MODALS Part 1 EXPRESSING ABILITY LARISA School of

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MODALS Part 1 EXPRESSING ABILITY LARISA School of Language MODALS Part 1 EXPRESSING ABILITY LARISA School of Language

    CONTENTS 12 -1 Using can 12 -2 Pronunciation of can and can’t CONTENTS 12 -1 Using can 12 -2 Pronunciation of can and can’t 12 -3 Using can: questions 12 -4 Using know how to 12 -5 Using could: past of can 12 -6 Using be able to 12 -7 Using very and too + adjective 12 -8 Using two, too, and to 12 -9 More about prepositions: at and in for place

3 Tarifa is smart. She can speak five languages.  USING CAN 3 Tarifa is smart. She can speak five languages. USING CAN

4  (a)  Tarifa is smart.  She can speak five languages. (b) I have4 (a) Tarifa is smart. She can speak five languages. (b) I have some money. I can buy a present for my mom. (c) You are smart. You can fix cars. can ability possibility USING CAN

5(d) CORRECT: Thelma can  ride a bike. simple form of main verbcan USING CAN 5(d) CORRECT: Thelma can ride a bike. simple form of main verbcan USING CAN

6(d) CORRECT: Thelma can ride a bike. (e) INCORRECT: Thelma can  to ride a bike.6(d) CORRECT: Thelma can ride a bike. (e) INCORRECT: Thelma can to ride a bike. infinitive with tocan USING CAN

7(d) CORRECT:  Thelma can  ride a bike. (e) INCORRECT:  Thelma can to ride7(d) CORRECT: Thelma can ride a bike. (e) INCORRECT: Thelma can to ride a bike. (f) INCORRECT: Thelma can rides a bike. main verb – final -s can USING CAN

8  NEGATIVE:  can + not = can not or cannot CONTRACTION:  can +8 NEGATIVE: can + not = can not or cannot CONTRACTION: can + not = can’t(g) Rajiv can not snowboard. Rajiv cannot snowboard. Rajiv can’t snowboard. USING CAN

9 A dog ___ swim. can. Let’s Practice  can’t 9 A dog ___ swim. can. Let’s Practice can’t

10 can’t. A kitten ____ read.  can’t. Let’s Practice 10 can’t. A kitten ____ read. can’t. Let’s Practice

11 A butterfly ____ dance. can’t. Let’s Practice 11 A butterfly ____ dance. can’t. Let’s Practice

12 Jonas can come to school with us. PRONUNCIATION OF CAN AND CAN’T 12 Jonas can come to school with us. PRONUNCIATION OF CAN AND CAN’T

13    (a) Jonas can come to school with us. (b) Liv can’t come13 (a) Jonas can come to school with us. (b) Liv can’t come to school with us. Can – pronounced “kun” /k n/ə Can’t – pronounced as “ant” /kæ nt/PRONUNCIATION OF CAN AND CAN’T

14 Fish ____ swim. Fish ____ fly.  can can’t. Let’s Practice 14 Fish ____ swim. Fish ____ fly. can can’t. Let’s Practice

15 Lions ___ roar. Giraffes ____ roar. can’t can can’t. Let’s Practice 15 Lions ___ roar. Giraffes ____ roar. can’t can can’t. Let’s Practice

16 Alia can speak Farsi. Can you speak Farsi?  USING CAN:  QUESTIONS 16 Alia can speak Farsi. Can you speak Farsi? USING CAN: QUESTIONS

17(a)  Can  you  speak Farsi?  CAN +  SUBJECT +  MAIN17(a) Can you speak Farsi? CAN + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB Yes, I can. No, I can’t. (b) Can Ida drive ? Yes, she can. No, she can’t. USING CAN: QUESTIONS

18(c)  Where  can   I    walk  my dog? QUESTION18(c) Where can I walk my dog? QUESTION + CAN + SUBJECT + MAIN WORD VERB In the park. (d) When can we bake cookies? On Saturday. USING CAN: QUESTIONS

19` Inga can jump rope. Yes, she can Can Inga jump rope _____? _____. Let’s Practice19` Inga can jump rope. Yes, she can Can Inga jump rope _____? _____. Let’s Practice

20 Can Ari play the violin Ari can’t play the violin. No, he can’t _____? _____.20 Can Ari play the violin Ari can’t play the violin. No, he can’t _____? _____. Let’s Practice

21 I can bake a cake. Can you bake a cake Yes, I can ______? _____.21 I can bake a cake. Can you bake a cake Yes, I can ______? _____. Let’s Practice

22 They know how to dance very well.  USING KNOW HOW TO 22 They know how to dance very well. USING KNOW HOW TO

23  (a) They can dance. (b) They know how to  dance. (c) Can you23 (a) They can dance. (b) They know how to dance. (c) Can you dance? (d) Do you know how to dance ? know how to expresses ability same meaning USING KNOW HOW TO

24 Yes, I do.  Do you know how to knit. _______? Let’s Practice 24 Yes, I do. Do you know how to knit. _______? Let’s Practice

25 Yes,  I do.  Do you know how to play golf. _______? Let’s Practice25 Yes, I do. Do you know how to play golf. _______? Let’s Practice

26 Do you know how to get to the library No,  I don’t. . 26 Do you know how to get to the library No, I don’t. . ____________? Let’s Practice

27 I was in Maine last summer. I could eat lobster every day. USING COULD: 27 I was in Maine last summer. I could eat lobster every day. USING COULD: PAST OF CAN

28  (a) I am in Maine.  I can eat lobster every day. (b) I28 (a) I am in Maine. I can eat lobster every day. (b) I was in Maine last year. I could eat lobster every day when I was there. could = past form of can. USING COULD: PAST OF CAN

29  (c) I can’t watch TV this afternoon.  I have to do my laundry.29 (c) I can’t watch TV this afternoon. I have to do my laundry. (d) I could not watch TV last Friday. I had to do my laundry. I couldn’t watch TV last Friday. NEGATIVE could + not = couldn’t. USING COULD: PAST OF CAN

30  (e) Could  you get to class before 9: 00? QUESTION could + subject30 (e) Could you get to class before 9: 00? QUESTION could + subject + main verb. USING COULD: PAST OF CAN

31 Last year we went to Thailand. We _______ go swimming every day couldn’t. Let’s Practice31 Last year we went to Thailand. We _______ go swimming every day couldn’t. Let’s Practice

32 I _______ fix the heater because I didn’t have the right tools. couldn’t couldn’t. Let’s32 I _______ fix the heater because I didn’t have the right tools. couldn’t couldn’t. Let’s Practice

33 I _______ use the blue blanket because it   was dirty. couldn’t couldn’t. Let’s33 I _______ use the blue blanket because it was dirty. couldn’t couldn’t. Let’s Practice

34 I am able to read very fast.  USING BE ABLE TO 34 I am able to read very fast. USING BE ABLE TO

35(a) I am able to read very fast.  (b) I can read very fast. PRESENT35(a) I am able to read very fast. (b) I can read very fast. PRESENT same meaning USING BE ABLE TO

36 FUTURE (c) You will be able to go  home Monday.  (d) You can36 FUTURE (c) You will be able to go home Monday. (d) You can go home Monday. same meaning USING BE ABLE TO

37(e) I wasn’t able to watch a  movie last Saturday. (f) I couldn’t watch a37(e) I wasn’t able to watch a movie last Saturday. (f) I couldn’t watch a movie last Saturday. PAST same meaning USING BE ABLE TO

38 Jen is deaf.  She ____ use sign language.  Jen is deaf.  She38 Jen is deaf. She ____ use sign language. Jen is deaf. She can use sign language. be able to is able to. Let’s Practice

39 He ______ finish his work. He couldn’t finish his work. be able to  not39 He ______ finish his work. He couldn’t finish his work. be able to not wasn’t able to. Let’s Practice

40 Goldfish ______ sing. Goldfish can’t sing. be able to  not aren’t able to. Let’s40 Goldfish ______ sing. Goldfish can’t sing. be able to not aren’t able to. Let’s Practice

41 The homework is very long,  but you can do it. USING VERY AND TOO41 The homework is very long, but you can do it. USING VERY AND TOO + ADJECTIV

42(a) The paper is very  long , but you can  do it. (b) The42(a) The paper is very long , but you can do it. (b) The paper is too long. You can’t do it. (c) The line is very long , but I can wait. (d) The line is too long. I can’t wait. very long = difficult but possible too long = impossiblevery ≠ too. USING VERY AND TOO + ADJECTIV

43  (e) The line is too long. NEGATIVE RESULT:  I can’t wait. USING VERY43 (e) The line is too long. NEGATIVE RESULT: I can’t wait. USING VERY AND TOO + ADJECTIV

44  (f) These pants are too tight. NEGATIVE RESULT:  I can’t wear them. USING44 (f) These pants are too tight. NEGATIVE RESULT: I can’t wear them. USING VERY AND TOO + ADJECTIV

45 The mountain is ____ high, but he can climb it.  too  very That45 The mountain is ____ high, but he can climb it. too very That mountain is ___ high. He can’t climb it. too very. Let’s Practice

46 The race is ____ long, but he can finish it.  The race is ___46 The race is ____ long, but he can finish it. The race is ___ long. He can’t finish it. toovery too very. Let’s Practice

47 The homework is ____ difficult, but she ____ do it. The homework is ___ difficult.47 The homework is ____ difficult, but she ____ do it. The homework is ___ difficult. She ____ do it. too very can’t can. Let’s Practice

48 They have two pets.  USING TWO, TOO,  AND TO 48 They have two pets. USING TWO, TOO, AND TO

49  (a) They have two pets. TWO TOO TO same pronunciation TWO  = 49 (a) They have two pets. TWO TOO TO same pronunciation TWO = a number USING TWO, TOO, AND TO

50   (a) They have two pets. (b) Ralph is too  short to reach50 (a) They have two pets. (b) Ralph is too short to reach that. too short = impossible to reach because of height (c) Ada likes music. I like it too. too = also TWO TOO USING TWO, TOO, AND TO

51(a) They have two pets. (b) Ralph is too  short to reach that. (c) Ada51(a) They have two pets. (b) Ralph is too short to reach that. (c) Ada likes music. I like it too. (d) I ran to school. (e) They want to go to Africa. TWO TO to = part of an infinitive to = a preposition USING TWO, TOO, AND TO

52 They are walking __ school. to  two to. Let’s Practice 52 They are walking __ school. to two to. Let’s Practice

53 We have ___ teenagers.  Kristie is going ___ college. Ben is going ___ college53 We have ___ teenagers. Kristie is going ___ college. Ben is going ___ college ___. two to tooto two to. Let’s Practice

54 My grandmother is ____ old ____ ski.  My ____ aunts will stay home with54 My grandmother is ____ old ____ ski. My ____ aunts will stay home with her. too to two too to. Let’s Practice

55 Rhea is at work. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS:  AT AND IN FOR PLACE 55 Rhea is at work. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

56(a) Rhea is at  work.   MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS:  AT AND IN FOR56(a) Rhea is at work. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

57(a) Rhea is at  work.   Anna is at  home. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS:57(a) Rhea is at work. Anna is at home. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

58(a) Rhea is at  work.   Anna is at  home.   Yumi58(a) Rhea is at work. Anna is at home. Yumi is at school. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

59  at   + home work school(a) Rhea is at  work.  59 at + home work school(a) Rhea is at work. Anna is at home. Yumi is at school. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

60(b) Ruth is in  bed.   MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS:  AT AND IN FOR60(b) Ruth is in bed. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

61(b) Ruth is in  bed.  Jim is in  class. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: 61(b) Ruth is in bed. Jim is in class. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

62(b) Ruth is in  bed.  Jim is in class.  Ralph is in 62(b) Ruth is in bed. Jim is in class. Ralph is in jail. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

63(b) Ruth is in  bed.  Jim is in  class.  Ralph is in63(b) Ruth is in bed. Jim is in class. Ralph is in jail. in + bed class jail/prison. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

64(c) Ms. Kim is in  the hospital.   MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS:  AT AND64(c) Ms. Kim is in the hospital. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

65  American English  =  in  the hospital  British English  =65 American English = in the hospital British English = in hospital(c) Ms. Kim is in the hospital. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

66(d) Roger is in  the kitchen.   MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS:  AT AND IN66(d) Roger is in the kitchen. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

67   the kitchen the classroom the hall my bedroomin +(d) Roger is in 67 the kitchen the classroom the hall my bedroomin +(d) Roger is in the kitchen. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

68  (e) Nathan is in  Athens.   in + cities states/provinces countries continentsin68 (e) Nathan is in Athens. in + cities states/provinces countries continentsin A thens in Verm ont in S pain in E urope. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

69  used withusually at is(f) A: Where’s Inga?   B: She isn’t here. She’s69 used withusually at is(f) A: Where’s Inga? B: She isn’t here. She’s at the library. the post office the bank the bookstorethe park theater the restaurant the football stadium. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

70(g) Len is at the store.   Bea is in  the store. MORE ABOUT70(g) Len is at the store. Bea is in the store. MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PL

71 No, he’s __ the store. Is Len here? at in. Let’s Practice 71 No, he’s __ the store. Is Len here? at in. Let’s Practice

72 She’s __ the garage. Where’s Cindy? in  at in. Let’s Practice 72 She’s __ the garage. Where’s Cindy? in at in. Let’s Practice

73 No, she’s __ the hospital. Is Lynn okay? in  at in. Let’s Practice 73 No, she’s __ the hospital. Is Lynn okay? in at in. Let’s Practice