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National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Office of Workers’ Compensation Module 18 NGB-J National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Office of Workers’ Compensation Module 18 NGB-J 1 -TN-OWCP People First – Mission Always!

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Topics To Be Covered • Overview of National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Topics To Be Covered • Overview of the Federal Employees’ Compensation Act (FECA) • Primary Benefits Provided under the FECA • Types of Injuries and Initiating Claims • Conditions of Coverage • COP and Controversion 2

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Topics To Be Covered • Supervisor Responsibilities National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Topics To Be Covered • Supervisor Responsibilities • Containing OWCP Costs • Record Keeping • Automated Systems • Internet Resources and References 3

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Overview of the FECA • Federal Employees’ National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Overview of the FECA • Federal Employees’ Compensation Act (FECA) passed in 1916 • Benefits Provided • DOL Chargeback System • Remedial in nature • Non-adversarial – an attorney is not required • Sole remedy 4

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Overview of the FECA (cont’d) • Program National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Overview of the FECA (cont’d) • Program Administration • OWCP Adjudicates Claims • Privacy Act • HIPAA 5

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Primary Benefits Provided under the FECA • National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Primary Benefits Provided under the FECA • Medical Benefits – Services, appliances, and supplies – Treatment – Preventive care is not authorized – Fee Schedules – Chiropractor 6

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Primary Benefits Provided under the FECA • National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Primary Benefits Provided under the FECA • Continuation of Pay (COP) – Intent is to avoid interruption of pay while the claim is adjudicated – 45 calendar days – Traumatic Injury - ONLY 7

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Primary Benefits Provided under the FECA • National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Primary Benefits Provided under the FECA • Wage Loss Compensation – Traumatic Injury – Occupational Disease Claim – Death 8

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Primary Benefits Provided under the FECA • National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Primary Benefits Provided under the FECA • Schedule awards • Vocational rehabilitation • Loss of Wage-Earning Capacity (LWEC) • Death Benefits 9

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Conditions of Coverage – Timely Filing of National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Conditions of Coverage – Timely Filing of Claim – Federal Civilian Employee – Fact of Injury – Performance of Duty – Causal Relationship 10

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Timely Filing • Employee Has Three Years National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Timely Filing • Employee Has Three Years From: – Date of Injury – Date of First Awareness – Date of Last Exposure 11

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Civil Employee • FECA covers all civilian National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Civil Employee • FECA covers all civilian employees except for nonappropriated fund employees • Temporary employees covered on the same basis as permanent employees • Contract employees, volunteers, and loaned employees are covered under some circumstances 12

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Fact of Injury • Factual – Actual National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Fact of Injury • Factual – Actual occurrence of an accident, incident, or exposure in time, place, and manner alleged • Medical – Medical condition diagnosed in connection with that accident, incident, or exposure 13

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Performance of Duty • Injury occurred while National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Performance of Duty • Injury occurred while performing assigned duties or engaging in an activity reasonably associated with the employment • Injury occurred on work premises • Injury occurred off premises while engaging in work activity 14

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Causal Relationship • Link between work-related exposure/injury National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Causal Relationship • Link between work-related exposure/injury and any medical condition found • Based entirely on medical evidence provided by physicians who have examined and treated the employee • Opinions of employee, supervisor, or witnesses not considered – nor is general medical information contained in published articles 15

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Causal Relationship • Four Types – Direct National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Causal Relationship • Four Types – Direct Causation – Aggravation – Acceleration – Precipitation 16

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Statutory Exclusions • Willful Misconduct – deliberate National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Statutory Exclusions • Willful Misconduct – deliberate and intentional disobedience of rules/orders – not carelessness • Drug or Alcohol Intoxication – proximately caused the injury • Intent to Injure Self or Others – intent must be established 17

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Traumatic Injury National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Traumatic Injury • Traumatic Injury – Wound or other condition of the body caused by external force, including stress or strain – Caused by specific event or series of events or incidents within a single day or work shift 18

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Occupational Disease National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Occupational Disease • Occupational Disease – Condition produced over a period longer than one workday or shift • COP is not provided for Occupational Diseases • CA-16 is not issued for Occupational Diseases 19

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel A clear difference ? • Usually, but National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel A clear difference ? • Usually, but not always • Back pain or strain could be either • Injury – Sudden pain or strain from activities not a part of normal job • Disease/illness – Gradual back pain and strain from normal job duties 20

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Traumatic Injury National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Traumatic Injury • Notice of Traumatic Injury – CA-1 – Employee (or someone on her/his behalf, including supervisor) completes front – Supervisor completes back – Must be submitted to employing agency within 30 days of date of injury to be eligible for COP – however can be submitted up to three years after the injury – Must be transmitted to OWCP within ten workdays from date agency received form – DO NOT HOLD for wage calculations, supporting documentation, etc. 21

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor’s Role related to a Traumatic Injury National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor’s Role related to a Traumatic Injury Claim • Discuss and review the facts surrounding the incident. • Complete the supervisor and safety screens within the EDI and submit to the HRO ASAP. • Authorize medical care if needed by completing a Medical Treatment Form CA-16 • Advise employee of the right to elect COP • Advise employee of her/his responsibility to submit prima facie medical evidence of disability within ten calendar days or risk termination of COP 22

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Employee Reports the injury to his/her supervisor National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Employee Reports the injury to his/her supervisor The HRO is notified that a claim is awaiting authentication Claim is forwarded to OWCP Supervisor and Employee complete the On-Line initiating claim form Supervisor prints completed form Injured employee signs the printed copy for employee file Supervisor electronically submits claim for processing HRO reviews the claim for accuracy, Safety is notified of the injury Safety and Supervisor enters appropriate codes, corrects any receive an electronic OSHA errors and authenticates the claim -301 form in PDF format OWCP receives claim, validates data, and submits data to District OWCP for case number assignment Claim data is then loaded into DIUCS 23

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Occupational Disease National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Occupational Disease • Notice of Occupational Disease – CA-2 – Employee initiates the report of injury through the EDI – Supervisor reviews and completes the supervisor and safety screens within the EDI and submits to the HRO – Three year statute of limitations 24

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor’s Role related to a Occupational Disease National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor’s Role related to a Occupational Disease Claim • Review the employee’s portion of the form and provide comments concerning the employee's statement • Supporting Statement • Advise employee of the right to elect sick, annual leave or LWOP, pending adjudication of the claim 25

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor’s Role related to a Occupational Disease National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor’s Role related to a Occupational Disease Claim • Provide Appropriate Occupational Disease Checklist – CA-35 a – Occupational Disease in General – CA-35 b – Hearing Loss – CA-35 c – Asbestos-Related Illness – CA-35 d – Coronary/Vascular Condition – CA-35 e – Skin Disease – CA-35 f – Pulmonary Illness (not Asbestosis) – CA-35 g – Psychiatric Illness – CA-35 h – Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 26

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Wage Loss/Permanent Impairment • An employee who National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Wage Loss/Permanent Impairment • An employee who can not return to work when COP ends or who is not entitled to COP may claim compensation for wage loss • An employee who has returned to work but who still requires medical treatment during work hours may claim compensation for lost wages while undergoing or traveling to and from treatment 27

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel CA-7 (Claim for Compensation) • An employee National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel CA-7 (Claim for Compensation) • An employee who uses annual or sick leave to avoid interruption of income may repurchase that leave, subject to agency concurrence, if the claim is approved • Schedule awards for permanent impairment 28

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel CA-20 (Attending Physician’s Report) • Submitted to National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel CA-20 (Attending Physician’s Report) • Submitted to OWCP along with CA-7 for wage loss or leave buy back • Requests information on diagnosis, prognosis, history of injury, prima facie statement of causal relationship, etc. 29

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel CA-17 (Duty Status Report) • Interim medical National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel CA-17 (Duty Status Report) • Interim medical report about employee’s fitness for duty and work capabilities • May be issued initially with CA-16 • Supervisor/Agency completes agency portion by describing physical requirements of the employee’s job and noting the availability of light or limited duty • Agency can send to physician at any time during life of claim – but not more than once a week 30

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Challenging Validity of Claim • Investigate circumstances National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Challenging Validity of Claim • Investigate circumstances and report results to OWCP • Must be supported by specific factual evidence • Attach detailed statement describing circumstances behind challenge 31

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Challenging Validity of Claim • Include specific National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Challenging Validity of Claim • Include specific evidence: witness statements, accident investigations, timecards, etc. • Pay COP (if applicable) pending OWCP decision • Authority to determine any aspect of claim rests with OWCP. While agency is entitled to explanation of basis for OWCP action, it must accept determination rendered. 32

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel APPEAL RIGHTS • APPEAL BOARD • RECONSIDERATION National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel APPEAL RIGHTS • APPEAL BOARD • RECONSIDERATION • ORAL HEARING 33

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel PENALTIES • Anyone who knowingly and willfully National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel PENALTIES • Anyone who knowingly and willfully falsifies, conceals or covers up a material fact; • Makes a false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation may be subject to these penalties: A. FINE B. 5 YEARS IMPRISONMENT C. BOTH 34

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel THIRD PARTY CLAIMS • Circumstances • Agency National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel THIRD PARTY CLAIMS • Circumstances • Agency • Continued Benefits 35

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel OPM • While on OWCP long-term rolls National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel OPM • While on OWCP long-term rolls time continues to run for within grade increases and leave category changes. • National Guard Dual Status employees are not guaranteed reemployment in the same position or its equivalent when disability is overcome and the employee can return to work within one year from the beginning of compensation. • This one year rule does not apply to Dual Status Employees. 36

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Recurrence • National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Recurrence • Recurrence – A spontaneous return or increase of disability due to a previous injury or occupational disease without intervening cause, or a return or increase of disability due to a consequential injury – No event other than the previous injury accounts for the disability – A recurrence of a medical condition is defined as a documented need for further medical treatment for the accepted condition or injury when there is no accompanying work stoppage 37

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Recurrence • National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating A Claim for a Recurrence • Claim for Recurrence of Disability – CA-2 a – Employee (or someone on her/his behalf, including supervisor) completes front – Supervisor completes back • Submit to OWCP • Employee should arrange for submission of factual and medical evidence described in the form instructions 38

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating a Claim for Death Benefits • National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Initiating a Claim for Death Benefits • When an employee dies because of an injury incurred in the performance of duty, the supervisor/agency should immediately notify the district office via phone or fax • The supervisor/agency should contact any survivors, provide them with claim forms, and help them prepare the claim • CA-5 or CA-5 b used to submit claims for death benefits • Supervisor/Agency uses form CA-6 to report the workrelated death of an employee 39

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel CONTINUATION OF PAY Continuation of an employee’s National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel CONTINUATION OF PAY Continuation of an employee’s regular pay by the employing agency with no charge to sick or annual leave. - Traumatic injury cases only! 45 calendar days per injury - maximum Written Notice of Injury within 30 days from the date of injury Medical evidence within 10 calendar days. (CA-1)

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Controverting COP • Agency may controvert (not National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Controverting COP • Agency may controvert (not pay) COP Only if one of the following applies: – Disability is a result of occupational disease or illness – Employee comes within the exclusions of 5 USC 8101 (1) (B) or (E) – Employee is neither a citizen nor resident of the US or Canada 41

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Controverting COP (Cont’d) – Injury occurred off National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Controverting COP (Cont’d) – Injury occurred off the agency’s premises and the employee was not engaged in official “off premises” duties – Employee’s willful misconduct, intentional harm or death, or proximate intoxication – Injury not reported within 30 days of injury 42

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Controverting COP (Cont’d) ─ Indicate controversion on National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Controverting COP (Cont’d) ─ Indicate controversion on CA-1 and attach narrative statement and specific evidence substantiating controversion ─ Advise employee of controversion ─ Can also terminate COP if no prima facie medical evidence is received within ten calendar days 43

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Controverting COP (Cont’d) – Work stoppage first National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Controverting COP (Cont’d) – Work stoppage first occurred more than 45 days after the injury – Employee reported injury after employment was terminated – Employee is enrolled in Civil Air Patrol, Peace Corps, or other group covered by special legislation 44

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor Responsibilities • Encourage safe work habits National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor Responsibilities • Encourage safe work habits and conditions and enforce safety regulations • Advise employees on rights and responsibilities • Report injuries promptly • Complete and submit forms in timely manner (EDI) – CA-1 and CA-2 within ten workdays of receipt – CA-7 within five workdays of receipt • Continue pay in traumatic injuries 45

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor Responsibilities (cont’d) • Assist employees in National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Supervisor Responsibilities (cont’d) • Assist employees in returning to work • Represent the agency’s interest • Challenge questionable claims • Keep in contact with employee • Help manage compensation costs • Accommodate “light duty” work when able 46

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Timely submission • National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Timely submission • Challenge Questionable Claims • Track Injured Employee’s Medical Status and availability for work • Offer Light Duty 47

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Report injuries through National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Report injuries through EDI within ten workdays • Submit CA-7 s within five workdays • Timely submission – enables prompt adjudication and medical management of claim – ensures compliance with the SHARE initiative and Federal regulations 48

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Challenge Questionable Claims National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Challenge Questionable Claims – OWCP accepts employee statement as factual unless agency provides refuting evidence – Agency does not have post adjudicative appeal rights – Include actual evidence rather than conjecture or opinion 49

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Track Injured Employee’s National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Track Injured Employee’s Medical Status – Maintain constant contact with employee – Request frequent medical updates – in writing from physician – Cooperate with OWCP nurses, Claims Examiners, Vocational Rehabilitation Specialists, and Workers’ Compensation Specialists/Injury Compensation Specialists 50

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Offer Light Duty National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Offer Light Duty – Match employee’s physical limitations to your particular needs – Can be temporary positions – Benefits of offering light duty: • improves morale for both injured worker and remainder of workforce • each day employee remains out of work reduces likelihood s/he will ever return 51

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Light Duty Offers National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Containing OWCP Costs • Light Duty Offers – Can be made verbally but must be followed-up in writing within two business days – Must include: job description, physical demands of position, organizational and geographical location, date available, date response required – If employee refuses, notify OWCP immediately 52

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel LIGHT DUTY Responsibility of… • the supervisor National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel LIGHT DUTY Responsibility of… • the supervisor to try to accommodate the return of an employee on light duty • the HRO to officially reassign an employee to another position if necessary • the employee to cooperate 53

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel SUPERVISOR’S OWCP GOALS • To minimize workplace National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel SUPERVISOR’S OWCP GOALS • To minimize workplace hazards • To minimize worker injuries & disease • To minimize agency costs 54

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Department of Labor The OWCP Puzzle Laws National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Department of Labor The OWCP Puzzle Laws National Guard Bureau Policy Regulations Safety Occupational Health Supervisor NGB OWCP Liaison Union Representative State ICPA 55

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel DOL District Office Locations 56 National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel DOL District Office Locations 56

National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Liaison Regional assignments 57 National Guard Bureau Office of Technician Personnel Liaison Regional assignments 57