PHRASEOLOGY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE POINTS FOR

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  PHRASEOLOGY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE PHRASEOLOGY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAG

  POINTS FOR DISCUSSION:  The main features of phraseological units (PU) Principles of classification POINTS FOR DISCUSSION: The main features of phraseological units (PU) Principles of classification of PU Proverbs

  PHRASEOLOGICAL UNIT – is a word-combination in which the semantic unity prevails over structural PHRASEOLOGICAL UNIT – is a word-combination in which the semantic unity prevails over structural separability

  The criteria of segmentability of a word:  grammatical wholeformedness globality of lexical meaning The criteria of segmentability of a word: grammatical wholeformedness globality of lexical meaning existence in the language as a ready-made unit

  to take    care    (Inf. )   to take care (Inf. ) (Nom. , singular) takes care is taking care took care to take the chair open the meeting ( I) взять стул (II) to fall in love to fall down her sincere love to fall from the table to be in love

  PU and words criteria words PU grammatical wholeformedness + _ globality of lexical meaning PU and words criteria words PU grammatical wholeformedness + _ globality of lexical meaning + + existence in the language as a ready-made unit + +

  PU and free word-combinations criteria free word groups PU existence in the language as PU and free word-combinations criteria free word groups PU existence in the language as a ready-made unit _ + idiomaticity _ + structural invariability _ +

  Structural invariability is expressed in the following restrictions:  Restriction in substitution Ex: to Structural invariability is expressed in the following restrictions: Restriction in substitution Ex: to carry coals to Manchester Restriction in introducing additional component Ex: the big white elephant Grammatical invariability Ex: from head to foot (not feet)

  V. V. Vinogradov’s classification of PU phraseological combinations Ex: to make up one’s mind V. V. Vinogradov’s classification of PU phraseological combinations Ex: to make up one’s mind phraseological unities Ex: to catch at a straw phraseological fusions Ex: to kiss the hare’s foot

  Structural classifications of PU Verbal – Ex: to lose one’s head to smb Substantive Structural classifications of PU Verbal – Ex: to lose one’s head to smb Substantive – Ex: cat-and-dog life Adjectival – Ex: high and mighty Adverbial – Ex: by hook or by crook Interjectional – Ex: my God!

  PU and proverbs PU Proverbs structure a word-combinati ons a sentence syntactic function typical PU and proverbs PU Proverbs structure a word-combinati ons a sentence syntactic function typical of words _ function in speech nominative communicative




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