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PAIN  RELIEF The project is done by Krasnova Tanja PAIN RELIEF The project is done by Krasnova Tanja

   What is pain? The American Academy of Pain Medicine :  “ An What is pain? The American Academy of Pain Medicine : “ An unpleasant sensation and emotional response to that sensation”.

How does  pain appear? Pain happens when nerve endings in our skin and our internalHow does pain appear? Pain happens when nerve endings in our skin and our internal organs send messages through the central nervous system to our brain.

Pain  cycle Pain cycle

 Rubbing     the part that hurts Stimulating  touch  signals closes Rubbing the part that hurts Stimulating touch signals closes a “gate” to pain signals.

  Acupuncture The  acupuncture technique that has  been most studied scientifically involves penetrating Acupuncture The acupuncture technique that has been most studied scientifically involves penetrating the skin with thin, solid, metallic needles that are manipulated by the hands or by electrical stimulation.

Hypnosis  is  a trance state characterized by extreme suggestibility,  relaxation and heightened imagination.Hypnosis is «a trance state characterized by extreme suggestibility, relaxation and heightened imagination. «

Massage  is the practice of applying structured pressure,  tension,  motion or vibration- manuallyMassage is the practice of applying structured pressure, tension, motion or vibration- manually or with mechanical aids- to the soft tissues of the body to achieve a beneficial response.

Electronic stimulation of nerves Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation  (acronym TENS) is the use of electricElectronic stimulation of nerves Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (acronym TENS) is the use of electric current produced by a device to stimulate the nerves for therapeutic purposes.

Analgesics Analgesics

Psychological stress  can shut off pain Psychological stress can shut off pain