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Name of the trainer, Leo Korthof l l 4 kids, Woerden, Teacher VCA, shovel, Name of the trainer, Leo Korthof l l 4 kids, Woerden, Teacher VCA, shovel, minigraver, heftruck, reachtruck, trekker, werkvloertrainer, assessor Facebook http: //www. facebook. com 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 1

Classes of Commonly-Used Powered Industrial Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 2 Classes of Commonly-Used Powered Industrial Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 2

The Industrial Truck Association has placed powered industrial trucks into 7 classes • • The Industrial Truck Association has placed powered industrial trucks into 7 classes • • Class I - Electric motor rider trucks Class II - Electric motor narrow aisle trucks Class III - Electric motor hand trucks or hand/rider trucks Class IV - Internal combustion engine trucks (solid/cushion tires) Class V - Internal combustion engine trucks (pneumatic tires) Class VI - Electric and internal combustion engine tractors Class VII - Rough terrain forklift trucks * Note that this classification refers to commonly-used vehicles and does not include all powered industrial trucks covered by the OSHA standard. 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 3

Class I - Electric Motor Rider Trucks l l Counterbalanced rider type, stand up Class I - Electric Motor Rider Trucks l l Counterbalanced rider type, stand up Three wheel electric trucks, sit-down Counterbalanced rider type, cushion tires, sit-down (high and low platform) Counterbalanced rider, pneumatic tire, sit -down (high and low platform) 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 4

Class I - Electric Motor Rider Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 5 Class I - Electric Motor Rider Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 5

Class I - Electric Motor Rider Trucks l 3/17/2018 Counterbalanced Rider Type, Stand. Up Class I - Electric Motor Rider Trucks l 3/17/2018 Counterbalanced Rider Type, Stand. Up Leo Korthofopleidingen 6

Class II - Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks l l l High lift straddle Class II - Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks l l l High lift straddle Order picker Reach type outrigger Side loaders, turret trucks, swing mast and convertible turret/stock pickers Low lift pallet and platform (rider) 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 7

Class II - Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 8 Class II - Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 8

Class II - Narrow Aisle Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 9 Class II - Narrow Aisle Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 9

Class III - Electric Motor Hand/Rider Trucks l l l Low lift platform Low Class III - Electric Motor Hand/Rider Trucks l l l Low lift platform Low lift walkie pallet Reach type outrigger High lift straddle High lift counterbalanced Low lift walkie/rider pallet 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 10

Class III - Electric Motor Hand/Rider Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 11 Class III - Electric Motor Hand/Rider Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 11

Class III - Hand & Hand/Rider Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 12 Class III - Hand & Hand/Rider Trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 12

Class IV - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks - Cushion (Solid) Tires Fork, counterbalanced (cushion/solid Class IV - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks - Cushion (Solid) Tires Fork, counterbalanced (cushion/solid tires) 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 13

Class IV - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks - Cushion (Solid) Tires 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen Class IV - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks - Cushion (Solid) Tires 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 14

Class V - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks - Pneumatic Tires 3/17/2018 Fork, counterbalanced (pneumatic Class V - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks - Pneumatic Tires 3/17/2018 Fork, counterbalanced (pneumatic tires) Leo Korthofopleidingen 15

Class V - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks (Pneumatic Tires) 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 16 Class V - Internal Combustion Engine Trucks (Pneumatic Tires) 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 16

Class VI - Electric & Internal Combustion Engine Tractors Sit-down rider 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen Class VI - Electric & Internal Combustion Engine Tractors Sit-down rider 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 17

Class VII - Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks • Straight-mast forklift • Extended-reach forklift All Class VII - Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks • Straight-mast forklift • Extended-reach forklift All rough terrain forklift trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 18

Rough Terrain Straight Mast Forklifts 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 19 Rough Terrain Straight Mast Forklifts 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 19

Rough Terrain Extended-Reach Forklifts 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 20 Rough Terrain Extended-Reach Forklifts 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 20

Some Types of Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime The following types of vehicles Some Types of Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime The following types of vehicles are covered by the OSHA standard if the vehicles carry, push, pull, lift, or tier loads. n • • Container top handlers Container reach stackers Straddle carriers Semi-tractors/ Utility vehicles 3/17/2018 • • • Sidehandlers Combination vacuum lifts Yard tractors Leo Korthofopleidingen 21

Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Container Handlers 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 22 Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Container Handlers 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 22

Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime 3/17/2018 Empty-Container Handler Leo Korthofopleidingen 23 Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime 3/17/2018 Empty-Container Handler Leo Korthofopleidingen 23

Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Container Reach Stacker 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 24 Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Container Reach Stacker 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 24

Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Straddle Carriers 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 25 Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime Straddle Carriers 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 25

Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime 3/17/2018 Yard Tractor Leo Korthofopleidingen 26 Powered Industrial Trucks Used in Maritime 3/17/2018 Yard Tractor Leo Korthofopleidingen 26

Operating a Lift Truck l l l l Preoperation Inspection Operating a Lift Truck Operating a Lift Truck l l l l Preoperation Inspection Operating a Lift Truck Loading/Unloading Traveling Ramps and Railroads Docks Parking Battery Charging 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 27

Preoperation Inspection l l l It is your responsibility to make sure your forklift Preoperation Inspection l l l It is your responsibility to make sure your forklift functions properly It requires preoperation inspections You must be sure equipment is maintained 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 28

Walk Around l l Forklift properly disengaged • Forks down, key off, neutral gear, Walk Around l l Forklift properly disengaged • Forks down, key off, neutral gear, parking brake on Left/right side • Tire condition, tight lug nuts, no debris around axle, overhead guard is solid, no debris behind the mast Front • Forks in good shape, fork pins in place, backrest solid, mast & chains greased, hoses in good shape Rear • Counterbalance bolt is tight, radiator clear of debris 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 29

In the Seat l l l Nonmoving checks • Gauges, lights, horn, back-up alarm, In the Seat l l l Nonmoving checks • Gauges, lights, horn, back-up alarm, blinking warning light, operate the tilt & lift mechanism, check the parking brake Moving checks • Put on the seat belt, check the running brakes, check the steering Look for oil or water leaks on the floor 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 30

Operating a Lift Truck 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 31 Operating a Lift Truck 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 31

Operating a Lift Truck l l l l Only trained, authorized operators Immediately report Operating a Lift Truck l l l l Only trained, authorized operators Immediately report forklift-related accidents Seat belts must always be worn No person should stand under elevated portion of lift truck Forklift controls operated only from driver’s seat Never block exits or emergency equipment Smoking is not permitted 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 32

Loading/Unloading l l l Before raising a load, understand: • Approximate weight of the Loading/Unloading l l l Before raising a load, understand: • Approximate weight of the load • Location of the load’s center of gravity Inspect load for stability, projections, damaged pallets before lifting Restack unstable loads Never place weight on the back of a lift truck to increase its capacity Towing always done from rear towing pin 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 33

Traveling l l l l Always look in the direction of travel Keep body Traveling l l l l Always look in the direction of travel Keep body inside the cage When moving, the mast must not be raised Sound the horn Operate at safe speeds When turning, watch rear end swing Clearance under overhead installations 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 34

Traveling l l l l Avoid loose objects or holes If load blocks view, Traveling l l l l Avoid loose objects or holes If load blocks view, travel in reverse Never carry passengers Pedestrians always have the right-of-way Safe distance from edge of ramps or docks Never eat or drink No stunt driving or horseplay 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 35

Ramps and Railroads l l l Never turn on a ramp On ramps the Ramps and Railroads l l l Never turn on a ramp On ramps the load should be upgrade Ascend or descend ramps slowly Railroad tracks are crossed diagonally Never park within 8 feet of the center of railroad tracks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 36

Docks l l Inspect the dock plate Check the trailer floor condition Trailer wheels Docks l l Inspect the dock plate Check the trailer floor condition Trailer wheels are chocked Nose of the trailer is supported by the tractor or a fixed jack 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 37

Parking l l Lower the forks Set gear to neutral Set the parking brake Parking l l Lower the forks Set gear to neutral Set the parking brake Turn off the key 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 38

Propane Refueling l Propane is a combustible, compressed gas Propane leaks are detected by: Propane Refueling l Propane is a combustible, compressed gas Propane leaks are detected by: l PPE: gloves, safety glasses l • Distinct odor • Hissing sound • Frost on fittings 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 39

Battery Charging l l Inspect battery connectors for damage No smoking in battery-charging area Battery Charging l l Inspect battery connectors for damage No smoking in battery-charging area Immediately clean up electrolyte spills PPE includes face mask, acid-resistant gloves, and an apron 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 40

The forklifttruck 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 41 The forklifttruck 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 41

Blz 19 Components of a Forklift Truck* *One of the most common types of Blz 19 Components of a Forklift Truck* *One of the most common types of powered industrial trucks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 42

Forkliftmast Mast The mast is the vertical assembly responsible for lowering or raising a Forkliftmast Mast The mast is the vertical assembly responsible for lowering or raising a load. A forklift mast is made up of interlocking rails necessary to provide lateral stability. These rails are guided by rollers or bushings. Hydraulics Forklift masts consist of metal plates used to move materials and are hydraulically driven. Hydraulics refers to the transmission of power via the use of pressurized fluid --- in this case, oil. Hydraulic cylinders that link directly to the forklift motor drive the mast, enabling it to lift, lower or tilt a load. The pressurized oil drives the cylinder piston to move in strokes, or linear motion. The mast is typically operated via a lever in the cab, or the area in the forklift used to house the operator and forklift control components 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 43

How a Forklift Mast Works l l l single mast Mast with 2 parts How a Forklift Mast Works l l l single mast Mast with 2 parts Mast with 3 parts 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 44

Filmpje 2 delige mast 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 45 Filmpje 2 delige mast 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 45

Filmpje 3 delige mast 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 46 Filmpje 3 delige mast 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 46

Page 21 Verschillende hoogtes Hefhoogte = maximum forkhight maximale heffing van de vorken boven Page 21 Verschillende hoogtes Hefhoogte = maximum forkhight maximale heffing van de vorken boven de vloer . Afzethoogte= max. height to pick up and/or put down loads =Maximale hefhoogte – 25 cm Vrije hefhoogte= freelift of freelift, vrije werkruimte zonder uitschuiven van de mast 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen Doorrijhoogte= Driving hight Hoogste punt van mast of kooi met de last of lege vorken op 15 cm van de grond. Bouwhoogte= Overall height is het hoogste punt van de truck met de vorken op de grond. 47

Lastdiagram l Korte omschrijving l Op een heftruck moeten een typeplaat en een werklastdiagram Lastdiagram l Korte omschrijving l Op een heftruck moeten een typeplaat en een werklastdiagram aanwezig zijn op een plaats waar ze voor de heftruckchauffeur duidelijk en afleesbaar zichtbaar zijn. l Bij het heffen van lasten spelen onderstaande zaken een rol: • Totale hoogte van de uitgeschoven hefmast • Maximale vorkhoogte • Totale hoogte ingeschoven hefmast • Maximale vrije heffing • Gewichtsverdeling en de afmetingen van een last 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 48

Stability of Powered Industrial Trucks l l l l Definitions General Basic Principles Stability Stability of Powered Industrial Trucks l l l l Definitions General Basic Principles Stability Triangle Longitudinal Stability Lateral Stability Dynamic Stability 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 49

Page 25 Stability Triangle - Figure 1 B Vehicle Center of Gravity (Unloaded) A Page 25 Stability Triangle - Figure 1 B Vehicle Center of Gravity (Unloaded) A C Center of Gravity of Vehicle and Maximum Load (Theoretical) Notes: 1. When the vehicle is loaded, the combined center of gravity (CG) shifts toward line B-C. Theoretically the maximum load will result in the CG at the line B-C. In actual practice, the combined CG should never be at line B-C. 2. The addition of additional counterweight will cause the truck CG to shift toward point A and result in a truck that is less stable laterally. 3/17/2018 50 Leo Korthofopleidingen

Stability Triangle - Figure 2 Load CG Vertical Stability Line (Line of Action) Combined Stability Triangle - Figure 2 Load CG Vertical Stability Line (Line of Action) Combined CG Truck CG The vehicle is stable 3/17/2018 Truck CG Vertical Stability Line (Line of Action) This vehicle is unstable and will continue to tip over Leo Korthofopleidingen 51

Center of Gravity l Balance point 48” A l Distance from the edge of Center of Gravity l Balance point 48” A l Distance from the edge of the item to the item’s center of gravity 20” 40” B 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 52

Load Center l Distance from vertical face of the forks to the load’s center Load Center l Distance from vertical face of the forks to the load’s center of gravity 48”” A • A: Load center = 24" • B: Load center = 40" l l 80” B 1 inch = 100 lbs Important reason for keeping the load resting against the vertical face of forks 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 53

Combined Actions l Center of gravity moves side to side l Center of gravity Combined Actions l Center of gravity moves side to side l Center of gravity moves forward l Center of gravity moves backward to the thin portion of the triangle 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 54

Stability Triangle 3 -point suspension n Forklift’s center of gravity n Combined center of Stability Triangle 3 -point suspension n Forklift’s center of gravity n Combined center of gravity n Load center beyond 24" 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 55

pallets 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 56 pallets 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 56

LCC l l Standard Load Center Lastdiagram 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 57 LCC l l Standard Load Center Lastdiagram 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 57

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Claus 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 68 Claus 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 68

Quiz 1. If your forklift has a rearview mirror, looking behind you is not Quiz 1. If your forklift has a rearview mirror, looking behind you is not necessary. True or False 2. Name two of the three ways to detect a propane leak: ________, ________ 3. Describe the four items that must be completed prior to driving your forklift into a trailer. 4. If a load blocks your vision, it is OK to raise the load while moving to see under it. True or False 5. Preoperation inspections are done only because OSHA says we have to do them. True or False 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 69

6. Quiz (cont. ) Attachments reduce capacity by increasing the load center and adding 6. Quiz (cont. ) Attachments reduce capacity by increasing the load center and adding weight. 7. Minimum PPE items required when refueling a propane tank are ______, ______. 8. The most important differences between a forklift and a car are weight and steering. True or False 9. True or False Name at least one condition that when combined with turning sharply may cause a tipover. 10. Pedestrians have the right-of-way only while in designated pedestrian lanes. 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen True or False 70

Quiz Answers 1. False. You must always look behind you before backing up. 2. Quiz Answers 1. False. You must always look behind you before backing up. 2. Hissing sound, distinct odor, or frost on fittings. 3. Chock the wheels, support the nose of the trailer, inspect the dock plate, check the trailer floor. 4. False. Never drive with the load up. Drive in reverse when the load obstructs forward vision. 5. False. Inspections are also done so that the operator can prevent mechanical failure accidents and because the company needs to prove compliance with OSHA’s requirement. 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 71

Quiz Answers (cont. ) 6. True. Attachments are heavy, and they cause the load Quiz Answers (cont. ) 6. True. Attachments are heavy, and they cause the load center to move away from the forklift. 7. Gloves and safety glasses are the minimum PPE required. 8. True. There are many differences, but the most significant are weight and steering. 9. Hitting a pothole, carrying an off-center load, getting a flat tire, having a raised & tilted back load, or being on a ramp. 10. False. Pedestrians always have the right of way. 3/17/2018 Leo Korthofopleidingen 72