MONETARY POLICY What is the NB’s monetary

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What is the NB’s monetary policy instruments? How do the NB’s actions change the exchange rate?What is the NB’s monetary policy instruments? How do the NB’s actions change the exchange rate? How do the NB’s actions influence the inflation rate?

© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 1. The NB mandate is to achieve ____. A full employment© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 1. The NB mandate is to achieve ____. A full employment at all costs B low inflation at all costs C maximum employment and stable prices D a near-zero interest rate

© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 3:  The NB’s monetary policy instrument is ______. A the© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 3: The NB’s monetary policy instrument is ______. A the monetary base B the NB reserves C the quantity of money D the NB funds rate

© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 5:  The first link in the chain of events triggered© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 5: The first link in the chain of events triggered by a rise in the state funds rate is _____. A a rise in other short-term nominal interest rates B a fall in consumption expenditure C a fall in net exports D a rise in the long-term real interest rate

© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 6:  To fight recession, the NB _______. A buys securities© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 6: To fight recession, the NB _______. A buys securities in the open market to lower the state funds rate B sells securities in the open market to lower the state funds rate C buys securities in the open market to raise the state funds rate D sells securities in the open market to raise the state funds rate

© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 7:  If in fighting recession, the NB hits the gas© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 7: If in fighting recession, the NB hits the gas pedal too hard, it might push the economy ______. A from recession to an inflation-free boom B into stagflation C from recession to inflation D into depression

© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 8:  A key element that put banks under damage during© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 8: A key element that put banks under damage during the financial crisis of 2008 -2009 was _____. A an asset price bubble B an asset price bust C a currency drain D a loss of cash reserves

© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 9:  The special measures taken by the NB in response© 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. Q 9: The special measures taken by the NB in response to the financial crisis of 2008 -2009 included _______. A buying foreign currency to stabilize the dollar B buying troubled assets C insuring banks against default risk D buying commercial banks