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NSLS-II Overview Steve Dierker Associate Laboratory Director for Light Sources NSLS-II Project Director NSLS-II NSLS-II Overview Steve Dierker Associate Laboratory Director for Light Sources NSLS-II Project Director NSLS-II User Workshop July 17, 2007 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE 1

The Mission Need for NSLS-II • Synchrotron radiation light sources were key to launching The Mission Need for NSLS-II • Synchrotron radiation light sources were key to launching many science revolutions, including the biotechnology revolution. The ability to “see” atomic positions deep inside materials resulted in a profound change in the way we approach the science of the world around us. • We now know that it is largely at the nanoscale where materials properties and functions are determined. • Today, we need probes of materials much more powerful than current synchrotrons. We need to directly image at the nanoscale, and we need to probe very small energy changes on the order of 0. 1 me. V (~1 degree Kelvin). • Together, these capabilities will enable us to understand, predict, and control structure-function relationships and to design new materials with advanced properties. This is critical for the development of future energy technologies. • Our current synchrotron radiation light sources fall short, because none were designed to meet these challenging technical specifications. • NSLS-II is designed to meet this mission need for a new light source capable of 2 providing 1 nanometer spatial resolution, 0. 1 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

High Level Description of NSLS-II New Capabilities Nanoprobes Diffraction Imaging Coherent Dynamics New Science High Level Description of NSLS-II New Capabilities Nanoprobes Diffraction Imaging Coherent Dynamics New Science A highly optimized x-ray synchrotron delivering: • very high brightness and flux; • exceptional beam stability; and • a suite of advanced instruments, optics, and detectors that capitalize on these special capabilities. Nanoscience Life Science Together, these will enable: • ~ 1 nm spatial resolution, • ~ 0. 1 me. V energy resolution, and • single atom sensitivity. 3 Nanocatalysis BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

What Research will NSLS-II Uniquely Enable? Structure & properties/functions Observe fundamental material properties with What Research will NSLS-II Uniquely Enable? Structure & properties/functions Observe fundamental material properties with nanometerscale resolution and atomic sensitivity Self-assembly Emergent behavior Understand how to create large-scale, hierarchical structures from nanometerscale building blocks Probe nanometer-scale materials that display emergent behavior • Physical, chemical, electronic, and • Interactions between nanoscale magnetic structure of nanoparticles, nanotubes and nanowires, e. g. new electronic materials that scale beyond silicon • Designer catalysts, e. g. , in-situ changes in local geometric, chemical, and electronic structure of active catalytic site in real-time and under real reaction conditions building blocks • Kinetics of nanoscale assembly • Structure of hierarchical materials from nanometers to microns • Mechanisms of directed assembly (by templating or external fields) • Molecular interactions in nanoconfined environments • Direct 3 D imaging of domain structures and dynamics, e. g. , in random field magnets and spin glasses • Colossal magnetoresistance for high-sensitivity magnetic sensors or high-density information storage • Dynamics of charge and spin stripes in high temperature superconductors Molecular Electronics Charge and spin stripes in complex oxides Nanocatalysis 4 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Total Number of Facilities U. S. 2013, with NSLSII Foreign 2009 Foreign Present U. Total Number of Facilities U. S. 2013, with NSLSII Foreign 2009 Foreign Present U. S. 2013, with NSLS-II Foreign 2009 Foreign Present U. S. Present 3 rd Generation Synchrotrons Worldwide Total Number of Beamlines Considering only 3 rd generation sources, we see that the U. S. currently has 123 beamlines. In the rest of the world, there are currently 296 beamlines on 3 rd generation synchrotrons. By 2009, this number will increase to 806. The U. S. will be outnumbered by the rest of the world by 7: 1. NSLS-II will increase the number of beamlines to 168. With NSLS-II in 2013, the U. S. will still be outnumbered by the rest of the world by 5: 1. 5 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

NSLS-II Conceptual Design Report • Conceptual Design Report • > 150 contributors from 17 NSLS-II Conceptual Design Report • Conceptual Design Report • > 150 contributors from 17 institutions • Submitted December 2006 • http: //www. bnl. gov/nsls 2/ • CD-1 Review - December, 2006 • Overall successful and very positive regarding design and team • Established cost range of $750 M$925 M 6 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Project Scope Accelerator Systems • Storage Ring (3. 0 Ge. V, 500 m. A, Project Scope Accelerator Systems • Storage Ring (3. 0 Ge. V, 500 m. A, ~ ½ mile in circumference) • Linac and Booster Injection System Conventional Facilities • Improvements to Land • Ring Building w/ Operations Center and service buildings (~ 400 k gsf) • Laboratory/Office Buildings (LOBs) to house beamline staff & users (~60 k gsf) • Reuse of existing NSLS office/lab space for NSLS-II staff • Sustainable design (LEEDS certification) Experimental Facilities • Initial suite of 6 insertion device beamlines and instruments • Capable of hosting at least 58 beamlines R&D • Advanced optics for achieving 1 nm and 0. 1 me. V • Nanopositioning and mirror metrology • Advanced insertion devices 7 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Joint Photon Sciences Institute (JPSI) Founded to serve as an intellectual center for development Joint Photon Sciences Institute (JPSI) Founded to serve as an intellectual center for development and application of photon sciences and gateway for users of NSLS-II • $30 M building construction funding commitment from NYS • $10 M initial contribution in hand • Office space, meetings areas, and laboratories • Collaborative, interdisciplinary R&D in areas of physical and life sciences that are united in employing synchrotron-based methods JP 8 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Storage Ring • Very Broad Spectral coverage • Far-IR through very hard x-rays Design Storage Ring • Very Broad Spectral coverage • Far-IR through very hard x-rays Design Parameters • 3 Ge. V, 500 m. A, top-off injection • Circumference 791. 5 m • 30 cell, Double Bend Achromat • Very high Brightness from 10 e. V to 20 ke. V • • 15 long straights (8. 6 m) 15 short straights (6. 6 m) • > 1021 p/s/0. 1%/mm 2/mrad 2 from ~ 2 ke. V to ~ 10 Novel design features: • ke. V • Very high Flux from 10 e. V to 20 ke. V • > 5 x 1015 • damping wigglers • soft bend magnets ph/s/0. 1%bw from ~ 500 e. V to ~ 10 ke. V • three pole wigglers • large gap IR dipoles • Very small beam size • Ultra-low emittance • sy = 2. 6 mm, sx = 28 mm • s’y = 3. 2 mrad, s’x = 19 mrad • ex, ey = 0. 5, 0. 008 nm-rad • Diffraction limited in vertical at 10 ke. V • Top-off Operation • Pulse Length (rms) ~ 15 psec • Current stability better than 1% • 27 straight sections available for insertion device beamlines • 31 BM or Three Pole Wiggler ports available for beamlines 9 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Site Plan NSLS JPSI LOB CFN Storage Ring MERBooster Linac MER LOB MER MER Site Plan NSLS JPSI LOB CFN Storage Ring MERBooster Linac MER LOB MER MER LOB 0 100 200 400 FEET 10 LOB BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

NSLS-II Beamlines • 19 straight sections for undulator beamlines • Fifteen 6. 6 m NSLS-II Beamlines • 19 straight sections for undulator beamlines • Fifteen 6. 6 m long low-b and four 8. 6 m long high-b • Highest brightness sources from UV to hard x-ray • 8 straight sections for damping wiggler beamlines • Each 8. 6 m long high-b • Broadband high flux sources from UV to hard x-ray • 27 BM ports for IR, UV and Soft X-rays beamlines • Up to 15 of these can have three pole wigglers for hard x-rays At least 58 beamlines More by BM ports for far-IR beamlines • 4 Large Gapcanting multiple IDs per straight Multiple hutches/beamline are also possible For comparison, NSLS has 65 operating beamlines 11 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

NSLS-II Management Team 12 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE NSLS-II Management Team 12 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

13 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE 13 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

NSLS-II Staff Project will grow to 200 -250 staff in coming years 14 BROOKHAVEN NSLS-II Staff Project will grow to 200 -250 staff in coming years 14 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

ESH Vision – “Best in Class” • A strong ESH program is essential to ESH Vision – “Best in Class” • A strong ESH program is essential to the safety of the workers and the successful completion of the project • We believe all accidents and injuries are preventable and we seek to establish an injury free work environment • ESH will be fully integrated into the project and managed as tightly as quality, cost and schedule • We commit to a strong Integrated Safety Management System for the project • Safe working conditions and practices are an absolute requirement for all staff and contractors 15 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Project Advisory Committee (PAC) The PAC is charged to review the progress of NSLS-II Project Advisory Committee (PAC) The PAC is charged to review the progress of NSLS-II and to advise the BNL Director and the NSLS-II ALD on matters related to scientific mission, strategic planning, user access, construction planning, project management, technical performance, and safety, with the goals of maximizing the scientific impact of NSLS-II and integrating NSLS-II into BNL and the national and international scientific communities. Thom Mason, Chair, ORNL/SNS Russ Hemley, Carnegie Institute Wayne Hendrickson, Columbia University Gerd Materlik, Diamond Light Source Gopal Shenoy, ANL/APS Bill Stirling, ESRF Albin Wrulich, PSI 16 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Accelerator Systems Advisory Committee The ASAC will advise and provide guidance on technical choices, Accelerator Systems Advisory Committee The ASAC will advise and provide guidance on technical choices, trade-offs, and decisions; value engineering; measures to improve availability and reliability of operations; diagnostics and controls; etc. Pascal Elleaume, Chair, ESRF Carlo Bocchetta, ELETTRA Glen Decker, ANL/APS Winfried Decking, DESY Dieter Einfeld, ALBA - CELLS John-Marc Filhol, SOLEIL John Galayda, SLAC Lia Merminga, TJNAF David Rubin, Cornell University Christoph Steier, LBNL/ALS Richard Walker, Diamond Light Source 17 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Conventional Facilities Advisory Committee The CFAC will advise and provide guidance on the development Conventional Facilities Advisory Committee The CFAC will advise and provide guidance on the development of the improvements to land, conventional construction, and utilities systems required to deliver the maximum benefit to the users. Jerry Hands, Chair, SNL (retired) Joe Harkins, LBNL Karen Hellman, ANL Richard Hislop, Hislop and Associates Marvin Kirshenbaum, ANL Jim Sanford, BNL (retired) Jack Stellern, ORNL 18 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Experimental Facilities Advisory Committee The EFAC will advise and provide guidance on the development Experimental Facilities Advisory Committee The EFAC will advise and provide guidance on the development of the beamlines and instruments for NSLS-II and will pay particular attention to the optimization of the combined system to deliver the maximum benefit to the users. They will also provide advice and guidance on the choice of instruments to build, assist in forming the Beamline Advisory Teams (BATs) to build these instruments, and generally provide direction to the formation of the experimental facilities at NSLS-II. Simon Mochrie, Chair, Yale University Alfred Baron, SPring 8 Mark Chance, Case Western Reserve University Paul Dumas, SOLEIL Jerry Hastings, SLAC Gene Ice, ORNL Andrzej Joachimiak, ANL Steve Kevan, University of Oregon Robert Liebermann, Stony Brook University Mohan Ramanathan, ANL Ian Robinson, University College, London Francesco Sette, ESRF G. Brian Stephenson, ANL BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE 19

Preliminary Cost Estimate ($M) Cost Range $750 M to $925 M 20 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE Preliminary Cost Estimate ($M) Cost Range $750 M to $925 M 20 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Preliminary Funding Profile ($M) Fiscal Year 05 06 (Project Engineering and Design) 08 09 Preliminary Funding Profile ($M) Fiscal Year 05 06 (Project Engineering and Design) 08 09 3 PED 07 45 12 Construction 10 11 12 13 14 15 Total 60 66 157 235 134 48 17 3 660 OPC 1 5 22 20 10 6 4 15 30 40 10 163 Total 1 5 25 65 88 163 239 149 78 57 13 883 • FY 09 Start Construction • Nov 2007 baseline validation planned to support FY 09 budget request 21 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Preliminary Summary Schedule 18 Months Total Schedule 22 Contingency BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE Preliminary Summary Schedule 18 Months Total Schedule 22 Contingency BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Transitioning to Operations • A phased transition to NSLS-II operations is planned: • CD-4 Transitioning to Operations • A phased transition to NSLS-II operations is planned: • CD-4 a – Initial Operations • Beneficial Occupancy of Experimental Floor • Initial limited storage ring operations and limited user operations during installation and commissioning of beamlines • CD-4 b – Start of Operations • All commissioning goals have been achieved • Transitioning from NSLS to NSLS-II • Plan to begin this transition as early as possible • Continue operations of NSLS until NSLS-II operational (CD-4 b) • Move NSLS programs to NSLS-II between CD-4 a and CD-4 b 23 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Upcoming Events in 2007 • Topical Design Reviews • Lattice Magnets Workshop • Instrumentation Upcoming Events in 2007 • Topical Design Reviews • Lattice Magnets Workshop • Instrumentation & Diagnostics Workshop • Insertion Device Workshop • Magnet Power Supplies Workshop • Control Systems Workshop • Storage Ring and Booster Workshop • Comprehensive Project Design Review • EVMS Review and Certification • Conventional Facilities Advisory Committee • Experimental Facilities Advisory Committee • Accelerator Systems Advisory Committee • SC Independent Project Review/External Independent Review for CD-2 Aug 6 -7 Aug 8 -9 Aug 20 -21 Aug 27 -28 TBD Sep 12 -14 Oct 1 -5 Sep 25 -26 Oct 4 -5 Oct 8 -9 Nov 6 -9 24 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Plan for Workshop Today • Describe conceptual design and status of project • Highlight Plan for Workshop Today • Describe conceptual design and status of project • Highlight talks on physical and life sciences and user access models • Describe process for beamline development at NSLS-II • Describe Joint Photon Sciences Institute • Describe plans for transitioning from NSLS to NSLS-II • Discussions at reception and dinner 25 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

We are looking for your feedback and input Tomorrow: Breakout Sessions Technique-based Sessions Science-based We are looking for your feedback and input Tomorrow: Breakout Sessions Technique-based Sessions Science-based Sessions • Hard x-ray Nanoprobe • Soft Coherent Scattering and • Life Sciences Imaging • Catalysis • Powder Diffraction • Environmental Science • Macromolecular Crystallography • High-Pressure • Liquid Interfaces • Strongly Correlated • Inelastic X-ray Scattering Electrons • Hard Coherent and XPCS/SAXS • Magnetism • XAFS • Radiometry and • Bio-SAXS Metrology • Photoemission Spectroscopy • Soft Condensed Matter We expect these sessions to lead to formation of Beamline Advisory Teams (BATs). The BATs will define the scientific mission and technical requirements for the beamlines, including design features and characteristics and instrumentation concepts. 26 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE

Summary • Organization established and staff buildup well underway • Baseline scope meets performance Summary • Organization established and staff buildup well underway • Baseline scope meets performance and cost goals • Conceptual Design complete - no technical show stoppers • Novel design w/ outstanding performance and flexibility • CPMUs, EPUs, Three Pole Wigglers, Soft Bends, IR • Scope provide substantial experimental capability • Project beamlines; Large LOBs • Plan for transition from NSLS to NSLS-II 27 BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE