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PIN solutions from Otto Künnecke Modular and secure solutions for the dispatch of PIN-numbers PIN solutions from Otto Künnecke Modular and secure solutions for the dispatch of PIN-numbers Version 1. 0

Content • Information about market requirements • Process of PIN • Otto Künnecke products Content • Information about market requirements • Process of PIN • Otto Künnecke products Version 1. 0

Otto Künnecke – Successfully installed PIN Handling Systems Otto Künnecke machines are in use Otto Künnecke – Successfully installed PIN Handling Systems Otto Künnecke machines are in use in many banks worldwide. Germany Italy Australia Germany Version 1. 0 Germany

PIN numbers: growing demand to secure electronic transactions PIN numbers are not only used PIN numbers: growing demand to secure electronic transactions PIN numbers are not only used for ATM machines for financial cards. PIN numbers are used to secure online transactions with POS terminals, to secure private data storage in health cards and to integrate electronic signatures and e-government functions for ID and citizen cards. PIN no: 9999 Applications which are secured by PINs are: • • • E-Government functions for ID-cards • Version 1. 0 ATM cash withdrawl Protect public and private data storage in chips (European Health Card) • Online transactions Electronic signatures

Actual products PIN – letters so far were mostly printed with a matrix-printer with Actual products PIN – letters so far were mostly printed with a matrix-printer with low print quality on special continuous form carbon paper. PIN number Address The disadvantages were: • • Version 1. 0 Non secure during processing and dispatch No laser printing Looks antique Not tamper prove New technologies

Financial market is looking for new products Worldwide, the financial market is looking for Financial market is looking for new products Worldwide, the financial market is looking for new technologies which include higher security and better design and which fits into actual marketing strategy. These new technologies should contain • Better printing technology (laser, inkjet) • Higher security during processing and transport • Possible to integrate existing HSM software • Multiple PIN possible • Same consumable costs like existing technology For such a new application, it is mandatory that the product itself protects the PIN securely and that the process of personalization and dispatch is secured against fraud. Version 1. 0

Overview Security Levels The security of Personal Identification Numbers (PINs), which enable business transactions Overview Security Levels The security of Personal Identification Numbers (PINs), which enable business transactions or grant credibility or access to somehow personal content for authentication purposes, builds the foundation layer for the public and assures customers´acceptance of new technologies in general. Especially, when using a chip card for highly secure transactions, the consumer expects (and can expect) highest level of security. A highly secured PIN is necessary to create and build the necessary “trust and confidence” for instance for bank account holders and plays a central role in the customer acceptance for the “Chip & PIN” - Technology. However, nowadays, the usage of PINs is not limited to the banking environment, much more PINs have a vital role for the authentication process since digital signature is today playing a major role in the ID sector. With the worldwide rapid development of the PIN as a primary factor for authorizing for instance bank card transactions and signing documents or other transactions, the vulnerability of the confidential PIN mailer becomes more and more an issue. Version 1. 0

Overview Security Levels Antique and insecure PIN mailers remained for a long time as Overview Security Levels Antique and insecure PIN mailers remained for a long time as a suitable vehicle for advising confidential PINs to cardholders. Since they are still in use, they are a highly underestimated thread for the banking- and ID systems and endanger customers acceptance and especially the “trust and confidence factor” when used. This document shall describe the different security levels of PIN mailers and attack levels in an abstract level. It describes also the aspect of vulnerability of technology. Furthermore, it presents the possible levels of security of PIN mailers according to their ability to resist attacks from a variety of attackers. First, the types of potential attackers are identified in terms of their skills and the resources and budget available to them. Then, the security levels of PIN mailers are defined in terms of their resistance to attack. Thus, the individual security levels derive from the before mentioned parameters. Version 1. 0

Attack methods What is a PIN? Personal Identification Number What is a PIN mailer? Attack methods What is a PIN? Personal Identification Number What is a PIN mailer? Paper device (stationery on which the PIN is printed) used to advise a user of technology of the PIN. A PIN can be used with a specific bank card. What types of attacks are used by criminals? • Optical: image detection using visual techniques including microscopy, different illumination sources, scanning, image filtering, etc. • Physical (tampering): detection and reconstruction using mechanical attack. (image transfer): thermal treatment, X-rays and electrostatics. • Chemical: Version 1. 0 image transfer or detection and mailer reconstruction using solvent based techniques.

Missing Security for these kinds of products Version 1. 0 Missing Security for these kinds of products Version 1. 0

Attacker skills and resources - Large organization (organized crime) - unlimited budget - unlimited Attacker skills and resources - Large organization (organized crime) - unlimited budget - unlimited equipment - Small organisation (organised crime) - large budget - extensive equipment - Ordinary individual, - no budget, - no special knowledge - no equipment Version 1. 0 Resources Skills - Creative individual - small budget - some special knowledge - some equipment

PIN-mailer Security Level Tamper resistance The mailer has a basic level of security and PIN-mailer Security Level Tamper resistance The mailer has a basic level of security and tamper resistance. The data it contains could be partly or fully obtained by detailed observation without using any aids to observation Version 1. 0 3 4 1 2 Trust and confidence factor The mailer contains tamper resistant and/or tamper evident features that are effective against a range of unskilled attacks. Some or all of the security features can be circumvented using equipment that is readily available in the home or can be obtained at minimal cost (e. g. < USD 100). Some skill and practice would be required. Untrained attackers should need at least several time to develop the necessary skills to adopt appropriate attack techniques. The mailer has effective tamper resistant and/or tamper evident features. Skilled attackers deploying laboratory equipment are may be able to retrieve some of the information held within the mailer but it should not be possible to circumvent tamper evident features without significant expenditure of time and resource. The mailer contains tamper resistant and/or tamper evident features. Some or all of these features can be circumvented using simple tools that are readily available in the home or office and with no special knowledge or training.

Securing the PIN A secure product has to be protected against various attacks. There Securing the PIN A secure product has to be protected against various attacks. There are different levels of security to protect the PIN from simple mechanical to complicated chemical manipulation. The main objective of all efforts is to create a product that is safe from fraud – from its generation until the end user holds it in his hands. The PIN can be manipulated in different ways: • Mechanical opening • • Version 1. 0 Hot and cold temperatures • Magnetic visualization Different light, X-Ray, UV • Chemical opening

Overview Security Levels – existing technologies Hydalam Version 1. 0 Pin-Tab Dot matrix Overview Security Levels – existing technologies Hydalam Version 1. 0 Pin-Tab Dot matrix

Special Thermoseal®-Paper is printed, folded and sealed once around by means of heat. It Special Thermoseal®-Paper is printed, folded and sealed once around by means of heat. It can be used either as u- or rollfold. The connection of online-laser print-systems is included as a standard – it is also possible to run the system offline, though. PHS – SL: PIN Handling System – PIN with Single Label The system uses standard laser paper. The back side of the paper includes a special matrix. As soon as a label is affixed on top of the PIN, the PIN is no longer visible from the back side. More than one label can be attached to the carrier. Printing of the layout is carried out by means of a laser printer. Optionally, the carrier can then be folded and inserted. *Security level according to APACS Standard 72 Version 1. 0 *Security level 2: PHS – TS: PIN Handling System – Thermoseal® *Security level 2: Family ties: MAILok PHS

Special Thermoseal®-Paper is pre-printed by a laser printer. The printed PIN-number is covered with Special Thermoseal®-Paper is pre-printed by a laser printer. The printed PIN-number is covered with a security label. Afterwards, the letter is folded and sealed once around by means of heat. Opening without any visible traces is nearly impossible. PHS – DL: PIN Handling System – PIN with Double Label 1 2 3 4 *Security level according to APACS Standard 72 Version 1. 0 The carrier is printed and the first label is attached. Also, more than one label can be affixed (PIN & TAN). In the second step, the PIN-number is printed to the label. Immediately after printing of the PIN-number, the second label is attached above the PIN. The PIN is now no longer visible and absolutely safe in between the two labels. *Security level 4: PHS – TSL: PIN Handling System – Thermoseal® with Label *Security level 3: Family ties: MAILok PHS

Securing the production process Security is not only limited to the product itself – Securing the production process Security is not only limited to the product itself – also the production process has to be protected to prevent unauthorized eyes from viewing the PIN together with the corresponding address. For this reason, machines that process PINs have to be designed in such a way that makes it impossible for the operator to read the PIN. This has to be done by mechanical security concepts like non-transparent covers with electrical locks as well as IT- and technical security structures, so the PIN can neither be recognized during print editing, nor during and after printing. Black covers Version 1. 0 Electrical lock

Software solutions – High Secure Module basic process With the basic process, the text Software solutions – High Secure Module basic process With the basic process, the text of the PIN letter is pre-printed in offset and only PIN, account number and address are added during personalization. Offset Print Final product In basic version, the data is encrypted in the customer software (PIN Manager) and transferred to the customer’s HSM software. The existing HSM software transmits the data, PIN and simple print information (such as address) to the printer in unencrypted form. In the printer, the PINs and addresses are printed on pre-printed paper. Version 1. 0

Software solutions – High Secure Module advance process With the advanced process, a blank Software solutions – High Secure Module advance process With the advanced process, a blank sheet is personalized with any information, PIN, Barcode, Datamatrix, account number and address. The print can be different from sheet to sheet. Offset Print Final product The encrypted PIN is transmitted from the customer network to the Otto Künnecke Security PC (SPC) with integrated HSM solution. The integrated print software can activate different print layouts “on demand” an is Version 1. 0 generate PIN specific prints that way. able to

Existing new solutions with some disadvantages The industry developed some special paper technologies which Existing new solutions with some disadvantages The industry developed some special paper technologies which are easy to operate but have disadvantages in security. Technology A Version 1. 0 Technology B

Missing Security for these kinds of products Version 1. 0 Missing Security for these kinds of products Version 1. 0

New practical and safe solutions are available The future for the personalization of PIN-letters New practical and safe solutions are available The future for the personalization of PIN-letters will not include old fashioned technology or unsecure and expensive paper solutions. The future lies in high secure and professional solutions. Otto Künnecke is offering complete solutions around PIN-letters in various designs for printing and mailing as single step production or as a complete inline solution. These solutions include: Thermo sealing Version 1. 0 Press sealing Secure Labeling

Process Thermoseal® Special paper is required. Version 1. 0 Thermo sealing is an option Process Thermoseal® Special paper is required. Version 1. 0 Thermo sealing is an option for PIN letters which is similar to press sealing. Special paper is required which already contains a special kind of glue on the whole inside of the paper structure. In difference to press sealing paper, combining of the paper can be carried out at any position by means of heated rolls. In this case, these parts of the paper are glued together securely. The PIN letter can only be opened by destroying the paper. Due to additional security reasons, a special security label can be added to hide the PIN number. The labels which are used are either scratch off or peel off labels. For PIN mailers the gluing process has to be done in two steps to cover all four sides of the paper. The advantages are obvious • Universally applicable and suitable for laser printers. • All leading providers of laser printers certify the best applicability of Thermo-Seal®-paper for your printing systems. • Certified data security through a perfect thermo lock which can not be opened without visible damaging.

Process Thermoseal® with label attachment • • • The carrier is printed on special Process Thermoseal® with label attachment • • • The carrier is printed on special Thermoseal®-paper. The security label is attached to the carrier. The carrier is folded and thermosealed®. Version 1. 0

Process carrier with one label • • The carrier is printed. The paper has Process carrier with one label • • The carrier is printed. The paper has a special matrix on the backside in order for the PIN to be invisible. The security labels are attached to the carrier. One or more labels can be attached to the carrier. As an option the carriers could be folded and inserted. Version 1. 0

Process carrier with sandwich label PIN with two labels on top of each other Process carrier with sandwich label PIN with two labels on top of each other • • • The carrier is printed and the first label is attached to the carrier. Multiple labels for different PIN & TAN can be applied. In the second step the PIN number is printed on top of the first label. Immediately after printing, the second label is attached to hide the PIN number. 1234 Version 1. 0

Process carrier with card and label attachment • • The card carrier is printed Process carrier with card and label attachment • • The card carrier is printed and the PIN is printed in the same stream. The security label is attached to the carrier to hide the PIN and the card is attached also. The carrier is folded and inserted in an envelope. In the bank branch, the card holder has to identify himself and card and PIN is activated by either telephone connection between bank officer and headquarter or by scanning a printed barcode which is linked online to the central server. Barcode Version 1. 0 PIN

Individual label solutions for the safe protection of your PIN Peel-off - Label The Individual label solutions for the safe protection of your PIN Peel-off - Label The Peel-off-Label is a simple and efficient solution to protect PINnumbers on forms. The PIN-number will be visible through simple peeloff along the perforation line. This label is not resistant to heat or special acids. Void – Label The Void-Label was specially created for covering of secret numbers on forms and contains an absolute opaque scratch covering. The covering foil of the label is equipped with a concealed writing which will show an irrevocable message (void or a logo) when trying to dissolve the label. In the event of exposure to heat, the label tightens irrevocably. Version 1. 0 Double - Label Here, two labels are used. The bottom label is affixed to a card or a carrier. A number is printed to the bottom label with a printer and afterwards, a second label with a scratch field is affixed on top. The PIN-number is now safe in between the two labels and can only be read after scratching off the scratch field. In case of manipulation, the bottom label as well as the top label will tear off together. Thus, there is no possibility to attain the PIN-number unnoticeably.

Individual PIN solutions for the safe protection of your PIN labels are available in Individual PIN solutions for the safe protection of your PIN labels are available in the sizes of min. 10 mm x 20 mm up to 60 mm x 100 mm, no matter if scratch- or peel-off label. Min. Max. Multiple PINs ATM Electronic banking Version 1. 0

OK has produced complete modular solutions for all these products Post processing • Verificati OK has produced complete modular solutions for all these products Post processing • Verificati on • Grouping • Sorting • Franking • Labeling Version 1. 0 Inserting Press • C 6/C 5 envelopes Sealing® • Multiple enclosures • Gripper arm • Friction feed • Vacuum feed Thermo. Sealing® Folding • U-fold • Z-fold • C-fold Form Processing • Security label attachment • Form verification Form Feeding • Cut sheet printer • Duplex/ simplex

OK products – PHS – TS PHS-TS: standalone thermo seal system (no label; with OK products – PHS – TS PHS-TS: standalone thermo seal system (no label; with and without printing) Mr. Mustermann Musterstarsse 12 34657 Musterstadt Folding Thermo sealing Mr. Mustermann Musterstarsse 12 34657 Musterstadt Printing Version 1. 0

OK products – PHS – SL PHS-SL for C 6 sheets with one scratch OK products – PHS – SL PHS-SL for C 6 sheets with one scratch label per form Version 1. 0

OK products – PHS – TSL PHS-TSL with labeling and thermo seal® Mr. Mustermann OK products – PHS – TSL PHS-TSL with labeling and thermo seal® Mr. Mustermann Musterstarsse 12 34657 Musterstadt Printing Version 1. 0 Mr. Mustermann Musterstarsse 12 34657 Musterstadt Labeling Folding Thermo Seal ® length & square Verification

OK products – PHS – DL PHS-DL with sandwich label Mr. Mustermann Musterstarsse 12 OK products – PHS – DL PHS-DL with sandwich label Mr. Mustermann Musterstarsse 12 34657 Musterstadt 1234 Security label I Version 1. 0 Mr. Mustermann Musterstarsse 12 34657 Musterstadt 1234 Ink-jet printing Mr. Mustermann Musterstarsse 12 34657 Musterstadt 1234 Security label II

OK products – PHS – CCL PHS-CCL Card-carrier in combination with label Mr. Mustermann OK products – PHS – CCL PHS-CCL Card-carrier in combination with label Mr. Mustermann Musterstarsse 12 34657 Musterstadt 1234 Printing Version 1. 0 Labeling Card attachment Folding

Summary Otto Künnecke provides machines for all PIN applications. Version 1. 0 Summary Otto Künnecke provides machines for all PIN applications. Version 1. 0