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Minimum Requirements for Waste Disposal by Landfill DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Minimum Requirements for Waste Disposal by Landfill DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Third Edition DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Third Edition DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

CONTENTS q Background DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY CONTENTS q Background DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

CONTENTS q Background rd Edition q Objectives – 3 DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND CONTENTS q Background rd Edition q Objectives – 3 DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

CONTENTS q Background rd Edition q Objectives – 3 q Scope of revision required CONTENTS q Background rd Edition q Objectives – 3 q Scope of revision required DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

CONTENTS q q Background rd Edition Objectives – 3 Scope of revision required Conclusion CONTENTS q q Background rd Edition Objectives – 3 Scope of revision required Conclusion DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

CONTENTS q Background DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY CONTENTS q Background DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

DWAF Minimum Requirements DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Project DWAF Minimum Requirements DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Project

Overview of Minimum Requirements n Address all aspects of landfilling n Unique Classification System: Overview of Minimum Requirements n Address all aspects of landfilling n Unique Classification System: - Waste type (General and Hazardous) Size of wastestream Potential for leachate generation n Provide for graded standards DEPARTMENT OF WATER as a framework for Permitting AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

nd 2 Ed. Successes n Set standards n Improved standards n Received recognition and nd 2 Ed. Successes n Set standards n Improved standards n Received recognition and reference (ISWA, USEPA, WHO, WB, Australia, Angola, Botswana, Namibia & Swaziland) DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Trends n Proliferation of Technology DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Trends n Proliferation of Technology DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Trends Proliferation of Technology n Increased Awareness: n - Waste Management - Environmental DEPARTMENT Trends Proliferation of Technology n Increased Awareness: n - Waste Management - Environmental DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

CONTENTS q Background rd Edition q Objectives – 3 DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND CONTENTS q Background rd Edition q Objectives – 3 DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Objectives n Update a living document: DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Objectives n Update a living document: DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Objectives n Update a living document: - Address any existing problems DEPARTMENT OF WATER Objectives n Update a living document: - Address any existing problems DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Objectives n Update a living document: - Address existing shortcomings - Capture relevant information. Objectives n Update a living document: - Address existing shortcomings - Capture relevant information. DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

CONTENTS q Background rd Edition q Objectives – 3 q Scope of revision required CONTENTS q Background rd Edition q Objectives – 3 q Scope of revision required DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Identified Issues 3 and 10 Water balance adjustments /Co-disposal 4 and 7 Legal Mandate Identified Issues 3 and 10 Water balance adjustments /Co-disposal 4 and 7 Legal Mandate and Integrate EIA Process 4 and 7 Public Participation aspects 4 and 7 Guidelines and control over buffer zones 4 and 7 Develop air dispersion modelling principles 8 Determine final height of landfill 8 Design: (Liners, leachate and gas management) 10 Professionalising waste Salvaging 11 Monitoring Committees guidelines ? ? ? Extending the Minimum Requirements DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 1 Minimum Requirements – An Overview DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 1 Minimum Requirements – An Overview DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 2 Waste Disposal by Landfill DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 2 Waste Disposal by Landfill DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 3 Landfill Classification DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 3 Landfill Classification DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

LEGEND B- = No significant leachate produced B+ = Significant leachate produced R = LEGEND B- = No significant leachate produced B+ = Significant leachate produced R = Requirement N = Not a requirement F = Flag; special consideration to be given by expert or departmental representative CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM H Hazardous Waste G General Waste C S M L H: h H: H Communal Landfill Small Landfill Medium Landfill Large Landfill Hazard Rating 3&4 Hazard Rating 1 - 4 MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS B- B+ Appoint responsible person R R R R R Minimum no. of boreholes N N 1 1 3 3 5 5 F F Leachate Management N N N F N R R R Daily cover F F R R DEPARTMENT ROF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Source: Minimum Requirements for Disposal by Landfill 1998 R

Section 4 Site Selection DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 4 Site Selection DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 5 Permitting DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 5 Permitting DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 6 Site Investigation DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 6 Site Investigation DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 7 The Assessment and Mitigation of Environmental Impacts DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND Section 7 The Assessment and Mitigation of Environmental Impacts DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

NEMA AND EIA PROCESS DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY NEMA AND EIA PROCESS DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 8 Landfill Design DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 8 Landfill Design DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 9 Site Preparation and Commissioning DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 9 Site Preparation and Commissioning DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 10 Landfill Operation DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 10 Landfill Operation DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

 • • • DOC 4 Training Operations (upgrading) Auditing DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS • • • DOC 4 Training Operations (upgrading) Auditing DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 11 Landfill Operation Monitoring DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 11 Landfill Operation Monitoring DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 12 Rehabilitation, Closure and End-use DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 12 Rehabilitation, Closure and End-use DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section 12 Water Quality Monitoring DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section 12 Water Quality Monitoring DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Section APPENDICES DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Section APPENDICES DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

CONTENTS q q Background rd Edition Objectives – 3 Scope of revision required Conclusion CONTENTS q q Background rd Edition Objectives – 3 Scope of revision required Conclusion DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Conclusions n Need to use local Experts DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Conclusions n Need to use local Experts DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Conclusions n n Need to use local Experts Need for more Appendices DEPARTMENT OF Conclusions n n Need to use local Experts Need for more Appendices DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Conclusions n n n Need to use local Experts Need for more Appendices Need Conclusions n n n Need to use local Experts Need for more Appendices Need your input DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Conclusions n n Need to use local Experts Need for more Appendices Need your Conclusions n n Need to use local Experts Need for more Appendices Need your input Need to streamline DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Thank you for your Attention DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY Thank you for your Attention DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY

Dictionary definitions of the term “Scavenger” Oxford Dictionary: “a person who seeks and collects Dictionary definitions of the term “Scavenger” Oxford Dictionary: “a person who seeks and collects discarded items” World Book Dictionary: “a person who searches through discarded objects for something of value” DEPARTMENT OF WATER AFFAIRS AND FORESTRY