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Minor Prophets, Major Message Part VI – “Last Days” © 2008 Brett Peterson Our Winter Series at Living Water Pastor Brett Peterson 1
© 2008 Brett Peterson • Week One – Get Zealous for the things of God! • Week Two – Be used by God! • Week Three –Courage, Faith, and Covenant Relationship • Week 4: Faithfulness and Forgiveness • Week 5– Thank Him for the red lights • Walk with Jesus – pray always! • Today – The Last Days – laying a foundation for the rest of the Minor Prophets. • Next week – End Times & the ‘Day of the Lord’ 2
Before we get into Joel, we need to lay a foundation for a Biblical view of the ‘Last Days’ and the ‘Day of the Lord’ © 2008 Brett Peterson Joe 1: 14 Consecrate a fast, Proclaim a solemn assembly; Gather the elders And all the inhabitants of the land To the house of the LORD your God, And cry out to the LORD. Joe 1: 15 Alas for the day! For the day of the LORD is near, And it will come as destruction from the Almighty.
© 2008 Brett Peterson Joe 2: 1 Blow a trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm on My holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, For the day of the LORD is coming; Surely it is near, Joe 2: 2 A day of darkness and gloom, A day of clouds and thick darkness. As the dawn is spread over the mountains, So there is a great and mighty people; There has never been anything like it, Nor will there be again after it To the years of many generations.
Much of the next 10 Minor Prophets is about the end times. Times, it appears, in which we live. © 2008 Brett Peterson Dan 12: 3 "Those who have insight will shine brightly like the brightness of the expanse of heaven, and those who lead the many to righteousness, like the stars forever and ever. 4 "But as for you, Daniel, conceal these words and seal up the book until the end of time; many will go back and forth, and knowledge will increase. " Time, for us to get right with God and walk close to Him!
© 2008 Brett Peterson Joe 2: 12 "Yet even now, " declares the LORD, "Return to Me with all your heart, And with fasting, weeping and mourning; Joe 2: 13 And rend your heart and not your garments. " Now return to the LORD your God, For He is gracious and compassionate, Slow to anger, abounding in lovingkindness And relenting of evil.
© 2008 Brett Peterson Joe 2: 28 "It will come about after this That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind; And your sons and daughters will prophesy, Your old men will dreams, Your young men will see visions. Joe 2: 29 "Even on the male and female servants I will pour out My Spirit in those days. Joe 2: 30 "I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth, Blood, fire and columns of smoke. Joe 2: 31 "The sun will be turned into darkness And the moon into blood Before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes. • Does this mean old men can’t have visions, and young men can’t dreams? • This passage is an example of Hebrew poetic form. Can you see it?
© 2008 Brett Peterson
© 2008 Brett Peterson Are we living in the ‘Last Days’?
Timeline Overlapping Dates Suggest Coregencies Years of the Minor Prophets 798 -782 B. C. Jehoash 910 -909 B. C. Nadab 931 -910 B. C. Jeroboam © 2008 Brett Peterson 931 -913 B. C. Rehoboam 874 -853 B. C. 852 -841 B. C. 885 B. C. 793 -753 B. C. Ahab Joram 909 -886 B. C. Zimri Jeroboam II Baasha 885 -874 B. C. 853 -852 B. C. 841 -814 B. C. 753 B. C. 886 -885 B. C. Omri Ahaziah Jehu 814 -798 B. C. Zechariah Elah Jehoahaz 911 -870 B. C. Asa 873 -848 B. C. Jehoshaphat 913 -911 B. C. Abijah 848 -841 B. C. Jehoram 841 B. C. Ahaziah Overlapping Dates Suggest Coregencies Divided Monarchy – Judah 835 -796 B. C. Joash 841 -835 B. C. Athaliah 792 -740 B. C. Uzziah 796 -767 B. C. Amaziah
Timeline Overlapping Dates Suggest Coregencies 752 -742 B. C. Menahem, 752 -732 B. C. Pekah 722 B. C. Fall of Israel Years of the Minor Prophets The Northern Kingdom 732 -722 B. C. 752 B. C. Hoshea Shallum 742 -740 B. C. Pekahiah Years in Exile © 2008 Brett Peterson 750 -731 B. C. Jotham 729 -686 B. C. Hezekiah 735 -715 B. C. Ahaz 642 -640 B. C. Amon 696 -642 B. C. Manasseh 609 B. C. Jehoahaz 640 -609 B. C. Josiah 598 -597 B. C. Jehoiachin 608 -598 B. C. Jehoiakim 586 B. C. 597 -586 B. C. Fall of Judah Zedekiah Overlapping Dates Suggest Coregencies Divided Monarchy – Israel The Southern Kingdom
Returns and Restoration Approximately 515 B. C. 539 B. C. Completion of Fall of New Temple Babylon Around 474 B. C. Time of Esther 458 B. C. Ezra’s Pilgrimage © 2008 Brett Peterson 538 B. C. Cyrus Liberates the Israelites 536 B. C. Foundations Laid for New Temple 458 B. C. Nehemiah’s Pilgrimage 536 -515 B. C. Construction of New Temple 425 B. C. End of Old Testament Israel 425 B. C. – 5 B. C. Silent Transitional Period 5 B. C. Birth of Christ New Testament Begins
Signs of the Last Days Resurection 33 A. D. Jesus Conquers! 70 A. D. Diaspora • Russia aligns with Syria and other Arab nations. • World becomes a global community 1917 A. D. • Economic distress Jews called • Men calling bad good home and good bad. 1917 - Present. • Moral decline End Times © 2008 Brett Peterson 33 A. D. - Present. Church Age 33 A. D. Pentecost, Birth of the Church 1948 A. D. Israel Reborn
Let us glimpse into the © 2008 Brett Peterson Omega Files
© 2008 Brett Peterson 1917 – The ‘Last Days’ truly begin…. The British gain control of Palestine (Israel) The Balfour Declaration, November 2, 1917 U. S. Congress Endorses The Balfour Declaration (September 21, 1922) ””. . . the LORD will. . . assemble the dispersed of Israel, and gather together the scattered of Judah from the four corners of the earth. ”Isaiah 11: 11 -12
© 2008 Brett Peterson
© 2008 Brett Peterson (Ezekiel 11: 17) “Therefore say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “I will gather you from the peoples and assemble you out of the countries among which you have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel. ”’
© 2008 Brett Peterson (Ezekiel 37: 21) “Say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I will take the sons of Israel from among the nations where they have gone, and I will gather them from every side and bring them into their own land;
© 2008 Brett Peterson 1947 AD The UN voted to end British control of Palestine and to divide/partition the country into a Jewish and Arab state.
© 2008 Brett Peterson In Joel 3: 2, the prophet said that the nations of the world will be judged for having scattered the people of Israel and for having “divided up” (or “parted” or “partitioned”) the land of Israel. On November 29, 1947, when the United Nations General Assembly approved a motion to partition the land, which at that time was called “Palestine. ” The partition plan divided the land into two separate states, one for Jewish people and another for Arab people.
© 2008 Brett Peterson In this initial declaration, Jerusalem would be an international city, belonging to no one country or people.
© 2008 Brett Peterson 1948, May 14 Jews declare independence On May 14, 1948, the Jews declare independence for Israel. This is the first time in 2900 years that Israel is both independent and united. At this time, many more Jews from all over the world came to Israel, as prophesied…
© 2008 Brett Peterson (Isaiah 56: 8) The Lord GOD, who gathers the dispersed of Israel, declares, “Yet others I will gather to them, to those already gathered. ”
© 2008 Brett Peterson The US recognized the new Jewish state immediately;
1948, May 15 (The next day) Surrounding countries invade Israel Within hours of Israel’s declaration of independence, the surrounding Arab countries launch an invasion of Israel. 5 Countries against Israel! © 2008 Brett Peterson 1949 Israel prevails in first Arab-Israeli war Israel prevails in the Arab-Israeli war of 1948 -9. Israeli forces recapture more of the ancient Jewish homeland, expanding the size of Israel by about 50 percent. 1967 Six-Day War: Jews capture holy city of Jerusalem During the Six-Day War of 1967, Israel takes control of Jerusalem and other ancient-Jewish territories.
© 2008 Brett Peterson 1917 - Current Jew began to buy property from the Palestinians - This was prophesied in scripture!!! Jeremiah 32: 44 Fields will be bought for silver, and deeds will be signed, sealed and witnessed in the territory of Benjamin, in the villages around Jerusalem, in the towns of Judah and in the towns of the hill country, of the western foothills and of the Negev, because I will restore their fortunes, declares the Lord. ”
Syria is also threatening Israel and supporting the terrorists who are waging Jihad on them. © 2008 Brett Peterson Amos 1: 3 -5 States that Syria will come against Israel four times, and then will be made desolate. These occurred in: 1948 (1 st) 1967(2 nd) 1973(3 rd) and the 4 th appears that it could happen at any time! Damascus is the capital of Syria. It is the oldest perpetual city in the world! It is over 5000 years old!
© 2008 Brett Peterson Is. 17: 1 States that Damascus will be taken away from being a city and become a ruinous heap this has not happened yet, but will very soon!! Isa 17: 1 The oracle concerning Damascus. "Behold, Damascus is about to be removed from being a city And will become a fallen ruin.
© 2008 Brett Peterson In 1973, Israel came with 20 kilometers of Damascus - Russia stepped in and informed the world that if they continue, it will be world war three. If Israel had destroyed Damascus then, this prophecy could not have been fulfilled! Additionally, Russia is backing Damascus - when Damascus attacks Israel again, it will be destroyed, and it will cause the prophecies in Ez. 38 and 39 to be fulfilled - Russia, the bear of the north along with Muslim nations will be forced to attack Israel, but God will intervene!
Timeline of the ‘Last days’ ed rs e © 2008 Brett Peterson Isr el a 70 AD isp d ed r ion at d he at l N she l. G ae bli e Isr ta ra Is Es 1917 1948 in k ac l b lem e ra sa Is ru Je 1967
Damascus(Syria) could be the catalyst for it all to happen! Eze 38: 3 and say, 'Thus says the Lord GOD, "Behold, I am against you, O Gog, prince of Rosh( Russia), Meshech and Tubal. Eze 38: 4 "I will turn you about and put hooks into your jaws, and I will bring you out, and all your army, horses and horsemen, all of them splendidly attired, a great company with buckler and shield, all of them wielding swords; nd Gog, Magog a e © 2008 Brett Peterson es ac ris pe a n sa a m irm ael A nf sr co ith I w nd a e s a tes l ar ed i a e cu d ss st ra s e ey roy u b Is a R a Th st m roy Ar tack Da est de at D Is. 17: 1 Ez. 38: 15 Ez. 39 Daniel 9: 27 (prior to the 70 th week of Daniel – see Ez. 39: 9) This will be a world crisis! Zech. 12: 1+ - (next slide)
Eze 39: 9 "Then those who inhabit the cities of Israel will go out and make fires with the weapons and burn them, both shields and bucklers, bows and arrows, war clubs and spears, and for seven years they will make fires of them. © 2008 Brett Peterson Zec 12: 2 "Behold, I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that causes reeling to all the peoples around; and when the siege is against Jerusalem, it will also be against Judah. Zec 12: 3 "It will come about in that day that I will make Jerusalem a heavy stone for all the peoples; all who lift it will be severely injured. And all the nations of the earth will be gathered against it. • Even the USA is attempting to partition the land. Joel said those who do this are against Israel: Joe 3: 2 I will gather all the nations And bring them down to the valley of Jehoshaphat. Then I will enter into judgment with them there On behalf of My people and My inheritance, Israel, Whom they have scattered among the nations; And they have divided up My land
Mat 24: 3 As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, "Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age? © 2008 Brett Peterson Let’s list the signs Jesus gives….
© 2008 Brett Peterson 1. False teachers, false prophets, false christ’s, truth compromised 2. Wars and Rumors of wars (World war I – 1914) Nation against nation, Kingdom against kingdom 3. Famines and earthquakes in diverse places 4. Famine, drought, earthquakes, wild animals, sword(terrorism) 5. Persecution of the Church – Christians will be hated by all nations - martyrs 6. Apostasy – the falling away from truth 7. Agape love will grow cold, people will love themselves & pleasure instead of Jesus and His Bride, the Church 8. Fulfillment of the great commission… • Mat 24: 13 "But the one who endures to the end, he will be saved. 14 "This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.
© 2008 Brett Peterson Matt: 24: 33 So, you too, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near, right at the door. 34“Truly I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place.
All of this takes place in the first half of the 70 th week of Daniel. False Christ, War, 1 st White Horseman Mt. 24: 5 Rev. 6: 1 -2 Ten nations give Anti. Messiah powers. Anti-Messiah makes his 7 year covenant with Israel. 70 th week begins. © 2008 Brett Peterson Rev. 13 Rev. 11 Israel Rebuilds their temple Rev. 11: 2 -6 2 nd Red Horseman Famines 3 rd Black Horseman Mt. 24: 6 -7 a Rev. 6: 3 -4 Mt. 24: 7 b Rev. 6: 5 -6 3 of the 10 nations refuse to give Anti-Messiah power, he comes against them with a sword and ‘uproots’ them. Anti-Messiah conquers. Famine - This may lead to the implementation of the mark of the beast. Rev. 13: 15 -18 Terrorism 4 th Pale Horseman Mt. 24: 7 c-10 Rev. 6: 7 -8 Death by terrorism, hunger, & beasts of the earth. Rev. 13: 15 This will be when those who refuse to receive the mark will starve and be killed by the anti-christ. Rev. 13: 7 -10 Lk. 21: 16 Martyrs 5 th Martyrs Matt. 24: 9 -13 Rev. 6: 9 -11 Martyrs asking when the earth will be judged. II Peter 4: 16 -18 II Thess. chpt. 1&2
© 2008 Brett Peterson mo r s o Fam f w ar ine , l o cu s Te r t ror ism , pe Ch stil rist enc ian e M art yrs Sea l on e - An Wa tich rs a ri s nd t Ru 1 Ab om ina ti o n 7 ‘s Judgments 2 3 4 5 6 7 Seals 1 -5 6 Great Trib. 7 Wrath 2 nd Coming of Christ Rev. 6, Matt. 24 th week The 70 n don ddo ged age ma Arm Ar ‘s
1 seal 5 seal © 2008 Brett Peterson Israel follows false messiah---- 2 nd Coming of Christ Gathers nations for the last battle Antichrist Runs Wrath 3 uprooted Claims Godhood Looses power One World peace treaty 10 Kings – Rev. 17: 12+ Mark - 666 Antichrist Reigns 7 seal Israel protected & sealed---- 1000 Year th week The 70 reign
Believers (the Church) will be here until the great commission is completed. © 2008 Brett Peterson It is a command to the believers and the final sign of Christ’s return for His Church – the Rapture…
© 2008 Brett Peterson 1 Co 15: 19 If we have hoped in Messiah in this life only, we are of all men most to be pitied. 1 Co 15: 20 But now Messiah has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. 1 Co 15: 21 For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. 1 Co 15: 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Messiah all will be made alive. 1 Co 15: 23 But each in his own order: Messiah the first fruits, after that those who are Christ's at His coming, (Rapture) 1 Co 15: 24 then comes the end • Mat 24: 14 "This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.
Note that the ‘end’ is the end of the © 2008 Brett Peterson 1 Co 15: 19 If we have hoped in Messiah in this life only, we believers age. This happens at the Rapture are of all men most to be pitied. 1 Co 15: 20 But now Messiah has been raised from the of the believers. The “fullness of the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. Gentiles” have come in. The end is when also 1 Co 15: 21 For since by a man came death, by a man we have taken the Gospel to all nations. came the resurrection of the dead. 1 Co 15: 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Messiah all will be made alive. Some may say this isn’t the believerses first 1 Co 15: 23 But each in his own order: Messiah the job…after that those who are Christ's at His coming, fruits, 1 Co 15: 24 then comes the end • Mat 24: 14 "This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.
© 2008 Brett Peterson Act 1: 6 So when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, "Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel? " Act 1: 7 He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority; Act 1: 8 but you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth. " • Mar 16: 15 And He said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation. • Mar 16: 16 "He who has believed and has been baptized shall be saved; but he who has disbelieved shall be condemned.
© 2008 Brett Peterson Next week – end times, th week of Daniel, 70 and the Day of the Lord A day spoke of often in the Minor Prophets, and one that the Church will see…
© 2008 Brett Peterson 1 Th 5: 2 For yourselves know full well that the day of the Lord will come just like a thief in the night. 1 Th 5: 3 While they are saying, "Peace and safety!" then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape. 1 Th 5: 4 But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day would overtake you like a thief; 1 Th 5: 5 for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness; 1 Th 5: 6 so then let us not sleep as others do, but let us be alert and sober.
The Omega Files © 2008 Brett Peterson • A Glimpse of History’s Final Chapter