- Количество слайдов: 11
Organization of African Unity Done by: Abramova A. H IR (11) – III C*
Outline Introduction 1. Organization of African Unity 2. History 3. Aims of the organization 4. OAU members 5. Organs of the Union
Organization of African Unity (OAU), former international organization, established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism; promote international cooperation; and coordinate members' economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific, and defense policies. The OAU was, at the time, the most significant result of Pan-Africanism.
History The OAU was set up on May 25 th, 1963 Addis Ababa, to promote unity and solidarity among African states. The organization was to a large extend characterized by the challenges of coping with the colonial past. The eradication of all forms of colonialism from Africa was one of the goals of the OAU mentioned in Art. II para. 1 of the OAU Charter. Moreover there was the problem of flawed colonial boundaries and the fear of intervention in internal affairs of other countries. It is in this context that non-interference in the internal affairs of other states became one of the principles of the organization.
Aims To promote the unity and solidarity of the African states and act as a collective voice for the African continent. This was important to secure Africa's longterm economic and political future. To co-ordinate and intensify the co-operation of African states in order to achieve a better life for the people of Africa. To defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of African states. The OAU was also dedicated to the eradication of all forms of colonialism, as, when it was established, there were several states that had not yet won their independence or were white minority-ruled. South Africa and Angola were two such countries. The OAU proposed two ways of ridding the continent of colonialism. Firstly, it would defend the interests of independent countries and help to pursue those of still-colonised ones. Secondly, it would remain neutral in terms of world affairs, preventing its members from being controlled once more by outside powers.
OAU members 25 May 1963: Algeria, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dahomey, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, The Sudan, Tanganyika, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Upper Volta, Zanzibar 13 December 1963: Kenya 13 July 1964: Malawi 16 December 1964: Zambia October 1965: The Gambia 31 October 1966: Botswana, Lesotho August 1968: Mauritius 24 September 1968: Swaziland 12 October 1968: Equatorial Guinea 19 November 1973: Guinea-Bissau 11 February 1975: Angola 18 July 1975: Cape Verde, Comoros, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe 29 June 1976: Seychelles 27 June 1977: Djibouti June 1980: Zimbabwe 22 February 1982: Saharan Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara) June 1990: Namibia 24 May 1993: Eritrea
Organs of the Union