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Note on the “Instrument for Stability” programme of the European Commission F. Sevini European Note on the “Instrument for Stability” programme of the European Commission F. Sevini European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute for Protection and Security of the Citizen NUCLEAR SECURITY UNIT 1

Summary 1) The Instrument for Stability 2) Priority 1: WMD CBRN risk mitigation 3) Summary 1) The Instrument for Stability 2) Priority 1: WMD CBRN risk mitigation 3) Annual Action Plans 2007+2008 4) Expert Support Facility 5) Indicative programme 2009 -2011 2

The Instrument for Stability Established by the Regulation of 15 November 2006 (n° 1717/2006) The Instrument for Stability Established by the Regulation of 15 November 2006 (n° 1717/2006) Total budget: 2, 062 million Euro. Duration: 2007 -2013 Specific objectives : l To streamline response in a situation of crisis or emerging crisis (Short-term component); l In the context of stable conditions, to help building capacity both to address specific multidimensional transregional threats and to address pre- and post-crisis situations (Long-term component) 3 The If. S is conceived as complementary to the Geographic Instruments and to intervene when a given regional or transregional threat cannot be addressed with other instruments

Summary of EU External assistance financial instruments - budget 2008 2. 4% EU AS Summary of EU External assistance financial instruments - budget 2008 2. 4% EU AS GLOBAL PARTNER 2008: 7, 311 M€ (+7% on 2007) of which If. S 179 M€ (=2. 4%). In 2007 was 212 M€ (=3. 1% of the total) 4

If. S Long-term component: Stable conditions for cooperation The If. S Strategy Paper 2007 If. S Long-term component: Stable conditions for cooperation The If. S Strategy Paper 2007 -2011 defines 3 main priorities, corresponding to art. 4. 1, 4. 2 & 4. 3 of the Regulation: Priority 1: Counteracting proliferation of WMD (Art. 4. 2) Priority 2: Supporting global and trans-regional efforts to address threats posed by Illicit Trafficking, terrorism and organized crime (Art. 4. 1) 5 Priority 3: Capacity building measures aimed at enhancing preand post-crisis preparedness (Art. 4. 3)

BUDGET BREAKDOWN 2007 -2013 M€ % 1587 77 Priority 1: Non-proliferation of WMD 266 BUDGET BREAKDOWN 2007 -2013 M€ % 1587 77 Priority 1: Non-proliferation of WMD 266 13 Priority 2: Trans-regional threats to security Administrative expenditure 118 6 91 4 Total 2062 Crisis response and preparedness 6

If. S Long-term component – Priority 1 • Risk mitigation and preparedness related to If. S Long-term component – Priority 1 • Risk mitigation and preparedness related to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) materials or agents and their means of delivery, e. g. : – Strengthening the development and enforcement of effective control of illicit trafficking in CBRN materials; – Measures to enhance safety practices related to civilian facilities handling sensitive CBRN materials; – Support the establishment of civil infrastructure studies necessary for the dismantlement, remediation or conversion of weapons-related facilities and sites; – Retraining and alternative employment of scientists and engineers formerly employed in weapons-related areas; 7 – The establishment and enforcement of effective export controls on dual-use goods

ANNUAL ACTION PLAN 2007 PRIORITY 1 Duration [y] Priority 1 Projects Budget (M€) Execution ANNUAL ACTION PLAN 2007 PRIORITY 1 Duration [y] Priority 1 Projects Budget (M€) Execution ISTC/STCU activities 2008 15 ISTCSTCU Knowledge management system on CBRN trafficking 1 UNICRI 2 5 JRC 4 5 BAFA 3 Combating illicit trafficking of nuclear & radioactive materials in FSU countries Assistance in export control of dual-use goods 8 TOTAL 26

ANNUAL ACTION PLAN 2007 PRIORITY 2 – AIDCO F 2 Coordination Priority 2 Project ANNUAL ACTION PLAN 2007 PRIORITY 2 – AIDCO F 2 Coordination Priority 2 Project Fight against trafficking from/to Afghanistan Budget (M€) Execution Duration [y] 5, 2 UNODC, INTERPOL, EU MS 3 3, 8 Various Organisations & JRC 3 Priority 1&2 Project Expert Support Facility 9

Priority 1&2: Expert Support Facility Objectives • Execution of preparatory studies in support to Priority 1&2: Expert Support Facility Objectives • Execution of preparatory studies in support to Strategy and Annual Action Plans definition; • Deployment of experts for fact finding / support / training missions; • Strategic Workshops • Interaction with beneficiaries and stake-holders; • Definition, proposal and monitoring of new If. S projects, • Analysis and dissemination of results Execution • Administrative Arrangement with JRC • Framework Contract to EU Member States public organisations (second phase) published 10

JRC’s Mission … to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, JRC’s Mission … to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies … …the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the EU, independent of private and national interests. . . 11

The structure of the JRC 7 Institutes in 5 Member States 2650 staff + The structure of the JRC 7 Institutes in 5 Member States 2650 staff + 250 competitive 300 M€/y budget + 40 M €/y IE - Petten The Netherlands -Institute for Energy competitive IRMM - Geel Belgium - Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements ITU - Karlsruhe Germany - Institute for Transuranium Elements IPSC - IHCP - IES - Ispra Italy - Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen - Institute for Health and Consumer Protection - Institute for Environment and Sustainability 12 IPTS - Seville Spain - Institute for Prospective Technological

Annual Action Plan 2008 Budget (M€) Execution ISTC/STCU activities 2009 8 ISTC-STCU Knowledge management Annual Action Plan 2008 Budget (M€) Execution ISTC/STCU activities 2009 8 ISTC-STCU Knowledge management system on CBRN trafficking in North Africa and selected countries in the Middle East 1 UNICRI 2 Combating illicit trafficking of nuclear & radioactive materials in selected FSU and Mediterranean Basin countries and preparation of border management activities in the ASEAN region 6. 7 JRC 3 Assistance to the Russian Fed. on control of exports of dual-use goods 1 Export Control Training Center (Russian NGO) 1. 5 Strengthening bio-safety and biosecurity capabilities in Russia and in Central Asian countries 6. 8 ISTC 3 2 EU MS, JRC Priority 1 projects Contribution to Expert Support Facility for Priority 1 13 TOTAL 25. 5 Duration [y]

Indicative Programme 2009 -2011/a Priority 1 project areas: : 123 M€ Project area 1 Indicative Programme 2009 -2011/a Priority 1 project areas: : 123 M€ Project area 1 -Regional centres of excellence on CBRN Project area 2 -Fighting illicit CBRN trafficking and deceptive financial practices Project area 3 - Support for bio-safety and bio-security Project area 4 - Assistance and cooperation on export controls on dual-use goods Project area 5 - Support for the retraining and alternative employment of former weapons scientists and engineers Project area 6 - Support for Multilateral Nuclear Assurance (MNA) initiatives 14

Indicative Programme 2009 -2011/b Priority 2 project areas: 63 M€ Project area 7 — Indicative Programme 2009 -2011/b Priority 2 project areas: 63 M€ Project area 7 — Fighting organised crime on the cocaine route Project area 8 — Fighting organised crime on the heroin route: Phase II — The Black Sea basin and the Western Balkans Project area 9 — Support for preventing and combating terrorism Project area 10 — Critical maritime routes Project area 11 — Actions to prevent, combat and control the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons (SALW) Priority 3: Project area 12 — Building capacities for 15 effective crisis response

INSTRUMENT FOR STABILITY Areas of actions 2009 -2011 MEuro Priorities 1 & 2 Expert INSTRUMENT FOR STABILITY Areas of actions 2009 -2011 MEuro Priorities 1 & 2 Expert Support Facility (ESF) Priority 1 — Non-proliferation of WMD 6 -9* (117+6*)123 25 -30 Fighting illicit CBRN trafficking 12 -14 Support to bio-safety and bio-security 14 -18 Assistance and cooperation on export control on dual-use goods 6 -10 Support for the retraining and alternative employment of former weapons scientists and engineers 27 -33 Support for Multilateral Nuclear Assurances (MNA) initiatives 20 -25 Priority 2 — Trans-regional threats Fighting organised crime on the cocaine route Fighting organised crime on the heroin route – Phase II: Black Sea basin and the Balkans (Follow up) (60+3*) 63 18 -22 5 -8 Support for prevention of and fight against terrorism 10 -14 Critical maritime routes 14 -18 Actions to prevent, combat and control the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons (SALW) Priority 3 — Building capacity for effective crisis response Activities of Non-State Actors Activities of International Organisations/Regional Organisations Activities of relevant EU Member States Agencies 16 Total 6 -10 30 -39[3] 15 -25 8 -10 5 -6 216 -225 Indicative Programme 2009 -2011 BUDGET Regional centres of excellence

CONTACTS Jean Paul JOULIA Lars Gunnar WIGEMARK AIDCO A 4 Unit Head RELEX A CONTACTS Jean Paul JOULIA Lars Gunnar WIGEMARK AIDCO A 4 Unit Head RELEX A 4 Unit Head jean-paul. [email protected] europa. eu lars-gunnar. [email protected] europa. eu Willem JANSSENS Dr. Filippo SEVINI JRC-IPSC-Nuclear Security Unit Head JRC-IPSC-Nuclear Security willem. [email protected] europa. eu 17 filippo. [email protected] it filippo. [email protected] europa. eu