OAS Committe on Hemispheric Security Effective National Strategies

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OAS Committe on Hemispheric Security Effective National Strategies to Mitigate the MANPADS Threat: Export OAS Committe on Hemispheric Security Effective National Strategies to Mitigate the MANPADS Threat: Export and Import Controls Colonel Jan-Erik Lövgren Deputy Director General Swedish Inspectorate of Strategic Products OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

Introduction • Introduction to Swedish Export Control system • Swedish MANPADS system • International Introduction • Introduction to Swedish Export Control system • Swedish MANPADS system • International commitments • Implementation on Export Control • Implementation on Import Control OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

Overview of Swedish “Actors” Parliament Government GOVERNMENT OFFICES MOD MFA GOVERNMENT AGENCYS OAS MANPADS Overview of Swedish “Actors” Parliament Government GOVERNMENT OFFICES MOD MFA GOVERNMENT AGENCYS OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

System for export control - ISP Our Vision: A responsible control of Strategic Products System for export control - ISP Our Vision: A responsible control of Strategic Products – our contribution to a more secure world. • Act on Military equipment (SFS 1992: 1300) • Ordinance (SFS 1992: 1303) • Guidelines (Government Bill 1991/92: 174) • Regulation EC No 1334/2000 • Act (SFS 2000: 1064) • Ordinance (SFS 2000: 1217) • ISP is National Authority for Implementation OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

Military Equipment Act Permits are required Information shall be for: forwarded re. : • Military Equipment Act Permits are required Information shall be for: forwarded re. : • • • manufacturing providing exports license agreements co-operative agreements • Military training and education • • marketing (quarterly) final and best tenders actual deliveries license- and co-operative agreements (annually) • shares in foreign companies (annually) OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

Export Control Process of Military Equipment ACFA Government TSC ISP Classification ECC Notification Advisory Export Control Process of Military Equipment ACFA Government TSC ISP Classification ECC Notification Advisory opinion Permit of Tender Short Export licence Meetings between ISP and the Industry on a regular basis Company 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1. Request for classification: MEC, OME, non ME 5. Notification of binding tender / 2. Application for permit (Manufacturing/brokering) request for short time. 3. Marketing Reports. 6. Application for export license (including EUC) 4. Request for advisory opinion. 7. Delivery declaration OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

MANPADS - RBS 70 system Producer: Saab Bofors Dynamics (SBD) IFF (optional) Missile (27 MANPADS - RBS 70 system Producer: Saab Bofors Dynamics (SBD) IFF (optional) Missile (27 kg) Sight (38 kg) with ”click on” night sight device (optional) Tri-pod stand (25 kg) • 3 persons to carry • 1 person to handle • NOT fire and forget, ”Jam-safe” • Simulator needed OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

RBS 70 Deliveries Finland Sweden Norway Latvia Lithuania Czech Republic Ireland USA Tunisia Venezuela RBS 70 Deliveries Finland Sweden Norway Latvia Lithuania Czech Republic Ireland USA Tunisia Venezuela United Arab Emirates Bahrain Pakistan Thailand Singapore Indonesia Argentina Australia OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

International MANPADS commitments 2003 -Wassenaar Arrangement (WA). -G 8 commitments. 2004 -Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation International MANPADS commitments 2003 -Wassenaar Arrangement (WA). -G 8 commitments. 2004 -Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). -Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europé (OSCE) – (adopting WA). - G 8, Secure and Facilitated International Travel Initiative (SAFTI) agreed at Sea Island - International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) – (adopting WA) 2005 -Organization of the American States (OAS) OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

Implementation of Export Controls in Sweden as a producing country is strongly supporting the Implementation of Export Controls in Sweden as a producing country is strongly supporting the WA and OSCE, As well as other MANPADS commitments = CLASSIFIED equipment / information • Security Agreement, After Government decision to release with ISP and Armed Forces approval. • May conduct visit to a buyer country OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

Implementation of Export Controls in Sweden - Decisions on MANPADS only at senior level. Implementation of Export Controls in Sweden - Decisions on MANPADS only at senior level. - Case by Case handling in the Export Control Process. - Advisory Opinion by ECC in ”sensitive” cases. - Notification before Tender. - Individual licenses, with End Use Assurance. - Denials by EU Code of Conduct on Arms Exports. - SDB reporting all marketing (quarterly) as well as tenders and actual deliveries bi-yearly - ISP may perform pre- and post-verification visits. - Transparency (reporting to UN, EU, WA, OSCE) - Electronic licensing system – linked to Customs OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

Export Control Council (ECC) Appointed by cabinet, meets 10 times/year Mo. D Presents single Export Control Council (ECC) Appointed by cabinet, meets 10 times/year Mo. D Presents single issue from Defence. Policy needs MFA ISP Presents single issue Presents Land-report in single issue Presents all statistics about exports since last meeting OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

GUIDELINES • Unconditional obstacles for exports - UN Security Council decisions - International agreements GUIDELINES • Unconditional obstacles for exports - UN Security Council decisions - International agreements (EU, OSCE embargo) • Conditional obstacles for exports - Buyer only State or authorized by the State - Human rights situation, Armed Conflict, Internal Security situation, Positive prevention for “Other Military Equipment” • Follow on deliveries - Positive prevention for spare parts, ammunition to earlier delivered systems OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

End-User certificate Declaration by End User (DEU) Banknote form, numbered, for Military Equipment for End-User certificate Declaration by End User (DEU) Banknote form, numbered, for Military Equipment for Combat For MANPADS an additional ”MANPADS declaration” with link to appropriate International MANPADS commitment (WA, APEC, OAS) ”Optional clause to confirm receipt” Seller Buyer Authorized Agency Swedish Embassy - Signature - UF 1996: 5 - Control - Verify ISP - Courier´s bag OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

Implementation of Import Controls in Sweden • Presently no import control on MANPADS in Implementation of Import Controls in Sweden • Presently no import control on MANPADS in the Act on Military equipment, however under consideration by Government. • Saab Bofors Dynamics under supervision by ISP. Compliance visits with Customs (Export Control Audit) and Police (storage security). ISP will sign foreign end-use assurances from Foreign Government. • FMV the State buyer. Armed Forces will sign End-Use assurance. • FMV have also a Security agreement with Saab Bofors Dynamics OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

Implementation of Import Controls in Sweden Domestic regulations • Storage of MANPADS RBS 70 Implementation of Import Controls in Sweden Domestic regulations • Storage of MANPADS RBS 70 by Armed Forces regulation. - Storage of Missiles and Other equipment in separate storage. - Missile storage dual alarm system, Audit / 24 h, Stand By Force - Follow up on individual numbers of all Items - Access to storage requires two people for keys and a Stand By Force • Transportation of MANPADS RBS 70 by Armed Forces regulation. - Normally missiles and Other equipment in separate transports - May be in the same transport with enhanced security • Equipment in use in principal the same as above OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March

www. isp. se OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March www. isp. se OAS MANPADS 2007 8 March




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