liaison Team Focal Point for Security Senior Leadership Appointments Section Audit Response & Boards of Inquiry Section Conduct & Discipline Unit Policy, Evaluation and Training Division Peacekeeping Best Practices Section Integrated Training Service Field Personnel Division Field Personnel Operations Service Field Personnel Specialist Support Service Field Budget and Finance Division Budget and Performance Reporting Service MOU and Claims Management Section Logistics Support Division Operational Support Service Specialist Support Service Transportation and Movement Service Information & Communications Technology Division Field Communications & IT Operations Service Field Technology & Security Section United Nations Logistics Base (UNLB) Click to return…

Information Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Established 1998, led since September Information Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Established 1998, led since September 2010 by UN Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC, with USG status) Valerie Amos As a coordinating body, free from day-to-day operational challenges, OCHA focuses on the full spectrum of issues associated with humanitarian assistance. This includes anticipating changes in operational environments and setting the agenda for common international humanitarian actions even before crises occur. The functions of the ERC are focused in three core areas: § Policy development and coordination functions in support of the Secretary-General, ensuring that all humanitarian issues, including those which fall through gaps in existing mandates of agencies such as protection and assistance for internally displaced persons, are addressed; § Advocacy of humanitarian issues with political organs, notably the Security Council; and § Coordination of humanitarian emergency response, by ensuring that an appropriate response mechanism is established, through Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) consultations, on the ground. UN Photo ERC Amos OCHA carries out its coordination function primarily through the Inter-Agency Standing Committee, which is chaired by the ERC. Participants include all humanitarian partners, from UN agencies, funds and programs to the Red Cross Movement and NGOs. OCHA website Click to return…

Information Department of Safety and Security (DSS) DSS is headed since May 2009 by Information Department of Safety and Security (DSS) DSS is headed since May 2009 by Under-Secretary-General Gregory B. Starr. The Department of Safety and Security is responsible for providing leadership, operational support and oversight of the security management system to enable the safest and most efficient conduct of the programs and activities of the UN System. UN Photo DSS website USG Starr Organizational chart Under. Secretary-General Compliance, Investigations & Monitoring Section Protection Coordination Unit UN HQ Security and Safety Services SSS Offices away From HQ Policy Planning & Coordination Unit Deputy to the USG Division of Headquarters Security & Safety Services (DHSSS) Regional Commissions International Criminal Tribunals Executive Office Division of Regional Operations (DRO) Threat and Risk Unit Regional Desks Communications Centre Peacekeeping Operations Support Service Crisis Management Operations & Support Unit Field Support Service (FSS) Training & Development Section Critical Incident Stress Management Section Information Management Section Click to return…

Information Involvement of other UN Entities and Offices § Depending on the specific situation Information Involvement of other UN Entities and Offices § Depending on the specific situation in a given country, the Peace Building Support Office (PBSO), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the Development Operations Coordination Office (DOCO), as well as the UN Development Group (UNDG) and the Executive Committee on Humanitarian Affairs (ECHA) are involved in the strategic mission planning at Headquarters level. § In HQ-based Integrated Task Forces (ITF, DPA-led) or Integrated Mission Task Forces (IMTF, DPKO-led), Development and humanitarian actors are represented by DOCO and OCHA, respectively. In addition to these two, four representatives from the UN Funds, Programmes, and Agencies may participate based on their involvement in the country in question (‘ 2+4 formula’). Click to return…

Information Integrated Mission Task Force (IMTF )/ Integrated Task Force (ITF)* *IMTFs are led Information Integrated Mission Task Force (IMTF )/ Integrated Task Force (ITF)* *IMTFs are led by DPKO, ITFs are led by DPA • IMTFs/ITFs are the principal Headquarters-based inter-departmental and inter-agency mechanism to “ensure coherent and consistent support and policy guidance” to UN presences applying the principles of integration and undertaking the IMPP both before and throughout the deployment of a field mission. They deal with all issues that have strategic significance or programmatic impact for the UN presence in the relevant country. • IMTFs/ITF provide an important link between headquarters and the field, aiming to provide coordinated guidance and support to the leadership of the field mission, UN Secretariat departments, and the UNCT. The role of the IMTFs varies in intensity throughout the mission life cycle. • A new IMTF may be triggered in a variety of ways, including through a decision by the Security Council or the Secretary-General to begin planning for a new field mission. The 2006 IMPP Guidelines foresee a linear progression from a DPA-led task force to carry-out the Strategic Assessment to a DPKO-led IMTF once planning for a peacekeeping mission is required. • In addition, DPA is leading task forces for the start up of a Special Political Mission or a similar field presence (although this was not mentioned in the 2006 IMPP Guidelines). Click to return…