PAST TENSES Past Simple The basics —

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Past Simple The basics - structure Past simple has two forms: regular and irregularPast Simple The basics — structure Past simple has two forms: regular and irregular We consider a verb to be regular if it ends in «ed» in its past simple form: walked, liked, jumped, wanted, waited, faded, played, cried, telephoned Any verb which does not follow the «ed» rule is considered to be irregular: went, had, taught, bought, put, made, wrote, was/were, sat

Past Simple 1 Completed Action in the Past Use the Simple Past to expressPast Simple 1 Completed Action in the Past Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind. • I saw a movie yesterday. • I didn’t see a play yesterday. • Last year I traveled to Japan. • Last year I didn’t travel to Korea. • Did you have dinner last night? • She washed her car. • He didn’t wash his car.

Past Simple 2 Series of Completed Actions We use the Simple Past to listPast Simple 2 Series of Completed Actions We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past. These actions happen 1 st, 2 nd, 3 rd, 4 th, and so on. • I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim. • He arrived from the airport at 8: 00, checked into the hotel at 9: 00, and met the others at 10: 00. • Did you add flour, pour in the milk, and then add the eggs?

Past Simple 3 Duration in Past The Simple Past can be used with aPast Simple 3 Duration in Past The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a longer action often indicated by expressions such as: for two years, for five minutes, all day, all year, etc. • I lived in Brazil for two years. • Shauna studied Japanese for five years. • They sat at the beach all day. • They did not stay at the party the entire time. • We talked on the phone for thirty minutes. • A: How long did you wait for them? • B: We waited for one hour.

Past Simple 4 Habits in the Past The Simple Past can also be usedPast Simple 4 Habits in the Past The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as «used to. » To make it clear that we are talking about a habit, we often add expressions such as: always, often, usually, never, when I was a child, when I was younger, etc. • I studied French when I was a child. • He played the violin. • He didn’t play the piano. • Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid? • She worked at the movie theater after school. • They never went to school, they always skipped class.

Past Simple 5 Past Facts or Generalizations The Simple Past can also be usedPast Simple 5 Past Facts or Generalizations The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true. As in 4 above, this use of the Simple Past is quite similar to the expression «used to. » • She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing. • He didn’t like tomatoes before. • Did you live in Texas when you were a kid? • People paid much more to make cell phone calls in the past.