PLAN: Hygieneisasetofpracticesperformedforthe preservationof health. Accordingtothe WorldHealthOrganization (WHO),

Описание презентации PLAN: Hygieneisasetofpracticesperformedforthe preservationof health. Accordingtothe WorldHealthOrganization (WHO), по слайдам

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Hygieneisasetofpracticesperformedforthe preservationof health. Accordingtothe World. Health. Organization (WHO), Hygienerefersto conditionsandpracticesthathelptomaintainhealth andpreventthespreadofdiseases.  Whereasinpopularcultureandparlanceitcanoften meanmere'cleanliness',Hygieneisasetofpracticesperformedforthe preservationof health. Accordingtothe World. Health. Organization (WHO), «Hygienerefersto conditionsandpracticesthathelptomaintainhealth andpreventthespreadofdiseases. » Whereasinpopularcultureandparlanceitcanoften meanmere’cleanliness’, hygieneinitsfullestand originalmeaninggoesmuchbeyondthattoincludeall circumstancesandpractices, lifestyleissues, premises andcommoditiesthatengenderasafeandhealthy environment. Whileinmodern medical sciences there isasetofstandardsofhygienerecommendedfor differentsituations, whatisconsideredhygienicornot canvarybetweendifferent cultures , genders and agegroups. Someregularhygienicpracticesmaybe consideredgood habits byasocietywhiletheneglect ofhygienecanbeconsidereddisgusting, disrespectful oreventhreatening.

History Theearliestwrittenaccountof. Elaboratecodesofhygienecanbefound inseveral. Hindutexts, suchasthe Manusmriti andthe Vishnu Purana. Bathingisoneofthefive Nitya karmas (dailyduties)in.History Theearliestwrittenaccountof. Elaboratecodesofhygienecanbefound inseveral. Hindutexts, suchasthe Manusmriti andthe Vishnu Purana. Bathingisoneofthefive Nitya karmas (dailyduties)in. Hinduism, andnotperformingitleadstosin, accordingtosomescriptures. Regularbathingwasahallmarkof Roman civilization. Elaborate baths wereconstructedinurbanareastoservethepublic, whotypically demandedtheinfrastructuretomaintainpersonalcleanliness. The complexesusuallyconsistedoflarge, swimmingpool-likebaths, smallercoldandhotpools, saunas, andspa-likefacilitieswhere individualscouldbedepilated, oiled, andmassaged. Waterwas constantlychangedbyan aqueduct -fedflow. Bathingoutsideofurban centersinvolvedsmaller, lesselaboratebathingfacilities, orsimplythe useofcleanbodiesofwater. Romancitiesalsohadlarge sewers , such as. Rome’s Cloaca Maxima , intowhichpublicandprivatelatrines drained. Romansdidn’thavedemand-flushtoiletsbutdidhavesome toiletswithacontinuousflowofwaterunderthem.

Medical hygiene Medicalhygienepertainstothehygiene practicesrelatedtotheadministrationof medicine, andmedicalcare, thatpreventsor minimizesdiseaseandthespreadingof disease. Medicalhygienepracticesinclude: Isolation or quarantine ofinfectiouspersonsMedical hygiene Medicalhygienepertainstothehygiene practicesrelatedtotheadministrationof medicine, andmedicalcare, thatpreventsor minimizesdiseaseandthespreadingof disease. Medicalhygienepracticesinclude: Isolation or quarantine ofinfectiouspersons ormaterialstopreventspreadofinfection. Sterilization ofinstrumentsusedin surgicalprocedures. Useofprotectiveclothingandbarriers, suchas masks , gowns , caps , eyewear and gloves. Proper bandaging and dressing of injuries. Safe disposal of medicalwaste. Disinfectionofreusables(i. e. linen, pads, uniforms) Scrubbingup, hand-washing, especiallyinanoperatingroom, butinmoregeneral health-caresettingsaswell, wherediseasescanbetransmitted Mostofthesepracticesweredevelopedinthe 19 thcenturyandwerewell establishedbythemid-20 thcentury. Someprocedures(suchasdisposalof medicalwaste )wererefinedinresponsetolate-20 thcenturydiseaseoutbreaks, notably AIDS and Ebola.

Respiratory hygiene Correctrespiratoryand handhygiene whencoughingandsneezing reducesthespreadofgermsparticularlyduringthe cold and flu season. Carrytissuesandusethemtocatchcoughsandsneezes Disposeoftissuesassoonaspossible Cleanyourhandsby handwashingRespiratory hygiene Correctrespiratoryand handhygiene whencoughingandsneezing reducesthespreadofgermsparticularlyduringthe cold and flu season. Carrytissuesandusethemtocatchcoughsandsneezes Disposeoftissuesassoonaspossible Cleanyourhandsby handwashing orusinganalcohol handsanitizer.

Food hygiene at home Foodhygieneisconcernedwiththehygienepracticesthatpreventfoodpoisoning. Thefive keyprinciplesoffoodhygiene, accordingto WHO , are: Preventcontaminatingfoodwithmixingchemicals, spreadingfrompeople, andanimals.Food hygiene at home Foodhygieneisconcernedwiththehygienepracticesthatpreventfoodpoisoning. Thefive keyprinciplesoffoodhygiene, accordingto WHO , are: Preventcontaminatingfoodwithmixingchemicals, spreadingfrompeople, andanimals. Separaterawandcookedfoodstopreventcontaminatingthecookedfoods. Cookfoodsfortheappropriatelengthoftimeandattheappropriatetemperaturetokill pathogens. Storefoodatthepropertemperature. Usesafewaterandrawmaterials

Hygiene in the bathroom and toilet Cleaningoftoiletsandhandwashfacilitiesisimportanttopreventodorsand makethemsociallyacceptable. Socialacceptanceisanimportantpartof encouragingpeopletousetoiletsandwashtheirhands.  Hygiene in the bathroom and toilet Cleaningoftoiletsandhandwashfacilitiesisimportanttopreventodorsand makethemsociallyacceptable. Socialacceptanceisanimportantpartof encouragingpeopletousetoiletsandwashtheirhands.

Body hygiene Personalhygieneinvolvesthosepracticesperformedbyanindividualtocareforone'sbodily healthandwellbeing, throughcleanliness. Motivationsforpersonalhygienepracticeinclude reductionofpersonalillness, healingfrompersonalillness, optimalhealthandsenseofwell being, socialacceptanceandpreventionofspreadofillnesstoothers. Whatisconsideredproper personalhygienecanbecultural-specificandmaychangeovertime. InsomeculturesBody hygiene Personalhygieneinvolvesthosepracticesperformedbyanindividualtocareforone’sbodily healthandwellbeing, throughcleanliness. Motivationsforpersonalhygienepracticeinclude reductionofpersonalillness, healingfrompersonalillness, optimalhealthandsenseofwell being, socialacceptanceandpreventionofspreadofillnesstoothers. Whatisconsideredproper personalhygienecanbecultural-specificandmaychangeovertime. Insomecultures removal of body hair isconsideredproperhygiene. Otherpracticesthataregenerallyconsideredproper hygieneincludebathingregularly, washinghandsregularlyandespeciallybeforehandlingfood, washingscalphair, keepinghairshortorremovinghair, cleanclothing, brushingone’steeth, cuttingfingernails, besidesotherpractices. Somepracticesaregender-specific, suchasbya womanduringhermenstrualcycle. Peopletendtodeveloparoutineforattendingtotheir personalhygieneneeds. Otherpersonalhygienicpracticeswouldincludecoveringone’smouth whencoughing, disposalofsoiledtissuesappropriately, makingsuretoiletsareclean, and makingsurefoodhandlingareasareclean, besidesotherpractices. Someculturesdonotkissor shakehandstoreducetransmissionofbacteriabycontact.

Sleep hygiene Sleephygieneistherecommendedbehavioralandenvironmentalpracticethatisintendedto promotebetterqualitysleep. Thisrecommendationwasdevelopedinthelate 1970 sasa methodtohelppeoplewithmildtomoderate insomnia , but, asof 2014, theevidenceforSleep hygiene Sleephygieneistherecommendedbehavioralandenvironmentalpracticethatisintendedto promotebetterqualitysleep. Thisrecommendationwasdevelopedinthelate 1970 sasa methodtohelppeoplewithmildtomoderate insomnia , but, asof 2014, theevidencefor effectivenessofindividualrecommendationsis»limitedandinconclusive». Cliniciansassessthesleephygieneof peoplewhopresentwithinsomniaand otherconditions, suchasdepression, andofferrecommendationsbasedon theassessment. Sleephygiene recommendationsincludeestablishing aregularsleepschedule, usingnaps withcare, notexercisingphysicallyor mentallytooclosetobedtime, limiting worry, limitingexposuretolightinthe hoursbeforesleep, gettingoutofbed ifsleepdoesnotcome, notusingbed foranythingbutsleepandsex, avoiding alcohol aswellas nicotine , caffeine , andother stimulants inthe hoursbeforebedtime, andhavinga peaceful, comfortableanddarksleep environment.

Psychohygiene isthescienceofthepreservationandachievementofmental health. History Thistermwasintroducedin 1900 bya. Germanpsychiatrist. Robert. Sommer (English)Russian(1864 -1937), whofoundedin 1896Psychohygiene isthescienceofthepreservationandachievementofmental health. History Thistermwasintroducedin 1900 bya. Germanpsychiatrist. Robert. Sommer (English)Russian(1864 -1937), whofoundedin 1896 apsychiatricclinicinthe cityof. Giessen. However, thetermhasgainedmorerecognitiononlythankstothe effortsof. Clifford. Whittingham. Bierce, aimedatimprovingthesituationwiththe mentallyill: «Thebeginningofthemodernpsychohygienewasfixedinthe literaturewiththeadventofthebook. Clifford. U. Birs(USA)»Mindthatfound himself. «Bierce’sbookwasbasedonhisownexperienceasapatient.

   The word hygiene comes from Greek hygiene, which means healing, bringing The word hygiene comes from Greek hygiene, which means healing, bringing health, and cosmetics — from Greek cosmetology, meaning the art of decorating. At present, the term «cosmetics» is used primarily in connection with the care of the face and body. Hygiene is a section of preventive medicine that studies the influence of the external environment on human health. To the most important hygiene means should primarily include soaps and detergents. Hygiene and cosmetics. M eaning of w ords

Deodorants (cosmetics from sweat) are of two types.  Some inhibit the decomposition ofDeodorants (cosmetics from sweat) are of two types. Some inhibit the decomposition of metabolic products withdrawn from sweat by inactivating microorganisms or preventing the oxidation of sweating products. The action of the second group of deodorants is based on partial suppression of the processes of perspiration. Such means are called antiperspirans.

The industry produces pearlescent lipsticks and creams, as well as shampoos with pearlescent shine.The industry produces pearlescent lipsticks and creams, as well as shampoos with pearlescent shine. The pearlescent effect in cosmetic products is created by the salts of bismuthyl Bi. OCl and Bi. O (NO 3) or titanium mica — a pearlescent powder containing about 40% Ti. O 2. Pearl or Spanish white has long been known. Their main component is Bi. O (NO 3) 2, which is formed when bismuth nitrate Bi (NO 3) 3 is dissolved in water. In cosmetics, these whites are used to make a white makeup.

 Cosmetic decorative powders - multicomponent mixtures. They include:  talc, kaolin, Zn. O, Cosmetic decorative powders — multicomponent mixtures. They include: talc, kaolin, Zn. O, Ti. O 2, Mg. CO 3, starch, zinc and magnesium salts of stearic acid, as well as organic and inorganic pigments, in particular Fe 2 O

The ability of hydrogen peroxide to decolorize hair is used in cosmetics. It isThe ability of hydrogen peroxide to decolorize hair is used in cosmetics. It is based on the interaction of atomic oxygen with the coloring substance of the hair with melanin — a mixture of complex organic substances. During oxidation, melanin passes into a colorless compound. It should be remembered that perhydrol causes burns to the skin and mucous membranes.

The most common nail varnish is a solution of nitrocellulose in organic solvents. The most common nail varnish is a solution of nitrocellulose in organic solvents. In the varnish add plasticizers — castor oil or other extracts that prevent the degreasing of nails and prevent their fragility.

Conclusion Thus, personalhygieneisabroadconceptthatincludestheimplementationofrules thatcontributetothepreservationandstrengtheningofhumanhealth. Themost importantthingiskeepingthebodyclean. Withinaweekthesebaceousglandsof humanskinsecreteabout 200 gofsebum, andthesweatglands-from 3 to 7Conclusion Thus, personalhygieneisabroadconceptthatincludestheimplementationofrules thatcontributetothepreservationandstrengtheningofhumanhealth. Themost importantthingiskeepingthebodyclean. Withinaweekthesebaceousglandsof humanskinsecreteabout 200 gofsebum, andthesweatglands-from 3 to 7 liters ofsweat. Therefore, theskinneedstobewashedontimeandregularly, otherwise itsprotectivepropertiesandtheratioofmicroorganismsthatnormallyinhabitour skinareviolated; Conditionsarecreatedforthereproductionofforeignmicrobes, parasiticfungi. Everyoneshouldobservepersonalhygiene.