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MPAT TEMPEST EXPRESS 31 Staff Planning Workshop Introduction MNCC Overview 23 August 2017 UNCLASSIFIED MPAT TEMPEST EXPRESS 31 Staff Planning Workshop Introduction MNCC Overview 23 August 2017 UNCLASSIFIED 1

Agenda • References • Background • Purpose • Assumptions • Tasks • Organization & Agenda • References • Background • Purpose • Assumptions • Tasks • Organization & Structure • Overarching Relief Process • Requests for Assistance (RFAs) UNCLASSIFIED 2

References • Multinational Force Standing Operating Procedures (MNF SOP) – Part D, Chapter 1, References • Multinational Force Standing Operating Procedures (MNF SOP) – Part D, Chapter 1, Annex C, Appendix 7 (HA/DR Multinational Coordination Center) – MNF SOP HA/DR Annex – (See also MNCC section of HA/DR CONOPS in Appendix 6 of MNF SOP HADR Procedures) UNCLASSIFIED 3

Background • Multinational military operations require coordination between militaries – normally done by: – Background • Multinational military operations require coordination between militaries – normally done by: – Exchange of Liaison – Establishment of a Multinational Staff Coordination Process Cross. Functional Elements (aka Board, Bureau, Cell, Center or Work Group) – Combination of Liaison and Cross Functional Organizations • There are generally two types of MNCCs: – CTF (Coalition or Combined Task Force) MNCC – HA/DR (Humanitarian Assistance / Disaster Relief) MNCC UNCLASSIFIED 4

Purpose • A MNCC is a multinational coordination center that facilitates coordination and cooperation Purpose • A MNCC is a multinational coordination center that facilitates coordination and cooperation of foreign military forces with the affected nation to support humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR) missions – The MNCC organization and tasks should be tailored to the situation – Once the foreign military forces members have agreed upon specific MNCC tasks and organization, they can develop detailed procedures UNCLASSIFIED 5

Purpose • Two key differences between the CTF MNCC and a HA/DR MNCC: – Purpose • Two key differences between the CTF MNCC and a HA/DR MNCC: – HA/DR MNCC does not rely upon formal command relationships among military forces – HA/DR MNCC will operate at the UNCLASSIFIED level of information sharing • MNCC operations should be limited such as to NOT usurp the proper coordination mechanisms of the affected state’s national disaster management system and the MNCC should confine coordination to providing support to civilian efforts by coordinating multilateral military unique capabilities UNCLASSIFIED 6

Assumptions • The affected state still exercises sovereignty and is functioning throughout the country Assumptions • The affected state still exercises sovereignty and is functioning throughout the country • The affected state government (including its military) is able to generally prioritize and coordinate requirements and make these requirements known to international disaster response agencies and other countries • The affected state government has a designated National Disaster Management Organization/Local Emergency Management Authority (NDMO / LEMA) or at least key points of contact for international assistance UNCLASSIFIED 7

Assumptions • Most foreign military assistance will be based on existing or new bilateral Assumptions • Most foreign military assistance will be based on existing or new bilateral or multilateral arrangements • Non-military coordinating mechanisms will most likely be operational and should be factored in to the foreign militaries’ planning – Humanitarian mechanisms (Cluster Approach, UNDAC, CMCoord, OSOCC / Virtual OSOCC, HOC, UNHAS, etc. ) – Regional mechanisms (ASEAN AHA Centre, SASOP, ERAT, etc. ) • Validity of these assumptions may cause these procedures to be modified UNCLASSIFIED 8

Tasks • Deconflict operations in the same geographical area • Coordinate needs assessments with Tasks • Deconflict operations in the same geographical area • Coordinate needs assessments with affected state, United Nations and other assisting humanitarian organizations • Avoid duplication of assets and capabilities (subject to political considerations of the foreign military force countries) to the greatest extent possible • Prioritize military support in support of affected state priorities; this includes assisting and supporting the Humanitarian Community UNCLASSIFIED 9

Tasks • Establish liaison with appropriate host nation / affected state civil government, relief Tasks • Establish liaison with appropriate host nation / affected state civil government, relief agencies, and military; the Humanitarian Community; etc • If not done by the host nation / affected state, establish an unclassified local area network (LAN), internet and email network for communications and information sharing among all Affected, Assisting, Humanitarian Community • In conjunction with the host nation / affected state, and Humanitarian Community, develop appropriate transition / engagement / disengagement criteria and a transition plan for multinational military support UNCLASSIFIED 10

Organization & Structure • Director: from the affected state • Organized into cells to Organization & Structure • Director: from the affected state • Organized into cells to facilitate tasks of coordination between militaries in support of the affected state and humanitarian community (organization can vary): – Information-sharing Cell – Request for Assistance (RFA) Cell – Operations Cell – Planning Cell – Civil-military (Humanitarian /Affected State) Coordination cells – Public Affairs / Media Note: leadership & organization will likely change to adjust to developments in the situation / requirements UNCLASSIFIED 11

Overarching Relief Process Needs Analysis: Basic Needs - Available Resources Outstanding Requirements Needs Assessments: Overarching Relief Process Needs Analysis: Basic Needs - Available Resources Outstanding Requirements Needs Assessments: (Identify Needs and Available Capabilities & Resources) Needs Crisis Appeals & RFAs: Information Sharing • Outstanding Requirements Relief / Donor Action: • Aid / Resource Delivery UNCLASSIFIED 12

Request for Assistance. Pre-decisional Working Papers Humanitarian DRAFT (RFA) for Military Support to Aid Request for Assistance. Pre-decisional Working Papers Humanitarian DRAFT (RFA) for Military Support to Aid Appeal via UN MCDA Process? Local needs potentially filled by UN MCDA process RFA submitted to Geneva for Worldwide MCDA Request RFA Process Flow Militaries capable? Need filled by other Military RFA submitted to Assisting State Militaries through MNCC On site military capable? RFA submitted to local military at Disaster Site for immediate (not to interfere response) * On site UN / NGO capable? Host Nation capable? Local needs identified through assessments Need filled by on-site Military * Only if authorized and legal per assisting nation procedures Need filled by UN / NGO Need filled by Host Nation

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MPAT TE 31 Questions? UNCLASSIFIED 15 MPAT TE 31 Questions? UNCLASSIFIED 15