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NBN: Taking the Internet to the People Holly Raiche, Executive Director Internet Society of NBN: Taking the Internet to the People Holly Raiche, Executive Director Internet Society of Australia (www. isoc-au. org. au) This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society

 • • • Why an NBN What it the NBN: the policy The • • • Why an NBN What it the NBN: the policy The issues: technical The issues: consumer ISOC-AU’s views what comes next May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 2

The Politics May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from The Politics May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 3

Why an NBN • OECD Rankings – anywhere between tenth for wireless broadband to Why an NBN • OECD Rankings – anywhere between tenth for wireless broadband to sixteenth for households with broadband access – and we are expensive • ACMA – are 9. 6 million Internet subscribers with x. DSL services down and mobile wireless up • ABS – Of Internet subscribers, only 7% on dial up, with DSL the technology for almost half the subscribers, and mobile wireless increasing • RTIRC – (2008) under a third of households in rural and remote Australia connected to broadband May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 4

Benefits • Communications, especially for people with disabilities, people from different cultures, language groups Benefits • Communications, especially for people with disabilities, people from different cultures, language groups etc • Health • Education • Research • Delivery of Gov. and other services • Access to markets/customers • Agriculture – weather information, crop information etc • Metering - utilities • Entertainment, etc. , • See nbnco. com. au - videos May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 5

The Policy • High speed broadband to all Australians • FTTP to 93% of The Policy • High speed broadband to all Australians • FTTP to 93% of the population • Wireless (fixed/satellite) to 7% - at least 12 Mb/s • Uniform national wholesale access pricing for basic service • Built by Government owned NBN Co • Competitive Environment • Monopoly provider of local access network • Provides wholesale only open access network May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 6

May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 7

May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 8

The Policy: Competition Reforms • NBN Cos can only sell to carriers/carriage service providers The Policy: Competition Reforms • NBN Cos can only sell to carriers/carriage service providers (exceptions) • NBN Co Access Agreements with service providers must be public and other providers must have access on same terms (in similar circumstances • No discrimination between access seekers (almost) • The Regulator can make binding access determinations • Non NBN Companies cannot, after 1 January 2011, install broadband networks where there is no competitive network, unless they provide services on an open access wholesale only basis May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 9

Technical Issues May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from Technical Issues May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 10

May 2011 The Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet May 2011 The Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society

Points of Interconnect: The Options May 2011 This Project was funded in part by Points of Interconnect: The Options May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 12

Issues for Users Availability • High Speed for Rural and Remote Accessibility • Telephone Issues for Users Availability • High Speed for Rural and Remote Accessibility • Telephone Typewriters over IP Technology Affordability • Wholesale costs for retail service providers Price paid by Users? Competitive Market/User Choice • Effectiveness of competition reforms May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 13

Issues for Users (cont’d) Understanding • • • Why fibre/can I get fibre if Issues for Users (cont’d) Understanding • • • Why fibre/can I get fibre if I’m outside the area served? What happens if I don’t get the NBN now? What If I live in a flat/caravan park/nursing home What if I only want a telephone service? Can I use my handset/modem/other equipment Must I rewire my house Service migration issues What happens in a black out? Can I complain – to whom: NBN Co/my service provider? May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society 14

What comes next? May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant What comes next? May 2011 This Project was funded in part by a grant from the Internet Society