Parliament Limits the English Monarchy The Greedy Queen

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Parliament Limits the English Monarchy The Greedy Queen and Her Stingy Parliament Parliament Limits the English Monarchy The Greedy Queen and Her Stingy Parliament

James I and the clash with Parliament • James I wanted absolute power when he inheritedJames I and the clash with Parliament • James I wanted absolute power when he inherited the throne from Queen Elizabeth • Elizabeth wanted absolute power too, but was better at flattering parliament to get her way • Always conflict between the royalty and parliament over $ — royalty wants $ for royal court and foreign wars

James I continued • Also annoyed people b/c he refused to make Puritan reforms (get ridJames I continued • Also annoyed people b/c he refused to make Puritan reforms (get rid of Catholic practices). • Hated when anyone told him what to do (sound familiar? ) • Known for the King James bible – the Puritan translation of the old bible

King James I King James I

Charles I • 1625, James I dies and his son,  Charles I, gets the throneCharles I • 1625, James I dies and his son, Charles I, gets the throne • Always needed $ for war • When parliament denied $ requests, he dissolved parliament • 1628, parliament gets back together and asks Charles to sign the Petition of Right

More of Charles I • The people hated the taxes (obviously) • Doesn’t he look likeMore of Charles I • The people hated the taxes (obviously) • Doesn’t he look like a pompous jerk?

English Civil War • Since Charles I ruled over Scotland AND England, there were several religionsEnglish Civil War • Since Charles I ruled over Scotland AND England, there were several religions • Charles I wanted ONE religion – ended up in Civil War when the Scots rebelled • War cost $, so Charles needed Parliament hated him and wanted to limit his power – Supporters of Charles I = Royalists – The opposition supports Parliament = Roundheads

More Civil War • Under leadership of Oliver Cromwell, the puritan roundheads finally won (1646) •More Civil War • Under leadership of Oliver Cromwell, the puritan roundheads finally won (1646) • Took Charles I hostage, tried him in front of the public and executed him • The decapitation —




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