Скачать презентацию Oklahoma Perspective on Spending Limitations Jonathan Small CPA Скачать презентацию Oklahoma Perspective on Spending Limitations Jonathan Small CPA

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Oklahoma Perspective on Spending Limitations Jonathan Small, CPA Fiscal Policy Director Oklahoma Council of Oklahoma Perspective on Spending Limitations Jonathan Small, CPA Fiscal Policy Director Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs, Inc. www. ocpathink. org

Jonathan Small, CPA • • • Certified Public Accountant Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting Budget Jonathan Small, CPA • • • Certified Public Accountant Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting Budget Analyst – Office of State Finance Fiscal/Research Analyst – House of Reps Auditor – BKD, LLP Dir. of Government Affairs – Insurance Dep. www. ocpathink. org

Mission “OCPA's mission is to accumulate, evaluate, and disseminate public policy ideas and information Mission “OCPA's mission is to accumulate, evaluate, and disseminate public policy ideas and information for Oklahoma consistent with the principles of free enterprise, limited government, and individual initiative. ” www. ocpathink. org

Sources • Pages 152 – 154 of the Oklahoma Comprehensive Accounting Financial Report • Sources • Pages 152 – 154 of the Oklahoma Comprehensive Accounting Financial Report • United States Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis • Oklahoma House of Representatives Legislative Appropriations publications www. ocpathink. org

General state legislative spending limits • • • General & special appropriation bill limits General state legislative spending limits • • • General & special appropriation bill limits Balanced budget requirements Limit on appropriations authority of 95% Limit on appropriations growth of 12% Requirement to save surplus Limits on “Rainy Day Fund” spending www. ocpathink. org

Limit on appropriations growth • Article 10, Section 23 of the Oklahoma Constitution • Limit on appropriations growth • Article 10, Section 23 of the Oklahoma Constitution • Limit on total appropriated from all funds in the preceding fiscal year • Total appropriated cannot exceed growth of 12% plus inflation www. ocpathink. org

Why a limit on appropriations growth? • • • Economic volatility in 1970’s & Why a limit on appropriations growth? • • • Economic volatility in 1970’s & 1980’s Passed by 1985 Legislature Added by HJR 1005, SQ 587 Election held April 30, 1985 Yes – 405, 775, No – 203, 369 www. ocpathink. org

What’s happened since creation of the limit on appropriations growth? www. ocpathink. org What’s happened since creation of the limit on appropriations growth? www. ocpathink. org

State appropriations continue to grow • • FY-1993 – $3. 65 Billion FY-2012 – State appropriations continue to grow • • FY-1993 – $3. 65 Billion FY-2012 – $6. 50 Billion Inflation adjusted growth of $640 Million Appropriations have been less than the prior year in only 5 of last 20 years www. ocpathink. org

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Total state government expenditures continue to grow • • FY-2001 – $9. 64 Billion Total state government expenditures continue to grow • • FY-2001 – $9. 64 Billion FY-2010 – $16. 6 Billion Inflation adjusted growth of $4. 7 Billion Total state spending has grown every year since FY-2001 www. ocpathink. org

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Total state government expenditures outpacing private earnings • Private Earnings 2001 – 2010, growth Total state government expenditures outpacing private earnings • Private Earnings 2001 – 2010, growth of 40. 71% • Govt. Expend. 2001 – 2010, growth of 72. 20% www. ocpathink. org

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Total state government earnings outpacing private earnings • Private Earnings 2001 – 2010, growth Total state government earnings outpacing private earnings • Private Earnings 2001 – 2010, growth of 40. 71% • State Govt. Earnings 2001 – 2010, growth of 59. 60% www. ocpathink. org

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Is the current limit working? www. ocpathink. org Is the current limit working? www. ocpathink. org

Preceding decline periods, rapid increases • Appropriations in FY-1996, $3. 7 Billion • Appropriations Preceding decline periods, rapid increases • Appropriations in FY-1996, $3. 7 Billion • Appropriations in FY-2002, $5. 6 Billion • Appropriations growth of $1. 9 Billion or 48. 76%, in just six years • Private earnings growth over same period 50. 71% www. ocpathink. org

Preceding decline periods, rapid increases • Appropriations in FY-2004, $5. 1 Billion • Appropriations Preceding decline periods, rapid increases • Appropriations in FY-2004, $5. 1 Billion • Appropriations in FY-2010, $7. 2 Billion • Appropriations growth of $2. 1 Billion or 41. 29%, in just six years • Private earnings growth over same period 36. 24% www. ocpathink. org

Preceding each decline, rapid increases • Private employment in 2000, 1, 572, 190 • Preceding each decline, rapid increases • Private employment in 2000, 1, 572, 190 • Private employment in 2010, 1, 667, 644 • Private employment growth from 2000 – 2010, 6. 07% www. ocpathink. org

Preceding each decline, rapid increases • State employment in 2000, 79, 805 • State Preceding each decline, rapid increases • State employment in 2000, 79, 805 • State employment in 2010, 86, 641 • State employment growth from 2000 – 2010, 8. 57% www. ocpathink. org

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The challenge • State government appropriations and spending growth exceeding private earnings growth • The challenge • State government appropriations and spending growth exceeding private earnings growth • State government employment growth exceeding private employment growth • Rapid increases in growth years, resulting in abrupt decreases www. ocpathink. org

How have we solved other spending challenges? www. ocpathink. org How have we solved other spending challenges? www. ocpathink. org

2010 SJR 51, State Question 757 • Former limit on “Rainy Day Fund” of 2010 SJR 51, State Question 757 • Former limit on “Rainy Day Fund” of 10% of prior year general revenue certification • During downturns and emergencies, this proved inadequate • Lawmakers and citizens saw the need to save more www. ocpathink. org

2010 SJR 51, State Question 757 • Lawmakers pass SJR 51 • Sent to 2010 SJR 51, State Question 757 • Lawmakers pass SJR 51 • Sent to a vote of the people a constitutional amendment increasing limit on the size of the “Rainy Day Fund” • Increase to 15% approved by voters in November 2010 www. ocpathink. org

Solution Given government growth rates exceeding private sector growth rates, and periods of rapid Solution Given government growth rates exceeding private sector growth rates, and periods of rapid unsustainable growth in state appropriations, it is reasonable and time to amend the current state constitutional limit on appropriation growth. www. ocpathink. org

Thank You! Q&A Jonathan Small, CPA jonathan@ocpathink. org (405) 602 -1667 www. ocpathink. org Thank You! Q&A Jonathan Small, CPA [email protected] org (405) 602 -1667 www. ocpathink. org