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Mc. Nabs Island The Outdoor Classroom Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Mc. Nabs Island The Outdoor Classroom Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Located at mouth of Halifax Harbour Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Located at mouth of Halifax Harbour Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs and Lawlor Islands Provincial Park • includes all of Lawlor Island most Mc. Nabs and Lawlor Islands Provincial Park • includes all of Lawlor Island most of Mc. Nabs Island • Fort Mc. Nab National Historic Site of Canada operated by Parks Canada Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island larger and more diverse 5 km long & 1. 5 km Mc. Nabs Island larger and more diverse 5 km long & 1. 5 km wide 400 ha (1000 acres) Lawlor Island 55 ha Not open to the public Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island • historical & natural features • recreational & educational opportunities Friends Mc. Nabs Island • historical & natural features • recreational & educational opportunities Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

How to get to Mc. Nabs Island • accessible by commercial or private boat How to get to Mc. Nabs Island • accessible by commercial or private boat from Halifax, Dartmouth, Eastern Passage & Purcell's Cove – 25 minutes from downtown Halifax – 10 minutes from Eastern Passage Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island History • Pre-European contact – 5000 year-old shell midden (refuse heap) Mc. Nabs Island History • Pre-European contact – 5000 year-old shell midden (refuse heap) is evidence of Mi’kmaq use of Mc. Nabs Island. Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

French Settlement French fishing centre in 1690 s – plan to build a fortress French Settlement French fishing centre in 1690 s – plan to build a fortress similar to Louisbourg on Mc. Nabs – In 1713, French lost mainland Nova Scotia to British, and Fortress Louisbourg built on Cape Breton Island Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

British Settlement • In 1749 Edward Cornwallis established Halifax • granted most of Mc. British Settlement • In 1749 Edward Cornwallis established Halifax • granted most of Mc. Nabs Island to his nephews and called the island Cornwallis Island Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Cornwallis (Mc. Nabs) Island (1750) Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Cornwallis (Mc. Nabs) Island (1750) Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nab Family • In 1782, Peter Mc. Nab paid Cornwallis family £ 1000 Mc. Nab Family • In 1782, Peter Mc. Nab paid Cornwallis family £ 1000 for Mc. Nabs Island Peter Mc. Nab James Mc. Nab Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Family • Island was cleared by tenant farmers • Mc. Nabs clan Mc. Nabs Family • Island was cleared by tenant farmers • Mc. Nabs clan remained a presence on the island for over 150 years until W. W Lyttleton View of Mc. Nabs Homestead 1930 Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island in 1860 s W. W Lyttleton View from Hugonin Hill Friends Mc. Nabs Island in 1860 s W. W Lyttleton View from Hugonin Hill Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Family Cemetery Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Mc. Nabs Family Cemetery Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs and the Military • In 1860 s, British Admiralty bought land from Mc. Nabs and the Military • In 1860 s, British Admiralty bought land from the Mc. Nab Family to better defend Halifax – Ives Point Battery – Fort Mc. Nab – Hugonin Battery Fort Mc. Nab 1880 s Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Fort Ives Built 1864 -74 at north end of Mc. Nabs Updated in 1890 Fort Ives Built 1864 -74 at north end of Mc. Nabs Updated in 1890 and WWI Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Fort Ives • Rifled Muzzle. Loading guns – Unique to British fortifications – Fired Fort Ives • Rifled Muzzle. Loading guns – Unique to British fortifications – Fired a warning shot in 1915 – landed on a house in Halifax Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Fort Mc. Nab • Fort Mc. Nab National Historic Site built 1889 -92 • Fort Mc. Nab • Fort Mc. Nab National Historic Site built 1889 -92 • most powerful fort to guard Halifax Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Fort Mc. Nab • breech-loading guns • only fort in Halifax to fire shots Fort Mc. Nab • breech-loading guns • only fort in Halifax to fire shots “in anger” at a boat that skipped inspection during WWI Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Strategic Importance • During WWI and WWII, island under military control. Mc. Nabs Island Strategic Importance • During WWI and WWII, island under military control. – Controlled access to Halifax Harbour – Searchlights on Mc. Nabs Island patrolled the Harbour – Submarine nets laid between island mainland Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Lighthouses • Sherbrooke Tower – Built 1820 s – Martello tower Mc. Nabs Island Lighthouses • Sherbrooke Tower – Built 1820 s – Martello tower – Abraham Gesner • Inventor of kerosene • Lighthouse test site for kerosene fuel in 1852 Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Lighthouses Maugers Beach – Lighthouse built 1941 on Sherbrooke Tower site Mc. Nabs Island Lighthouses Maugers Beach – Lighthouse built 1941 on Sherbrooke Tower site Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Lighthouses • Mc. Nabs Island Lighthouse – Off Military Road – Mc. Nabs Island Lighthouses • Mc. Nabs Island Lighthouse – Off Military Road – Built in 1903 – Colin Cleveland lighthouse keeper 1932 -1957 – Torn down 1976 Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Residents • Most of the northern end of the island remained Mc. Nabs Island Residents • Most of the northern end of the island remained in private hands • Mc. Nabs Family holdings sold off over the years Peter Mc. Nab IV Cottage 1880 s Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Residents Fredrick Perrin Hugonin Perrin House 1890 s Friends of Mc. Mc. Nabs Island Residents Fredrick Perrin Hugonin Perrin House 1890 s Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Recreation • Mc. Nabs Island popular recreational destination • During the Mc. Nabs Island Recreation • Mc. Nabs Island popular recreational destination • During the 19 th century, thousands attended picnics & socials on Mc. Nabs • Two popular island fair grounds • Recreation continues today Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Recreation Merry-go-round Findlay Picnic Grounds Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Mc. Nabs Island Recreation Merry-go-round Findlay Picnic Grounds Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Bill Lynch • 1920 s Bill Lynch bought Findlay Fair Grounds • Moved fair Bill Lynch • 1920 s Bill Lynch bought Findlay Fair Grounds • Moved fair off island & created Bill Lynch Shows Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island • Recreation today – Hiking – Beachcombing – Bird watching Friends Mc. Nabs Island • Recreation today – Hiking – Beachcombing – Bird watching Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Mc. Nabs Island Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Outdoor Classroom Outdoor education for all ages Friends of Mc. Nabs Mc. Nabs Island Outdoor Classroom Outdoor education for all ages Friends of Mc. Nabs Guided tours Discovery Centre Camps Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Historical Resources Fort Mc. Nab National Historic Site Lynch House -built on foundation of Historical Resources Fort Mc. Nab National Historic Site Lynch House -built on foundation of Peter Mc. Nab IV cottage Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Historical Resources Davis-Conrad House Built by AJ Davis 1917 Home of Gladys Conrad last Historical Resources Davis-Conrad House Built by AJ Davis 1917 Home of Gladys Conrad last permanent resident of Mc. Nabs Island Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Historical Resources Innes-Findlay-Farrent homestead Abandoned dwarf cabin near Lynch House Friends of Mc. Nabs Historical Resources Innes-Findlay-Farrent homestead Abandoned dwarf cabin near Lynch House Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Nature Study on Mc. Nabs • 8 different terrestrial wildlife habitats • Diverse Flora Nature Study on Mc. Nabs • 8 different terrestrial wildlife habitats • Diverse Flora & Fauna Beach Roses Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Birds on Mc. Nabs Island • 206 species of birds – Largest concentration of Birds on Mc. Nabs Island • 206 species of birds – Largest concentration of nesting osprey in North America prior to Hurricane Juan Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Visual resources Year-round island experience Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Mc. Nabs Island Visual resources Year-round island experience Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Views from the island Tall Ships 2009 Friends of Mc. Nabs Mc. Nabs Island Views from the island Tall Ships 2009 Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Hurricane Juan September 29, 2003 Mc. Nabs Island in the path Friends of Mc. Hurricane Juan September 29, 2003 Mc. Nabs Island in the path Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs Island Hurricane Juan damage Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Mc. Nabs Island Hurricane Juan damage Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Hurricane Juan • • Extensive damage Blowdown Erosion Breach of Lighthouse Road • Mc. Hurricane Juan • • Extensive damage Blowdown Erosion Breach of Lighthouse Road • Mc. Nabs Pond now a tidal marsh Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Hurricane Juan Lighthouse Road breached Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Hurricane Juan Lighthouse Road breached Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Hurricane Juan Lynch House – 150 year old Lindens planted by the Mc. Nabs Hurricane Juan Lynch House – 150 year old Lindens planted by the Mc. Nabs uprooted Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Hurricane Juan Trails cleared in 2004 Extensive damage to some areas Large ruts left Hurricane Juan Trails cleared in 2004 Extensive damage to some areas Large ruts left on trails Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Hurricane Juan Outhouse overturned Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Hurricane Juan Outhouse overturned Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Hurricane Juan Trails cleared, but woods impassible Dwarf Cottage near Lynch House Friends of Hurricane Juan Trails cleared, but woods impassible Dwarf Cottage near Lynch House Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Mc. Nabs and Lawlor Islands Provincial Park • Designated a provincial park in November Mc. Nabs and Lawlor Islands Provincial Park • Designated a provincial park in November 2002 • Management Plan approved September 2005 Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Society • Established as a society in March 1990 Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Society • Established as a society in March 1990 • Dedicated to preserving Mc. Nabs, Lawlor and Devils Islands as parkland • Registered charity under Canada Revenue Agency Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island – Activities • Beach cleanups • Fall Foliage Tours Friends of Mc. Nabs Island – Activities • Beach cleanups • Fall Foliage Tours • Annual Dinner & Auction • Guided tours & presentations • The Rucksack newsletter • Discover Mc. Nabs Island guidebook • Trail Maintenance • Advocacy • Website www. mcnabsisland. ca Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Annual Beach Cleanups – Garbage pollutes beaches and harms Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Annual Beach Cleanups – Garbage pollutes beaches and harms wildlife – Friends organize beach cleanups in June & Sept Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island 8, 500 bags of garbage collected since 1991 Friends Friends of Mc. Nabs Island 8, 500 bags of garbage collected since 1991 Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Fall Foliage Tours • Oct 18, 2009 Nature tour Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Fall Foliage Tours • Oct 18, 2009 Nature tour of Maugers Beach Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Fall Foliage history tour Conrad house open for visitors Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Fall Foliage history tour Conrad house open for visitors Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Mc. Nab Family Cemetery Maintenance Friends of Mc. Nabs Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Mc. Nab Family Cemetery Maintenance Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Advocacy – Fort Hugonin preservation Friends of Mc. Nabs Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Advocacy – Fort Hugonin preservation Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Trail rebuilding – $250, 000 in funding Friends of Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Trail rebuilding – $250, 000 in funding Friends of Mc. Nabs Island

Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Society Friends of Mc. Nabs Island www. mcnabsisland. ca Friends of Mc. Nabs Island Society Friends of Mc. Nabs Island www. mcnabsisland. ca